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From "Zhihong Yu (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Commented] (HBASE-5898) Consider double-checked locking for block cache lock
Date Sun, 29 Apr 2012 04:18:16 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HBASE-5898?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=13264470#comment-13264470

Zhihong Yu commented on HBASE-5898:

Consider the case where off heap cache is enabled.
>From DoubleBlockCache:
Suppose getBlock() is executed without the lock (first pass in the new loop of readBlock)
and doesn't find cacheKey from onHeapCache but finds it in offHeapCache - it will call onHeapCache.cacheBlock():
  public Cacheable getBlock(BlockCacheKey cacheKey, boolean caching) {
    Cacheable cachedBlock;

    if ((cachedBlock = onHeapCache.getBlock(cacheKey, caching)) != null) {
      return cachedBlock;

    } else if ((cachedBlock = offHeapCache.getBlock(cacheKey, caching)) != null) {
      if (caching) {
        onHeapCache.cacheBlock(cacheKey, cachedBlock);
Another thread calls cacheBlock() around the same time and executes onHeapCache.cacheBlock()
for the same cacheKey:
  public void cacheBlock(BlockCacheKey cacheKey, Cacheable buf) {
    onHeapCache.cacheBlock(cacheKey, buf);
    offHeapCache.cacheBlock(cacheKey, buf);
I think there is a race condition which didn't exist before the proposed change: the entries
for the same cacheKey in onHeapCache and offHeapCache would diverge.

If off heap cache is disabled, I don't see problem with proposed optimization.
> Consider double-checked locking for block cache lock
> ----------------------------------------------------
>                 Key: HBASE-5898
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HBASE-5898
>             Project: HBase
>          Issue Type: Improvement
>          Components: performance
>    Affects Versions: 0.94.1
>            Reporter: Todd Lipcon
>         Attachments: hbase-5898.txt
> Running a workload with a high query rate against a dataset that fits in cache, I saw
a lot of CPU being used in IdLock.getLockEntry, being called by HFileReaderV2.readBlock. Even
though it was all cache hits, it was wasting a lot of CPU doing lock management here. I wrote
a quick patch to switch to a double-checked locking and it improved throughput substantially
for this workload.

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