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From sl...@locus.apache.org
Subject cvs commit: httpd-docs-2.0/htdocs/manual server-wide.html index.html
Date Wed, 01 Nov 2000 20:29:01 GMT
slive       00/11/01 12:28:59

  Modified:    htdocs/manual index.html
  Added:       htdocs/manual server-wide.html
  Log:
  Bring forward from 1.3.  Some of this is obviously not correct in 2.0.
  
  Revision  Changes    Path
  1.10      +2 -0      httpd-docs-2.0/htdocs/manual/index.html
  
  Index: index.html
  ===================================================================
  RCS file: /home/cvs/httpd-docs-2.0/htdocs/manual/index.html,v
  retrieving revision 1.9
  retrieving revision 1.10
  diff -u -r1.9 -r1.10
  --- index.html	2000/11/01 18:06:34	1.9
  +++ index.html	2000/11/01 20:28:55	1.10
  @@ -130,6 +130,8 @@
   </td></tr><tr><td>
   <A HREF="configuring.html">Configuration Files</A>
   </td></tr><tr><td>
  +<a href="server-wide.html">Server-Wide Configuration</A>
  +</td></tr><tr><td>
   <A HREF="vhosts/index.html">Virtual Hosts</A>
   </td></tr><tr><td>
   <A HREF="handler.html">Handlers</A>
  
  
  
  1.1                  httpd-docs-2.0/htdocs/manual/server-wide.html
  
  Index: server-wide.html
  ===================================================================
  <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 3.2 Final//EN">
  <HTML>
  <HEAD>
  <TITLE>Server-Wide Configuration</TITLE>
  </HEAD>
  
  <!-- Background white, links blue (unvisited), navy (visited), red (active) -->
  <BODY
   BGCOLOR="#FFFFFF"
   TEXT="#000000"
   LINK="#0000FF"
   VLINK="#000080"
   ALINK="#FF0000"
  >
  <!--#include virtual="header.html" -->
  <h1 align="center">Server-Wide Configuration</h1>
  
  <p>This document explains some of the directives provided by
  <a href="mod/core.html">core</A> server which are used to configure
  the basic operations of the server.</p>
  
  <ul>
  <li><a href="#identification">Server Identification</a></li>
  <li><a href="#locations">File Locations</a></li>
  <li><a href="#process">Process Creation</a></li>
  <li><a href="#network">Network Configuration</a></li>
  <li><a href="#resource">Limiting Resource Usage</a></li>
  </ul>
  
  <hr>
  
  <h2><a name="identfication">Server Identification</a></h2>
  
  <table border="1">
  <tr><td valign="top">
  <strong>Related Directives</strong><br><br>
  
  <A HREF="mod/core.html#servername">ServerName</A><br>
  <A HREF="mod/core.html#serveradmin">ServerAdmin</A><br>
  <A HREF="mod/core.html#serversignature">ServerSignature</A><br>
  <A HREF="mod/core.html#servertokens">ServerTokens</A><br>
  <A HREF="mod/core.html#usecanonicalname">UseCanonicalName</A><br>
  </td></tr></table>
  
  <p>The <code>ServerAdmin</code> and <code>ServerTokens</code>
  directives control what information about the server will be presented
  in server-generated documents such as error messages.
  The <code>ServerTokens</code> directive sets the value of the 
  Server HTTP response header field.</p>
  
  <p>The <code>ServerName</code> and <code>UseCanonicalName</code>
  directives are used by the server to determine how to construct
  self-referential URLs.  For example, when a client requests a
  directory, but does not include the trailing slash in the directory
  name, Apache must redirect the client to the full name including the
  trailing slash so that the client will correctly resolve relative
  references in the document.</p>
  
  <hr>
  
  <h2><a name="locations">File Locations</a></h2>
  
  <table border="1">
  <tr><td valign="top">
  <strong>Related Directives</strong><br><br>
  
  <a href="mod/core.html#coredumpdirectory">CoreDumpDirectory</a><br>
  <a href="mod/core.html#documentroot">DocumentRoot</a><br>
  <a href="mod/core.html#errorlog">ErrorLog</a><br>
  <a href="mod/core.html#lockfile">Lockfile</a><br>
  <a href="mod/core.html#pidfile">PidFile</a><br>
  <a href="mod/core.html#scoreboardfile">ScoreBoardFile</a><br>
  <a href="mod/core.html#serverroot">ServerRoot</a><br>
  </td></tr></table>
  
  <p>These directives control the locations of the various files that
  Apache needs for proper operation.  When the pathname used does not
  begin with a slash "/", the files are located relative to the
  <code>ServerRoot</code>.  Be careful about locating files in paths
  which are writable by non-root users.  See the <a
  href="misc/security_tips.html">security tips</a> documentation for
  more details.</p>
  
  <hr>
  
  <h2><a name="process">Process Creation</a></h2>
  
  <table border="1">
  <tr><td valign="top">
  <strong>Related Directives</strong><br><br>
  
  <a href="mod/core.html#bs2000account">BS2000Account</a><br>
  <a href="mod/core.html#group">Group</a><br>
  <a href="mod/core.html#baxclients">MaxClients</a><br>
  <a href="mod/core.html#maxrequestsperchild">MaxRequestsPerChild</a><br>
  <a href="mod/core.html#maxspareservers">MaxSpareServers</a><br>
  <a href="mod/core.html#minspareservers">MinSpareServers</a><br>
  <a href="mod/core.html#servertype">ServerType</a><br>
  <a href="mod/core.html#startservers">StartServers</a><br>
  <a href="mod/core.html#threadsperchild">ThreadsPerChild</a><br>
  <a href="mod/core.html#user">User</a><br>
  </td></tr></table>
  
  <p>When <code>ServerType</code> is set to its recommended value of
  <code>Standalone</code>, Apache 1.3 for Unix is a pre-forking web
  server.  A single control process is responsible for launching child
  processes which listen for connections and serve them when they
  arrive.  Apache always tries to maintain several <em>spare</em> or
  idle server processes, which stand ready to serve incoming requests.
  In this way, clients do not need to wait for a new child processes to
  be forked before their requests can be served.</p>
  
  <p>The <code>StartServers</code>, <code>MinSpareServers</code>,
  <code>MaxSpareServers</code>, and <code>MaxServers</code> regulate
how
  the parent process creates children to serve requests.  In general,
  Apache is very self-regulating, so most sites do not need to adjust
  these directives from their default values.  Sites which need to serve
  more than 256 simultaneous requests may need to increase
  <code>MaxClients</code>, while sites with limited memory may need to
  decrease <code>MaxClients</code> to keep the server from thrashing
  (swapping memory to disk and back).</p>
  
  <p>While the parent process is usually started as root under Unix
  in order to bind to port 80, the child processes are launched
  by Apache as a less-privileged user.  The <code>User</code> and
  <code>Group</code> directives are used to set the privileges
  of the Apache child processes.  The child processes must
  be able to read all the content that will be served, but
  should have as few privileges beyond that as possible.
  In addition, unless <a href="suexec.html">suexec</a> is used,
  these directives also set the privileges which will be inherited
  by CGI scripts.</p>
  
  <p><code>MaxRequestsPerChild</code> controls how frequently the server
  recycles processes by killing old ones and launching new ones.</p>
  
  <p>Under Windows, Apache launches one control process and one
  child process.  The child process creates multiple threads to
  serve requests.  The number of threads is controlled by the
  <code>ThreadsPerChild</code> directive.</p>
  
  <hr>
  
  <h2><a name="network">Network Configuration</a></h2>
  
  <table border="1">
  <tr><td valign="top">
  <strong>Related Directives</strong><br><br>
  
  <a href="mod/core.html#bindaddress">BindAddress</a><br>
  <a href="mod/core.html#keepalive">KeepAlive</a><br>
  <a href="mod/core.html#keepalivetimeout">KeepAliveTimeout</a><br>
  <a href="mod/core.html#listen">Listen</a><br>
  <a href="mod/core.html#listenbacklog">ListenBackLog</a><br>
  <a href="mod/core.html#maxKeepaliverequests">MaxKeepAliveRequests</a><br>
  <a href="mod/core.html#port">Port</a><br>
  <a href="mod/core.html#sendbuffersize">SendBufferSize</a><br>
  <a href="mod/core.html#timeOut">TimeOut</a><br>
  </td></tr></table>
  
  <p>When Apache starts, it connects to some port and address on the
  local machine and waits for incoming requests. By default, it listens
  to all addresses on the machine, and to the port as specified by the
  <code>Port</code> directive in the server configuration.  However, it
  can be told to listen to more than one port, to listen to only
  selected addresses, or a combination. This is often combined with the
  <a href="vhosts/">Virtual Host</a> feature which determines how Apache
  responds to different IP addresses, hostnames and ports.</p>
  
  <p>There are two directives used to restrict or specify which addresses
  and ports Apache listens to.  The <code>BindAddress</code> directive
  is used to restrict the server to listening to a single IP address.
  The <code>Listen</code> directive can be used to specify multiple
  IP addresses and/or Ports to which Apache will listen.</p>
  
  <p>The <code>ListenBackLog</code>, <code>SendBufferSize</code>,
and
  <code>TimeOut</code> directives are used to adjust how Apache
  interacts with the network.</p>
  
  <p>The <code>KeepAlive</code>, <code>KeepAliveTimeout</code>,

  and <code>MaxKeepAliveRequests</code> directives are used to
  configure how Apache handles persistent connections.</p>
  
  <hr>
  <h2><a name="resource">Limiting Resource Usage</a></h2>
  <table border="1">
  <tr><td valign="top">
  <strong>Related Directives</strong><br><br>
  
  <a href="mod/core.html#limitrequestbody">LimitRequestBody</a><br>
  <a href="mod/core.html#limitrequestfields">LimitRequestFields</a><br>
  <a href="mod/core.html#limitrequestfieldsize">LimitRequestFieldsize</a><br>
  <a href="mod/core.html#limitrequestline">LimitRequestLine</a><br>
  <a href="mod/core.html#rlimitcpu">RLimitCPU</a><br>
  <a href="mod/core.html#rlimitmem">RLimitMEM</a><br>
  <a href="mod/core.html#rlimitnproc">RLimitNPROC</a><br>
  <a href="mod/core.html#threadstacksize">ThreadStackSize</a><br>
  </td></tr></table>
  
  <p>The <code>Limit</code>* directives are used to place limits
  on the amount of resources Apache will use in reading requests
  from clients.  By limiting these values, some kinds of denial
  of service attacks can be mitigated.</p>
  
  <p>The <code>RLimit</code>* directives are used to limit the amount
  of resources which can be used by processes forked off from
  the Apache children.  In particular, this will control
  resources used by CGI scripts and SSI exec commands.</p>
  
  <p>The <code>ThreadStackSize</code> directive is used only
  on Netware to control the stock size.</p>
  
  <!--#include virtual="footer.html" -->
  </BODY>
  </HTML>
  
  
  

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