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From "Matt McCline (JIRA)" <>
Subject [jira] [Created] (HIVE-13306) Better Decimal vectorization
Date Thu, 17 Mar 2016 23:47:33 GMT
Matt McCline created HIVE-13306:

             Summary: Better Decimal vectorization
                 Key: HIVE-13306
             Project: Hive
          Issue Type: Bug
          Components: Hive
            Reporter: Matt McCline
            Priority: Critical

Decimal Vectorization Requirements

•	Today, the LongColumnVector, DoubleColumnVector, BytesColumnVector, TimestampColumnVector
classes store the data as primitive Java data types long, double, or byte arrays for efficiency.
•	DecimalColumnVector is different - it has an array of Object references to HiveDecimal
•	The HiveDecimal object uses an internal object BigDecimal for its implementation.  Further,
BigDecimal itself uses an internal object BigInteger for its implementation, and BigInteger
uses an int array.  4 objects total.
•	And, HiveDecimal is an immutable object which means arithmetic and other operations produce
new HiveDecimal object with 3 new objects underneath.
•	A major reason Vectorization is fast is the ColumnVector classes except DecimalColumnVector
do not have to allocate additional memory per row.   This avoids memory fragmentation and
pressure on the Java Garbage Collector that DecimalColumnVector can generate.  It is very
•	What can be done with DecimalColumnVector to make it much more efficient?
o	Design several new decimal classes that allow the caller to manage the decimal storage.
o	If it takes N int values to store a decimal (e.g. N=1..5), then a new DecimalColumnVector
would have an int[] of length N*1024 (where 1024 is the default column vector size).
o	Why store a decimal in separate int values?
•	Java does not support 128 bit integers.
•	Java does not support unsigned integers.
•	In order to do multiplication of a decimal represented in a long you need twice the storage
(i.e. 128 bits).  So you need to represent parts in 32 bit integers.
•	But really since we do not have unsigned, really you can only do multiplications on N-1
bits or 31 bits.
•	So, 5 ints are needed for decimal storage... of 38 digits.
o	It makes sense to have just one algorithm for decimals rather than one for HiveDecimal and
another for DecimalColumnVector.  So, make HiveDecimal store N int values, too.
o	A lower level primitive decimal class would accept decimals stored as int arrays and produces
results into int arrays.  It would be used by HiveDecimal and DecimalColumnVector.

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