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From "Aaron Beppu (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Created] (HBASE-12728) buffered writes substantially less useful after removal of HTablePool
Date Fri, 19 Dec 2014 18:39:13 GMT
Aaron Beppu created HBASE-12728:
-----------------------------------

             Summary: buffered writes substantially less useful after removal of HTablePool
                 Key: HBASE-12728
                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HBASE-12728
             Project: HBase
          Issue Type: Bug
          Components: hbase
    Affects Versions: 0.98.0
            Reporter: Aaron Beppu


In previous versions of HBase, when use of HTablePool was encouraged, HTable instances were
long-lived in that pool, and for that reason, if autoFlush was set to false, the table instance
could accumulate a full buffer of writes before a flush was triggered. Writes from the client
to the cluster could then be substantially larger and less frequent than without buffering.

However, when HTablePool was deprecated, the primary justification seems to have been that
creating HTable instances is cheap, so long as the connection and executor service being passed
to it are pre-provided. A use pattern was encouraged where users should create a new HTable
instance for every operation, using an existing connection and executor service, and then
close the table. In this pattern, buffered writes are substantially less useful; writes are
as small and as frequent as they would have been with autoflush=true, except the synchronous
write is moved from the operation itself to the table close call which immediately follows.

More concretely :
```
// Given these two helpers ...

private HTableInterface getAutoFlushTable(String tableName) throws IOException {
  // (autoflush is true by default)
  return storedConnection.getTable(tableName, executorService);
}

private HTableInterface getBufferedTable(String tableName) throws IOException {
  HTableInterface table = getAutoFlushTable(tableName);
  table.setAutoFlush(false);
  return table;
}

// it's my contention that these two methods would behave almost identically,
// except the first will hit a synchronous flush during the put call,
and the second will
// flush during the (hidden) close call on table.

private void writeAutoFlushed(Put somePut) throws IOException {
  try (HTableInterface table = getAutoFlushTable(tableName)) {
    table.put(somePut); // will do synchronous flush
  }
}

private void writeBuffered(Put somePut) throws IOException {
  try (HTableInterface table = getBufferedTable(tableName)) {
    table.put(somePut);
  } // auto-close will trigger synchronous flush
}
```

For buffered writes to actually provide a performance benefit to users, one of two things
must happen:

- The writeBuffer itself shouldn't live, flush and die with the lifecycle of it's HTableInstance.
If the writeBuffer were managed elsewhere and had a long lifespan, this could cease to be
an issue. However, if the same writeBuffer is appended to by multiple tables, then some additional
concurrency control will be needed around it.
- Alternatively, there should be some pattern for having long-lived HTable instances. However,
since HTable is not thread-safe, we'd need multiple instances, and a mechanism for leasing
them out safely -- which sure sounds a lot like the old HTablePool to me.

See discussion on mailing list here : http://mail-archives.apache.org/mod_mbox/hbase-user/201412.mbox/%3CCAPdJLkEzmUQZ_kvD%3D8mrxi4V%3DhCmUp3g9MUZsddD%2Bmon%2BAvNtg%40mail.gmail.com%3E



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