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From "Kannan Muthukkaruppan (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] Commented: (HBASE-3006) Reading compressed HFile blocks causes way too many DFS RPC calls severly impacting performance
Date Thu, 16 Sep 2010 17:34:33 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HBASE-3006?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=12910236#action_12910236
] 

Kannan Muthukkaruppan commented on HBASE-3006:
----------------------------------------------

stack: To clarify regarding your: 

<<I love the debug trace above. You think though this will add up to the 10 seconds?
>>

The snippet was for a much smaller row. The outliers we saw were on larger blocks. But this
should just help even the small row case. Basically the cost of missing any block in the block
cache when compression is turned on was quite steep right now (will do about 5x-10x more DFS
RPCs than needed).

> Reading compressed HFile blocks causes way too many DFS RPC calls severly impacting performance
> -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
>
>                 Key: HBASE-3006
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HBASE-3006
>             Project: HBase
>          Issue Type: Bug
>    Affects Versions: 0.89.20100621
>            Reporter: Kannan Muthukkaruppan
>            Assignee: Kannan Muthukkaruppan
>            Priority: Critical
>
> On some read perf tests, we noticed several perf outliers (10 second plus range). The
rows were large (spanning multiple blocks, but still the numbers didn't add up). We had compression
turned on.
> We enabled DN clienttrace logging,
> log4j.logger.org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.datanode.DataNode.clienttrace=DEBUG
> and noticed lots of 516 byte reads at the DN level, several of them at the same offset
in the block.
> {code}
> 2010-09-16 09:28:32,335 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.datanode.DataNode.clienttrace:
src: /10.30.251.189:50010, dest: /10.30.251.189:38713, bytes: 516, op: HDFS_READ, cliID: DFSClient_-436329957,
offset: 39884800, srvID: DS-1757894045-10.3\
> 0.251.189-50010-1283993662994, blockid: blk_-4686540439725119008_1985, duration: 203000
> 2010-09-16 09:28:32,336 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.datanode.DataNode.clienttrace:
src: /10.30.251.189:50010, dest: /10.30.251.189:40547, bytes: 516, op: HDFS_READ, cliID: DFSClient_-436329957,
offset: 39884800, srvID: DS-1757894045-10.3\
> 0.251.189-50010-1283993662994, blockid: blk_-4686540439725119008_1985, duration: 119000
> 2010-09-16 09:28:32,337 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.datanode.DataNode.clienttrace:
src: /10.30.251.189:50010, dest: /10.30.251.189:40650, bytes: 516, op: HDFS_READ, cliID: DFSClient_-436329957,
offset: 39884800, srvID: DS-1757894045-10.3\
> 0.251.189-50010-1283993662994, blockid: blk_-4686540439725119008_1985, duration: 149000
> 2010-09-16 09:28:32,337 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.datanode.DataNode.clienttrace:
src: /10.30.251.189:50010, dest: /10.30.251.189:40861, bytes: 516, op: HDFS_READ, cliID: DFSClient_-436329957,
offset: 39884800, srvID: DS-1757894045-10.3\
> 0.251.189-50010-1283993662994, blockid: blk_-4686540439725119008_1985, duration: 135000
> 2010-09-16 09:28:32,338 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.datanode.DataNode.clienttrace:
src: /10.30.251.189:50010, dest: /10.30.251.189:41129, bytes: 516, op: HDFS_READ, cliID: DFSClient_-436329957,
offset: 39884800, srvID: DS-1757894045-10.3\
> 0.251.189-50010-1283993662994, blockid: blk_-4686540439725119008_1985, duration: 117000
> 2010-09-16 09:28:32,339 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.datanode.DataNode.clienttrace:
src: /10.30.251.189:50010, dest: /10.30.251.189:41691, bytes: 516, op: HDFS_READ, cliID: DFSClient_-436329957,
offset: 39884800, srvID: DS-1757894045-10.3\
> 0.251.189-50010-1283993662994, blockid: blk_-4686540439725119008_1985, duration: 148000
> 2010-09-16 09:28:32,339 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.datanode.DataNode.clienttrace:
src: /10.30.251.189:50010, dest: /10.30.251.189:42881, bytes: 516, op: HDFS_READ, cliID: DFSClient_-436329957,
offset: 39884800, srvID: DS-1757894045-10.3\
> 0.251.189-50010-1283993662994, blockid: blk_-4686540439725119008_1985, duration: 114000
> 2010-09-16 09:28:32,341 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.datanode.DataNode.clienttrace:
src: /10.30.251.189:50010, dest: /10.30.251.189:49511, bytes: 516, op: HDFS_READ, cliID: DFSClient_-436329957,
offset: 39884800, srvID: DS-1757894045-10.3\
> 0.251.189-50010-1283993662994, blockid: blk_-4686540439725119008_1985, duration: 153000
> 2010-09-16 09:28:32,342 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.datanode.DataNode.clienttrace:
src: /10.30.251.189:50010, dest: /10.30.251.189:51158, bytes: 3096, op: HDFS_READ, cliID:
DFSClient_-436329957, offset: 39884800, srvID: DS-1757894045-10.\
> 30.251.189-50010-1283993662994, blockid: blk_-4686540439725119008_1985, duration: 139000
> {code}
> This was strange coz our block size was 64k, and on disk block size after compression
should generally have been around 6k.
> Some print debugging at the HFile and BoundedRangeFileInputStream (which is wrapped by
createDecompressionStream) revealed the following:
> We are trying to read 20k from DFS @ HFile layer. The BounderRangeFileInputStream instead
reads several header bytes 1 byte at a time, and then reads a 11k chunk and later a 9k chunk.
> {code}
> 2010-09-16 09:21:27,912 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.hfile.HFile: ### fs read @ offset
= 34386760 compressedSize = 20711 decompressedSize = 92324
> 2010-09-16 09:21:27,912 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.hfile.BoundedRangeFileInputStream:
### seeking to reading @ 34386760; bytes: 1
> 2010-09-16 09:21:27,912 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.hfile.BoundedRangeFileInputStream:
### seeking to reading @ 34386761; bytes: 1
> 2010-09-16 09:21:27,912 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.hfile.BoundedRangeFileInputStream:
### seeking to reading @ 34386762; bytes: 1
> 2010-09-16 09:21:27,912 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.hfile.BoundedRangeFileInputStream:
### seeking to reading @ 34386763; bytes: 1
> 2010-09-16 09:21:27,912 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.hfile.BoundedRangeFileInputStream:
### seeking to reading @ 34386764; bytes: 1
> 2010-09-16 09:21:27,912 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.hfile.BoundedRangeFileInputStream:
### seeking to reading @ 34386765; bytes: 1
> 2010-09-16 09:21:27,912 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.hfile.BoundedRangeFileInputStream:
### seeking to reading @ 34386766; bytes: 1
> 2010-09-16 09:21:27,912 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.hfile.BoundedRangeFileInputStream:
### seeking to reading @ 34386767; bytes: 1
> 2010-09-16 09:21:27,912 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.hfile.BoundedRangeFileInputStream:
### seeking to reading @ 34386768; bytes: 11005
> 2010-09-16 09:21:27,912 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.hfile.BoundedRangeFileInputStream:
### seeking to reading @ 34397773; bytes: 1
> 2010-09-16 09:21:27,912 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.hfile.BoundedRangeFileInputStream:
### seeking to reading @ 34397774; bytes: 1
> 2010-09-16 09:21:27,912 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.hfile.BoundedRangeFileInputStream:
### seeking to reading @ 34397775; bytes: 1
> 2010-09-16 09:21:27,912 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.hfile.BoundedRangeFileInputStream:
### seeking to reading @ 34397776; bytes: 1
> 2010-09-16 09:21:27,912 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.hfile.BoundedRangeFileInputStream:
### seeking to reading @ 34397777; bytes: 1
> 2010-09-16 09:21:27,912 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.hfile.BoundedRangeFileInputStream:
### seeking to reading @ 34397778; bytes: 1
> 2010-09-16 09:21:27,912 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.hfile.BoundedRangeFileInputStream:
### seeking to reading @ 34397779; bytes: 1
> 2010-09-16 09:21:27,913 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.hfile.BoundedRangeFileInputStream:
### seeking to reading @ 34397780; bytes: 1
> 2010-09-16 09:21:27,913 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.hfile.BoundedRangeFileInputStream:
### seeking to reading @ 34397781; bytes: 9690
> {code}
> Seems like it should be an easy fix to prefetch the compressed size... rather than incremental
fetches.

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