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From "Jeffrey Zhong (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Created] (HBASE-9360) Enable 0.94 -> 0.96 replication to minimize upgrade down time
Date Wed, 28 Aug 2013 01:08:52 GMT
Jeffrey Zhong created HBASE-9360:

             Summary: Enable 0.94 -> 0.96 replication to minimize upgrade down time
                 Key: HBASE-9360
                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HBASE-9360
             Project: HBase
          Issue Type: Brainstorming
          Components: migration
    Affects Versions: 0.98.0, 0.96.0
            Reporter: Jeffrey Zhong

As we know 0.96 is a singularity release, as of today a 0.94 hbase user has to do in-place
upgrade: make corresponding client changes, recompile client application code, fully shut
down existing 0.94 hbase cluster, deploy 0.96 binary, run upgrade script and then start the
upgraded cluster. You can image the down time will be extended if something is wrong in between.

To minimize the down time, another possible way is to setup a secondary 0.96 cluster and then
setup replication between the existing 0.94 cluster and the new 0.96 slave cluster. Once the
0.96 cluster is synced, a user can switch the traffic to the 0.96 cluster and decommission
the old one.

The ideal steps will be:

1) Setup a 0.96 cluster
2) Setup replication between a running 0.94 cluster to the newly created 0.96 cluster
3) Wait till they're in sync in replication
4) Starts duplicated writes to both 0.94 and 0.96 clusters(could stop relocation now)
5) Forward read traffic to the slave 0.96 cluster
6) After a certain period, stop writes to the original 0.94 cluster if everything is good
and completes upgrade

To get us there, there are two tasks:

1) Enable replication from 0.94 -> 0.96
I've run the idea with [~jdcryans], [~devaraj] and [~ndimiduk]. Currently it seems the best
approach is to build a very similar service or on top of https://github.com/NGDATA/hbase-indexer/tree/master/hbase-sep
with support three commands replicateLogEntries, multi and delete. Inside the three commands,
we just pass down the corresponding requests to the destination 0.96 cluster as a bridge.
The reason to support the multi and delete is for CopyTable to copy data from a 0.94 cluster
to a 0.96 one.

The other approach is to provide limited support of 0.94 RPC protocol in 0.96. While an issue
on this is that a 0.94 client needs to talk to zookeeper firstly before it can connect to
a 0.96 region server. Therefore, we need a faked Zookeeper setup in front of a 0.96 cluster
for a 0.94 client to connect. It may also pollute 0.96 code base with 0.94 RPC code.

2) To support writes to a 0.96 cluster and a 0.94 at the same time, we need to load both hbase
clients into one single JVM using different class loader.

Let me know if you think this is worth to do and any better approach we could take.


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