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From "Colin P. McCabe" <cmcc...@apache.org>
Subject Re: Getting started with Apache HTrace development
Date Fri, 06 Mar 2015 01:18:33 GMT
Can we set up a wiki?  Stuff like this needs to be updated
periodically and it would be nice to have something like the hadoop
wiki.  Of course there may be some out of date stuff from time to
time, but it's better than nothing...

On Mon, Mar 2, 2015 at 8:52 PM, Lewis John Mcgibbney
<lewis.mcgibbney@gmail.com> wrote:
> This is dynamite and I think it would be very helpful to have it linked to
> from the website.
> Although the install and config doesn't appear too bulky, there are a
> number of steps and this would be non trivial for someone who is not
> familiarized with Hadoop xml based runtime configuration.
> I'm finishing off a patch for Chukwa right now then I will be building
> HTtace into my Nutxh 2.x search stack. My aim is to write something similar
> for that deployment as R would also be very helpful to see tracing for Gora
> data stores as well.

Awesome.

best,
Colin

>
> On Monday, March 2, 2015, Colin P. McCabe <cmccabe@apache.org> wrote:
>
>> A few people have asked how to get started with HTrace development.  It's a
>> good question and we don't have a great README up about it so I thought I
>> would
>> write something.
>>
>> HTrace is all about tracing distributed systems.  So the best way to get
>> started is to plug htrace into your favorite distributed system and see
>> what
>> cool things happen or what bugs pop up.  Since I'm an HDFS developer,
>> that's
>> the distributed system that I'm most familiar with.  So I will do a quick
>> writeup about how to use HTrace + HDFS.  (HBase + HTrace is another very
>> important use-case that I would like to write about later, but one step at
>> a
>> time.)
>>
>> Just a quick note: a lot of this software is relatively new.  So there may
>> be
>> bugs or integration pain points that you encounter.
>>
>> There has not yet been a stable release of Hadoop that contained Apache
>> HTrace.
>> There have been releases that contained the pre-Apache version of HTrace,
>> but
>> that's no fun.  If we want to do development, we want to be able to run the
>> latest version of the code.  So we will have to build it ourselves.
>>
>> Building HTrace is not too bad.  First we install the dependencies:
>>
>> cmccabe@keter:~/> apt-get install java javac google-go leveldb-devel
>>
>> If you have a different Linux distro this command will vary slightly, of
>> course.  On Macs, "brew" is a good option.
>> Next we use Maven to build the source:
>>
>>  > cmccabe@keter:~/> git clone
>> https://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/incubator-htrace.git
>>  > cmccabe@keter:~/> cd incubator-htrace
>>  > cmccabe@keter:~/> git checkout master
>>  > cmccabe@keter:~/> mvn install -DskipTests -Dmaven.javadoc.skip=true
>> -Drat.skip
>>
>> OK.  So htrace is built and installed to the local ~/.m2 directory.
>>
>> We should see it under the .m2:
>> cmccabe@keter:~/> find ~/.m2 | grep htrace-core
>> ...
>>  >
>> /home/cmccabe/.m2/repository/org/apache/htrace/htrace-core/3.2.0-SNAPSHOT
>>  >
>>
>> /home/cmccabe/.m2/repository/org/apache/htrace/htrace-core/3.2.0-SNAPSHOT/htrace-core-3.2.0-SNAPSHOT.jar.lastUpdated
>>  >
>>
>> /home/cmccabe/.m2/repository/org/apache/htrace/htrace-core/3.2.0-SNAPSHOT/htrace-core-3.2.0-SNAPSHOT.pom.lastUpdated
>> ...
>>
>> The version you built should be 3.2.0-SNAPSHOT.
>>
>> Next, we check out Hadoop:
>>
>>  > cmccabe@keter:~/> git clone
>> https://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop.git
>>  > cmccabe@keter:~/> cd hadoop
>>  > cmccabe@keter:~/> git checkout branch-2
>>
>> So we are basically building a pre-release version of Hadoop 2.7, currently
>> known as branch-2.  We will need to modify Hadoop to use 3.2.0-SNAPSHOT
>> rather
>> than the stable 3.1.0 release which it would ordinarily use in branch-2.  I
>> applied this diff to hadoop-project/pom.xml
>>
>>  > diff --git a/hadoop-project/pom.xml b/hadoop-project/pom.xml
>>  > index 569b292..5b7e466 100644
>>  > --- a/hadoop-project/pom.xml
>>  > +++ b/hadoop-project/pom.xml
>>  > @@ -785,7 +785,7 @@
>>  >        <dependency>
>>  >          <groupId>org.apache.htrace</groupId>
>>  >          <artifactId>htrace-core</artifactId>
>>  > -        <version>3.1.0-incubating</version>
>>  > +        <version>3.2.0-incubating-SNAPSHOT</version>
>>  >        </dependency>
>>  >        <dependency>
>>  >          <groupId>org.jdom</groupId>
>>
>> Next, I built Hadoop:
>>
>> cmccabe@keter:~/> mvn package -Pdist -DskipTests -Dmaven.javadoc.skip=true
>>
>> You should get a package with Hadoop jars named like so:
>>
>> ...
>>
>> ./hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/target/hadoop-hdfs-2.7.0-SNAPSHOT/share/hadoop/hdfs/lib/commons-codec-1.4.jar
>>
>> ./hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/target/hadoop-hdfs-2.7.0-SNAPSHOT/share/hadoop/hdfs/lib/commons-daemon-1.0.13.jar
>> ...
>>
>> This package should also contain an htrace-3.2.0-SNAPSHOT jar.
>>
>> OK, so how can we start seeing some trace spans?  The easiest way is to
>> configure LocalFileSpanReceiver.
>>
>> Add this to your hdfs-site.xml:
>>
>>  > <property>
>>  >   <name>hadoop.htrace.spanreceiver.classes</name>
>>  >   <value>org.apache.htrace.impl.LocalFileSpanReceiver</value>
>>  > </property>
>>  > <property>
>>  >   <name>hadoop.htrace.sampler</name>
>>  >   <value>AlwaysSampler</value>
>>  > </property>
>>
>> When you run the Hadoop daemons, you should see them writing to files named
>> /tmp/${PROCESS_ID} (for each different process).  If this doesn't happen,
>> try
>> cranking up your log4j level to TRACE to see why the SpanReceiver could not
>> be
>> created.
>>
>> You should see something like this in the log4j logs:
>>
>>  > 13:28:33,885 TRACE SpanReceiverBuilder:94 - Created new span receiver of
>> type org.apache.htrace.impl.LocalFileSpanReceiver
>>  >        at
>> org.apache.htrace.SpanReceiverBuilder.build(SpanReceiverBuilder.java:92)
>>  >        at
>>
>> org.apache.hadoop.tracing.SpanReceiverHost.loadInstance(SpanReceiverHost.java:161)
>>  >        at
>>
>> org.apache.hadoop.tracing.SpanReceiverHost.loadSpanReceivers(SpanReceiverHost.java:147)
>>  >        at
>>
>> org.apache.hadoop.tracing.SpanReceiverHost.getInstance(SpanReceiverHost.java:82)
>>
>> Running htraced is easy.  You simply run the binary:
>>
>>  > cmccabe@keter:~/src/htrace> ./htrace-core/src/go/build/htraced
>> -Dlog.level=TRACE -Ddata.store.clear
>>
>> You should see messages like this:
>>
>>  > cmccabe@keter:~/src/htrace> ./htrace-core/src/go/build/htraced
>> -Dlog.level=TRACE -Ddata.store.clear
>>  > 2015-03-02T19:08:33-08:00 D: HTRACED_CONF_DIR=/home/cmccabe/conf
>>  > 2015-03-02T19:08:33-08:00 D: data.store.clear = true
>>  > 2015-03-02T19:08:33-08:00 D: log.level = TRACE
>>  > 2015-03-02T19:08:33-08:00 I: Cleared existing datastore directory
>> /tmp/htrace1/db
>>  > 2015-03-02T19:08:33-08:00 D: LevelDB failed to open /tmp/htrace1/db:
>> Invalid argument: /tmp/htrace1/db: does not exist (create_if_missing is
>> false)
>>  > 2015-03-02T19:08:33-08:00 I: Created new LevelDB instance in
>> /tmp/htrace1/db
>>  > 2015-03-02T19:08:33-08:00 T: Wrote layout version 2 to shard at
>> /tmp/htrace1/db.
>>  > 2015-03-02T19:08:33-08:00 I: Cleared existing datastore directory
>> /tmp/htrace2/db
>>  > 2015-03-02T19:08:33-08:00 D: LevelDB failed to open /tmp/htrace2/db:
>> Invalid argument: /tmp/htrace2/db: does not exist (create_if_missing is
>> false)
>>  > 2015-03-02T19:08:33-08:00 I: Created new LevelDB instance in
>> /tmp/htrace2/db
>>  > 2015-03-02T19:08:33-08:00 T: Wrote layout version 2 to shard at
>> /tmp/htrace2/db.
>> ...
>>
>> Similar to Hadoop daemons, htraced can be configured either through an XML
>> file
>> named htraced-conf.xml (found in a location pointed to by
>> HTRACED_CONF_DIR), or
>> by passing -Dkey=value flags on the command line.
>>
>> Let's check out the htrace command.
>>
>>  > cmccabe@keter:~/src/htrace> ./htrace-core/src/go/build/htrace
>> serverInfo
>>  > HTraced server version 3.2.0-incubating-SNAPSHOT
>> (5c0a712c7dd4263f5e2a88d4c61a0facab25953f)
>>
>> "serverInfo" queries the htraced server via REST and get back a response.
>> For help using the htrace command, we can run:
>>
>>  > cmccabe@keter:~/src/htrace> ./htrace-core/src/go/build/htrace --help
>>  > usage: ./htrace-core/src/go/build/htrace [<flags>] <command> [<flags>]
>> [<args> ...]
>>  >
>>  > The Apache HTrace command-line tool. This tool retrieves and modifies
>> settings and other data on a running htraced daemon.
>>  >
>>  > If we find an htraced-conf.xml configuration file in the list of
>> directories specified in HTRACED_CONF_DIR, we will use that configuration;
>> otherwise, the defaults will be used.
>>  >
>>  > Flags:
>>  >   --help       Show help.
>>  >   --Dmy.key="my.value"
>>  >                Set configuration key 'my.key' to 'my.value'. Replace
>> 'my.key' with any key you want to set.
>>  >   --addr=ADDR  Server address.
>>  >   --verbose    Verbose.
>>  >
>>  > Commands:
>>  >   help [<command>]
>>  >     Show help for a command.
>>  > ...
>>
>> We can load spans into the htraced daemon from a text file using
>> ./build/htraced loadSpans [file-path], and dump the span information using
>> ./build/htraced dumpAll.
>>
>> Now, at this point, we would like our htraced client (Hadoop) to send spans
>> directly to htraced, rather than dumping them to a local file.
>> To make this work, we will need to put the htrace-htraced jar on the hadoop
>> CLASSPATH.
>>
>> There is probably a better way to do it by setting HADOOP_CLASSPATH, but
>> this
>> simple script just puts the jar on every part of the Hadoop CLASSPATH I
>> could
>> think of where it might need to be:
>>
>>  > #!/bin/bash
>>  >
>>  > # Copy the installed version of htrace-core to the correct hadoop jar
>> locations
>>  > cat << EOF | xargs -n 1 cp
>>
>> /home/cmccabe/.m2/repository/org/apache/htrace/htrace-core/3.2.0-incubating-SNAPSHOT/htrace-core-3.2.0-incubating-SNAPSHOT.jar
>>  >
>>
>> /home/cmccabe/hadoop-install/share/hadoop/httpfs/tomcat/webapps/webhdfs/WEB-INF/lib/htrace-core-3.2.0-incubating-SNAPSHOT.jar
>>  >
>>
>> /home/cmccabe/hadoop-install/share/hadoop/hdfs/lib/htrace-core-3.2.0-incubating-SNAPSHOT.jar
>>  >
>>
>> /home/cmccabe/hadoop-install/share/hadoop/tools/lib/htrace-core-3.2.0-incubating-SNAPSHOT.jar
>>  >
>>
>> /home/cmccabe/hadoop-install/share/hadoop/common/lib/htrace-core-3.2.0-incubating-SNAPSHOT.jar
>>  >
>>
>> /home/cmccabe/hadoop-install/share/hadoop/kms/tomcat/webapps/kms/WEB-INF/lib/htrace-core-3.2.0-incubating-SNAPSHOT.jar
>>  > EOF
>>  >
>>  > # Copy the installed version of htrace-htraced to the correct hadoop jar
>> locations
>>  > cat << EOF | xargs -n 1 cp
>>
>> /home/cmccabe/.m2/repository/org/apache/htrace/htrace-htraced/3.2.0-incubating-SNAPSHOT/htrace-htraced-3.2.0-incubating-SNAPSHOT.jar
>>  >
>>
>> /home/cmccabe/hadoop-install/share/hadoop/hdfs/lib/htrace-htraced-3.2.0-incubating-SNAPSHOT.jar
>>  >
>>
>> /home/cmccabe/hadoop-install/share/hadoop/tools/lib/htrace-htraced-3.2.0-incubating-SNAPSHOT.jar
>>  >
>>
>> /home/cmccabe/hadoop-install/share/hadoop/common/lib/htrace-htraced-3.2.0-incubating-SNAPSHOT.jar
>>  > EOF
>>
>> At this point, I changed hdfs-site.xml so that
>> hadoop.htrace.spanreceiver.classes was set to the htraced span receiver:
>>  > <property>
>>  >   <name>hadoop.htrace.spanreceiver.classes</name>
>>  >   <value>org.apache.htrace.impl.HTracedRESTReceiver</value>
>>  > </property>
>>  > <property>
>>  >   <name>htraced.rest.url</name>
>>  >   <value>http://lumbergh.initech.com:9095/</value>
>>  > </property>
>>
>> Obviously set the htraced.rest.url to the host on which you are running
>> htraced.
>> This setup should work for sending spans to htraced.
>>
>> To see the web UI, point your web browser at
>> http://lumbergh.initech.com:9095/ (or whatever the host name is for you
>> where htraced is running).
>>
>> I hope this helps some folks out.  Hopefully building Hadoop and massaging
>> the classpath is not too bad.  This install process will improve in the
>> future, as more projects get stable releases with HTrace. There has also
>> been some discussion of making docker images, which might help new
>> developers get started.
>>
>> best,
>> Colin
>>
>
>
> --
> *Lewis*

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