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From "Aditya Kishore (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Created] (HBASE-6375) Master could possibly be using a stale list of region servers for creating assignment plan during startup
Date Wed, 11 Jul 2012 23:17:34 GMT
Aditya Kishore created HBASE-6375:

             Summary: Master could possibly be using a stale list of region servers for creating
assignment plan during startup
                 Key: HBASE-6375
                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HBASE-6375
             Project: HBase
          Issue Type: Bug
          Components: master
    Affects Versions: 0.94.0, 0.92.1, 0.90.6, 0.96.0
         Environment: All
            Reporter: Aditya Kishore
            Assignee: Aditya Kishore

While investigating an Out of Memory issue, I had an interesting observation where the master
tries to assign all regions to a single region server even though 7 other had already registered
with it.

As the cluster had MSLAB enabled, this resulted in OOM on the RS when it tired to open all
of them.

*From master's log (edited for brevity):*
55,468 Waiting on regionserver(s) to checkin
56,968 Waiting on regionserver(s) to checkin
58,468 Waiting on regionserver(s) to checkin
59,968 Waiting on regionserver(s) to checkin
01,242 Registering server=srv109.datacenter,60020,1338673920529,regionCount=0,userLoad=false
01,469 Waiting on regionserver(s) count to settle; currently=1
02,969 Finished waiting for regionserver count to settle; count=1,sleptFor=46500
02,969 Exiting wait on regionserver(s) to checkin; count=1, stopped=false,count of regions out on cluster=0
03,010 Processing region \-ROOT\-,,0.70236052 in state M_ZK_REGION_OFFLINE
03,220 \-ROOT\- assigned=0, rit=true, location=srv109.datacenter:60020
03,221 Processing region .META.,,1.1028785192 in state M_ZK_REGION_OFFLINE
03,336 Detected completed assignment of META, notifying catalog tracker
03,350 .META. assigned=0, rit=true, location=srv109.datacenter:60020
03,350 Master startup proceeding: cluster startup
04,006 Registering server=srv111.datacenter,60020,1338673923399,regionCount=0,userLoad=false
04,012 Registering server=srv113.datacenter,60020,1338673923532,regionCount=0,userLoad=false
04,269 Registering server=srv115.datacenter,60020,1338673923471,regionCount=0,userLoad=false
04,363 Registering server=srv117.datacenter,60020,1338673923928,regionCount=0,userLoad=false
04,599 Registering server=srv127.datacenter,60020,1338673924067,regionCount=0,userLoad=false
04,606 Registering server=srv119.datacenter,60020,1338673923953,regionCount=0,userLoad=false
04,804 Registering server=srv129.datacenter,60020,1338673924339,regionCount=0,userLoad=false
05,126 Bulk assigning 1252 region(s) across 1 server(s), retainAssignment=true
05,546 hd109.datacenter,60020,1338673920529 unassigned znodes=207 of

*A peek at AssignmentManager code offer some explanation:*
  public void assignAllUserRegions() throws IOException, InterruptedException {
    // Get all available servers
    List<HServerInfo> servers = serverManager.getOnlineServersList();

    // Scan META for all user regions, skipping any disabled tables
    Map<HRegionInfo,HServerAddress> allRegions =
      MetaReader.fullScan(catalogTracker, this.zkTable.getDisabledTables(), true);
    if (allRegions == null || allRegions.isEmpty()) return;

    // Determine what type of assignment to do on startup
    boolean retainAssignment = master.getConfiguration().
      getBoolean("hbase.master.startup.retainassign", true);

    Map<HServerInfo, List<HRegionInfo>> bulkPlan = null;
    if (retainAssignment) {
      // Reuse existing assignment info
      bulkPlan = LoadBalancer.retainAssignment(allRegions, servers);
    } else {
      // assign regions in round-robin fashion
      bulkPlan = LoadBalancer.roundRobinAssignment(new ArrayList<HRegionInfo>(allRegions.keySet()),
    LOG.info("Bulk assigning " + allRegions.size() + " region(s) across " +
      servers.size() + " server(s), retainAssignment=" + retainAssignment);

In the function assignAllUserRegions(), listed above, AM fetches the server list from ServerManager
long before it actually use it to create assignment plan.

In between these, it performs a full scan of META to create an assignment map of regions.
So even if additional RSes have registered in the meantime (as happened in this case), AM
still has the old list of just one server.

This code snippet is from 0.90.6 but the same issue exists in 0.92, 0.94 and trunk. Since
MSLAB is enabled by default in 0.92 onwards, any large cluster can hit this issue upon cluster
start-up when the following sequence holds true.

# Master start long before the RSes (by default this long ~= 4.5 seconds)
# All the RSes start togather but one wins the race of registering with Master by few seconds.

I am attaching a patch for the trunk which moves the code which fetches the RS list form the
beginning of the function to where it is first use.

Apart from this change, one addition HBase setting which now become important is "hbase.master.wait.on.regionservers.mintostart"
due to MSLAB being enabled by true by default.

In large clusters which keeps it enabled now must modify "hbase.master.wait.on.regionservers.mintostart"
to a suitable number than the default of 1 to ensures that the master waits for a quorum of
RSes which are sufficient to open all the regions among themselves. I'll create a separate
JIRA for the documentation change.

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