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From "Vladimir Rodionov (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Commented] (HBASE-7404) Bucket Cache:A solution about CMS,Heap Fragment and Big Cache on HBASE
Date Wed, 22 Jan 2014 05:17:31 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HBASE-7404?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=13878270#comment-13878270
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Vladimir Rodionov commented on HBASE-7404:
------------------------------------------

{quote}
 For scans, however, the performance penalty is substantial (less that 1/2 the scan performance
when I measured last, but I can check again).
{quote}

I think, for scans w/o filters (and skips) the performance should be comparable. The more
skips we have in a scanner - the less performance we will get from off heap - based cache,
due to the obvious deserialization overhead ... but this holds only if ALL your data fits
block cache. This is not the case for application in production, usually. To de-serialize
64K block  takes less than 30 microseconds (2GB per sec). To fetch the same block from HDD
local - 10ms, from SSD - 0.5-1ms.  Therefore, when your data does not fit comfortably into
LruBlockCache (10-30GB), I think off heap has a huge advantage.

> Bucket Cache:A solution about CMS,Heap Fragment and Big Cache on HBASE
> ----------------------------------------------------------------------
>
>                 Key: HBASE-7404
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HBASE-7404
>             Project: HBase
>          Issue Type: New Feature
>    Affects Versions: 0.94.3
>            Reporter: chunhui shen
>            Assignee: chunhui shen
>             Fix For: 0.95.0
>
>         Attachments: 7404-0.94-fixed-lines.txt, 7404-trunk-v10.patch, 7404-trunk-v11.patch,
7404-trunk-v12.patch, 7404-trunk-v13.patch, 7404-trunk-v13.txt, 7404-trunk-v14.patch, BucketCache.pdf,
HBASE-7404-backport-0.94.patch, Introduction of Bucket Cache.pdf, hbase-7404-94v2.patch, hbase-7404-trunkv2.patch,
hbase-7404-trunkv9.patch
>
>
> First, thanks @neil from Fusion-IO share the source code.
> Usage:
> 1.Use bucket cache as main memory cache, configured as the following:
> –"hbase.bucketcache.ioengine" "heap"
> –"hbase.bucketcache.size" 0.4 (size for bucket cache, 0.4 is a percentage of max heap
size)
> 2.Use bucket cache as a secondary cache, configured as the following:
> –"hbase.bucketcache.ioengine" "file:/disk1/hbase/cache.data"(The file path where to
store the block data)
> –"hbase.bucketcache.size" 1024 (size for bucket cache, unit is MB, so 1024 means 1GB)
> –"hbase.bucketcache.combinedcache.enabled" false (default value being true)
> See more configurations from org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.hfile.CacheConfig and org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.hfile.bucket.BucketCache
> What's Bucket Cache? 
> It could greatly decrease CMS and heap fragment by GC
> It support a large cache space for High Read Performance by using high speed disk like
Fusion-io
> 1.An implementation of block cache like LruBlockCache
> 2.Self manage blocks' storage position through Bucket Allocator
> 3.The cached blocks could be stored in the memory or file system
> 4.Bucket Cache could be used as a mainly block cache(see CombinedBlockCache), combined
with LruBlockCache to decrease CMS and fragment by GC.
> 5.BucketCache also could be used as a secondary cache(e.g. using Fusionio to store block)
to enlarge cache space
> How about SlabCache?
> We have studied and test SlabCache first, but the result is bad, because:
> 1.SlabCache use SingleSizeCache, its use ratio of memory is low because kinds of block
size, especially using DataBlockEncoding
> 2.SlabCache is uesd in DoubleBlockCache, block is cached both in SlabCache and LruBlockCache,
put the block to LruBlockCache again if hit in SlabCache , it causes CMS and heap fragment
don't get any better
> 3.Direct heap performance is not good as heap, and maybe cause OOM, so we recommend using
"heap" engine 
> See more in the attachment and in the patch



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