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From "Andrew Purtell (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Updated] (HBASE-17072) CPU usage starts to climb up to 90-100% when using G1GC; purge ThreadLocal usage
Date Tue, 06 Dec 2016 00:53:59 GMT

     [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HBASE-17072?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:all-tabpanel

Andrew Purtell updated HBASE-17072:
    Attachment: HBASE-17072-0.98.patch

When backporting this to 0.98 I found a multithreaded unit test in TestHFileBlock would fail
due to concurrent read/update to the cached header ByteBuffer's position. In that test there
is more than one read in progress with the same next offset. This is what I've done differently:

      PrefetchedHeader ph = prefetchedHeader.getAndSet(null); // be multithread safe
      ByteBuffer headerBuf = null;
      if (ph != null) {
        if (ph.offset == offset) {
          headerBuf = ph.buf;       // our previous read, use the cached buffer
        } else {
          prefetchedHeader.set(ph); // not our previous read, put back

Only the first thread through will get the buffer if the offset matches. If the offset does
not match or if another thread claimed the buffer a concurrently executing thread will just
get {{null}}. 

The master patch does only:

      PrefetchedHeader ph = this.prefetchedHeader.get();
      return ph != null && ph.offset == offset? ph.buf: null;

More than one thread can get a reference to the buffer if the offset test succeeds. Could
be fine for master, just pointing this out. Might be relevant for other backports. 1.1? 

> CPU usage starts to climb up to 90-100% when using G1GC; purge ThreadLocal usage
> --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
>                 Key: HBASE-17072
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HBASE-17072
>             Project: HBase
>          Issue Type: Bug
>          Components: Performance, regionserver
>    Affects Versions: 1.0.0, 2.0.0, 1.2.0
>            Reporter: Eiichi Sato
>            Assignee: Eiichi Sato
>            Priority: Critical
>             Fix For: 2.0.0, 1.4.0, 0.98.24
>         Attachments: HBASE-17072-0.98.patch, HBASE-17072.branch-1.001.patch, HBASE-17072.master.001.patch,
HBASE-17072.master.002.patch, HBASE-17072.master.003.patch, HBASE-17072.master.004.patch,
HBASE-17072.master.005.patch, HBASE-17072.master.005.patch, disable-block-header-cache.patch,
mat-threadlocals.png, mat-threads.png, metrics.png, slave1.svg, slave2.svg, slave3.svg, slave4.svg
> h5. Problem
> CPU usage of a region server in our CDH 5.4.5 cluster, at some point, starts to gradually
get higher up to nearly 90-100% when using G1GC.  We've also run into this problem on CDH
5.7.3 and CDH 5.8.2.
> In our production cluster, it normally takes a few weeks for this to happen after restarting
a RS.  We reproduced this on our test cluster and attached the results.  Please note that,
to make it easy to reproduce, we did some "anti-tuning" on a table when running tests.
> In metrics.png, soon after we started running some workloads against a test cluster (CDH
5.8.2) at about 7 p.m. CPU usage of the two RSs started to rise.  Flame Graphs (slave1.svg
to slave4.svg) are generated from jstack dumps of each RS process around 10:30 a.m. the next
> After investigating heapdumps from another occurrence on a test cluster running CDH 5.7.3,
we found that the ThreadLocalMap contain a lot of contiguous entries of {{HFileBlock$PrefetchedHeader}}
probably due to primary clustering.  This caused more loops in {{ThreadLocalMap#expungeStaleEntries()}},
consuming a certain amount of CPU time.  What is worse is that the method is called from RPC
metrics code, which means even a small amount of per-RPC time soon adds up to a huge amount
of CPU time.
> This is very similar to the issue in HBASE-16616, but we have many {{HFileBlock$PrefetchedHeader}}
not only {{Counter$IndexHolder}} instances.  Here are some OQL counts from Eclipse Memory
Analyzer (MAT).  This shows a number of ThreadLocal instances in the ThreadLocalMap of a single
handler thread.
> {code}
> 			  FROM OBJECTS 0x4ee380430) obj
> WHERE obj.@clazz.@name = "org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.hfile.HFileBlock$PrefetchedHeader"
> #=> 10980 instances
> {code}
> {code}
> 			  FROM OBJECTS 0x4ee380430) obj
> WHERE obj.@clazz.@name = "org.apache.hadoop.hbase.util.Counter$IndexHolder"
> #=> 2052 instances
> {code}
> Although as described in HBASE-16616 this somewhat seems to be an issue in G1GC side
regarding weakly-reachable objects, we should keep ThreadLocal usage minimal and avoid creating
an indefinite number (in this case, a number of HFiles) of ThreadLocal instances.
> HBASE-16146 removes ThreadLocals from the RPC metrics code.  That may solve the issue
(I just saw the patch, never tested it at all), but the {{HFileBlock$PrefetchedHeader}} are
still there in the ThreadLocalMap, which may cause issues in the future again.
> h5. Our Solution
> We simply removed the whole {{HFileBlock$PrefetchedHeader}} caching and fortunately we
didn't notice any performance degradation for our production workloads.
> Because the PrefetchedHeader caching uses ThreadLocal and because RPCs are handled randomly
in any of the handlers, small Get or small Scan RPCs do not benefit from the caching (See
HBASE-10676 and HBASE-11402 for the details).  Probably, we need to see how well reads are
saved by the caching for large Scan or Get RPCs and especially for compactions if we really
remove the caching. It's probably better if we can remove ThreadLocals without breaking the
current caching behavior.
> FWIW, I'm attaching the patch we applied. It's for CDH 5.4.5.

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