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From Dean Gaudet <>
Subject [contrib] mod_mmap_static.c v0.03
Date Mon, 09 Feb 1998 06:20:28 GMT
v0.02 assumed that if it found a file during the translate_name phase that
the file would stay constant all the way to the run_request phase... not
true, consider mod_negotiation.  There were a few other minor logic bugs
in the mmap_static_handler that were fixed. 

Note the "Known Problems", there's an API deficiency... I'd really love a
get_metadata() phase which does the r->finfo and r->path_info processing. 


 * mod_mmap_static: mmap a config-time list of files for faster serving
 * v0.03
 * Author: Dean Gaudet <>
 * This code would be available under the same license as the Apache server
 * itself, but unfortunately that license doesn't really allow for third
 * parties to distribute code under it.  So since I'm just too plain
 * lazy to copy another license in here, I'll just have to do this:
 * Copyright (c) 1998 Dean Gaudet, all rights reserved.
 * v0.01: initial implementation
 * v0.02: get rid of the extra stat() in the core by filling in what we know
 * v0.03: get rid of the cached match from the xlat routine since there are
 *        many cases where the request is modified between it and the
 *        handler... so we do the binary search twice, but the second time
 *        we can use st_ino and st_dev to speed it up.


    The concept is simple.  Some sites have a set of static files that are
    really busy, and change infrequently (or even on a regular schedule).
    Save time by mmap()ing these files into memory and avoid a lot of the
    crap required to do normal file serving.  Place directives such as:

	mmapfile /path/to/file1
	mmapfile /path/to/file2

    into your configuration.  These files are only mmap()d when the server
    is restarted, so if you change the list, or if the files are changed,
    then you'll need to restart the server.

    To reiterate that point:  if the files are modified *in place*
    without restarting the server you may end up serving requests that
    are completely bogus.  You should update files by unlinking the old
    copy and putting a new copy in place.  Most tools such as rdist and
    mv do this.

    There's no such thing as inheriting these files across vhosts or
    whatever... place the directives in the main server only.

    Known problems:

    Don't use Alias or RewriteRule to move these files around...  unless
    you feel like paying for an extra stat() on each request.  This is
    a deficiency in the Apache API that will hopefully be solved some day.
    The file will be served out of the mmap cache, but there will be
    an extra stat() that's a waste.

#include <stdio.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>

#include "httpd.h"
#include "http_config.h"
#include "http_log.h"
#include "http_protocol.h"
#include "http_request.h"

module MODULE_VAR_EXPORT mmap_static_module;

typedef struct {
    char *filename;
    void *mm;
    struct stat finfo;
} a_file;

typedef struct {
    array_header *files;
    array_header *inode_sorted;
} a_server_config;

static void *create_server_config(pool *p, server_rec *s)
    a_server_config *sconf = palloc(p, sizeof(*sconf));

    sconf->files = make_array(p, 20, sizeof(a_file));
    sconf->inode_sorted = NULL;
    return sconf;

static void cleanup_mmap(void *sconfv)
    a_server_config *sconf = sconfv;
    size_t n;
    a_file *file;

    n = sconf->files->nelts;
    file = (a_file *)sconf->files->elts;
    while(n) {
	munmap(file->mm, file->finfo.st_size);

static const char *mmapfile(cmd_parms *cmd, void *dummy, char *filename)
    a_server_config *sconf;
    a_file *new_file;
    a_file tmp;
    int fd;
    caddr_t mm;

    if (stat(filename, &tmp.finfo) == -1) {
	aplog_error(APLOG_MARK, APLOG_WARNING, cmd->server,
	    "mmap_static: unable to stat(%s), skipping", filename);
	return NULL;
    if ((tmp.finfo.st_mode & S_IFMT) != S_IFREG) {
	aplog_error(APLOG_MARK, APLOG_WARNING, cmd->server,
	    "mmap_static: %s isn't a regular file, skipping", filename);
	return NULL;
    fd = open(filename, O_RDONLY, 0);
    if (fd == -1) {
	aplog_error(APLOG_MARK, APLOG_WARNING, cmd->server,
	    "mmap_static: unable to open(%s, O_RDONLY), skipping", filename);
	return NULL;
    mm = mmap(NULL, tmp.finfo.st_size, PROT_READ, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0);
    if (mm == (caddr_t)-1) {
	int save_errno = errno;
	errno = save_errno;
	aplog_error(APLOG_MARK, APLOG_WARNING, cmd->server,
	    "mmap_static: unable to mmap %s, skipping", filename);
	return NULL;
    close(fd); = mm;
    tmp.filename = pstrdup(cmd->pool, filename);
    sconf = get_module_config(cmd->server->module_config, &mmap_static_module);
    new_file = push_array(sconf->files);
    *new_file = tmp;
    if (sconf->files->nelts == 1) {
	/* first one, register the cleanup */
	register_cleanup(cmd->pool, sconf, cleanup_mmap, null_cleanup);
    return NULL;

static command_rec mmap_static_cmds[] =
	"mmapfile", mmapfile, NULL, RSRC_CONF, ITERATE,
	"A space separated list of files to mmap at config time"

static int file_compare(const void *av, const void *bv)
    const a_file *a = av;
    const a_file *b = bv;

    return strcmp(a->filename, b->filename);

static int inode_compare(const void *av, const void *bv)
    const a_file *a = *(a_file **)av;
    const a_file *b = *(a_file **)bv;
    long c;

    c = a->finfo.st_ino - b->finfo.st_ino;
    if (c == 0) {
	return a->finfo.st_dev - b->finfo.st_dev;
    return c;

static void mmap_init(server_rec *s, pool *p)
    a_server_config *sconf;
    array_header *inodes;
    a_file *elts;
    int nelts;
    int i;
    /* sort the elements of the main_server, by filename */
    sconf = get_module_config(s->module_config, &mmap_static_module);
    elts = (a_file *)sconf->files->elts;
    nelts = sconf->files->nelts;
    qsort(elts, nelts, sizeof(a_file), file_compare);

    /* build an index by inode as well, speeds up the search in the handler */
    inodes = make_array(p, nelts, sizeof(a_file *));
    sconf->inode_sorted = inodes;
    for (i = 0; i < nelts; ++i) {
	*(a_file **)push_array(inodes) = &elts[i];
    qsort(inodes->elts, nelts, sizeof(a_file *), inode_compare);

    /* and make the virtualhosts share the same thing */
    for (s = s->next; s; s = s->next) {
	set_module_config(s->module_config, &mmap_static_module, sconf);

/* If it's one of ours, fill in r->finfo now to avoid extra stat()... this is a
 * bit of a kludge, because we really want to run after core_translate runs.
extern int core_translate(request_rec *r);

static int mmap_static_xlat(request_rec *r)
    a_server_config *sconf;
    a_file tmp;
    a_file *match;
    int res;

    /* we require other modules to first set up a filename */
    if (!r->filename) {
	res = core_translate(r);
	if (res == DECLINED || !r->filename) {
	    return res;
    sconf = get_module_config(r->server->module_config, &mmap_static_module);
    tmp.filename = r->filename;
    match = bsearch(&tmp, sconf->files->elts, sconf->files->nelts,
	sizeof(a_file), file_compare);
    if (match == NULL) {
	return DECLINED;

    /* shortcircuit the get_path_info() stat() calls and stuff */
    r->finfo = match->finfo;
    return OK;

static int mmap_static_handler(request_rec *r)
    a_server_config *sconf;
    a_file tmp;
    a_file *ptmp;
    a_file **pmatch;
    a_file *match;
    int rangestatus, errstatus;

    /* we don't handle anything but GET */
    if (r->method_number != M_GET) return DECLINED;

    /* file doesn't exist, we won't be dealing with it */
    if (r->finfo.st_mode == 0) return DECLINED;

    sconf = get_module_config(r->server->module_config, &mmap_static_module);
    tmp.finfo.st_dev = r->finfo.st_dev;
    tmp.finfo.st_ino = r->finfo.st_ino;
    ptmp = &tmp;
    pmatch = bsearch(&ptmp, sconf->inode_sorted->elts,
	sconf->inode_sorted->nelts, sizeof(a_file *), inode_compare);
    if (pmatch == NULL) {
	return DECLINED;
    match = *pmatch;

    /* note that we would handle GET on this resource */
    r->allowed |= (1 << M_GET);

    /* This handler has no use for a request body (yet), but we still
     * need to read and discard it if the client sent one.
    if ((errstatus = discard_request_body(r)) != OK)
        return errstatus;

    update_mtime(r, match->finfo.st_mtime);
    if (((errstatus = meets_conditions(r)) != OK)
	|| (errstatus = set_content_length (r, match->finfo.st_size))) {
	    return errstatus;

    rangestatus = set_byterange(r);

    if (!r->header_only) {
	if (!rangestatus) {
	    send_mmap (match->mm, r, 0, match->finfo.st_size);
	else {
	    long offset, length;
	    while (each_byterange(r, &offset, &length)) {
		send_mmap(match->mm, r, offset, length);
    return OK;

static handler_rec mmap_static_handlers[] =
    { "*/*", mmap_static_handler },
    { NULL }

module MODULE_VAR_EXPORT mmap_static_module =
    mmap_init,			/* initializer */
    NULL,			/* dir config creater */
    NULL,			/* dir merger --- default is to override */
    create_server_config,	/* server config */
    NULL,			/* merge server config */
    mmap_static_cmds,		/* command handlers */
    mmap_static_handlers,	/* handlers */
    mmap_static_xlat,		/* filename translation */
    NULL,			/* check_user_id */
    NULL,			/* check auth */
    NULL,			/* check access */
    NULL,			/* type_checker */
    NULL,			/* fixups */
    NULL,			/* logger */
    NULL,			/* header parser */
    NULL,			/* child_init */
    NULL,			/* child_exit */
    NULL			/* post read-request */

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