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From "Hudson (Commented) (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Commented] (HBASE-4712) Document rules for writing tests
Date Thu, 08 Dec 2011 06:47:40 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HBASE-4712?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=13165039#comment-13165039

Hudson commented on HBASE-4712:

Integrated in HBase-TRUNK-security #25 (See [https://builds.apache.org/job/HBase-TRUNK-security/25/])
    HBASE-4712 Document rules for writing tests; Addendum via Jesse Yates

stack : 
Files : 
* /hbase/trunk/src/docbkx/developer.xml

> Document rules for writing tests
> --------------------------------
>                 Key: HBASE-4712
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HBASE-4712
>             Project: HBase
>          Issue Type: Task
>          Components: test
>    Affects Versions: 0.92.0
>            Reporter: nkeywal
>            Assignee: nkeywal
>            Priority: Minor
>             Fix For: 0.94.0
>         Attachments: 4712.txt, test-doc-cleanup.txt
> We saw that some tests could be improved. Documenting the general rules could help.
> Proposal:
> HBase tests are divided in three categories: small, medium and large, with corresponding
JUnit categories: SmallTest, MediumTest, LargeTest
> Small tests are executed in parallel in a shared JVM. They must last less than 15 seconds.
They must NOT use a cluster.
> Medium tests are executed in separate JVM. They must last less than 50 seconds. They
can use a cluster. They must not fail occasionally.
> Small and medium tests must not need more than 30 minutes to run altogether.
> Small and medium tests should be executed by the developers before submitting a patch.
> Large tests are everything else. They are typically integration tests, non-regression
tests for specific bugs, timeout tests, performance tests.
> Tests rules & hints are:
> - As most as possible, tests should be written as small tests.
> - All tests should be written to support parallel execution on the same machine, hence
should not use shared resources as fixed ports or fixed file names.
> - All tests should be written to be as fast as possible.
> - Tests should not overlog. More than 100 lines/second makes the logs complex to read
and use i/o that are hence not available for the other tests.
> - Tests can be written with HBaseTestingUtility . This class offers helper function to
create a temp directory and do the cleanup, or to start a cluster.
> - Sleeps:
>     - Tests should not do a 'Thread.sleep' without testing an ending condition. This
allows understanding what the test is waiting for. Moreover, the test will work whatever the
machine performances.
>     - Sleep should be minimal to be as fast as possible. Waiting for a variable should
be done in a 40ms sleep loop. Waiting for a socket operation should be done in a 200 ms sleep
> - Tests using cluster:
>     - Tests using a HRegion do not have to start a cluster: A region can use the local
file system.
>     - Start/stopping a cluster cost around 10 seconds. They should not be started per
test method but per class.
>     - Started cluster must be shutdown using HBaseTestingUtility#shutdownMiniCluster,
which cleans the directories.
>     - As most as possible, tests should use the default settings for the cluster. When
they don't, they should document it. This will allow to share the cluster later.

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