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From Dean Gaudet <>
Subject Re: non-buffered CGIs suck
Date Fri, 06 Mar 1998 05:49:12 GMT

On Thu, 5 Mar 1998, Marc Slemko wrote:

> (actually, it could be).  If the OS modified tv to indicate time left it
> is easy, but otherwise there is no nice way to do that. 

i.e. linux.  The timevalue is modified to indicate the remaining time. 
Linus tried to revert it during 2.1.x because Linux is the only unix that
supports this and so nobody could use it.  But I showed that the C library
depended on this functionality and he left it in. 

> Yes.  It was just there to force a context switch.
> It is an inaccurate representation of unbuffered CGIs sending static
> content, but I would suggest it may be very accurate for a CGI sending
> short bits of information that each require a disk read, etc.  A well
> designed app won't do that because of buffering on reading that input
> data. I'm not worried about well designed apps though, since they will
> watch their output too.

If it's not a well designed app it can do far worse than spit small
packets on the net.  But if you feel this is a fun challenge to solve go
for it :)

Maybe you just want to solve the "I don't want a buffer to age more than N
seconds" problem in general.  It affects more than just mod_cgi you
know... for example if you're in a pipelined connection a bunch of small
short responses can be in the buffer, unsent, waiting for a long running
request to generate enough output to flush the buffer. 

It's probably as easy as making a second timeout notation in the
scoreboard and sending a different signal when that timeout expires.  This
works for all OPTIMIZE_TIMEOUTS configurations... which uh... are all I
care about -- i.e. it covers probably 95% of our installations.  (And
probably covers more except we don't have detailed info on the systems so
we don't use shmget or mmap... see autoconf.)

You notate only when you put data in an empty buffer, and you remove the
notation when you flush the buffer.  The accuracy is +0 to +1s from when
you want it, and you never make a syscall to do it. 

Critical section?  Easy.  It's just like SIGALRM handling.  You need have
a nesting counter, and sometimes you have to defer the flush until the
nesting goes to 0. 


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