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From "Junegunn Choi (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Commented] (HBASE-15213) Fix increment performance regression caused by HBASE-8763 on branch-1.0
Date Fri, 05 Feb 2016 05:06:39 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HBASE-15213?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=15133668#comment-15133668
] 

Junegunn Choi commented on HBASE-15213:
---------------------------------------

@[~chenheng]

Since any handler can remove an entry from the queue, we should break out of the loop when
the entry we are waiting on is not found in the queue. So I needed fast containment check
(if (!writeQueue.contains(w)) break) which LinkedHashSet provides.

O(N^2) comes from the following reasoning, take this for example.
- Let's say we have 10 concurrent increment transactions from T1 to T10, each with WriteEntry
W1 to W10 in the queue.
- Assume that T1 finishes later than the other transactions, T2 ~ T10 go into wait-loop.
- T1 finishes, removes W1 from the queue, and notifies the other waiting transactions.
- W2 can only be removed if the handler for T2 wakes up and checks the head of the queue,
but in the worst case, it can be the last one to wake up.
- So for example, T3 wakes up but W3 is not at the head so waits again, then T10 wakes up
to no avail, T9, T7, .... finally T2
- Which is N context switches just to remove an entry. And we have N entries, so it's roughly
n (n  + 1) / 2 = O(n^2)

> Fix increment performance regression caused by HBASE-8763 on branch-1.0
> -----------------------------------------------------------------------
>
>                 Key: HBASE-15213
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HBASE-15213
>             Project: HBase
>          Issue Type: Bug
>          Components: Performance
>            Reporter: Junegunn Choi
>            Assignee: Junegunn Choi
>         Attachments: HBASE-15213.branch-1.0.patch
>
>
> This is an attempt to fix the increment performance regression caused by HBASE-8763 on
branch-1.0.
> I'm aware that hbase.increment.fast.but.narrow.consistency was added to branch-1.0 (HBASE-15031)
to address the issue and a separate work is ongoing on master branch, but anyway, this is
my take on the problem.
> I read through HBASE-14460 and HBASE-8763 but it wasn't clear to me what caused the slowdown
but I could indeed reproduce the performance regression.
> Test setup:
> - Server: 4-core Xeon 2.4GHz Linux server running mini cluster (100 handlers, JDK 1.7)
> - Client: Another box of the same spec
> - Increments on random 10k records on a single-region table, recreated every time
> Increment throughput (TPS):
> || Num threads || Before HBASE-8763 (d6cc2fb) || branch-1.0 || branch-1.0 (narrow-consistency)
||
> || 1            | 2661                         | 2486        | 2359  |
> || 2            | 5048                         | 5064        | 4867  |
> || 4            | 7503                         | 8071        | 8690  |
> || 8            | 10471                        | 10886       | 13980 |
> || 16           | 15515                        | 9418        | 18601 |
> || 32           | 17699                        | 5421        | 20540 |
> || 64           | 20601                        | 4038        | 25591 |
> || 96           | 19177                        | 3891        | 26017 |
> We can clearly observe that the throughtput degrades as we increase the number of concurrent
requests, which led me to believe that there's severe context switching overhead and I could
indirectly confirm that suspicion with cs entry in vmstat output. branch-1.0 shows a much
higher number of context switches even with much lower throughput.
> Here are the observations:
> - WriteEntry in the writeQueue can only be removed by the very handler that put it, only
when it is at the front of the queue and marked complete.
> - Since a WriteEntry is marked complete after the wait-loop, only one entry can be removed
at a time.
> - This stringent condition causes O(N^2) context switches where n is the number of concurrent
handlers processing requests.
> So what I tried here is to mark WriteEntry complete before we go into wait-loop. With
the change, multiple WriteEntries can be shifted at a time without context switches. I changed
writeQueue to LinkedHashSet since fast containment check is needed as WriteEntry can be removed
by any handler.
> The numbers look good, it's virtually identical to pre-HBASE-8763 era.
> || Num threads || branch-1.0 with fix ||
> || 1            | 2459                 |
> || 2            | 4976                 |
> || 4            | 8033                 |
> || 8            | 12292                |
> || 16           | 15234                |
> || 32           | 16601                |
> || 64           | 19994                |
> || 96           | 20052                |
> So what do you think about it? Please let me know if I'm missing anything.



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