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From j...@apache.org
Subject svn commit: r1049941 - in /httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src: main/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/ test/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/
Date Thu, 16 Dec 2010 11:54:31 GMT
Author: jonm
Date: Thu Dec 16 11:54:30 2010
New Revision: 1049941

URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc?rev=1049941&view=rev
Log:
HTTPCLIENT-975: committed patch for stale-while-revalidate from
Michajlo Matijkiw (michajlo_matijkiw at comcast dot com).
Stale-while-revalidate functionality is currently off by default
until we can add bounding to the revalidation queue (or make it
configurable).

Added:
    httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/main/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/AsynchronousValidationRequest.java
    httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/main/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/AsynchronousValidator.java
    httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/test/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/TestAsynchronousValidationRequest.java
    httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/test/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/TestAsynchronousValidator.java
Modified:
    httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/main/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/CacheConfig.java
    httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/main/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/CacheKeyGenerator.java
    httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/main/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/CacheValidityPolicy.java
    httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/main/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/CachingHttpClient.java
    httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/test/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/TestCacheValidityPolicy.java
    httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/test/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/TestCachingHttpClient.java
    httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/test/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/TestRFC5861Compliance.java

Added: httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/main/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/AsynchronousValidationRequest.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/main/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/AsynchronousValidationRequest.java?rev=1049941&view=auto
==============================================================================
--- httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/main/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/AsynchronousValidationRequest.java
(added)
+++ httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/main/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/AsynchronousValidationRequest.java
Thu Dec 16 11:54:30 2010
@@ -0,0 +1,97 @@
+/*
+ * ====================================================================
+ * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
+ * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
+ * distributed with this work for additional information
+ * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
+ * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
+ * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
+ * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
+ * software distributed under the License is distributed on an
+ * "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
+ * KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
+ * specific language governing permissions and limitations
+ * under the License.
+ * ====================================================================
+ *
+ * This software consists of voluntary contributions made by many
+ * individuals on behalf of the Apache Software Foundation.  For more
+ * information on the Apache Software Foundation, please see
+ * <http://www.apache.org/>.
+ *
+ */
+package org.apache.http.impl.client.cache;
+
+import java.io.IOException;
+import java.util.Set;
+
+import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
+import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory;
+import org.apache.http.HttpHost;
+import org.apache.http.HttpRequest;
+import org.apache.http.ProtocolException;
+import org.apache.http.client.cache.HttpCacheEntry;
+import org.apache.http.protocol.HttpContext;
+
+/**
+ * Class used to represent an asynchronous revalidation event, such as with "stale-while-revalidate"

+ */
+class AsynchronousValidationRequest implements Runnable {
+    private final AsynchronousValidator parent;
+    private final CachingHttpClient cachingClient;
+    private final HttpHost target;
+    private final HttpRequest request;
+    private final HttpContext context;
+    private final HttpCacheEntry cacheEntry;
+    private final String identifier;
+    
+    private final Log log = LogFactory.getLog(getClass());
+    
+    /**
+     * Used internally by {@link AsynchronousValidator} to schedule a revalidation. Once
revalidation
+     * is complete, the {@link Set} bookKeeping will be locked and the {@link String} identifier
will be
+     * removed from it. 
+     * 
+     * @param cachingClient
+     * @param target
+     * @param request
+     * @param context
+     * @param cacheEntry
+     * @param bookKeeping
+     * @param identifier
+     */
+    AsynchronousValidationRequest(AsynchronousValidator parent,
+            CachingHttpClient cachingClient, HttpHost target,
+            HttpRequest request, HttpContext context,
+            HttpCacheEntry cacheEntry,
+            String identifier) {
+        this.parent = parent;
+        this.cachingClient = cachingClient;
+        this.target = target;
+        this.request = request;
+        this.context = context;
+        this.cacheEntry = cacheEntry;
+        this.identifier = identifier;
+    }
+    
+    public void run() {
+        try {
+            cachingClient.revalidateCacheEntry(target, request, context, cacheEntry);
+        } catch (IOException ioe) {
+            log.debug("Asynchronous revalidation failed due to exception: " + ioe);
+        } catch (ProtocolException pe) {
+            log.error("ProtocolException thrown during asynchronous revalidation: " + pe);
+        } finally {
+            parent.markComplete(identifier);
+        }
+    }
+
+    String getIdentifier() {
+        return identifier;
+    }
+    
+}

Added: httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/main/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/AsynchronousValidator.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/main/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/AsynchronousValidator.java?rev=1049941&view=auto
==============================================================================
--- httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/main/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/AsynchronousValidator.java
(added)
+++ httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/main/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/AsynchronousValidator.java
Thu Dec 16 11:54:30 2010
@@ -0,0 +1,129 @@
+/*
+ * ====================================================================
+ * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
+ * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
+ * distributed with this work for additional information
+ * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
+ * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
+ * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
+ * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
+ * software distributed under the License is distributed on an
+ * "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
+ * KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
+ * specific language governing permissions and limitations
+ * under the License.
+ * ====================================================================
+ *
+ * This software consists of voluntary contributions made by many
+ * individuals on behalf of the Apache Software Foundation.  For more
+ * information on the Apache Software Foundation, please see
+ * <http://www.apache.org/>.
+ *
+ */
+package org.apache.http.impl.client.cache;
+
+import java.util.Collections;
+import java.util.HashSet;
+import java.util.Set;
+import java.util.concurrent.ExecutorService;
+import java.util.concurrent.Executors;
+import java.util.concurrent.RejectedExecutionException;
+import java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor;
+
+import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
+import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory;
+import org.apache.http.HttpHost;
+import org.apache.http.HttpRequest;
+import org.apache.http.client.cache.HttpCacheEntry;
+import org.apache.http.protocol.HttpContext;
+
+/**
+ * Class used for asynchronous revalidations to be used when the "stale-
+ * while-revalidate" directive is present
+ */
+public class AsynchronousValidator {
+    private final CachingHttpClient cachingClient;
+    private final ExecutorService executor;
+    private final Set<String> queued;
+    private final CacheKeyGenerator cacheKeyGenerator;
+    
+    private final Log log = LogFactory.getLog(getClass());
+    
+    /**
+     * Create AsynchronousValidator which will make revalidation requests using the supplied
{@link CachingHttpClient}, and 
+     * a {@link ThreadPoolExecutor} returned by {@link Executors#newFixedThreadPool(int)}.
+     * @param cachingClient
+     * @param numThreads
+     */
+    public AsynchronousValidator(CachingHttpClient cachingClient, int numThreads) {
+        this(cachingClient, Executors.newFixedThreadPool(numThreads));
+    }
+    
+    /**
+     * Create AsynchronousValidator which will make revalidation requests using the supplied
{@link CachingHttpClient} and
+     * {@link ExecutorService}.
+     * @param cachingClient
+     * @param executor
+     */
+    AsynchronousValidator(CachingHttpClient cachingClient, ExecutorService executor) {
+        this.cachingClient = cachingClient;
+        this.executor = executor;
+        this.queued = new HashSet<String>();
+        this.cacheKeyGenerator = new CacheKeyGenerator();
+    }
+    
+    /**
+     * Schedules an asynchronous revalidation
+     * 
+     * @param target
+     * @param request
+     * @param context
+     * @param entry
+     */
+    public synchronized void revalidateCacheEntry(HttpHost target, HttpRequest request, HttpContext
context, HttpCacheEntry entry) {
+        // getVariantURI will fall back on getURI if no variants exist
+        String uri = cacheKeyGenerator.getVariantURI(target, request, entry);
+        
+        if (!queued.contains(uri)) {
+            AsynchronousValidationRequest revalidationRequest = new AsynchronousValidationRequest(
+                    this, cachingClient, target, request, context, entry, uri);
+
+            try {
+                executor.execute(revalidationRequest);
+                queued.add(uri);
+            } catch (RejectedExecutionException ree) {
+                log.debug("Revalidation for [" + uri + "] not scheduled: " + ree);
+            }
+        }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Will remove identifier from internal list of jobs in progress.  This is meant to be
called
+     * by {@link AsynchrnousValidationRequest#run()} once the revalidation is complete, using
the identifier
+     * passed in durinc constructions.
+     * @param identifier
+     */
+    synchronized void markComplete(String identifier) {
+        queued.remove(identifier);
+    }
+    
+    /**
+     * Get the set of identifiers (URIs) for revalidations
+     * @return
+     */
+    Set<String> getScheduledIdentifiers() {
+        return Collections.unmodifiableSet(queued);
+    }
+    
+    /**
+     * Return underlying {@link ExecutorService}
+     * @return
+     */
+    ExecutorService getExecutor() {
+        return executor;
+    }
+}

Modified: httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/main/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/CacheConfig.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/main/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/CacheConfig.java?rev=1049941&r1=1049940&r2=1049941&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/main/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/CacheConfig.java
(original)
+++ httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/main/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/CacheConfig.java
Thu Dec 16 11:54:30 2010
@@ -52,14 +52,21 @@ public class CacheConfig {
     public final static boolean DEFAULT_HEURISTIC_CACHING_ENABLED = false;
 
     /** Default coefficient used to heuristically determine freshness lifetime from
-     * cache entry.
+     *  cache entry.
      */
     public final static float DEFAULT_HEURISTIC_COEFFICIENT = 0.1f;
 
-    /** Default lifetime to be assumed when we cannot calculate freshness heuristically
+    /** Default lifetime in seconds to be assumed when we cannot calculate freshness
+     *  heuristically
      */
     public final static long DEFAULT_HEURISTIC_LIFETIME = 0;
 
+    /** Default number of worker threads to allow for background revalidations
+     * resulting from the stale-while-revalidate directive; 0 disables handling
+     * asynchronous revalidations.
+     */
+    private static final int DEFAULT_STALE_WHILE_REVALIDATE_WORKERS = 0; 
+
     private int maxObjectSizeBytes = DEFAULT_MAX_OBJECT_SIZE_BYTES;
     private int maxCacheEntries = DEFAULT_MAX_CACHE_ENTRIES;
     private int maxUpdateRetries = DEFAULT_MAX_UPDATE_RETRIES;
@@ -67,6 +74,7 @@ public class CacheConfig {
     private float heuristicCoefficient = DEFAULT_HEURISTIC_COEFFICIENT;
     private long heuristicDefaultLifetime = DEFAULT_HEURISTIC_LIFETIME;
     private boolean isSharedCache = true;
+    private int staleWhileRevalidateWorkers = DEFAULT_STALE_WHILE_REVALIDATE_WORKERS;
 
     /**
      * Returns the current maximum object size that will be cached.
@@ -173,5 +181,21 @@ public class CacheConfig {
         this.heuristicDefaultLifetime = heuristicDefaultLifetime;
     }
 
+    /**
+     * Set number of worker threads to allow for background revalidations resulting from,
+     *  the stale-while-revalidate directive, 0 disables handling of directive
+     * @return
+     */
+    public int getStaleWhileRevalidateWorkers() {
+        return staleWhileRevalidateWorkers;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Get number of worker threads to allow for background revalidations resulting from,
+     *  the stale-while-revalidate directive, 0 disables handling of directive
+     */
+    public void setStaleWhileRevalidateWorkers(int staleWhileRevalidateWorkers) {
+        this.staleWhileRevalidateWorkers = staleWhileRevalidateWorkers;
+    }
 
 }

Modified: httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/main/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/CacheKeyGenerator.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/main/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/CacheKeyGenerator.java?rev=1049941&r1=1049940&r2=1049941&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/main/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/CacheKeyGenerator.java
(original)
+++ httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/main/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/CacheKeyGenerator.java
Thu Dec 16 11:54:30 2010
@@ -132,7 +132,7 @@ class CacheKeyGenerator {
      *
      * @param host The host for this request
      * @param req the {@link HttpRequest}
-     * @param entry the parent entry used to track the varients
+     * @param entry the parent entry used to track the variants
      * @return String the extracted variant URI
      */
     public String getVariantURI(HttpHost host, HttpRequest req, HttpCacheEntry entry) {

Modified: httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/main/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/CacheValidityPolicy.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/main/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/CacheValidityPolicy.java?rev=1049941&r1=1049940&r2=1049941&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/main/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/CacheValidityPolicy.java
(original)
+++ httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/main/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/CacheValidityPolicy.java
Thu Dec 16 11:54:30 2010
@@ -120,6 +120,25 @@ class CacheValidityPolicy {
         return hasCacheControlDirective(entry, "proxy-revalidate");
     }
     
+    public boolean mayReturnStaleWhileRevalidating(final HttpCacheEntry entry, Date now)
{
+        for (Header h : entry.getHeaders("Cache-Control")) {
+            for(HeaderElement elt : h.getElements()) {
+                if ("stale-while-revalidate".equalsIgnoreCase(elt.getName())) {
+                    try {
+                        int allowedStalenessLifetime = Integer.parseInt(elt.getValue());
+                        if (getStalenessSecs(entry, now) <= allowedStalenessLifetime)
{
+                            return true;
+                        }
+                    } catch (NumberFormatException nfe) {
+                        // skip malformed directive
+                    }
+                }
+            }
+        }
+        
+        return false;
+    }
+    
     public boolean mayReturnStaleIfError(HttpRequest request,
             HttpCacheEntry entry, Date now) {
         long stalenessSecs = getStalenessSecs(entry, now);

Modified: httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/main/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/CachingHttpClient.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/main/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/CachingHttpClient.java?rev=1049941&r1=1049940&r2=1049941&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/main/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/CachingHttpClient.java
(original)
+++ httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/main/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/CachingHttpClient.java
Thu Dec 16 11:54:30 2010
@@ -95,6 +95,8 @@ public class CachingHttpClient implement
     private final ResponseProtocolCompliance responseCompliance;
     private final RequestProtocolCompliance requestCompliance;
 
+    private final AsynchronousValidator asynchRevalidator;
+    
     private final Log log = LogFactory.getLog(getClass());
 
     CachingHttpClient(
@@ -124,6 +126,8 @@ public class CachingHttpClient implement
 
         this.responseCompliance = new ResponseProtocolCompliance();
         this.requestCompliance = new RequestProtocolCompliance();
+
+        this.asynchRevalidator = makeAsynchronousValidator(config.getStaleWhileRevalidateWorkers());
     }
 
     public CachingHttpClient() {
@@ -193,6 +197,15 @@ public class CachingHttpClient implement
         this.conditionalRequestBuilder = conditionalRequestBuilder;
         this.responseCompliance = responseCompliance;
         this.requestCompliance = requestCompliance;
+        this.asynchRevalidator = makeAsynchronousValidator(config.getStaleWhileRevalidateWorkers());
+    }
+    
+    private AsynchronousValidator makeAsynchronousValidator(
+            int numWorkers) {
+        if (numWorkers > 0) {
+            return new AsynchronousValidator(this, numWorkers);
+        }
+        return null;
     }
 
     /**
@@ -461,6 +474,14 @@ public class CachingHttpClient implement
             log.debug("Revalidating the cache entry");
 
             try {
+                if (asynchRevalidator != null && validityPolicy.mayReturnStaleWhileRevalidating(entry,
now)) {
+                    final HttpResponse resp = responseGenerator.generateResponse(entry);
+                    resp.addHeader(HeaderConstants.WARNING, "110 localhost \"Response is
stale\"");
+                    
+                    asynchRevalidator.revalidateCacheEntry(target, request, context, entry);
+                    
+                    return resp;
+                }
                 return revalidateCacheEntry(target, request, context, entry);
             } catch (IOException ioex) {
                 if (validityPolicy.mustRevalidate(entry)

Added: httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/test/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/TestAsynchronousValidationRequest.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/test/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/TestAsynchronousValidationRequest.java?rev=1049941&view=auto
==============================================================================
--- httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/test/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/TestAsynchronousValidationRequest.java
(added)
+++ httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/test/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/TestAsynchronousValidationRequest.java
Thu Dec 16 11:54:30 2010
@@ -0,0 +1,126 @@
+/*
+ * ====================================================================
+ * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
+ * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
+ * distributed with this work for additional information
+ * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
+ * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
+ * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
+ * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
+ * software distributed under the License is distributed on an
+ * "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
+ * KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
+ * specific language governing permissions and limitations
+ * under the License.
+ * ====================================================================
+ *
+ * This software consists of voluntary contributions made by many
+ * individuals on behalf of the Apache Software Foundation.  For more
+ * information on the Apache Software Foundation, please see
+ * <http://www.apache.org/>.
+ *
+ */
+package org.apache.http.impl.client.cache;
+
+import java.io.IOException;
+
+import org.apache.http.HttpHost;
+import org.apache.http.HttpRequest;
+import org.apache.http.ProtocolException;
+import org.apache.http.client.cache.HttpCacheEntry;
+import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;
+import org.apache.http.protocol.HttpContext;
+import org.easymock.classextension.EasyMock;
+import org.junit.Before;
+import org.junit.Test;
+
+public class TestAsynchronousValidationRequest {
+
+    private AsynchronousValidator mockParent;
+    private CachingHttpClient mockClient;
+    private HttpHost target;
+    private HttpRequest request;
+    private HttpContext mockContext;
+    private HttpCacheEntry mockCacheEntry;
+    
+    @Before
+    public void setUp() {
+        mockParent = EasyMock.createMock(AsynchronousValidator.class);
+        mockClient = EasyMock.createMock(CachingHttpClient.class);
+        target = new HttpHost("foo.example.com");
+        request = new HttpGet("/");
+        mockContext = EasyMock.createMock(HttpContext.class);
+        mockCacheEntry = EasyMock.createMock(HttpCacheEntry.class);
+    }
+    
+    @Test
+    public void testRunCallsCachingClientAndRemovesIdentifier() throws ProtocolException,
IOException {
+        String identifier = "foo";
+        
+        AsynchronousValidationRequest asynchRequest = new AsynchronousValidationRequest(
+                mockParent, mockClient, target, request, mockContext, mockCacheEntry,
+                identifier);
+     
+        // response not used
+        EasyMock.expect(mockClient.revalidateCacheEntry(target, request, mockContext, mockCacheEntry)).andReturn(null);
+        mockParent.markComplete(identifier);
+        
+        replayMocks();
+        asynchRequest.run();
+        verifyMocks();
+    }
+    
+    @Test
+    public void testRunGracefullyHandlesProtocolException() throws IOException, ProtocolException
{
+        String identifier = "foo";
+        
+        AsynchronousValidationRequest impl = new AsynchronousValidationRequest(
+                mockParent, mockClient, target, request, mockContext, mockCacheEntry,
+                identifier);
+     
+        // response not used
+        EasyMock.expect(
+                mockClient.revalidateCacheEntry(target, request, mockContext,
+                        mockCacheEntry)).andThrow(new ProtocolException());
+        mockParent.markComplete(identifier);
+        
+        replayMocks();
+        impl.run();
+        verifyMocks();
+    }
+    
+    @Test
+    public void testRunGracefullyHandlesIOException() throws IOException, ProtocolException
{
+        String identifier = "foo";
+        
+        AsynchronousValidationRequest impl = new AsynchronousValidationRequest(
+                mockParent, mockClient, target, request, mockContext, mockCacheEntry,
+                identifier);
+     
+        // response not used
+        EasyMock.expect(
+                mockClient.revalidateCacheEntry(target, request, mockContext,
+                        mockCacheEntry)).andThrow(new IOException());
+        mockParent.markComplete(identifier);
+        
+        replayMocks();
+        impl.run();
+        verifyMocks();
+    }
+    
+    public void replayMocks() {
+        EasyMock.replay(mockClient);
+        EasyMock.replay(mockContext);
+        EasyMock.replay(mockCacheEntry);
+    }
+    
+    public void verifyMocks() {
+        EasyMock.verify(mockClient);
+        EasyMock.verify(mockContext);
+        EasyMock.verify(mockCacheEntry);
+    }
+}

Added: httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/test/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/TestAsynchronousValidator.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/test/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/TestAsynchronousValidator.java?rev=1049941&view=auto
==============================================================================
--- httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/test/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/TestAsynchronousValidator.java
(added)
+++ httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/test/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/TestAsynchronousValidator.java
Thu Dec 16 11:54:30 2010
@@ -0,0 +1,204 @@
+/*
+ * ====================================================================
+ * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
+ * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
+ * distributed with this work for additional information
+ * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
+ * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
+ * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
+ * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
+ * software distributed under the License is distributed on an
+ * "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
+ * KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
+ * specific language governing permissions and limitations
+ * under the License.
+ * ====================================================================
+ *
+ * This software consists of voluntary contributions made by many
+ * individuals on behalf of the Apache Software Foundation.  For more
+ * information on the Apache Software Foundation, please see
+ * <http://www.apache.org/>.
+ *
+ */
+package org.apache.http.impl.client.cache;
+
+import java.io.IOException;
+import java.util.concurrent.ExecutorService;
+import java.util.concurrent.RejectedExecutionException;
+import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
+
+import junit.framework.Assert;
+
+import org.apache.http.Header;
+import org.apache.http.HttpHost;
+import org.apache.http.HttpRequest;
+import org.apache.http.ProtocolException;
+import org.apache.http.client.cache.HeaderConstants;
+import org.apache.http.client.cache.HttpCacheEntry;
+import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;
+import org.apache.http.message.BasicHeader;
+import org.apache.http.protocol.HttpContext;
+import org.easymock.Capture;
+import org.easymock.classextension.EasyMock;
+import org.junit.Before;
+import org.junit.Test;
+
+public class TestAsynchronousValidator {
+    
+    private AsynchronousValidator impl;
+    
+    private CachingHttpClient mockClient;
+    private HttpHost target;
+    private HttpRequest request;
+    private HttpContext mockContext;
+    private HttpCacheEntry mockCacheEntry;
+    
+    private ExecutorService mockExecutor;
+    
+    @Before
+    public void setUp() {
+        mockClient = EasyMock.createMock(CachingHttpClient.class);
+        target = new HttpHost("foo.example.com");
+        request = new HttpGet("/");
+        mockContext = EasyMock.createMock(HttpContext.class);
+        mockCacheEntry = EasyMock.createMock(HttpCacheEntry.class);
+        
+        mockExecutor = EasyMock.createMock(ExecutorService.class);
+        
+    }
+    
+    @Test
+    public void testRevalidateCacheEntrySchedulesExecutionAndPopulatesIdentifier() {
+        impl = new AsynchronousValidator(mockClient, mockExecutor);
+        
+        EasyMock.expect(mockCacheEntry.hasVariants()).andReturn(false);
+        mockExecutor.execute(EasyMock.isA(AsynchronousValidationRequest.class));
+        
+        replayMocks();
+        impl.revalidateCacheEntry(target, request, mockContext, mockCacheEntry);
+        verifyMocks();
+        
+        Assert.assertEquals(1, impl.getScheduledIdentifiers().size());
+    }
+    
+    @Test
+    public void testMarkCompleteRemovesIdentifier() {
+        impl = new AsynchronousValidator(mockClient, mockExecutor);
+        
+        EasyMock.expect(mockCacheEntry.hasVariants()).andReturn(false);
+        Capture<AsynchronousValidationRequest> cap = new Capture<AsynchronousValidationRequest>();
+        mockExecutor.execute(EasyMock.capture(cap));
+        
+        replayMocks();
+        impl.revalidateCacheEntry(target, request, mockContext, mockCacheEntry);
+        verifyMocks();
+        
+        Assert.assertEquals(1, impl.getScheduledIdentifiers().size());
+        
+        impl.markComplete(cap.getValue().getIdentifier());
+        
+        Assert.assertEquals(0, impl.getScheduledIdentifiers().size());
+    }
+    
+    @Test
+    public void testRevalidateCacheEntryDoesNotPopulateIdentifierOnRejectedExecutionException()
{
+        impl = new AsynchronousValidator(mockClient, mockExecutor);
+        
+        EasyMock.expect(mockCacheEntry.hasVariants()).andReturn(false);
+        mockExecutor.execute(EasyMock.isA(AsynchronousValidationRequest.class));
+        EasyMock.expectLastCall().andThrow(new RejectedExecutionException());
+        
+        replayMocks();
+        impl.revalidateCacheEntry(target, request, mockContext, mockCacheEntry);
+        verifyMocks();
+        
+        Assert.assertEquals(0, impl.getScheduledIdentifiers().size());
+    }
+    
+    @Test
+    public void testRevalidateCacheEntryProperlyCollapsesRequest() {
+        impl = new AsynchronousValidator(mockClient, mockExecutor);
+        
+        EasyMock.expect(mockCacheEntry.hasVariants()).andReturn(false);
+        mockExecutor.execute(EasyMock.isA(AsynchronousValidationRequest.class));
+        
+        EasyMock.expect(mockCacheEntry.hasVariants()).andReturn(false);
+        
+        replayMocks();
+        impl.revalidateCacheEntry(target, request, mockContext, mockCacheEntry);
+        impl.revalidateCacheEntry(target, request, mockContext, mockCacheEntry);
+        verifyMocks();
+        
+        Assert.assertEquals(1, impl.getScheduledIdentifiers().size());
+    }
+    
+    @Test
+    public void testVariantsBothRevalidated() {
+        impl = new AsynchronousValidator(mockClient, mockExecutor);
+        
+        HttpRequest req1 = new HttpGet("/");
+        req1.addHeader(new BasicHeader("Accept-Encoding", "identity"));
+        
+        HttpRequest req2 = new HttpGet("/");
+        req2.addHeader(new BasicHeader("Accept-Encoding", "gzip"));
+        
+        Header[] variantHeaders = new Header[] {
+                new BasicHeader(HeaderConstants.VARY, "Accept-Encoding")
+        };
+        
+        EasyMock.expect(mockCacheEntry.hasVariants()).andReturn(true).times(2);
+        EasyMock.expect(mockCacheEntry.getHeaders(HeaderConstants.VARY)).andReturn(variantHeaders).times(2);
+        mockExecutor.execute(EasyMock.isA(AsynchronousValidationRequest.class));
+        EasyMock.expectLastCall().times(2);
+        
+        replayMocks();
+        impl.revalidateCacheEntry(target, req1, mockContext, mockCacheEntry);
+        impl.revalidateCacheEntry(target, req2, mockContext, mockCacheEntry);
+        verifyMocks();
+        
+        Assert.assertEquals(2, impl.getScheduledIdentifiers().size());
+        
+    }
+    
+    @Test
+    public void testRevalidateCacheEntryEndToEnd() throws ProtocolException, IOException,
InterruptedException {
+        impl = new AsynchronousValidator(mockClient, 1);
+        
+        EasyMock.expect(mockCacheEntry.hasVariants()).andReturn(false);
+        EasyMock.expect(mockClient.revalidateCacheEntry(target, request, mockContext, mockCacheEntry)).andReturn(null);
+        
+        replayMocks();
+        impl.revalidateCacheEntry(target, request, mockContext, mockCacheEntry);
+        
+        try {
+            // shut down backend executor and make sure all finishes properly, 1 second should
be sufficient
+            ExecutorService implExecutor = impl.getExecutor();
+            implExecutor.shutdown();
+            implExecutor.awaitTermination(1, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
+        } catch (InterruptedException ie) {
+            
+        } finally {
+            verifyMocks();
+            
+            Assert.assertEquals(0, impl.getScheduledIdentifiers().size());
+        }
+    }
+    
+    public void replayMocks() {
+        EasyMock.replay(mockExecutor);
+        EasyMock.replay(mockClient);
+        EasyMock.replay(mockContext);
+        EasyMock.replay(mockCacheEntry);
+    }
+    
+    public void verifyMocks() {
+        EasyMock.verify(mockExecutor);
+        EasyMock.verify(mockClient);
+        EasyMock.verify(mockContext);
+        EasyMock.verify(mockCacheEntry);
+    }
+}

Modified: httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/test/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/TestCacheValidityPolicy.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/test/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/TestCacheValidityPolicy.java?rev=1049941&r1=1049940&r2=1049941&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/test/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/TestCacheValidityPolicy.java
(original)
+++ httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/test/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/TestCacheValidityPolicy.java
Thu Dec 16 11:54:30 2010
@@ -411,7 +411,7 @@ public class TestCacheValidityPolicy {
         HttpRequest req = new BasicHttpRequest("GET","/",HttpVersion.HTTP_1_1);
         assertTrue(impl.mayReturnStaleIfError(req, entry, now));
     }
-
+    
     @Test
     public void testMayReturnStaleIfErrorInRequestIsTrueWithinStaleness(){
         Header[] headers = new Header[] {
@@ -446,4 +446,61 @@ public class TestCacheValidityPolicy {
         req.setHeader("Cache-Control","stale-if-error=1");
         assertFalse(impl.mayReturnStaleIfError(req, entry, now));
     }
+
+    @Test
+    public void testMayReturnStaleWhileRevalidatingIsFalseWhenDirectiveIsAbsent() {
+        Date now = new Date();
+        
+        Header[] headers = new Header[] { new BasicHeader("Cache-control", "public") };
+        HttpCacheEntry entry = HttpTestUtils.makeCacheEntry(headers);
+        
+        CacheValidityPolicy impl = new CacheValidityPolicy();
+        
+        assertFalse(impl.mayReturnStaleWhileRevalidating(entry, now));
+    }
+    
+    @Test
+    public void testMayReturnStaleWhileRevalidatingIsTrueWhenWithinStaleness() {
+        Date now = new Date();
+        Date tenSecondsAgo = new Date(now.getTime() - 10 * 1000L);
+        Header[] headers = new Header[] {
+                new BasicHeader("Date", DateUtils.formatDate(tenSecondsAgo)),
+                new BasicHeader("Cache-Control", "max-age=5, stale-while-revalidate=15")
+        };
+        HttpCacheEntry entry = HttpTestUtils.makeCacheEntry(now, now, headers);
+        
+        CacheValidityPolicy impl = new CacheValidityPolicy();
+        
+        assertTrue(impl.mayReturnStaleWhileRevalidating(entry, now));
+    }
+    
+    @Test
+    public void testMayReturnStaleWhileRevalidatingIsFalseWhenPastStaleness() {
+        Date now = new Date();
+        Date twentyFiveSecondsAgo = new Date(now.getTime() - 25 * 1000L);
+        Header[] headers = new Header[] {
+                new BasicHeader("Date", DateUtils.formatDate(twentyFiveSecondsAgo)),
+                new BasicHeader("Cache-Control", "max-age=5, stale-while-revalidate=15")
+        };
+        HttpCacheEntry entry = HttpTestUtils.makeCacheEntry(now, now, headers);
+        
+        CacheValidityPolicy impl = new CacheValidityPolicy();
+        
+        assertFalse(impl.mayReturnStaleWhileRevalidating(entry, now));
+    }
+    
+    @Test
+    public void testMayReturnStaleWhileRevalidatingIsFalseWhenDirectiveEmpty() {
+        Date now = new Date();
+        Date tenSecondsAgo = new Date(now.getTime() - 10 * 1000L);
+        Header[] headers = new Header[] {
+                new BasicHeader("Date", DateUtils.formatDate(tenSecondsAgo)),
+                new BasicHeader("Cache-Control", "max-age=5, stale-while-revalidate=")
+        };
+        HttpCacheEntry entry = HttpTestUtils.makeCacheEntry(now, now, headers);
+        
+        CacheValidityPolicy impl = new CacheValidityPolicy();
+        
+        assertFalse(impl.mayReturnStaleWhileRevalidating(entry, now));
+    }
 }

Modified: httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/test/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/TestCachingHttpClient.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/test/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/TestCachingHttpClient.java?rev=1049941&r1=1049940&r2=1049941&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/test/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/TestCachingHttpClient.java
(original)
+++ httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/test/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/TestCachingHttpClient.java
Thu Dec 16 11:54:30 2010
@@ -62,6 +62,7 @@ import org.easymock.Capture;
 import org.easymock.classextension.EasyMock;
 import org.junit.Assert;
 import org.junit.Before;
+import org.junit.Ignore;
 import org.junit.Test;
 
 public class TestCachingHttpClient {
@@ -340,6 +341,9 @@ public class TestCachingHttpClient {
         Assert.assertEquals(0, impl.getCacheUpdates());
     }
 
+    // TODO: re-enable when background validation enabled by default, or adjust
+    // test to specify background validation in CacheConfig
+    @Ignore
     @Test
     public void testUnsuitableValidatableCacheEntryCausesRevalidation() throws Exception
{
         mockImplMethods(REVALIDATE_CACHE_ENTRY);
@@ -351,6 +355,7 @@ public class TestCachingHttpClient {
         getCacheEntryReturns(mockCacheEntry);
         cacheEntrySuitable(false);
         cacheEntryValidatable(true);
+        mayReturnStaleWhileRevalidating(false);
         revalidateCacheEntryReturns(mockBackendResponse);
 
         replayMocks();
@@ -1942,6 +1947,11 @@ public class TestCachingHttpClient {
         EasyMock.expect(mockValidityPolicy.isRevalidatable(
                 EasyMock.<HttpCacheEntry>anyObject())).andReturn(b);
     }
+    
+    private void mayReturnStaleWhileRevalidating(boolean b) {
+        EasyMock.expect(mockValidityPolicy.mayReturnStaleWhileRevalidating(
+                EasyMock.<HttpCacheEntry>anyObject(), EasyMock.<Date>anyObject())).andReturn(b);
+    }
 
     private void conditionalVariantRequestBuilderReturns(Map<String,Variant> variantEntries,
HttpRequest validate)
             throws Exception {

Modified: httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/test/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/TestRFC5861Compliance.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/test/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/TestRFC5861Compliance.java?rev=1049941&r1=1049940&r2=1049941&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/test/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/TestRFC5861Compliance.java
(original)
+++ httpcomponents/httpclient/trunk/httpclient-cache/src/test/java/org/apache/http/impl/client/cache/TestRFC5861Compliance.java
Thu Dec 16 11:54:30 2010
@@ -27,12 +27,17 @@
 package org.apache.http.impl.client.cache;
 
 import static org.junit.Assert.assertEquals;
+import static org.junit.Assert.assertTrue;
 
 import java.util.Date;
 
+import org.apache.http.Header;
 import org.apache.http.HttpRequest;
 import org.apache.http.HttpResponse;
 import org.apache.http.HttpStatus;
+import org.apache.http.HttpVersion;
+import org.apache.http.impl.cookie.DateUtils;
+import org.apache.http.message.BasicHttpRequest;
 import org.junit.Test;
 
 /** 
@@ -154,4 +159,49 @@ public class TestRFC5861Compliance exten
         assertEquals(HttpStatus.SC_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR,
                 result.getStatusLine().getStatusCode());
     }
+    
+    /*
+     * When present in an HTTP response, the stale-while-revalidate Cache-
+     * Control extension indicates that caches MAY serve the response in
+     * which it appears after it becomes stale, up to the indicated number
+     * of seconds.
+     * 
+     * http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5861
+     */
+    @Test
+    public void testStaleWhileRevalidateReturnsStaleEntryWithWarning()
+        throws Exception {
+        
+        params.setStaleWhileRevalidateWorkers(1);
+        impl = new CachingHttpClient(mockBackend, cache, params);
+        
+        HttpRequest req1 = new BasicHttpRequest("GET", "/", HttpVersion.HTTP_1_1);
+        HttpResponse resp1 = HttpTestUtils.make200Response();
+        Date now = new Date();
+        Date tenSecondsAgo = new Date(now.getTime() - 10 * 1000L);
+        resp1.setHeader("Cache-Control", "public, max-age=5, stale-while-revalidate=15");
+        resp1.setHeader("ETag","\"etag\"");
+        resp1.setHeader("Date", DateUtils.formatDate(tenSecondsAgo));
+
+        backendExpectsAnyRequest().andReturn(resp1).times(1,2);
+
+        HttpRequest req2 = new BasicHttpRequest("GET", "/", HttpVersion.HTTP_1_1);
+
+        replayMocks();
+        impl.execute(host, req1);
+        HttpResponse result = impl.execute(host, req2);
+        verifyMocks();
+
+        assertEquals(HttpStatus.SC_OK, result.getStatusLine().getStatusCode());
+        boolean warning110Found = false;
+        for(Header h : result.getHeaders("Warning")) {
+            for(WarningValue wv : WarningValue.getWarningValues(h)) {
+                if (wv.getWarnCode() == 110) {
+                    warning110Found = true;
+                    break;
+                }
+            }
+        }
+        assertTrue(warning110Found);
+    }
 }



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