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From Dean Gaudet <dgau...@hyperreal.org>
Subject cvs commit: apachen/src/core conf.h http_core.c http_main.c httpd.h
Date Sun, 17 Aug 1997 11:14:39 GMT
dgaudet     97/08/17 04:14:38

  Modified:    htdocs/manual new_features_1_3.html
               src      CHANGES Configure
               src/core conf.h http_core.c http_main.c httpd.h
  Log:
  Add new mutexes (sysvsem, solaris pthreads, irix uslocks).
  Add SAFE_UNSERIALIZED_ACCEPT support.
  
  Submitted by:	Dean Gaudet,
  Submitted by:	Pierre-Yves Kerembellec <Pierre-Yves.Kerembellec@vtcom.fr>,
  Submitted by:	Martijn Koster <m.koster@pobox.com>
  Reviewed by:	Paul Sutton
  
  Revision  Changes    Path
  1.15      +2 -2      apachen/htdocs/manual/new_features_1_3.html
  
  Index: new_features_1_3.html
  ===================================================================
  RCS file: /export/home/cvs/apachen/htdocs/manual/new_features_1_3.html,v
  retrieving revision 1.14
  retrieving revision 1.15
  diff -u -r1.14 -r1.15
  --- new_features_1_3.html	1997/08/11 10:04:43	1.14
  +++ new_features_1_3.html	1997/08/17 11:14:29	1.15
  @@ -208,8 +208,8 @@
   	performed for each hit, now it is performed only once per second.
   	This should be noticeable on servers running with hundreds of
   	children and high loads.
  -    <li><i>XXX Incomplete:</i> New serialization choices improve performance
  -	on Linux, Solaris, and IRIX.
  +    <li>New serialization choices improve performance on Linux, Solaris,
  +	and IRIX.
       </ul>
   
   </ul>
  
  
  
  1.399     +27 -3     apachen/src/CHANGES
  
  Index: CHANGES
  ===================================================================
  RCS file: /export/home/cvs/apachen/src/CHANGES,v
  retrieving revision 1.398
  retrieving revision 1.399
  diff -u -r1.398 -r1.399
  --- CHANGES	1997/08/17 02:31:47	1.398
  +++ CHANGES	1997/08/17 11:14:31	1.399
  @@ -1,5 +1,32 @@
   Changes with Apache 1.3a2
   
  +  *) PORT: Apache has need for mutexes to serialize its children around
  +     accept.  In prior versions either fcntl file locking or flock file
  +     locking were used.  The method is chosen by the definition of
  +     USE_xxx_SERIALIZED_ACCEPT in conf.h.  xxx is FCNTL for fcntl(),
  +     and FLOCK for flock().  New options have been added:
  +	- SYSVSEM to use System V style semaphores
  +	- PTHREAD to use Posix threads (appears to work on Solaris only)
  +	- USLOCK to use IRIX uslock
  +     Based on timing various techniques, the following changes were made
  +     to the defaults:
  +	- Linux 2.x uses flock instead of fcntl
  +	- Solaris 2.x uses pthreads
  +	- IRIX uses SysV semaphores -- however multiprocessor IRIX boxes
  +	    work far faster if you -DUSE_USLOCK_SERIALIZED_ACCEPT
  +     [Dean Gaudet, Pierre-Yves Kerembellec <Pierre-Yves.Kerembellec@vtcom.fr>,
  +     Martijn Koster <m.koster@pobox.com>]
  +
  +  *) PORT: The semantics of accept/select make it very desirable to use
  +     mutexes to serialize accept when multiple Listens are in use.  But
  +     in the case where only a single socket is open it is sometimes
  +     redundant to serialize accept().  Not all unixes do a good job with
  +     potentially dozens of children blocked on accept() on the same
  +     socket.  It's now possible to define SAFE_UNSERIALIZED_ACCEPT and
  +     the server will avoid serialization when listening on only one socket,
  +     and use serialization when listening on multiple sockets.
  +     [Dean Gaudet] PR#467
  +
     *) Configure changes: TestLib replaced by TestCompile, which has
        some additional capability (such as doing a sanity check of
        the compiler and flags selected); the version of Solaris is now
  @@ -9,9 +36,6 @@
   
     *) mod_browser has been removed, since it's replaced by mod_setenvif.
        [Ken Coar]
  -
  -  *) PORT: Timings show that on Linux 2.0.30 flock is slightly cheaper than
  -     fcntl file locking.  So use flock for the mutexes. [Dean Gaudet]
   
     *) Fix another long-standing bug in sub_req_lookup_file where it would
        happily skip past access checks on subdirectories looked up with
  
  
  
  1.135     +1 -1      apachen/src/Configure
  
  Index: Configure
  ===================================================================
  RCS file: /export/home/cvs/apachen/src/Configure,v
  retrieving revision 1.134
  retrieving revision 1.135
  diff -u -r1.134 -r1.135
  --- Configure	1997/08/15 18:12:06	1.134
  +++ Configure	1997/08/17 11:14:32	1.135
  @@ -358,7 +358,7 @@
       	SOLVER=`echo $PLAT | sed -e 's/^.*solaris2.//'`
   	OS="Solaris $SOLVER"
   	CFLAGS="$CFLAGS -DSOLARIS2=$SOLVER"
  -	LIBS="$LIBS -lsocket -lnsl"
  +	LIBS="$LIBS -lsocket -lnsl -lpthread"
   	DBM_LIB=""
   	case "$SOLVER" in
   	    2[0123]*)
  
  
  
  1.124     +6 -2      apachen/src/core/conf.h
  
  Index: conf.h
  ===================================================================
  RCS file: /export/home/cvs/apachen/src/core/conf.h,v
  retrieving revision 1.123
  retrieving revision 1.124
  diff -u -r1.123 -r1.124
  --- conf.h	1997/08/15 18:12:09	1.123
  +++ conf.h	1997/08/17 11:14:34	1.124
  @@ -100,7 +100,10 @@
   #define HAVE_SYS_RESOURCE_H
   #define bzero(a,b) memset(a,0,b)
   #define JMP_BUF sigjmp_buf
  -#define USE_FCNTL_SERIALIZED_ACCEPT
  +/*#define USE_FCNTL_SERIALIZED_ACCEPT*/
  +/*#define USE_SYSVSEM_SERIALIZED_ACCEPT*/
  +#define USE_PTHREAD_SERIALIZED_ACCEPT
  +#define NEED_UNION_SEMUN
   #define HAVE_MMAP
   #define HAVE_CRYPT_H
   int gethostname(char *name, int namelen);
  @@ -112,7 +115,8 @@
   #define NO_KILLPG
   #undef NO_SETSID
   #define JMP_BUF sigjmp_buf
  -#define USE_FCNTL_SERIALIZED_ACCEPT
  +/*#define USE_FCNTL_SERIALIZED_ACCEPT*/
  +#define USE_SYSVSEM_SERIALIZED_ACCEPT
   #define HAVE_SHMGET
   #define HAVE_CRYPT_H
   #define NO_LONG_DOUBLE
  
  
  
  1.110     +1 -1      apachen/src/core/http_core.c
  
  Index: http_core.c
  ===================================================================
  RCS file: /export/home/cvs/apachen/src/core/http_core.c,v
  retrieving revision 1.109
  retrieving revision 1.110
  diff -u -r1.109 -r1.110
  --- http_core.c	1997/08/06 20:21:24	1.109
  +++ http_core.c	1997/08/17 11:14:34	1.110
  @@ -352,7 +352,7 @@
       core_dir_config *conf = 
         (core_dir_config *)get_module_config(r->per_dir_config, &core_module); 
   
  -    return conf->default_type ? conf->default_type : DEFAULT_TYPE;
  +    return conf->default_type ? conf->default_type : DEFAULT_CONTENT_TYPE;
   }
   
   API_EXPORT(char *) document_root (request_rec *r) /* Don't use this!!! */
  
  
  
  1.201     +261 -12   apachen/src/core/http_main.c
  
  Index: http_main.c
  ===================================================================
  RCS file: /export/home/cvs/apachen/src/core/http_main.c,v
  retrieving revision 1.200
  retrieving revision 1.201
  diff -u -r1.200 -r1.201
  --- http_main.c	1997/08/15 18:12:11	1.200
  +++ http_main.c	1997/08/17 11:14:35	1.201
  @@ -261,18 +261,248 @@
   }
   #endif
   
  -#if defined(USE_FCNTL_SERIALIZED_ACCEPT)
  +#if defined (USE_USLOCK_SERIALIZED_ACCEPT)
  +
  +#include <ulocks.h>
  +
  +static ulock_t uslock = NULL;
  +
  +#define accept_mutex_cleanup()
  +
  +static void accept_mutex_init(pool *p)
  +{
  +    ptrdiff_t old;
  +    usptr_t *us;
  +
  +
  +    /* default is 8, allocate enough for all the children plus the parent */
  +    if ((old = usconfig(CONF_INITUSERS, HARD_SERVER_LIMIT+1)) == -1) {
  +        perror("usconfig(CONF_INITUSERS)");
  +        exit(-1);
  +    }
  +
  +    if ((old = usconfig(CONF_LOCKTYPE, US_NODEBUG)) == -1) {
  +        perror("usconfig(CONF_LOCKTYPE)");
  +        exit(-1);
  +    }
  +    if ((old = usconfig(CONF_ARENATYPE, US_SHAREDONLY)) == -1) {
  +        perror("usconfig(CONF_ARENATYPE)");
  +        exit(-1);
  +    }
  +    if ((us = usinit("/dev/zero")) == NULL) {
  +        perror("usinit");
  +        exit(-1);
  +    }
  +
  +    if ((uslock = usnewlock(us)) == NULL) {
  +        perror("usnewlock");
  +        exit(-1);
  +    }
  +}
  +
  +static void accept_mutex_on()
  +{
  +    switch(ussetlock(uslock)) {
  +        case 1:
  +            /* got lock */
  +            break;
  +        case 0:
  +            fprintf(stderr, "didn't get lock\n");
  +            exit(-1);
  +        case -1:
  +            perror("ussetlock");
  +            exit(-1);
  +    }
  +}
  +
  +static void accept_mutex_off()
  +{
  +    if (usunsetlock(uslock) == -1) {
  +        perror("usunsetlock");
  +        exit(-1);
  +    }
  +}
  +
  +#elif defined (USE_PTHREAD_SERIALIZED_ACCEPT)
  +
  +/* This code probably only works on Solaris ... but it works really fast
  + * on Solaris
  + */
  +
  +#include <pthread.h>
  +
  +static pthread_mutex_t *accept_mutex;
  +
  +static void accept_mutex_cleanup(void)
  +{
  +    if (munmap ((caddr_t)accept_mutex, sizeof (*accept_mutex))) {
  +	perror ("munmap");
  +    }
  +}
  +
  +static void accept_mutex_init(pool *p)
  +{
  +    pthread_mutexattr_t mattr;
  +    int fd;
  +
  +    fd = open ("/dev/zero", O_RDWR);
  +    if (fd == -1) {
  +        perror ("open(/dev/zero)");
  +        exit (1);
  +    }
  +    accept_mutex = (pthread_mutex_t *)mmap ((caddr_t)0, sizeof (*accept_mutex),
  +                    PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0);
  +    if (accept_mutex == (void *)(caddr_t)-1) {
  +        perror ("mmap");
  +        exit (1);
  +    }
  +    close (fd);
  +    if (pthread_mutexattr_init(&mattr)) {
  +        perror ("pthread_mutexattr_init");
  +        exit (1);
  +    }
  +    if (pthread_mutexattr_setpshared(&mattr, PTHREAD_PROCESS_SHARED)) {
  +        perror ("pthread_mutexattr_setpshared");
  +        exit (1);
  +    }
  +    if (pthread_mutex_init(accept_mutex, &mattr)) {
  +        perror ("pthread_mutex_init");
  +        exit (1);
  +    }
  +}
  +
  +static void accept_mutex_on()
  +{
  +    if (pthread_mutex_lock (accept_mutex)) {
  +        perror ("pthread_mutex_lock");
  +        exit (1);
  +    }
  +}
  +
  +static void accept_mutex_off()
  +{
  +    if (pthread_mutex_unlock (accept_mutex)) {
  +        perror ("pthread_mutex_unlock");
  +        exit (1);
  +    }
  +}
  +
  +#elif defined (USE_SYSVSEM_SERIALIZED_ACCEPT)
  +
  +#include <sys/types.h>
  +#include <sys/ipc.h>
  +#include <sys/sem.h>
  +
  +#ifdef NEED_UNION_SEMUN
  +/* it makes no sense, but this isn't defined on solaris */
  +union semun {
  +    int val;
  +    struct semid_ds *buf;
  +    ushort *array;
  +};
  +#endif
  +
  +static int sem_cleanup_registered;
  +static pid_t sem_cleanup_pid;
  +static int sem_id = -1;
  +static struct sembuf op_on;
  +static struct sembuf op_off;
  +
  +/* We get a random semaphore ... the lame sysv semaphore interface
  + * means we have to be sure to clean this up or else we'll leak
  + * semaphores.  Note that this is registered via atexit, so we can't
  + * do many things in here... especially nothing that would allocate
  + * memory or use a FILE *.
  + */
  +static void accept_mutex_cleanup (void)
  +{
  +    union semun ick;
  +
  +    if (sem_id < 0) return;
  +    if (getpid() != sem_cleanup_pid) return;
  +    /* this is ignored anyhow */
  +    ick.val = 0;
  +    semctl (sem_id, 0, IPC_RMID, ick);
  +}
  +
  +
  +static void accept_mutex_init(pool *p)
  +{
  +    union semun ick;
  +    struct semid_ds buf;
  +
  +    if (!sem_cleanup_registered) {
  +	/* only the parent will try to do cleanup */
  +	sem_cleanup_pid = getpid();
  +	if (atexit (accept_mutex_cleanup)) {
  +	    perror ("atexit");
  +	    exit (1);
  +	}
  +	sem_cleanup_registered = 1;
  +    }
  +    /* acquire the semaphore */
  +    sem_id = semget(IPC_PRIVATE, 1, IPC_CREAT | 0600);
  +    if (sem_id < 0) {
  +       perror ("semget");
  +       exit (1);
  +    }
  +    ick.val = 1;
  +    if (semctl(sem_id, 0, SETVAL, ick) < 0) {
  +	perror ("semctl(SETVAL)");
  +        exit (1);
  +    }
  +    if (!getuid()) {
  +	/* restrict it to use only by the appropriate user_id ... not that this
  +	 * stops CGIs from acquiring it and dinking around with it.
  +	 */
  +	buf.sem_perm.uid = user_id;
  +	buf.sem_perm.gid = group_id;
  +	buf.sem_perm.mode = 0600;
  +	ick.buf = &buf;
  +	if (semctl(sem_id, 0, IPC_SET, ick) < 0) {
  +	    perror ("semctl(IPC_SET)");
  +	    exit (1);
  +	}
  +    }
  +
  +    /* pre-initialize these */
  +    op_on.sem_num = 0;
  +    op_on.sem_op = -1;
  +    op_on.sem_flg = SEM_UNDO;
  +    op_off.sem_num = 0;
  +    op_off.sem_op = 1;
  +    op_off.sem_flg = SEM_UNDO;
  +}
  +
  +static void accept_mutex_on()
  +{
  +    if (semop(sem_id, &op_on, 1) < 0) {
  +        perror ("accept_mutex_on");
  +        exit (1);
  +    }
  +}
  +
  +static void accept_mutex_off()
  +{
  +    if (semop(sem_id, &op_off, 1) < 0) {
  +        perror ("accept_mutex_off");
  +        exit (1);
  +    }
  +}
  +
  +#elif defined(USE_FCNTL_SERIALIZED_ACCEPT)
   static struct flock lock_it;
   static struct flock unlock_it;
   
   static int lock_fd=-1;
   
  +#define accept_mutex_cleanup()
  +
   /*
    * Initialize mutex lock.
    * Must be safe to call this on a restart.
    */
  -void
  -accept_mutex_init(pool *p)
  +static void accept_mutex_init(pool *p)
   {
   
       lock_it.l_whence = SEEK_SET;   /* from current point */
  @@ -297,7 +527,7 @@
       unlink(lock_fname);
   }
   
  -void accept_mutex_on(void)
  +static void accept_mutex_on(void)
   {
       int ret;
       
  @@ -311,7 +541,7 @@
       }
   }
   
  -void accept_mutex_off(void)
  +static void accept_mutex_off(void)
   {
       if (fcntl (lock_fd, F_SETLKW, &unlock_it) < 0)
       {
  @@ -320,16 +550,18 @@
   	exit(1);
       }
   }
  +
   #elif defined(USE_FLOCK_SERIALIZED_ACCEPT)
   
   static int lock_fd=-1;
   
  +#define accept_mutex_cleanup()
  +
   /*
    * Initialize mutex lock.
    * Must be safe to call this on a restart.
    */
  -void
  -accept_mutex_init(pool *p)
  +static void accept_mutex_init(pool *p)
   {
   
       expand_lock_fname (p);
  @@ -343,7 +575,7 @@
       unlink(lock_fname);
   }
   
  -void accept_mutex_on(void)
  +static void accept_mutex_on(void)
   {
       int ret;
       
  @@ -357,7 +589,7 @@
       }
   }
   
  -void accept_mutex_off(void)
  +static void accept_mutex_off(void)
   {
       if (flock (lock_fd, LOCK_UN) < 0)
       {
  @@ -366,15 +598,28 @@
   	exit(1);
       }
   }
  +
   #else
   /* Default --- no serialization.  Other methods *could* go here,
    * as #elifs...
    */
  +#define accept_mutex_cleanup()
   #define accept_mutex_init(x)
   #define accept_mutex_on()
   #define accept_mutex_off()
   #endif
   
  +/* On some architectures it's safe to do unserialized accept()s in the
  + * single Listen case.  But it's never safe to do it in the case where
  + * there's multiple Listen statements.  Define SAFE_UNSERIALIZED_ACCEPT
  + * when it's safe in the single Listen case.
  + */
  +#ifdef SAFE_UNSERIALIZED_ACCEPT
  +#define SAFE_ACCEPT(stmt) do {if(listeners->next != listeners) {stmt;}} while(0)
  +#else
  +#define SAFE_ACCEPT(stmt) do {stmt;} while(0)
  +#endif
  +
   void usage(char *bin)
   {
       fprintf(stderr,"Usage: %s [-d directory] [-f file] [-v] [-h] [-l]\n",bin);
  @@ -1490,6 +1735,7 @@
   void sig_term(int sig) {
       log_error("httpd: caught SIGTERM, shutting down", server_conf);
       cleanup_scoreboard();
  +    accept_mutex_cleanup();
   #ifdef SIGKILL
       ap_killpg (pgrp, SIGKILL);
   #endif /* SIGKILL */
  @@ -2399,7 +2645,8 @@
            * Wait for an acceptable connection to arrive.
            */
   
  -        accept_mutex_on();  /* Lock around "accept", if necessary */
  +	/* Lock around "accept", if necessary */
  +        SAFE_ACCEPT(accept_mutex_on());
   
           for (;;) {
   	    if (listeners->next != listeners) {
  @@ -2464,7 +2711,7 @@
   		child_exit_modules(pconf, server_conf);
           }
   
  -        accept_mutex_off(); /* unlock after "accept" */
  +        SAFE_ACCEPT(accept_mutex_off()); /* unlock after "accept" */
   
   	/* We've got a socket, let's at least process one request off the
   	 * socket before we accept a graceful restart request.
  @@ -2806,7 +3053,7 @@
   	init_modules (pconf, server_conf);
   	open_logs (server_conf, pconf);
   	set_group_privs ();
  -	accept_mutex_init (pconf);
  +	SAFE_ACCEPT(accept_mutex_init (pconf));
   	if (!is_graceful) {
   	    reinit_scoreboard(pconf);
   	}
  @@ -2947,6 +3194,8 @@
   	    log_error ("SIGHUP received.  Attempting to restart", server_conf);
   	}
   	++generation;
  +
  +	SAFE_ACCEPT(accept_mutex_cleanup());
   
       } while (restart_pending);
   
  
  
  
  1.138     +2 -2      apachen/src/core/httpd.h
  
  Index: httpd.h
  ===================================================================
  RCS file: /export/home/cvs/apachen/src/core/httpd.h,v
  retrieving revision 1.137
  retrieving revision 1.138
  diff -u -r1.137 -r1.138
  --- httpd.h	1997/08/05 06:02:43	1.137
  +++ httpd.h	1997/08/17 11:14:36	1.138
  @@ -157,8 +157,8 @@
   
   /* Define this to be what type you'd like returned for files with unknown */
   /* suffixes */
  -#ifndef DEFAULT_TYPE
  -#define DEFAULT_TYPE "text/plain"
  +#ifndef DEFAULT_CONTENT_TYPE
  +#define DEFAULT_CONTENT_TYPE "text/plain"
   #endif
   
   /* Define this to be what your per-directory security files are called */
  
  
  

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