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From "Pete Keyes" <PKe...@starbucks.com>
Subject RE: after 60000 requests more than 700 sockets in CLOSE_WAIT
Date Tue, 04 Sep 2007 14:20:35 GMT
I believe you problem has to do with a UNIX network (tcp) configuration
setting.  We've seen this often in volume testing.  The socket is left
in this state for re-use...

Not sure how the configuration is handled on Linux, but on Solaris you
can see all the configuration options with the following:
	ndd -get /dev/tcp ?
tcp_time_wait_interval        (read and write)
tcp_conn_req_max_q            (read and write)
tcp_conn_req_max_q0           (read and write)
tcp_conn_req_min              (read and write)
tcp_conn_grace_period         (read and write)
tcp_cwnd_max                  (read and write)
tcp_debug                     (read and write)
tcp_smallest_nonpriv_port     (read and write)
tcp_ip_abort_cinterval        (read and write)
tcp_ip_abort_linterval        (read and write)
tcp_ip_abort_interval         (read and write)
tcp_ip_notify_cinterval       (read and write)
tcp_ip_notify_interval        (read and write)
tcp_ipv4_ttl                  (read and write)
tcp_keepalive_interval        (read and write)
tcp_maxpsz_multiplier         (read and write)
tcp_mss_def_ipv4              (read and write)
tcp_mss_max_ipv4              (read and write)
tcp_mss_min                   (read and write)
tcp_naglim_def                (read and write)
tcp_rexmit_interval_initial   (read and write)
tcp_rexmit_interval_max       (read and write)
tcp_rexmit_interval_min       (read and write)
tcp_deferred_ack_interval     (read and write)
tcp_snd_lowat_fraction        (read and write)
tcp_sth_rcv_hiwat             (read and write)
tcp_sth_rcv_lowat             (read and write)
tcp_dupack_fast_retransmit    (read and write)
tcp_ignore_path_mtu           (read and write)
tcp_rcv_push_wait             (read and write)
tcp_smallest_anon_port        (read and write)
tcp_largest_anon_port         (read and write)
tcp_xmit_hiwat                (read and write)
tcp_xmit_lowat                (read and write)
tcp_recv_hiwat                (read and write)
tcp_recv_hiwat_minmss         (read and write)
tcp_fin_wait_2_flush_interval (read and write)
tcp_co_min                    (read and write)
tcp_max_buf                   (read and write)
tcp_strong_iss                (read and write)
tcp_rtt_updates               (read and write)
tcp_wscale_always             (read and write)
tcp_tstamp_always             (read and write)
tcp_tstamp_if_wscale          (read and write)
tcp_rexmit_interval_extra     (read and write)
tcp_deferred_acks_max         (read and write)
tcp_slow_start_after_idle     (read and write)
tcp_slow_start_initial        (read and write)
tcp_co_timer_interval         (read and write)
tcp_sack_permitted            (read and write)
tcp_trace                     (read and write)
tcp_compression_enabled       (read and write)
tcp_ipv6_hoplimit             (read and write)
tcp_mss_def_ipv6              (read and write)
tcp_mss_max_ipv6              (read and write)
tcp_rev_src_routes            (read and write)
tcp_ndd_get_info_interval     (read and write)
tcp_rst_sent_rate_enabled     (read and write)
tcp_rst_sent_rate             (read and write)
tcp_use_smss_as_mss_opt       (read and write)
tcp_wroff_xtra                (read and write)
tcp_extra_priv_ports          (read only)
tcp_extra_priv_ports_add      (write only)
tcp_extra_priv_ports_del      (write only)
tcp_status                    (read only)
tcp_bind_hash                 (read only)
tcp_listen_hash               (read only)
tcp_conn_hash                 (read only)
tcp_acceptor_hash             (read only)
tcp_host_param                (read and write)
tcp_time_wait_stats           (read only)
tcp_host_param_ipv6           (read and write)
tcp_1948_phrase               (write only)
tcp_reserved_port_list        (read only)
tcp_close_wait_interval(obsoleted- use tcp_time_wait_interval) (no read
or write)

Starbucks Coffee Co. - MS IT-5
2401 Utah Ave S
Seattle, WA. 98134
(w) 206-318-5933
-----Original Message-----
From: Wittmann Armin [mailto:awittmann@ethz.ch] 
Sent: Tuesday, September 04, 2007 4:23 AM
To: HttpClient User Discussion
Subject: after 60000 requests more than 700 sockets in CLOSE_WAIT

Hi httpclient-Team

over the last 4 days I made a long term test for
our new software release.

This software ist integrated into an Apache Tomcat 5.5
(as a servlet receiving requests, transform them and
sending out other GET-requests through http-client) and should
run very reliable and without any resource leaks.

After finishing this test cycle I noticed that there
remained over 700 sockets in CLOSE_WAIT state
 (Linux -> netstat -a -p). 
Due to the identified PID and the destination ip number it is
obvious that these sockets have been caused/used
by the program part using http-client-3.0.1.

I am not a real network crack so I don't know if I need
to bother about this. Since the software/tomcat is itended
to run months (7x24) without necessarily rebooting it
I am not shure if I will run out of network resources.

Can somebody help in this subject?

By the way: all 60000 http-GET-requests worked well and there
	were no other problems at all.



My Code (simplified):
this code ist executed for every single request

HttpConnectionManager connectionManager = new
HttpClient client = new HttpClient(clientParams, connectionManager);
HttpMethod method =  = new GetMethod();
try {
} catch (Exception e) {
	failed = true;
	throw new Exception(...);
} finally {
	if (failed) method.abort();
	client = null;

try {
	responseString = method.getResponseBodyAsString();
} catch (Exception e) {
	throw new Exception(...);
} finally {
	method = null;

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