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From sl...@apache.org
Subject svn commit: r178530 - /httpd/httpd/trunk/docs/manual/mod/mod_log_config.xml
Date Wed, 25 May 2005 20:16:27 GMT
Author: slive
Date: Wed May 25 13:16:26 2005
New Revision: 178530

URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewcvs?rev=178530&view=rev
Log:
Clean up the notes to the logformat section of the mod_log config docs.
These have been growing using the "here's something else we should
say" technique, without any serious thought for readability.

In particular:

- Remove the "..." in all the format strings, since almost nobody
uses this and it can be confusing.  It is still documented, just
not included in the definitions.

- Create three sections: modifiers, examples, and a "notes" section
for stuff that doesn't go any place else.

- Remove the discussion of %v being the canonical name.  I think
that it is quite clear since the addition of %V what the difference
is.

Modified:
    httpd/httpd/trunk/docs/manual/mod/mod_log_config.xml

Modified: httpd/httpd/trunk/docs/manual/mod/mod_log_config.xml
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewcvs/httpd/httpd/trunk/docs/manual/mod/mod_log_config.xml?rev=178530&r1=178529&r2=178530&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- httpd/httpd/trunk/docs/manual/mod/mod_log_config.xml (original)
+++ httpd/httpd/trunk/docs/manual/mod/mod_log_config.xml Wed May 25 13:16:26 2005
@@ -70,110 +70,110 @@
     <tr><td><code>%%</code></td>
         <td>The percent sign</td></tr>
 
-    <tr><td><code>%...a</code></td>
+    <tr><td><code>%a</code></td>
         <td>Remote IP-address</td></tr>
 
-    <tr><td><code>%...A</code></td>
+    <tr><td><code>%A</code></td>
         <td>Local IP-address</td></tr>
 
-    <tr><td><code>%...B</code></td>
+    <tr><td><code>%B</code></td>
         <td>Size of response in bytes, excluding HTTP headers.</td></tr>
 
-    <tr><td><code>%...b</code></td>
+    <tr><td><code>%b</code></td>
         <td>Size of response in bytes, excluding HTTP headers. In CLF format, <em>i.e.</em>
         a '<code>-</code>' rather than a 0 when no bytes are sent.</td></tr>
 
-    <tr><td><code>%...{<var>Foobar</var>}C</code></td>
+    <tr><td><code>%{<var>Foobar</var>}C</code></td>
         <td>The contents of cookie <var>Foobar</var> in the request sent
         to the server.</td></tr>
 
-    <tr><td><code>%...D</code></td>
+    <tr><td><code>%D</code></td>
         <td>The time taken to serve the request, in microseconds.</td></tr>
 
-    <tr><td><code>%...{<var>FOOBAR</var>}e</code></td>
+    <tr><td><code>%{<var>FOOBAR</var>}e</code></td>
         <td>The contents of the environment variable
         <var>FOOBAR</var></td></tr>
 
-    <tr><td><code>%...f</code></td>
+    <tr><td><code>%f</code></td>
         <td>Filename</td></tr>
 
-    <tr><td><code>%...h</code></td>
+    <tr><td><code>%h</code></td>
         <td>Remote host</td></tr>
 
-    <tr><td><code>%...H</code></td>
+    <tr><td><code>%H</code></td>
         <td>The request protocol</td></tr>
 
-    <tr><td><code>%...{<var>Foobar</var>}i</code></td>
+    <tr><td><code>%{<var>Foobar</var>}i</code></td>
         <td>The contents of <code><var>Foobar</var>:</code>
header line(s)
         in the request sent to the server.</td></tr>
 
-    <tr><td><code>%...l</code></td>
+    <tr><td><code>%l</code></td>
         <td>Remote logname (from identd, if supplied). This will return a
         dash unless <module>mod_ident</module> is present and <directive
         module="mod_ident">IdentityCheck</directive> is set
         <code>On</code>.</td></tr>
 
-    <tr><td><code>%...m</code></td>
+    <tr><td><code>%m</code></td>
         <td>The request method</td></tr>
 
-    <tr><td><code>%...{<var>Foobar</var>}n</code></td>
+    <tr><td><code>%{<var>Foobar</var>}n</code></td>
         <td>The contents of note <var>Foobar</var> from another
         module.</td></tr>
 
-    <tr><td><code>%...{<var>Foobar</var>}o</code></td>
+    <tr><td><code>%{<var>Foobar</var>}o</code></td>
         <td>The contents of <code><var>Foobar</var>:</code>
header line(s)
         in the reply.</td></tr>
 
-    <tr><td><code>%...p</code></td>
+    <tr><td><code>%p</code></td>
         <td>The canonical port of the server serving the request</td></tr>
 
-    <tr><td><code>%...P</code></td>
+    <tr><td><code>%P</code></td>
         <td>The process ID of the child that serviced the request.</td></tr>
 
-    <tr><td><code>%...{<var>format</var>}P</code></td>
+    <tr><td><code>%{<var>format</var>}P</code></td>
         <td>The process ID or thread id of the child that serviced the 
         request.  Valid formats are <code>pid</code> and <code>tid</code>.
         </td></tr>
 
-    <tr><td><code>%...q</code></td>
+    <tr><td><code>%q</code></td>
         <td>The query string (prepended with a <code>?</code> if a query
         string exists, otherwise an empty string)</td></tr>
 
-    <tr><td><code>%...r</code></td>
+    <tr><td><code>%r</code></td>
         <td>First line of request</td></tr>
 
-    <tr><td><code>%...s</code></td>
+    <tr><td><code>%s</code></td>
         <td>Status. For requests that got internally redirected, this is
-        the status of the *original* request --- <code>%...&gt;s</code>
+        the status of the *original* request --- <code>%&gt;s</code>
         for the last.</td></tr>
 
-    <tr><td><code>%...t</code></td>
+    <tr><td><code>%t</code></td>
         <td>Time the request was received (standard english
         format)</td></tr>
 
-    <tr><td><code>%...{<var>format</var>}t</code></td>
+    <tr><td><code>%{<var>format</var>}t</code></td>
         <td>The time, in the form given by format, which should be in
         <code>strftime(3)</code> format. (potentially localized)</td></tr>
 
-    <tr><td><code>%...T</code></td>
+    <tr><td><code>%T</code></td>
         <td>The time taken to serve the request, in seconds.</td></tr>
 
-    <tr><td><code>%...u</code></td>
+    <tr><td><code>%u</code></td>
         <td>Remote user (from auth; may be bogus if return status
         (<code>%s</code>) is 401)</td></tr>
 
-    <tr><td><code>%...U</code></td>
+    <tr><td><code>%U</code></td>
         <td>The URL path requested, not including any query string.</td></tr>
 
-    <tr><td><code>%...v</code></td>
+    <tr><td><code>%v</code></td>
         <td>The canonical <directive module="core">ServerName</directive>
         of the server serving the request.</td></tr>
 
-    <tr><td><code>%...V</code></td>
+    <tr><td><code>%V</code></td>
         <td>The server name according to the <directive module="core"
         >UseCanonicalName</directive> setting.</td></tr>
 
-    <tr><td><code>%...X</code></td>
+    <tr><td><code>%X</code></td>
         <td>Connection status when response is completed:
 
         <table>
@@ -188,92 +188,92 @@
             sent.</td></tr>
         </table>
 
-        <p>(This directive was <code>%...c</code> in late versions of Apache
+        <p>(This directive was <code>%c</code> in late versions of Apache
         1.3, but this conflicted with the historical ssl
-        <code>%...{<var>var</var>}c</code> syntax.)</p></td></tr>
+        <code>%{<var>var</var>}c</code> syntax.)</p></td></tr>
 
-    <tr><td><code>%...I</code></td>
+    <tr><td><code>%I</code></td>
         <td>Bytes received, including request and headers, cannot be zero.
         You need to enable <module>mod_logio</module> to use this.</td></tr>
 
-    <tr><td><code>%...O</code></td>
+    <tr><td><code>%O</code></td>
         <td>Bytes sent, including headers, cannot be zero. You need to
         enable <module>mod_logio</module> to use this.</td></tr>
     </table>
 
-    <p>The "<var>...</var>" can be nothing at all (<em>e.g.</em>,
-    <code>"%h %u %r %s %b"</code>), or it can indicate conditions for
-    inclusion of the item (which will cause it to be replaced with "-" if
-    the condition is not met). The forms of condition are a list of
-    HTTP status codes, which may or may not be preceded by "!".
-    Thus, "%400,501{User-agent}i" logs <code>User-agent:</code> on 400
-    errors and 501 errors (Bad Request, Not Implemented) only;
-    "%!200,304,302{Referer}i" logs <code>Referer:</code> on all requests
-    which did <em>not</em> return some sort of normal status.</p>
-
-    <p>The modifiers "&lt;" and "&gt;" can be used for requests that
-    have been internally redirected to choose whether the original or
-    final (respectively) request should be consulted.  By default, the
-    <code>%</code> directives <code>%s, %U, %T, %D,</code> and
-    <code>%r</code> look at the original request while all others look
-    at the final request.  So for example, <code>%&gt;s</code> can be
-    used to record the final status of the request and
-    <code>%&lt;u</code> can be used to record the original
-    authenticated user on a request that is internally redirected to an
-    unauthenticated resource.</p>
-
-    <p>Note that in httpd 2.0 versions prior to 2.0.46, no escaping was performed
-    on the strings from <code>%...r</code>, <code>%...i</code> and
-    <code>%...o</code>. This was mainly to comply with the requirements of
-    the Common Log Format. This implied that clients could insert control
-    characters into the log, so you had to be quite careful when dealing
-    with raw log files.</p>
-
-    <p>For security reasons, starting with 2.0.46, non-printable and
-    other special characters are escaped mostly by using
-    <code>\x<var>hh</var></code> sequences, where <var>hh</var>
stands for
-    the hexadecimal representation of the raw byte. Exceptions from this
-    rule are <code>"</code> and <code>\</code> which are escaped
by prepending
-    a backslash, and all whitespace characters which are written in their
-    C-style notation (<code>\n</code>, <code>\t</code> etc).</p>
-
-    <p>Note that in httpd 2.0, unlike 1.3, the <code>%b</code> and
-    <code>%B</code> format strings do not represent the number of
-    bytes sent to the client, but simply the size in bytes of the HTTP
-    response (which will differ, for instance, if the connection is
-    aborted, or if SSL is used).  The <code>%O</code> format provided
-    by <module>mod_logio</module> will log the actual number of bytes
-    sent over the network.</p>
-
-    <p>Some commonly used log format strings are:</p>
-
-    <dl>
-      <dt>Common Log Format (CLF)</dt>
-      <dd><code>"%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %&gt;s %b"</code></dd>
-
-      <dt>Common Log Format with Virtual Host</dt>
-      <dd><code>"%v %h %l %u %t \"%r\" %&gt;s %b"</code></dd>
-
-      <dt>NCSA extended/combined log format</dt>
-      <dd><code>"%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %&gt;s %b \"%{Referer}i\"
-      \"%{User-agent}i\""</code></dd>
-
-      <dt>Referer log format</dt>
-      <dd><code>"%{Referer}i -&gt; %U"</code></dd>
-
-      <dt>Agent (Browser) log format</dt>
-      <dd><code>"%{User-agent}i"</code></dd>
-    </dl>
-
-    <p>Note that the canonical <directive module="core"
-    >ServerName</directive> and <directive module="mpm_common"
-    >Listen</directive> of the server serving the
-    request are used for <code>%v</code> and <code>%p</code>
-    respectively. This happens regardless of the <directive
-    module="core">UseCanonicalName</directive> setting
-    because otherwise log analysis programs would have to duplicate
-    the entire vhost matching algorithm in order to decide what
-    host really served the request.</p>
+    <section id="modifiers"><title>Modifiers</title>
+
+      <p>Particular items can be restricted to print only for
+      responses with specific HTTP status codes by placing a
+      comma-separated list of status codes immediately following the
+      "%".  For example, <code>"%400,501{User-agent}i"</code> logs
+      <code>User-agent</code> on 400 errors and 501 errors only.  For
+      other status codes, the literal string <code>"-"</code> will be
+      logged.  The status code list may be preceded by a
+      "<code>!</code>" to indicate negation:
+      <code>"%!200,304,302{Referer}i"</code> logs <code>Referer</code>
+      on all requests that do <em>not</em> return one of the three
+      specified codes.</p>
+
+      <p>The modifiers "&lt;" and "&gt;" can be used for requests that
+      have been internally redirected to choose whether the original
+      or final (respectively) request should be consulted.  By
+      default, the <code>%</code> directives <code>%s, %U, %T,
+      %D,</code> and <code>%r</code> look at the original request
+      while all others look at the final request.  So for example,
+      <code>%&gt;s</code> can be used to record the final status of
+      the request and <code>%&lt;u</code> can be used to record the
+      original authenticated user on a request that is internally
+      redirected to an unauthenticated resource.</p>
+
+    </section>
+
+    <section id="format-notes"><title>Some Notes</title>
+
+      <p>For security reasons, starting with version 2.0.46,
+      non-printable and other special characters in <code>%r</code>,
+      <code>%i</code> and <code>%o</code> are escaped using
+      <code>\x<var>hh</var></code> sequences, where <var>hh</var>
+      stands for the hexadecimal representation of the raw
+      byte. Exceptions from this rule are <code>"</code> and
+      <code>\</code>, which are escaped by prepending a backslash, and
+      all whitespace characters, which are written in their C-style
+      notation (<code>\n</code>, <code>\t</code>, etc).  In versions
+      prior to 2.0.46, no escaping was performed on these strings so
+      you had to be quite careful when dealing with raw log files.</p>
+
+      <p>In httpd 2.0, unlike 1.3, the <code>%b</code> and
+      <code>%B</code> format strings do not represent the number of
+      bytes sent to the client, but simply the size in bytes of the
+      HTTP response (which will differ, for instance, if the
+      connection is aborted, or if SSL is used).  The <code>%O</code>
+      format provided by <module>mod_logio</module> will log the
+      actual number of bytes sent over the network.</p>
+
+    </section>
+
+    <section id="examples"><title>Examples</title>
+
+      <p>Some commonly used log format strings are:</p>
+
+      <dl>
+        <dt>Common Log Format (CLF)</dt>
+        <dd><code>"%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %&gt;s %b"</code></dd>
+
+        <dt>Common Log Format with Virtual Host</dt>
+        <dd><code>"%v %h %l %u %t \"%r\" %&gt;s %b"</code></dd>
+
+        <dt>NCSA extended/combined log format</dt>
+        <dd><code>"%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %&gt;s %b \"%{Referer}i\"
+        \"%{User-agent}i\""</code></dd>
+
+        <dt>Referer log format</dt>
+        <dd><code>"%{Referer}i -&gt; %U"</code></dd>
+
+        <dt>Agent (Browser) log format</dt>
+        <dd><code>"%{User-agent}i"</code></dd>
+      </dl>
+    </section>
 </section>
 
 <section id="security"><title>Security Considerations</title>



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