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From "stack (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Commented] (HBASE-8755) A new write thread model for HLog to improve the overall HBase write throughput
Date Thu, 12 Dec 2013 19:46:11 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HBASE-8755?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=13846657#comment-13846657
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stack commented on HBASE-8755:
------------------------------

Catching all exceptions, I got a NPE.

2013-12-12 11:03:43,870 INFO  [Thread-14] regionserver.DefaultStoreFlusher: Flushed, sequenceid=2680455,
memsize=129.3 M, hasBloomFilter=true, into tmp file hdfs://c2020.halxg.cloudera.com:8020/hbase/data/default/usertable/8dcf9c17c090f476346c8a31e4c9eddb/.tmp/64aaf14b38224f4fbce0a999f92dd8f4
2013-12-12 11:03:43,879 INFO  [regionserver60020-AsyncHLogSyncer2-1386874930310] wal.FSHLog:
UNEXPECTED
java.lang.NullPointerException
        at org.apache.hadoop.hbase.regionserver.wal.FSHLog$AsyncSyncer.run(FSHLog.java:1205)
        at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:744)

Writer is null.

> A new write thread model for HLog to improve the overall HBase write throughput
> -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
>
>                 Key: HBASE-8755
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HBASE-8755
>             Project: HBase
>          Issue Type: Improvement
>          Components: Performance, wal
>            Reporter: Feng Honghua
>            Assignee: stack
>            Priority: Critical
>         Attachments: 8755-syncer.patch, 8755trunkV2.txt, HBASE-8755-0.94-V0.patch, HBASE-8755-0.94-V1.patch,
HBASE-8755-0.96-v0.patch, HBASE-8755-trunk-V0.patch, HBASE-8755-trunk-V1.patch, HBASE-8755-trunk-v4.patch,
HBASE-8755-trunk-v6.patch, HBASE-8755-trunk-v7.patch, HBASE-8755-v5.patch, thread.out
>
>
> In current write model, each write handler thread (executing put()) will individually
go through a full 'append (hlog local buffer) => HLog writer append (write to hdfs) =>
HLog writer sync (sync hdfs)' cycle for each write, which incurs heavy race condition on updateLock
and flushLock.
> The only optimization where checking if current syncTillHere > txid in expectation
for other thread help write/sync its own txid to hdfs and omitting the write/sync actually
help much less than expectation.
> Three of my colleagues(Ye Hangjun / Wu Zesheng / Zhang Peng) at Xiaomi proposed a new
write thread model for writing hdfs sequence file and the prototype implementation shows a
4X improvement for throughput (from 17000 to 70000+). 
> I apply this new write thread model in HLog and the performance test in our test cluster
shows about 3X throughput improvement (from 12150 to 31520 for 1 RS, from 22000 to 70000 for
5 RS), the 1 RS write throughput (1K row-size) even beats the one of BigTable (Precolator
published in 2011 says Bigtable's write throughput then is 31002). I can provide the detailed
performance test results if anyone is interested.
> The change for new write thread model is as below:
>  1> All put handler threads append the edits to HLog's local pending buffer; (it notifies
AsyncWriter thread that there is new edits in local buffer)
>  2> All put handler threads wait in HLog.syncer() function for underlying threads
to finish the sync that contains its txid;
>  3> An single AsyncWriter thread is responsible for retrieve all the buffered edits
in HLog's local pending buffer and write to the hdfs (hlog.writer.append); (it notifies AsyncFlusher
thread that there is new writes to hdfs that needs a sync)
>  4> An single AsyncFlusher thread is responsible for issuing a sync to hdfs to persist
the writes by AsyncWriter; (it notifies the AsyncNotifier thread that sync watermark increases)
>  5> An single AsyncNotifier thread is responsible for notifying all pending put handler
threads which are waiting in the HLog.syncer() function
>  6> No LogSyncer thread any more (since there is always AsyncWriter/AsyncFlusher threads
do the same job it does)



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