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From "Phil Yang (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Created] (HBASE-15576) Support stateless scanning and scanning cursor
Date Fri, 01 Apr 2016 08:20:25 GMT
Phil Yang created HBASE-15576:

             Summary: Support stateless scanning and scanning cursor
                 Key: HBASE-15576
                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HBASE-15576
             Project: HBase
          Issue Type: New Feature
            Reporter: Phil Yang
            Assignee: Phil Yang

After 1.1.0 released, we have partial and heartbeat protocol in scanning to prevent responding
large data or timeout. Now for ResultScanner.next(), we may block for longer time larger than
timeout settings to get a Result if the row is very large, or filter is sparse, or there are
too many delete markers in files.

However, in some scenes, we don't want it to be blocked for too long. For example, a web service
which handles requests from mobile devices whose network is not stable and we can not set
timeout too long(eg. only 5 seconds) between mobile and web service. This service will scan
rows from HBase and return it to mobile devices. In this scene, the simplest way is to make
the web service stateless. Apps in mobile devices will send several requests one by one to
get the data until enough just like paging a list. In each request it will carry a start position
which depends on the last result from web service. Different requests can be sent to different
web service server because it is stateless.

Therefore, the stateless web service need a cursor from HBase telling where we have scanned
in RegionScanner when HBase client receives an empty heartbeat. And the service will return
the cursor to mobile device although the response has no data. In next request we can start
at the position of cursor, without the cursor we have to scan from last returned result and
we may timeout forever. And of course even if the heartbeat message is not empty we can still
use cursor to prevent re-scan the same rows/cells which has beed skipped.

Obviously, we will give up consistency for scanning because even HBase client is also stateless,
but it is acceptable in this scene. And maybe we can keep mvcc in cursor so we can get a consistent

HBASE-13099 had some discussion, but it has no further progress by now.


In Scan we need a new method setStateless to make the scanning stateless and need another
timeout setting for stateless scanning. In this mode we will not block ResultScanner.next()
longer than this timeout setting. And we will return Results in next() as usual but the last
Result (or only Result if we receive empty heartbeat) has a special flag to mark it a cursor.
The cursor Result has only one Cell. Users can scan like this:

while( r = scanner.next() && r != null && !r.isCursor()){
    //just like before
if(r != null){
    // scanning is not end, it is a cursor
} else {
    // scanning is end


We will have two options to support stateless scanning: 
Only one rpc like small scanning, not supporting batch/partials and cursor is row level. It
is simple to implementation.
Support big scanning with several rpc requests, supporting batch/partials and cursor is cell
level. It is a little complex because we need seek at server side.

Or we can make it by two phases, support one-shot first?

Any thoughts? Thanks.

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