httpd-cvs mailing list archives

Site index · List index
Message view « Date » · « Thread »
Top « Date » · « Thread »
From Paul Sutton <...@hyperreal.org>
Subject cvs commit: apachen/htdocs/manual/mod core.html
Date Sun, 24 Aug 1997 14:16:07 GMT
pcs         97/08/24 07:16:05

  Modified:    htdocs/manual/mod core.html
  Added:       htdocs/manual sections.html
  Log:
  Add document explaining how Directory, Location and Files sections
  are merged. Based on Dean's explanation from PR#586. Link to this
  doc from the directive descriptions in core.html.
  
  PR: 586
  
  Revision  Changes    Path
  1.1                  apachen/htdocs/manual/sections.html
  
  Index: sections.html
  ===================================================================
  <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 3.2 Final//EN">
  <html><head>
  <title>How Directory, Location and Files sections work</title>
  </head>
  
  <!-- Background white, links blue (unvisited), navy (visited), red (active) -->
  <BODY
   BGCOLOR="#FFFFFF"
   TEXT="#000000"
   LINK="#0000FF"
   VLINK="#000080"
   ALINK="#FF0000"
  >
  <!--#include virtual="header.html" -->
  <h1 ALIGN="CENTER">How Directory, Location and Files sections work</h1>
  
  The sections <a
  href="mod/core.html#directory"><code>&lt;Directory&gt;</code></a>,
<a
  href="mod/core.html#location"><code>&lt;Location&gt;</code></a>
and <a
  href="mode/core.html#files"><code>&lt;Files&gt;</code></a>
can contain
  directives which only apply to specified directories, URLs or files
  respectively. Also htaccess files can be used inside a directory to
  apply directives to that directory. This document explains how these
  different sections differ and how they relate to each other when
  Apache decides which directives apply for a particular directory or
  request URL.
  
  <h2>Directives allowed in the sections</h2>
  
  Everything that is syntactically allowed in
  <code>&lt;Directory&gt;</code> is also allowed in
  <code>&lt;Location&gt;</code> (except a sub-<code>&lt;Files&gt;</code>
  section, but the code doesn't test for that, Lars has an open bug
  report on that).  Semantically however some things, and the most
  notable is AllowOverrides, make no sense in
  <code>&lt;Location&gt;</code>.  The same for
  <code>&lt;Files&gt;</code> -- syntactically everything is fine, but
  semantically some things are different.
  
  <h2>How the sections are merged</h2>
  
  The order of merging is:
  
  <ol>
  
  <li>
  
   <code>&lt;Directory&gt;</code> (except regular expressions) and
   .htaccess done simultaneously (with .htaccess overriding
   <code>&lt;Directory&gt;</code>)
  
  </li>
  
  <li>
   <code>&lt;DirectoryMatch&gt;</code>, and
   <code>&lt;Directory&gt;</code> with regular expressions
  
  </li>
  
   <li><code>&lt;Files&gt;</code> and <code>&lt;FilesMatch&gt;</code>
done simultaneously
   </li>
  
   <li><code>&lt;Location&gt;</code> and <code>&lt;LocationMatch&gt;</code>
done simultaneously
   </li>
  
  </ol>
  
  Apart from <code>&lt;Directory&gt;</code>, each group is processed in
  the order that they appear in the configuration
  files. <code>&lt;Directory&gt;</code> (group 1 above) is processed in
  the order shortest directory component to longest. If multiple
  <code>&lt;Directory&gt;</code> sections apply to the same directory
  they they are processed in the configuration file order.  The
  configuration files are read in the order httpd.conf, srm.conf and
  access.conf. Configurations included via the <code>Include</code>
  directive will be treated as if they where inside the including file
  at the location of the <code>Include</code> directive.
  
  <p>
  
  Sections inside <code>&lt;VirtualHost&gt;</code> sections are applied
  <i>after</i> the corresponding sections outside the virtual host
  definition. This allows virtual hosts to override the main server
  configuration. (Note: this only works correctly from 1.2.2 and 1.3a2
  onwards. Before those releases sections inside virtual hosts were
  applied <i>before</i> the main server).
  
  <h2>Notes about using sections</h2>
  
  The general guidelines are:
  
  <p>
  
  <ul>
  <li>
      If you are attempting to match objects at the filesystem level
      then you must use <code>&lt;Directory&gt;</code> and/or
      <code>&lt;Files&gt;</code>.
  </li>
  
  <li>
      If you are attempting to match objects at the URL level then you
      must use <code>&lt;Location&gt;</code>
  </li>
  </ul>
  
  But a notable exception is:
  
  <ul>
  <li>
      proxy control is done via <code>&lt;Directory&gt;</code>.  This
is
      a legacy mistake because the proxy existed prior to
      <code>&lt;Location&gt;</code>.  A future version of the config
      language should probably switch this to
      <code>&lt;Location&gt;</code>.
  </li>
  </ul>
  
  Note also that modifying .htaccess parsing during Location doesn't do
  anything because .htaccess parsing has already occured.
  
  <p>
  
  Another note:
  <p>
  
  <ul>
  <li>
      There is actually a
      <code>&lt;Location&gt;</code>/<code>&lt;LocationMatch&gt;</code>
      sequence performed just before the name translation phase (where
      <code>Aliases</code> and <code>DocumentRoots</code> are used
to
      map URLs to filenames).  The results of this sequence are
      completely thrown away after the translation has completed.
  </li>
  </ul>
  
  <!--#include virtual="footer.html" -->
  </body></html>
  
  
  
  1.74      +37 -4     apachen/htdocs/manual/mod/core.html
  
  Index: core.html
  ===================================================================
  RCS file: /export/home/cvs/apachen/htdocs/manual/mod/core.html,v
  retrieving revision 1.73
  retrieving revision 1.74
  diff -u -r1.73 -r1.74
  --- core.html	1997/08/24 13:17:56	1.73
  +++ core.html	1997/08/24 14:16:04	1.74
  @@ -413,7 +413,13 @@
   The directory sections typically occur in the access.conf file, but they
   may appear in any configuration file. &lt;Directory&gt; directives cannot
   nest, and cannot appear in a <A HREF="#limit">&lt;Limit&gt;</A> section.
  -<p><hr>
  +<p>
  +
  +<strong>See also</strong>: <a href="../sections.html">How Directory,
  +Location and Files sections work</a> for an explanation of how these
  +different sections are combined when a request is received
  +
  +<hr>
   
   <h2><A name="directorymatch">&lt;DirectoryMatch&gt;</A></h2>
   <strong>Syntax:</strong> &lt;DirectoryMatch <em>regex</em>&gt;
... &lt;/DirectoryMatch&gt; <br>
  @@ -435,7 +441,11 @@
   
   <p><strong>See Also:</strong>
   <a href="#directory">&lt;Directory&gt;</a> for a description of how
  -regular expressions are mixed in with normal &lt;Directory&gt;s.</p>
  +regular expressions are mixed in with normal &lt;Directory&gt;s.
  +<br>
  +<strong>See also</strong>: <a href="../sections.html">How Directory,
  +Location and Files sections work</a> for an explanation of how these
  +different sections are combined when a request is received
   
   <hr>
   
  @@ -573,7 +583,13 @@
   <em>filename</em> does not begin with a <code>/</code> character,
   the directory being applied will be prefixed automatically.
   
  -<p> <hr>
  +<p>
  +
  +<strong>See also</strong>: <a href="../sections.html">How Directory,
  +Location and Files sections work</a> for an explanation of how these
  +different sections are combined when a request is received
  +
  +<hr>
   
   <h2><A name="filesmatch">&lt;FilesMatch&gt;</A></h2>
   <strong>Syntax:</strong> &lt;FilesMatch <em>regex</em>&gt;
  @@ -593,6 +609,10 @@
   
   <p>would match most common Internet graphics formats.</p>
   
  +<strong>See also</strong>: <a href="../sections.html">How Directory,
  +Location and Files sections work</a> for an explanation of how these
  +different sections are combined when a request is received
  +
   <hr>
   
   <h2><A name="group">Group directive</A></h2>
  @@ -919,6 +939,12 @@
       allow from .foo.com
       &lt;/Location&gt;
   </pre>
  +
  +<p>
  +<strong>See also</strong>: <a href="../sections.html">How Directory,
  +Location and Files sections work</a> for an explanation of how these
  +different sections are combined when a request is received
  +
   <hr>
   
   <h2><a name="locationmatch">&lt;LocationMatch&gt;</a></h2>
  @@ -942,6 +968,10 @@
   <p>would match URLs that contained the substring "/extra/data" or
   "/special/data".</p>
   
  +<strong>See also</strong>: <a href="../sections.html">How Directory,
  +Location and Files sections work</a> for an explanation of how these
  +different sections are combined when a request is received
  +
   <hr>
   
   <H2><A NAME="lockfile">LockFile directive</A></H2>
  @@ -1681,7 +1711,10 @@
   <strong>See also:</strong>
   <a href="../vhosts-in-depth.html">In-depth description of Virtual Host matching</a><br>
   <strong>See also:</strong>
  -<a href="../bind.html">Setting which addresses and ports Apache uses</a>
  +<a href="../bind.html">Setting which addresses and ports Apache uses</a><br>
  +<strong>See also</strong>: <a href="../sections.html">How Directory,
  +Location and Files sections work</a> for an explanation of how these
  +different sections are combined when a request is received
   </p>
   
   <!--#include virtual="footer.html" -->
  
  
  

Mime
View raw message