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From Partha Sarathy <partha-sara...@outlook.com>
Subject Multiple column families - scan performance
Date Tue, 15 Aug 2017 02:10:14 GMT
I have 2 HBase tables - one with a single column family, and other has 4 column families. Both
tables are keyed by same rowkey, and the column families all have a single column qualifier
each, with a json string as value (each json payload is about 10-20K in size). All column
families use fast-diff encoding and gzip compression.

After loading about 60MM rows to each table, a scan test on (any) single column family in
the 2nd table takes 4x the time to scan the single column family from the 1st table. In both
cases, the scanner is bounded by a start and stop key to scan 1MM rows. Performance did not
change much even after running a major compaction on both tables.

Though HBase doc and other tech forums recommend not using more than 1 column family per table,
nothing I have read so far suggests scan performance will linearly degrade based on number
of column families. Has anyone else experienced this, and is there a simple explanation for
this?

To note, the reason second table has 4 column families is even though I only scan one column
family at a time now, there are requirements to scan multiple column families from that table
given a set of rowkeys.

Thanks for any insight into the performance question.


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