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From "Hadoop QA (Commented) (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Commented] (HBASE-4218) Data Block Encoding of KeyValues (aka delta encoding / prefix compression)
Date Thu, 26 Jan 2012 02:59:42 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HBASE-4218?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=13193534#comment-13193534
] 

Hadoop QA commented on HBASE-4218:
----------------------------------

-1 overall.  Here are the results of testing the latest attachment 
  http://issues.apache.org/jira/secure/attachment/12511917/Delta-encoding-2012-01-25_16_32_14.patch
  against trunk revision .

    +1 @author.  The patch does not contain any @author tags.

    +1 tests included.  The patch appears to include 189 new or modified tests.

    -1 javadoc.  The javadoc tool appears to have generated -140 warning messages.

    +1 javac.  The applied patch does not increase the total number of javac compiler warnings.

    -1 findbugs.  The patch appears to introduce 88 new Findbugs (version 1.3.9) warnings.

    +1 release audit.  The applied patch does not increase the total number of release audit
warnings.

     -1 core tests.  The patch failed these unit tests:
                       org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.hfile.TestHFileBlock

Test results: https://builds.apache.org/job/PreCommit-HBASE-Build/852//testReport/
Findbugs warnings: https://builds.apache.org/job/PreCommit-HBASE-Build/852//artifact/trunk/patchprocess/newPatchFindbugsWarnings.html
Console output: https://builds.apache.org/job/PreCommit-HBASE-Build/852//console

This message is automatically generated.
                
> Data Block Encoding of KeyValues  (aka delta encoding / prefix compression)
> ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
>
>                 Key: HBASE-4218
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HBASE-4218
>             Project: HBase
>          Issue Type: Improvement
>          Components: io
>    Affects Versions: 0.94.0
>            Reporter: Jacek Migdal
>            Assignee: Mikhail Bautin
>              Labels: compression
>             Fix For: 0.94.0
>
>         Attachments: 0001-Delta-encoding-fixed-encoded-scanners.patch, 0001-Delta-encoding.patch,
4218-2012-01-14.txt, 4218-v16.txt, 4218.txt, D447.1.patch, D447.10.patch, D447.11.patch, D447.12.patch,
D447.13.patch, D447.14.patch, D447.15.patch, D447.16.patch, D447.17.patch, D447.18.patch,
D447.19.patch, D447.2.patch, D447.20.patch, D447.21.patch, D447.22.patch, D447.23.patch, D447.24.patch,
D447.25.patch, D447.26.patch, D447.3.patch, D447.4.patch, D447.5.patch, D447.6.patch, D447.7.patch,
D447.8.patch, D447.9.patch, Data-block-encoding-2011-12-23.patch, Delta-encoding-2012-01-17_11_09_09.patch,
Delta-encoding-2012-01-25_00_45_29.patch, Delta-encoding-2012-01-25_16_32_14.patch, Delta-encoding.patch-2011-12-22_11_52_07.patch,
Delta-encoding.patch-2012-01-05_15_16_43.patch, Delta-encoding.patch-2012-01-05_16_31_44.patch,
Delta-encoding.patch-2012-01-05_16_31_44_copy.patch, Delta-encoding.patch-2012-01-05_18_50_47.patch,
Delta-encoding.patch-2012-01-07_14_12_48.patch, Delta-encoding.patch-2012-01-13_12_20_07.patch,
Delta_encoding_with_memstore_TS.patch, open-source.diff
>
>
> A compression for keys. Keys are sorted in HFile and they are usually very similar. Because
of that, it is possible to design better compression than general purpose algorithms,
> It is an additional step designed to be used in memory. It aims to save memory in cache
as well as speeding seeks within HFileBlocks. It should improve performance a lot, if key
lengths are larger than value lengths. For example, it makes a lot of sense to use it when
value is a counter.
> Initial tests on real data (key length = ~ 90 bytes , value length = 8 bytes) shows that
I could achieve decent level of compression:
>  key compression ratio: 92%
>  total compression ratio: 85%
>  LZO on the same data: 85%
>  LZO after delta encoding: 91%
> While having much better performance (20-80% faster decompression ratio than LZO). Moreover,
it should allow far more efficient seeking which should improve performance a bit.
> It seems that a simple compression algorithms are good enough. Most of the savings are
due to prefix compression, int128 encoding, timestamp diffs and bitfields to avoid duplication.
That way, comparisons of compressed data can be much faster than a byte comparator (thanks
to prefix compression and bitfields).
> In order to implement it in HBase two important changes in design will be needed:
> -solidify interface to HFileBlock / HFileReader Scanner to provide seeking and iterating;
access to uncompressed buffer in HFileBlock will have bad performance
> -extend comparators to support comparison assuming that N first bytes are equal (or some
fields are equal)
> Link to a discussion about something similar:
> http://search-hadoop.com/m/5aqGXJEnaD1/hbase+windows&subj=Re+prefix+compression

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