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From Dean Gaudet <dgau...@arctic.org>
Subject run_method performance tweak
Date Sat, 29 Mar 1997 08:14:23 GMT
As I mentioned there's a bit of a win (5% less cpu in my limited trials)
to be gained by collapsing all the method lists to eliminate the NULL
entries.  That's just how frequently run_method is called.  The wins
depend on how many modules are built into your server.  For example,
in the default configuration there are 15 modules, only one of which
provides a logger method... so it skips over 14 NULLs.  Only one of
module provides a translate_handler...

It's interesting to note that with this and a few other minor tweaks
I've got (mostly to directory_walk to avoid excessive memory allocation)
the top of the profile is palloc() and its ilk.  Of course this really
depends on your hit mixture, the site I'm profiling with is quite static.
For static stuff there's a big win waiting with an updated mmap() patch.
Of course multithreading opens up lots of interesting optimizations.

Here's the patch.  For post-1.2 consideration.

Dean

Index: http_config.c
===================================================================
RCS file: /export/home/cvs/apache/src/http_config.c,v
retrieving revision 1.47
diff -c -3 -r1.47 http_config.c
*** http_config.c	1997/03/22 23:51:01	1.47
--- http_config.c	1997/03/29 08:00:31
***************
*** 144,150 ****
  void *
  merge_per_dir_configs (pool *p, void *base, void *new)
  {
!    void **conf_vector = (void **)pcalloc(p, sizeof(void*) * total_modules);
     void **base_vector = (void **) base;
     void **new_vector = (void **) new;
     module *modp;
--- 144,150 ----
  void *
  merge_per_dir_configs (pool *p, void *base, void *new)
  {
!    void **conf_vector = (void **)palloc(p, sizeof(void*) * total_modules);
     void **base_vector = (void **) base;
     void **new_vector = (void **) new;
     module *modp;
***************
*** 250,269 ****
   * do the dirty work of slogging through the module structures.
   */
  
! int
  run_method (request_rec *r, int offset, int run_all)
  {
!    module *modp;
!    for (modp = top_module; modp; modp = modp->next) {
!        handler mod_handler = *(handler *)(offset + (char *)(modp));
  
!        if (mod_handler) {
             int result;
  
-            Explain1("Run %s",ShowMethod(modp,offset));
  	   result = (*mod_handler)(r);
  
- 	   Explain2("%s returned %d",ShowMethod(modp,offset),result);
  	   if (result != DECLINED && (!run_all || result != OK))
  	       return result;
         }
--- 250,351 ----
   * do the dirty work of slogging through the module structures.
   */
  
! /*
!  * Optimized run_method routines.  The observation here is that many modules
!  * have NULL for most of the methods.  So we build optimized lists of
!  * everything.  If you think about it, this is really just like a sparse array
!  * implementation to avoid scanning the zero entries.
!  */
! static const int method_offsets[] = {
!     XtOffsetOf (module, translate_handler),
!     XtOffsetOf (module, check_user_id),
!     XtOffsetOf (module, auth_checker),
!     XtOffsetOf (module, access_checker),
!     XtOffsetOf (module, type_checker),
!     XtOffsetOf (module, fixer_upper),
!     XtOffsetOf (module, logger),
!     XtOffsetOf (module, header_parser)
! };
! #define NMETHODS	(sizeof (method_offsets)/sizeof (method_offsets[0]))
! 
! static struct {
!     int translate_handler;
!     int check_user_id;
!     int auth_checker;
!     int access_checker;
!     int type_checker;
!     int fixer_upper;
!     int logger;
!     int header_parser;
! } offsets_into_method_ptrs;
! 
! /*
!  * This is just one big array of method_ptrs.  It's constructed such that,
!  * for example, method_ptrs[ offsets_into_method_ptrs.logger ] is the first
!  * logger function.  You go one-by-one from there until you hit a NULL.
!  * This structure was designed to hopefully maximize cache-coolness.
!  */
! static handler *method_ptrs;
! 
! /* routine to reconstruct all these shortcuts... called after every
!  * add_module.
!  * XXX: this breaks if modules dink with their methods pointers
!  */
! static void
! build_method_shortcuts (void)
! {
!     module *modp;
!     int how_many_ptrs;
!     int i;
!     int next_ptr;
!     handler fp;
! 
!     if (method_ptrs) {
! 	/* free up any previous set of method_ptrs */
! 	free (method_ptrs);
!     }
! 
!     /* first we count how many functions we have */
!     how_many_ptrs = 0;
!     for (modp = top_module; modp; modp = modp->next) {
! 	for (i = 0; i<NMETHODS; ++i) {
! 	    if (*(handler *)(method_offsets[i] + (char *)modp)) {
! 		++how_many_ptrs;
! 	    }
! 	}
!     }
!     method_ptrs = malloc ((how_many_ptrs+NMETHODS)*sizeof (handler));
!     next_ptr = 0;
!     for (i = 0; i<NMETHODS; ++i) {
! 	/* XXX: This is an itsy bit presumptuous about the alignment
! 	 * constraints on offsets_into_method_ptrs.  I can't remember if
! 	 * ANSI says this has to be true... -djg */
! 	((int *)&offsets_into_method_ptrs)[i] = next_ptr;
! 	for (modp = top_module; modp; modp = modp->next) {
! 	    fp = *(handler *)(method_offsets[i] + (char *)modp);
! 	    if (fp) {
! 		method_ptrs[next_ptr++] = fp;
! 	    }
! 	}
! 	method_ptrs[next_ptr++] = NULL;
!     }
! }
! 
! 
! static int
  run_method (request_rec *r, int offset, int run_all)
  {
!     module *modp;
!     int i;
! 
!     for (i = offset; method_ptrs[i]; ++i ) {
! 	handler mod_handler = method_ptrs[i];
  
! 	if (mod_handler) {
             int result;
  
  	   result = (*mod_handler)(r);
  
  	   if (result != DECLINED && (!run_all || result != OK))
  	       return result;
         }
***************
*** 273,299 ****
  }
  
  int translate_name(request_rec *r) {
!    return run_method (r, XtOffsetOf (module, translate_handler), 0);
  }
  
  int check_access(request_rec *r) {
!    return run_method (r, XtOffsetOf (module, access_checker), 1);
  }
  
  int find_types (request_rec *r) {
!    return run_method (r, XtOffsetOf (module, type_checker), 0);
  }
  
  int run_fixups (request_rec *r) {
!    return run_method (r, XtOffsetOf (module, fixer_upper), 1);
  }
  
  int log_transaction (request_rec *r) {
!    return run_method (r, XtOffsetOf (module, logger), 1);
  }
  
  int header_parse (request_rec *r) {
!     return run_method (r, XtOffsetOf (module, header_parser), 1);
  }
  
  /* Auth stuff --- anything that defines one of these will presumably
--- 355,381 ----
  }
  
  int translate_name(request_rec *r) {
!    return run_method (r, offsets_into_method_ptrs.translate_handler, 0);
  }
  
  int check_access(request_rec *r) {
!    return run_method (r, offsets_into_method_ptrs.access_checker, 1);
  }
  
  int find_types (request_rec *r) {
!    return run_method (r, offsets_into_method_ptrs.type_checker, 0);
  }
  
  int run_fixups (request_rec *r) {
!    return run_method (r, offsets_into_method_ptrs.fixer_upper, 1);
  }
  
  int log_transaction (request_rec *r) {
!    return run_method (r, offsets_into_method_ptrs.logger, 1);
  }
  
  int header_parse (request_rec *r) {
!     return run_method (r, offsets_into_method_ptrs.header_parser, 1);
  }
  
  /* Auth stuff --- anything that defines one of these will presumably
***************
*** 302,312 ****
   */
  
  int check_user_id (request_rec *r) {
!    return run_method (r, XtOffsetOf (module, check_user_id), 0);
  }
  
  int check_auth (request_rec *r) {
!    return run_method (r, XtOffsetOf (module, auth_checker), 0);
  }
  
  int invoke_handler (request_rec *r)
--- 384,394 ----
   */
  
  int check_user_id (request_rec *r) {
!    return run_method (r, offsets_into_method_ptrs.check_user_id, 0);
  }
  
  int check_auth (request_rec *r) {
!    return run_method (r, offsets_into_method_ptrs.auth_checker, 0);
  }
  
  int invoke_handler (request_rec *r)
***************
*** 391,396 ****
--- 473,480 ----
      if (m->module_index == -1) {
  	m->module_index = num_modules++;
      }
+     /** XXX: this will be slow if there's lots of add_modules */
+     build_method_shortcuts ();
  }
  
  void setup_prelinked_modules ()
  


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