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From c..@apache.org
Subject svn commit: r1479685 - /hive/trunk/ql/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hive/ql/io/RCFile.java
Date Mon, 06 May 2013 19:24:34 GMT
Author: cws
Date: Mon May  6 19:24:34 2013
New Revision: 1479685

URL: http://svn.apache.org/r1479685
Log:
HIVE-3957. Add pseudo-BNF grammar for RCFile to Javadoc (Mark Grover via cws)

Modified:
    hive/trunk/ql/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hive/ql/io/RCFile.java

Modified: hive/trunk/ql/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hive/ql/io/RCFile.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hive/trunk/ql/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hive/ql/io/RCFile.java?rev=1479685&r1=1479684&r2=1479685&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hive/trunk/ql/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hive/ql/io/RCFile.java (original)
+++ hive/trunk/ql/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hive/ql/io/RCFile.java Mon May  6 19:24:34 2013
@@ -140,7 +140,200 @@ import org.apache.hadoop.util.Reflection
  * </ul>
  * </li>
  * </ul>
+ * <p>
+ * <pre>
+ * {@code
+ * The following is a pseudo-BNF grammar for RCFile. Comments are prefixed
+ * with dashes:
  *
+ * rcfile ::=
+ *   <file-header>
+ *   <rcfile-rowgroup>+
+ *
+ * file-header ::=
+ *   <file-version-header>
+ *   <file-key-class-name>              (only exists if version is seq6)
+ *   <file-value-class-name>            (only exists if version is seq6)
+ *   <file-is-compressed>
+ *   <file-is-block-compressed>         (only exists if version is seq6)
+ *   [<file-compression-codec-class>]
+ *   <file-header-metadata>
+ *   <file-sync-field>
+ *
+ * -- The normative RCFile implementation included with Hive is actually
+ * -- based on a modified version of Hadoop's SequenceFile code. Some
+ * -- things which should have been modified were not, including the code
+ * -- that writes out the file version header. Consequently, RCFile and
+ * -- SequenceFile originally shared the same version header.  A newer
+ * -- release has created a unique version string.
+ *
+ * file-version-header ::= Byte[4] {'S', 'E', 'Q', 6}
+ *                     |   Byte[4] {'R', 'C', 'F', 1}
+ *
+ * -- The name of the Java class responsible for reading the key buffer
+ * -- component of the rowgroup.
+ *
+ * file-key-class-name ::=
+ *   Text {"org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.io.RCFile$KeyBuffer"}
+ *
+ * -- The name of the Java class responsible for reading the value buffer
+ * -- component of the rowgroup.
+ *
+ * file-value-class-name ::=
+ *   Text {"org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.io.RCFile$ValueBuffer"}
+ *
+ * -- Boolean variable indicating whether or not the file uses compression
+ * -- for the key and column buffer sections.
+ *
+ * file-is-compressed ::= Byte[1]
+ *
+ * -- A boolean field indicating whether or not the file is block compressed.
+ * -- This field is *always* false. According to comments in the original
+ * -- RCFile implementation this field was retained for backwards
+ * -- compatability with the SequenceFile format.
+ *
+ * file-is-block-compressed ::= Byte[1] {false}
+ *
+ * -- The Java class name of the compression codec iff <file-is-compressed>
+ * -- is true. The named class must implement
+ * -- org.apache.hadoop.io.compress.CompressionCodec.
+ * -- The expected value is org.apache.hadoop.io.compress.GzipCodec.
+ *
+ * file-compression-codec-class ::= Text
+ *
+ * -- A collection of key-value pairs defining metadata values for the
+ * -- file. The Map is serialized using standard JDK serialization, i.e.
+ * -- an Int corresponding to the number of key-value pairs, followed by
+ * -- Text key and value pairs. The following metadata properties are
+ * -- mandatory for all RCFiles:
+ * --
+ * -- hive.io.rcfile.column.number: the number of columns in the RCFile
+ *
+ * file-header-metadata ::= Map<Text, Text>
+ *
+ * -- A 16 byte marker that is generated by the writer. This marker appears
+ * -- at regular intervals at the beginning of rowgroup-headers, and is
+ * -- intended to enable readers to skip over corrupted rowgroups.
+ *
+ * file-sync-hash ::= Byte[16]
+ *
+ * -- Each row group is split into three sections: a header, a set of
+ * -- key buffers, and a set of column buffers. The header section includes
+ * -- an optional sync hash, information about the size of the row group, and
+ * -- the total number of rows in the row group. Each key buffer
+ * -- consists of run-length encoding data which is used to decode
+ * -- the length and offsets of individual fields in the corresponding column
+ * -- buffer.
+ *
+ * rcfile-rowgroup ::=
+ *   <rowgroup-header>
+ *   <rowgroup-key-data>
+ *   <rowgroup-column-buffers>
+ *
+ * rowgroup-header ::=
+ *   [<rowgroup-sync-marker>, <rowgroup-sync-hash>]
+ *   <rowgroup-record-length>
+ *   <rowgroup-key-length>
+ *   <rowgroup-compressed-key-length>
+ *
+ * -- rowgroup-key-data is compressed if the column data is compressed.
+ * rowgroup-key-data ::=
+ *   <rowgroup-num-rows>
+ *   <rowgroup-key-buffers>
+ *
+ * -- An integer (always -1) signaling the beginning of a sync-hash
+ * -- field.
+ *
+ * rowgroup-sync-marker ::= Int
+ *
+ * -- A 16 byte sync field. This must match the <file-sync-hash> value read
+ * -- in the file header.
+ *
+ * rowgroup-sync-hash ::= Byte[16]
+ *
+ * -- The record-length is the sum of the number of bytes used to store
+ * -- the key and column parts, i.e. it is the total length of the current
+ * -- rowgroup.
+ *
+ * rowgroup-record-length ::= Int
+ *
+ * -- Total length in bytes of the rowgroup's key sections.
+ *
+ * rowgroup-key-length ::= Int
+ *
+ * -- Total compressed length in bytes of the rowgroup's key sections.
+ *
+ * rowgroup-compressed-key-length ::= Int
+ *
+ * -- Number of rows in the current rowgroup.
+ *
+ * rowgroup-num-rows ::= VInt
+ *
+ * -- One or more column key buffers corresponding to each column
+ * -- in the RCFile.
+ *
+ * rowgroup-key-buffers ::= <rowgroup-key-buffer>+
+ *
+ * -- Data in each column buffer is stored using a run-length
+ * -- encoding scheme that is intended to reduce the cost of
+ * -- repeated column field values. This mechanism is described
+ * -- in more detail in the following entries.
+ *
+ * rowgroup-key-buffer ::=
+ *   <column-buffer-length>
+ *   <column-buffer-uncompressed-length>
+ *   <column-key-buffer-length>
+ *   <column-key-buffer>
+ *
+ * -- The serialized length on disk of the corresponding column buffer.
+ *
+ * column-buffer-length ::= VInt
+ *
+ * -- The uncompressed length of the corresponding column buffer. This
+ * -- is equivalent to column-buffer-length if the RCFile is not compressed.
+ *
+ * column-buffer-uncompressed-length ::= VInt
+ *
+ * -- The length in bytes of the current column key buffer
+ *
+ * column-key-buffer-length ::= VInt
+ *
+ * -- The column-key-buffer contains a sequence of serialized VInt values
+ * -- corresponding to the byte lengths of the serialized column fields
+ * -- in the corresponding rowgroup-column-buffer. For example, consider
+ * -- an integer column that contains the consecutive values 1, 2, 3, 44.
+ * -- The RCFile format stores these values as strings in the column buffer,
+ * -- e.g. "12344". The length of each column field is recorded in
+ * -- the column-key-buffer as a sequence of VInts: 1,1,1,2. However,
+ * -- if the same length occurs repeatedly, then we replace repeated
+ * -- run lengths with the complement (i.e. negative) of the number of
+ * -- repetitions, so 1,1,1,2 becomes 1,~2,2.
+ *
+ * column-key-buffer ::= Byte[column-key-buffer-length]
+ *
+ * rowgroup-column-buffers ::= <rowgroup-value-buffer>+
+ *
+ * -- RCFile stores all column data as strings regardless of the
+ * -- underlying column type. The strings are neither length-prefixed or
+ * -- null-terminated, and decoding them into individual fields requires
+ * -- the use of the run-length information contained in the corresponding
+ * -- column-key-buffer.
+ *
+ * rowgroup-column-buffer ::= Byte[column-buffer-length]
+ *
+ * Byte ::= An eight-bit byte
+ *
+ * VInt ::= Variable length integer. The high-order bit of each byte
+ * indicates whether more bytes remain to be read. The low-order seven
+ * bits are appended as increasingly more significant bits in the
+ * resulting integer value.
+ *
+ * Int ::= A four-byte integer in big-endian format.
+ *
+ * Text ::= VInt, Chars (Length prefixed UTF-8 characters)
+ * }
+ * </pre>
+ * </p>
  */
 public class RCFile {
 



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