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From bus...@apache.org
Subject [14/57] [abbrv] [partial] hbase git commit: Revert "HBASE-17056 Remove checked in PB generated files Selective add of dependency on" Revert for now. Build unstable and some interesting issues around CLASSPATH
Date Sat, 08 Jul 2017 03:34:47 GMT
http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hbase/blob/6786b2b6/hbase-protocol-shaded/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/shaded/com/google/protobuf/TextFormat.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hbase-protocol-shaded/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/shaded/com/google/protobuf/TextFormat.java b/hbase-protocol-shaded/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/shaded/com/google/protobuf/TextFormat.java
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..491089b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/hbase-protocol-shaded/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/shaded/com/google/protobuf/TextFormat.java
@@ -0,0 +1,2108 @@
+// Protocol Buffers - Google's data interchange format
+// Copyright 2008 Google Inc.  All rights reserved.
+// https://developers.google.com/protocol-buffers/
+//
+// Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
+// modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
+// met:
+//
+//     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
+// notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
+//     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
+// copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer
+// in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
+// distribution.
+//     * Neither the name of Google Inc. nor the names of its
+// contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from
+// this software without specific prior written permission.
+//
+// THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
+// "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+// LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
+// A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
+// OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
+// SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+// LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
+// DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
+// THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
+// (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
+// OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
+
+package org.apache.hadoop.hbase.shaded.com.google.protobuf;
+
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.shaded.com.google.protobuf.Descriptors.Descriptor;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.shaded.com.google.protobuf.Descriptors.EnumDescriptor;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.shaded.com.google.protobuf.Descriptors.EnumValueDescriptor;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.shaded.com.google.protobuf.Descriptors.FieldDescriptor;
+
+import java.io.IOException;
+import java.math.BigInteger;
+import java.nio.CharBuffer;
+import java.util.ArrayList;
+import java.util.List;
+import java.util.Locale;
+import java.util.Map;
+import java.util.logging.Logger;
+import java.util.regex.Matcher;
+import java.util.regex.Pattern;
+
+/**
+ * Provide text parsing and formatting support for proto2 instances.
+ * The implementation largely follows google/protobuf/text_format.cc.
+ *
+ * @author wenboz@google.com Wenbo Zhu
+ * @author kenton@google.com Kenton Varda
+ */
+public final class TextFormat {
+  private TextFormat() {}
+
+  private static final Logger logger =
+      Logger.getLogger(TextFormat.class.getName());
+
+  private static final Printer DEFAULT_PRINTER = new Printer();
+  private static final Printer SINGLE_LINE_PRINTER =
+      (new Printer()).setSingleLineMode(true);
+  private static final Printer UNICODE_PRINTER =
+      (new Printer()).setEscapeNonAscii(false);
+
+  /**
+   * Outputs a textual representation of the Protocol Message supplied into
+   * the parameter output. (This representation is the new version of the
+   * classic "ProtocolPrinter" output from the original Protocol Buffer system)
+   */
+  public static void print(
+      final MessageOrBuilder message, final Appendable output)
+      throws IOException {
+    DEFAULT_PRINTER.print(message, new TextGenerator(output));
+  }
+
+  /** Outputs a textual representation of {@code fields} to {@code output}. */
+  public static void print(final UnknownFieldSet fields,
+                           final Appendable output)
+                           throws IOException {
+    DEFAULT_PRINTER.printUnknownFields(fields, new TextGenerator(output));
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Same as {@code print()}, except that non-ASCII characters are not
+   * escaped.
+   */
+  public static void printUnicode(
+      final MessageOrBuilder message, final Appendable output)
+      throws IOException {
+    UNICODE_PRINTER.print(message, new TextGenerator(output));
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Same as {@code print()}, except that non-ASCII characters are not
+   * escaped.
+   */
+  public static void printUnicode(final UnknownFieldSet fields,
+                                  final Appendable output)
+                                  throws IOException {
+    UNICODE_PRINTER.printUnknownFields(fields, new TextGenerator(output));
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Generates a human readable form of this message, useful for debugging and
+   * other purposes, with no newline characters.
+   */
+  public static String shortDebugString(final MessageOrBuilder message) {
+    try {
+      final StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
+      SINGLE_LINE_PRINTER.print(message, new TextGenerator(sb));
+      // Single line mode currently might have an extra space at the end.
+      return sb.toString().trim();
+    } catch (IOException e) {
+      throw new IllegalStateException(e);
+    }
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Generates a human readable form of the field, useful for debugging
+   * and other purposes, with no newline characters.
+   */
+  public static String shortDebugString(final FieldDescriptor field,
+                                        final Object value) {
+    try {
+      final StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
+      SINGLE_LINE_PRINTER.printField(field, value, new TextGenerator(sb));
+      return sb.toString().trim();
+    } catch (IOException e) {
+        throw new IllegalStateException(e);
+    }
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Generates a human readable form of the unknown fields, useful for debugging
+   * and other purposes, with no newline characters.
+   */
+  public static String shortDebugString(final UnknownFieldSet fields) {
+    try {
+      final StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
+      SINGLE_LINE_PRINTER.printUnknownFields(fields, new TextGenerator(sb));
+      // Single line mode currently might have an extra space at the end.
+      return sb.toString().trim();
+    } catch (IOException e) {
+      throw new IllegalStateException(e);
+    }
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Like {@code print()}, but writes directly to a {@code String} and
+   * returns it.
+   */
+  public static String printToString(final MessageOrBuilder message) {
+    try {
+      final StringBuilder text = new StringBuilder();
+      print(message, text);
+      return text.toString();
+    } catch (IOException e) {
+      throw new IllegalStateException(e);
+    }
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Like {@code print()}, but writes directly to a {@code String} and
+   * returns it.
+   */
+  public static String printToString(final UnknownFieldSet fields) {
+    try {
+      final StringBuilder text = new StringBuilder();
+      print(fields, text);
+      return text.toString();
+    } catch (IOException e) {
+      throw new IllegalStateException(e);
+    }
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Same as {@code printToString()}, except that non-ASCII characters
+   * in string type fields are not escaped in backslash+octals.
+   */
+  public static String printToUnicodeString(final MessageOrBuilder message) {
+    try {
+      final StringBuilder text = new StringBuilder();
+      UNICODE_PRINTER.print(message, new TextGenerator(text));
+      return text.toString();
+    } catch (IOException e) {
+      throw new IllegalStateException(e);
+    }
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Same as {@code printToString()}, except that non-ASCII characters
+   * in string type fields are not escaped in backslash+octals.
+   */
+  public static String printToUnicodeString(final UnknownFieldSet fields) {
+    try {
+      final StringBuilder text = new StringBuilder();
+      UNICODE_PRINTER.printUnknownFields(fields, new TextGenerator(text));
+      return text.toString();
+    } catch (IOException e) {
+      throw new IllegalStateException(e);
+    }
+  }
+
+  public static void printField(final FieldDescriptor field,
+                                final Object value,
+                                final Appendable output)
+                                throws IOException {
+    DEFAULT_PRINTER.printField(field, value, new TextGenerator(output));
+  }
+
+  public static String printFieldToString(final FieldDescriptor field,
+                                          final Object value) {
+    try {
+      final StringBuilder text = new StringBuilder();
+      printField(field, value, text);
+      return text.toString();
+    } catch (IOException e) {
+      throw new IllegalStateException(e);
+    }
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Outputs a textual representation of the value of given field value.
+   *
+   * @param field the descriptor of the field
+   * @param value the value of the field
+   * @param output the output to which to append the formatted value
+   * @throws ClassCastException if the value is not appropriate for the
+   *     given field descriptor
+   * @throws IOException if there is an exception writing to the output
+   */
+  public static void printFieldValue(final FieldDescriptor field,
+                                     final Object value,
+                                     final Appendable output)
+                                     throws IOException {
+    DEFAULT_PRINTER.printFieldValue(field, value, new TextGenerator(output));
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Outputs a textual representation of the value of an unknown field.
+   *
+   * @param tag the field's tag number
+   * @param value the value of the field
+   * @param output the output to which to append the formatted value
+   * @throws ClassCastException if the value is not appropriate for the
+   *     given field descriptor
+   * @throws IOException if there is an exception writing to the output
+   */
+  public static void printUnknownFieldValue(final int tag,
+                                            final Object value,
+                                            final Appendable output)
+                                            throws IOException {
+    printUnknownFieldValue(tag, value, new TextGenerator(output));
+  }
+
+  private static void printUnknownFieldValue(final int tag,
+                                             final Object value,
+                                             final TextGenerator generator)
+                                             throws IOException {
+    switch (WireFormat.getTagWireType(tag)) {
+      case WireFormat.WIRETYPE_VARINT:
+        generator.print(unsignedToString((Long) value));
+        break;
+      case WireFormat.WIRETYPE_FIXED32:
+        generator.print(
+            String.format((Locale) null, "0x%08x", (Integer) value));
+        break;
+      case WireFormat.WIRETYPE_FIXED64:
+        generator.print(String.format((Locale) null, "0x%016x", (Long) value));
+        break;
+      case WireFormat.WIRETYPE_LENGTH_DELIMITED:
+        generator.print("\"");
+        generator.print(escapeBytes((ByteString) value));
+        generator.print("\"");
+        break;
+      case WireFormat.WIRETYPE_START_GROUP:
+        DEFAULT_PRINTER.printUnknownFields((UnknownFieldSet) value, generator);
+        break;
+      default:
+        throw new IllegalArgumentException("Bad tag: " + tag);
+    }
+  }
+
+  /** Helper class for converting protobufs to text. */
+  private static final class Printer {
+    /** Whether to omit newlines from the output. */
+    boolean singleLineMode = false;
+
+    /** Whether to escape non ASCII characters with backslash and octal. */
+    boolean escapeNonAscii = true;
+
+    private Printer() {}
+
+    /** Setter of singleLineMode */
+    private Printer setSingleLineMode(boolean singleLineMode) {
+      this.singleLineMode = singleLineMode;
+      return this;
+    }
+
+    /** Setter of escapeNonAscii */
+    private Printer setEscapeNonAscii(boolean escapeNonAscii) {
+      this.escapeNonAscii = escapeNonAscii;
+      return this;
+    }
+
+    private void print(
+        final MessageOrBuilder message, final TextGenerator generator)
+        throws IOException {
+      for (Map.Entry<FieldDescriptor, Object> field
+          : message.getAllFields().entrySet()) {
+        printField(field.getKey(), field.getValue(), generator);
+      }
+      printUnknownFields(message.getUnknownFields(), generator);
+    }
+
+    private void printField(final FieldDescriptor field, final Object value,
+        final TextGenerator generator) throws IOException {
+      if (field.isRepeated()) {
+        // Repeated field.  Print each element.
+        for (Object element : (List<?>) value) {
+          printSingleField(field, element, generator);
+        }
+      } else {
+        printSingleField(field, value, generator);
+      }
+    }
+
+    private void printSingleField(final FieldDescriptor field,
+                                  final Object value,
+                                  final TextGenerator generator)
+                                  throws IOException {
+      if (field.isExtension()) {
+        generator.print("[");
+        // We special-case MessageSet elements for compatibility with proto1.
+        if (field.getContainingType().getOptions().getMessageSetWireFormat()
+            && (field.getType() == FieldDescriptor.Type.MESSAGE)
+            && (field.isOptional())
+            // object equality
+            && (field.getExtensionScope() == field.getMessageType())) {
+          generator.print(field.getMessageType().getFullName());
+        } else {
+          generator.print(field.getFullName());
+        }
+        generator.print("]");
+      } else {
+        if (field.getType() == FieldDescriptor.Type.GROUP) {
+          // Groups must be serialized with their original capitalization.
+          generator.print(field.getMessageType().getName());
+        } else {
+          generator.print(field.getName());
+        }
+      }
+
+      if (field.getJavaType() == FieldDescriptor.JavaType.MESSAGE) {
+        if (singleLineMode) {
+          generator.print(" { ");
+        } else {
+          generator.print(" {\n");
+          generator.indent();
+        }
+      } else {
+        generator.print(": ");
+      }
+
+      printFieldValue(field, value, generator);
+
+      if (field.getJavaType() == FieldDescriptor.JavaType.MESSAGE) {
+        if (singleLineMode) {
+          generator.print("} ");
+        } else {
+          generator.outdent();
+          generator.print("}\n");
+        }
+      } else {
+        if (singleLineMode) {
+          generator.print(" ");
+        } else {
+          generator.print("\n");
+        }
+      }
+    }
+
+    private void printFieldValue(final FieldDescriptor field,
+                                 final Object value,
+                                 final TextGenerator generator)
+                                 throws IOException {
+      switch (field.getType()) {
+        case INT32:
+        case SINT32:
+        case SFIXED32:
+          generator.print(((Integer) value).toString());
+          break;
+
+        case INT64:
+        case SINT64:
+        case SFIXED64:
+          generator.print(((Long) value).toString());
+          break;
+
+        case BOOL:
+          generator.print(((Boolean) value).toString());
+          break;
+
+        case FLOAT:
+          generator.print(((Float) value).toString());
+          break;
+
+        case DOUBLE:
+          generator.print(((Double) value).toString());
+          break;
+
+        case UINT32:
+        case FIXED32:
+          generator.print(unsignedToString((Integer) value));
+          break;
+
+        case UINT64:
+        case FIXED64:
+          generator.print(unsignedToString((Long) value));
+          break;
+
+        case STRING:
+          generator.print("\"");
+          generator.print(escapeNonAscii
+              ? TextFormatEscaper.escapeText((String) value)
+              : escapeDoubleQuotesAndBackslashes((String) value)
+                  .replace("\n", "\\n"));
+          generator.print("\"");
+          break;
+
+        case BYTES:
+          generator.print("\"");
+          if (value instanceof ByteString) {
+            generator.print(escapeBytes((ByteString) value));
+          } else {
+            generator.print(escapeBytes((byte[]) value));
+          }
+          generator.print("\"");
+          break;
+
+        case ENUM:
+          generator.print(((EnumValueDescriptor) value).getName());
+          break;
+
+        case MESSAGE:
+        case GROUP:
+          print((Message) value, generator);
+          break;
+      }
+    }
+
+    private void printUnknownFields(final UnknownFieldSet unknownFields,
+                                    final TextGenerator generator)
+                                    throws IOException {
+      for (Map.Entry<Integer, UnknownFieldSet.Field> entry :
+               unknownFields.asMap().entrySet()) {
+        final int number = entry.getKey();
+        final UnknownFieldSet.Field field = entry.getValue();
+        printUnknownField(number, WireFormat.WIRETYPE_VARINT,
+            field.getVarintList(), generator);
+        printUnknownField(number, WireFormat.WIRETYPE_FIXED32,
+            field.getFixed32List(), generator);
+        printUnknownField(number, WireFormat.WIRETYPE_FIXED64,
+            field.getFixed64List(), generator);
+        printUnknownField(number, WireFormat.WIRETYPE_LENGTH_DELIMITED,
+            field.getLengthDelimitedList(), generator);
+        for (final UnknownFieldSet value : field.getGroupList()) {
+          generator.print(entry.getKey().toString());
+          if (singleLineMode) {
+            generator.print(" { ");
+          } else {
+            generator.print(" {\n");
+            generator.indent();
+          }
+          printUnknownFields(value, generator);
+          if (singleLineMode) {
+            generator.print("} ");
+          } else {
+            generator.outdent();
+            generator.print("}\n");
+          }
+        }
+      }
+    }
+
+    private void printUnknownField(final int number,
+                                   final int wireType,
+                                   final List<?> values,
+                                   final TextGenerator generator)
+                                   throws IOException {
+      for (final Object value : values) {
+        generator.print(String.valueOf(number));
+        generator.print(": ");
+        printUnknownFieldValue(wireType, value, generator);
+        generator.print(singleLineMode ? " " : "\n");
+      }
+    }
+  }
+
+  /** Convert an unsigned 32-bit integer to a string. */
+  public static String unsignedToString(final int value) {
+    if (value >= 0) {
+      return Integer.toString(value);
+    } else {
+      return Long.toString(value & 0x00000000FFFFFFFFL);
+    }
+  }
+
+  /** Convert an unsigned 64-bit integer to a string. */
+  public static String unsignedToString(final long value) {
+    if (value >= 0) {
+      return Long.toString(value);
+    } else {
+      // Pull off the most-significant bit so that BigInteger doesn't think
+      // the number is negative, then set it again using setBit().
+      return BigInteger.valueOf(value & 0x7FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFL)
+                       .setBit(63).toString();
+    }
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * An inner class for writing text to the output stream.
+   */
+  private static final class TextGenerator {
+    private final Appendable output;
+    private final StringBuilder indent = new StringBuilder();
+    private boolean atStartOfLine = true;
+
+    private TextGenerator(final Appendable output) {
+      this.output = output;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Indent text by two spaces.  After calling Indent(), two spaces will be
+     * inserted at the beginning of each line of text.  Indent() may be called
+     * multiple times to produce deeper indents.
+     */
+    public void indent() {
+      indent.append("  ");
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Reduces the current indent level by two spaces, or crashes if the indent
+     * level is zero.
+     */
+    public void outdent() {
+      final int length = indent.length();
+      if (length == 0) {
+        throw new IllegalArgumentException(
+            " Outdent() without matching Indent().");
+      }
+      indent.delete(length - 2, length);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Print text to the output stream.
+     */
+    public void print(final CharSequence text) throws IOException {
+      final int size = text.length();
+      int pos = 0;
+
+      for (int i = 0; i < size; i++) {
+        if (text.charAt(i) == '\n') {
+          write(text.subSequence(pos, i + 1));
+          pos = i + 1;
+          atStartOfLine = true;
+        }
+      }
+      write(text.subSequence(pos, size));
+    }
+
+    private void write(final CharSequence data) throws IOException {
+      if (data.length() == 0) {
+        return;
+      }
+      if (atStartOfLine) {
+        atStartOfLine = false;
+        output.append(indent);
+      }
+      output.append(data);
+    }
+  }
+
+  // =================================================================
+  // Parsing
+
+  /**
+   * Represents a stream of tokens parsed from a {@code String}.
+   *
+   * <p>The Java standard library provides many classes that you might think
+   * would be useful for implementing this, but aren't.  For example:
+   *
+   * <ul>
+   * <li>{@code java.io.StreamTokenizer}:  This almost does what we want -- or,
+   *   at least, something that would get us close to what we want -- except
+   *   for one fatal flaw:  It automatically un-escapes strings using Java
+   *   escape sequences, which do not include all the escape sequences we
+   *   need to support (e.g. '\x').
+   * <li>{@code java.util.Scanner}:  This seems like a great way at least to
+   *   parse regular expressions out of a stream (so we wouldn't have to load
+   *   the entire input into a single string before parsing).  Sadly,
+   *   {@code Scanner} requires that tokens be delimited with some delimiter.
+   *   Thus, although the text "foo:" should parse to two tokens ("foo" and
+   *   ":"), {@code Scanner} would recognize it only as a single token.
+   *   Furthermore, {@code Scanner} provides no way to inspect the contents
+   *   of delimiters, making it impossible to keep track of line and column
+   *   numbers.
+   * </ul>
+   *
+   * <p>Luckily, Java's regular expression support does manage to be useful to
+   * us.  (Barely:  We need {@code Matcher.usePattern()}, which is new in
+   * Java 1.5.)  So, we can use that, at least.  Unfortunately, this implies
+   * that we need to have the entire input in one contiguous string.
+   */
+  private static final class Tokenizer {
+    private final CharSequence text;
+    private final Matcher matcher;
+    private String currentToken;
+
+    // The character index within this.text at which the current token begins.
+    private int pos = 0;
+
+    // The line and column numbers of the current token.
+    private int line = 0;
+    private int column = 0;
+
+    // The line and column numbers of the previous token (allows throwing
+    // errors *after* consuming).
+    private int previousLine = 0;
+    private int previousColumn = 0;
+
+    // We use possessive quantifiers (*+ and ++) because otherwise the Java
+    // regex matcher has stack overflows on large inputs.
+    private static final Pattern WHITESPACE =
+      Pattern.compile("(\\s|(#.*$))++", Pattern.MULTILINE);
+    private static final Pattern TOKEN = Pattern.compile(
+      "[a-zA-Z_][0-9a-zA-Z_+-]*+|" +                // an identifier
+      "[.]?[0-9+-][0-9a-zA-Z_.+-]*+|" +             // a number
+      "\"([^\"\n\\\\]|\\\\.)*+(\"|\\\\?$)|" +       // a double-quoted string
+      "\'([^\'\n\\\\]|\\\\.)*+(\'|\\\\?$)",         // a single-quoted string
+      Pattern.MULTILINE);
+
+    private static final Pattern DOUBLE_INFINITY = Pattern.compile(
+      "-?inf(inity)?",
+      Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE);
+    private static final Pattern FLOAT_INFINITY = Pattern.compile(
+      "-?inf(inity)?f?",
+      Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE);
+    private static final Pattern FLOAT_NAN = Pattern.compile(
+      "nanf?",
+      Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE);
+
+    /** Construct a tokenizer that parses tokens from the given text. */
+    private Tokenizer(final CharSequence text) {
+      this.text = text;
+      this.matcher = WHITESPACE.matcher(text);
+      skipWhitespace();
+      nextToken();
+    }
+
+    int getPreviousLine() {
+      return previousLine;
+    }
+
+    int getPreviousColumn() {
+      return previousColumn;
+    }
+
+    int getLine() {
+      return line;
+    }
+
+    int getColumn() {
+      return column;
+    }
+
+    /** Are we at the end of the input? */
+    public boolean atEnd() {
+      return currentToken.length() == 0;
+    }
+
+    /** Advance to the next token. */
+    public void nextToken() {
+      previousLine = line;
+      previousColumn = column;
+
+      // Advance the line counter to the current position.
+      while (pos < matcher.regionStart()) {
+        if (text.charAt(pos) == '\n') {
+          ++line;
+          column = 0;
+        } else {
+          ++column;
+        }
+        ++pos;
+      }
+
+      // Match the next token.
+      if (matcher.regionStart() == matcher.regionEnd()) {
+        // EOF
+        currentToken = "";
+      } else {
+        matcher.usePattern(TOKEN);
+        if (matcher.lookingAt()) {
+          currentToken = matcher.group();
+          matcher.region(matcher.end(), matcher.regionEnd());
+        } else {
+          // Take one character.
+          currentToken = String.valueOf(text.charAt(pos));
+          matcher.region(pos + 1, matcher.regionEnd());
+        }
+
+        skipWhitespace();
+      }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Skip over any whitespace so that the matcher region starts at the next
+     * token.
+     */
+    private void skipWhitespace() {
+      matcher.usePattern(WHITESPACE);
+      if (matcher.lookingAt()) {
+        matcher.region(matcher.end(), matcher.regionEnd());
+      }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * If the next token exactly matches {@code token}, consume it and return
+     * {@code true}.  Otherwise, return {@code false} without doing anything.
+     */
+    public boolean tryConsume(final String token) {
+      if (currentToken.equals(token)) {
+        nextToken();
+        return true;
+      } else {
+        return false;
+      }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * If the next token exactly matches {@code token}, consume it.  Otherwise,
+     * throw a {@link ParseException}.
+     */
+    public void consume(final String token) throws ParseException {
+      if (!tryConsume(token)) {
+        throw parseException("Expected \"" + token + "\".");
+      }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Returns {@code true} if the next token is an integer, but does
+     * not consume it.
+     */
+    public boolean lookingAtInteger() {
+      if (currentToken.length() == 0) {
+        return false;
+      }
+
+      final char c = currentToken.charAt(0);
+      return ('0' <= c && c <= '9')
+          || c == '-' || c == '+';
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Returns {@code true} if the current token's text is equal to that
+     * specified.
+     */
+    public boolean lookingAt(String text) {
+      return currentToken.equals(text);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * If the next token is an identifier, consume it and return its value.
+     * Otherwise, throw a {@link ParseException}.
+     */
+    public String consumeIdentifier() throws ParseException {
+      for (int i = 0; i < currentToken.length(); i++) {
+        final char c = currentToken.charAt(i);
+        if (('a' <= c && c <= 'z')
+            || ('A' <= c && c <= 'Z')
+            || ('0' <= c && c <= '9')
+            || (c == '_') || (c == '.')) {
+          // OK
+        } else {
+          throw parseException(
+              "Expected identifier. Found '" + currentToken + "'");
+        }
+      }
+
+      final String result = currentToken;
+      nextToken();
+      return result;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * If the next token is an identifier, consume it and return {@code true}.
+     * Otherwise, return {@code false} without doing anything.
+     */
+    public boolean tryConsumeIdentifier() {
+      try {
+        consumeIdentifier();
+        return true;
+      } catch (ParseException e) {
+        return false;
+      }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * If the next token is a 32-bit signed integer, consume it and return its
+     * value.  Otherwise, throw a {@link ParseException}.
+     */
+    public int consumeInt32() throws ParseException {
+      try {
+        final int result = parseInt32(currentToken);
+        nextToken();
+        return result;
+      } catch (NumberFormatException e) {
+        throw integerParseException(e);
+      }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * If the next token is a 32-bit unsigned integer, consume it and return its
+     * value.  Otherwise, throw a {@link ParseException}.
+     */
+    public int consumeUInt32() throws ParseException {
+      try {
+        final int result = parseUInt32(currentToken);
+        nextToken();
+        return result;
+      } catch (NumberFormatException e) {
+        throw integerParseException(e);
+      }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * If the next token is a 64-bit signed integer, consume it and return its
+     * value.  Otherwise, throw a {@link ParseException}.
+     */
+    public long consumeInt64() throws ParseException {
+      try {
+        final long result = parseInt64(currentToken);
+        nextToken();
+        return result;
+      } catch (NumberFormatException e) {
+        throw integerParseException(e);
+      }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * If the next token is a 64-bit signed integer, consume it and return
+     * {@code true}.  Otherwise, return {@code false} without doing anything.
+     */
+    public boolean tryConsumeInt64() {
+      try {
+        consumeInt64();
+        return true;
+      } catch (ParseException e) {
+        return false;
+      }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * If the next token is a 64-bit unsigned integer, consume it and return its
+     * value.  Otherwise, throw a {@link ParseException}.
+     */
+    public long consumeUInt64() throws ParseException {
+      try {
+        final long result = parseUInt64(currentToken);
+        nextToken();
+        return result;
+      } catch (NumberFormatException e) {
+        throw integerParseException(e);
+      }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * If the next token is a 64-bit unsigned integer, consume it and return
+     * {@code true}.  Otherwise, return {@code false} without doing anything.
+     */
+    public boolean tryConsumeUInt64() {
+      try {
+        consumeUInt64();
+        return true;
+      } catch (ParseException e) {
+        return false;
+      }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * If the next token is a double, consume it and return its value.
+     * Otherwise, throw a {@link ParseException}.
+     */
+    public double consumeDouble() throws ParseException {
+      // We need to parse infinity and nan separately because
+      // Double.parseDouble() does not accept "inf", "infinity", or "nan".
+      if (DOUBLE_INFINITY.matcher(currentToken).matches()) {
+        final boolean negative = currentToken.startsWith("-");
+        nextToken();
+        return negative ? Double.NEGATIVE_INFINITY : Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY;
+      }
+      if (currentToken.equalsIgnoreCase("nan")) {
+        nextToken();
+        return Double.NaN;
+      }
+      try {
+        final double result = Double.parseDouble(currentToken);
+        nextToken();
+        return result;
+      } catch (NumberFormatException e) {
+        throw floatParseException(e);
+      }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * If the next token is a double, consume it and return {@code true}.
+     * Otherwise, return {@code false} without doing anything.
+     */
+    public boolean tryConsumeDouble() {
+      try {
+        consumeDouble();
+        return true;
+      } catch (ParseException e) {
+        return false;
+      }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * If the next token is a float, consume it and return its value.
+     * Otherwise, throw a {@link ParseException}.
+     */
+    public float consumeFloat() throws ParseException {
+      // We need to parse infinity and nan separately because
+      // Float.parseFloat() does not accept "inf", "infinity", or "nan".
+      if (FLOAT_INFINITY.matcher(currentToken).matches()) {
+        final boolean negative = currentToken.startsWith("-");
+        nextToken();
+        return negative ? Float.NEGATIVE_INFINITY : Float.POSITIVE_INFINITY;
+      }
+      if (FLOAT_NAN.matcher(currentToken).matches()) {
+        nextToken();
+        return Float.NaN;
+      }
+      try {
+        final float result = Float.parseFloat(currentToken);
+        nextToken();
+        return result;
+      } catch (NumberFormatException e) {
+        throw floatParseException(e);
+      }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * If the next token is a float, consume it and return {@code true}.
+     * Otherwise, return {@code false} without doing anything.
+     */
+    public boolean tryConsumeFloat() {
+      try {
+        consumeFloat();
+        return true;
+      } catch (ParseException e) {
+        return false;
+      }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * If the next token is a boolean, consume it and return its value.
+     * Otherwise, throw a {@link ParseException}.
+     */
+    public boolean consumeBoolean() throws ParseException {
+      if (currentToken.equals("true")
+          || currentToken.equals("True")
+          || currentToken.equals("t")
+          || currentToken.equals("1")) {
+        nextToken();
+        return true;
+      } else if (currentToken.equals("false")
+          || currentToken.equals("False")
+          || currentToken.equals("f")
+          || currentToken.equals("0")) {
+        nextToken();
+        return false;
+      } else {
+        throw parseException("Expected \"true\" or \"false\".");
+      }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * If the next token is a string, consume it and return its (unescaped)
+     * value.  Otherwise, throw a {@link ParseException}.
+     */
+    public String consumeString() throws ParseException {
+      return consumeByteString().toStringUtf8();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * If the next token is a string, consume it and return true.  Otherwise,
+     * return false.
+     */
+    public boolean tryConsumeString() {
+      try {
+        consumeString();
+        return true;
+      } catch (ParseException e) {
+        return false;
+      }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * If the next token is a string, consume it, unescape it as a
+     * {@link ByteString}, and return it.  Otherwise, throw a
+     * {@link ParseException}.
+     */
+    public ByteString consumeByteString() throws ParseException {
+      List<ByteString> list = new ArrayList<ByteString>();
+      consumeByteString(list);
+      while (currentToken.startsWith("'") || currentToken.startsWith("\"")) {
+        consumeByteString(list);
+      }
+      return ByteString.copyFrom(list);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Like {@link #consumeByteString()} but adds each token of the string to
+     * the given list.  String literals (whether bytes or text) may come in
+     * multiple adjacent tokens which are automatically concatenated, like in
+     * C or Python.
+     */
+    private void consumeByteString(List<ByteString> list)
+        throws ParseException {
+      final char quote = currentToken.length() > 0
+          ? currentToken.charAt(0)
+          : '\0';
+      if (quote != '\"' && quote != '\'') {
+        throw parseException("Expected string.");
+      }
+
+      if (currentToken.length() < 2
+          || currentToken.charAt(currentToken.length() - 1) != quote) {
+        throw parseException("String missing ending quote.");
+      }
+
+      try {
+        final String escaped =
+            currentToken.substring(1, currentToken.length() - 1);
+        final ByteString result = unescapeBytes(escaped);
+        nextToken();
+        list.add(result);
+      } catch (InvalidEscapeSequenceException e) {
+        throw parseException(e.getMessage());
+      }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Returns a {@link ParseException} with the current line and column
+     * numbers in the description, suitable for throwing.
+     */
+    public ParseException parseException(final String description) {
+      // Note:  People generally prefer one-based line and column numbers.
+      return new ParseException(
+        line + 1, column + 1, description);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Returns a {@link ParseException} with the line and column numbers of
+     * the previous token in the description, suitable for throwing.
+     */
+    public ParseException parseExceptionPreviousToken(
+        final String description) {
+      // Note:  People generally prefer one-based line and column numbers.
+      return new ParseException(
+        previousLine + 1, previousColumn + 1, description);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Constructs an appropriate {@link ParseException} for the given
+     * {@code NumberFormatException} when trying to parse an integer.
+     */
+    private ParseException integerParseException(
+        final NumberFormatException e) {
+      return parseException("Couldn't parse integer: " + e.getMessage());
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Constructs an appropriate {@link ParseException} for the given
+     * {@code NumberFormatException} when trying to parse a float or double.
+     */
+    private ParseException floatParseException(final NumberFormatException e) {
+      return parseException("Couldn't parse number: " + e.getMessage());
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Returns a {@link UnknownFieldParseException} with the line and column
+     * numbers of the previous token in the description, and the unknown field
+     * name, suitable for throwing.
+     */
+    public UnknownFieldParseException unknownFieldParseExceptionPreviousToken(
+        final String unknownField, final String description) {
+      // Note:  People generally prefer one-based line and column numbers.
+      return new UnknownFieldParseException(
+        previousLine + 1, previousColumn + 1, unknownField, description);
+    }
+  }
+
+  /** Thrown when parsing an invalid text format message. */
+  public static class ParseException extends IOException {
+    private static final long serialVersionUID = 3196188060225107702L;
+
+    private final int line;
+    private final int column;
+
+    /** Create a new instance, with -1 as the line and column numbers. */
+    public ParseException(final String message) {
+      this(-1, -1, message);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Create a new instance
+     *
+     * @param line the line number where the parse error occurred,
+     * using 1-offset.
+     * @param column the column number where the parser error occurred,
+     * using 1-offset.
+     */
+    public ParseException(final int line, final int column,
+        final String message) {
+      super(Integer.toString(line) + ":" + column + ": " + message);
+      this.line = line;
+      this.column = column;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Return the line where the parse exception occurred, or -1 when
+     * none is provided. The value is specified as 1-offset, so the first
+     * line is line 1.
+     */
+    public int getLine() {
+      return line;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Return the column where the parse exception occurred, or -1 when
+     * none is provided. The value is specified as 1-offset, so the first
+     * line is line 1.
+     */
+    public int getColumn() {
+      return column;
+    }
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Thrown when encountering an unknown field while parsing
+   * a text format message.
+   */
+  public static class UnknownFieldParseException extends ParseException {
+    private final String unknownField;
+
+    /**
+     * Create a new instance, with -1 as the line and column numbers, and an
+     * empty unknown field name.
+     */
+    public UnknownFieldParseException(final String message) {
+      this(-1, -1, "", message);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Create a new instance
+     *
+     * @param line the line number where the parse error occurred,
+     * using 1-offset.
+     * @param column the column number where the parser error occurred,
+     * using 1-offset.
+     * @param unknownField the name of the unknown field found while parsing.
+     */
+    public UnknownFieldParseException(final int line, final int column,
+        final String unknownField, final String message) {
+      super(line, column, message);
+      this.unknownField = unknownField;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Return the name of the unknown field encountered while parsing the
+     * protocol buffer string.
+     */
+    public String getUnknownField() {
+      return unknownField;
+    }
+  }
+
+  private static final Parser PARSER = Parser.newBuilder().build();
+
+  /**
+   * Return a {@link Parser} instance which can parse text-format
+   * messages. The returned instance is thread-safe.
+   */
+  public static Parser getParser() {
+    return PARSER;
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Parse a text-format message from {@code input} and merge the contents
+   * into {@code builder}.
+   */
+  public static void merge(final Readable input,
+                           final Message.Builder builder)
+                           throws IOException {
+    PARSER.merge(input, builder);
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Parse a text-format message from {@code input} and merge the contents
+   * into {@code builder}.
+   */
+  public static void merge(final CharSequence input,
+                           final Message.Builder builder)
+                           throws ParseException {
+    PARSER.merge(input, builder);
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Parse a text-format message from {@code input} and merge the contents
+   * into {@code builder}.  Extensions will be recognized if they are
+   * registered in {@code extensionRegistry}.
+   */
+  public static void merge(final Readable input,
+                           final ExtensionRegistry extensionRegistry,
+                           final Message.Builder builder)
+                           throws IOException {
+    PARSER.merge(input, extensionRegistry, builder);
+  }
+
+
+  /**
+   * Parse a text-format message from {@code input} and merge the contents
+   * into {@code builder}.  Extensions will be recognized if they are
+   * registered in {@code extensionRegistry}.
+   */
+  public static void merge(final CharSequence input,
+                           final ExtensionRegistry extensionRegistry,
+                           final Message.Builder builder)
+                           throws ParseException {
+    PARSER.merge(input, extensionRegistry, builder);
+  }
+
+
+  /**
+   * Parser for text-format proto2 instances. This class is thread-safe.
+   * The implementation largely follows google/protobuf/text_format.cc.
+   *
+   * <p>Use {@link TextFormat#getParser()} to obtain the default parser, or
+   * {@link Builder} to control the parser behavior.
+   */
+  public static class Parser {
+    /**
+     * Determines if repeated values for non-repeated fields and
+     * oneofs are permitted. For example, given required/optional field "foo"
+     * and a oneof containing "baz" and "qux":
+     * <ul>
+     * <li>"foo: 1 foo: 2"
+     * <li>"baz: 1 qux: 2"
+     * <li>merging "foo: 2" into a proto in which foo is already set, or
+     * <li>merging "qux: 2" into a proto in which baz is already set.
+     * </ul>
+     */
+    public enum SingularOverwritePolicy {
+      /** The last value is retained. */
+      ALLOW_SINGULAR_OVERWRITES,
+      /** An error is issued. */
+      FORBID_SINGULAR_OVERWRITES
+    }
+
+    private final boolean allowUnknownFields;
+    private final SingularOverwritePolicy singularOverwritePolicy;
+    private TextFormatParseInfoTree.Builder parseInfoTreeBuilder;
+
+    private Parser(
+        boolean allowUnknownFields, SingularOverwritePolicy singularOverwritePolicy,
+        TextFormatParseInfoTree.Builder parseInfoTreeBuilder) {
+      this.allowUnknownFields = allowUnknownFields;
+      this.singularOverwritePolicy = singularOverwritePolicy;
+      this.parseInfoTreeBuilder = parseInfoTreeBuilder;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Returns a new instance of {@link Builder}.
+     */
+    public static Builder newBuilder() {
+      return new Builder();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Builder that can be used to obtain new instances of {@link Parser}.
+     */
+    public static class Builder {
+      private boolean allowUnknownFields = false;
+      private SingularOverwritePolicy singularOverwritePolicy =
+          SingularOverwritePolicy.ALLOW_SINGULAR_OVERWRITES;
+      private TextFormatParseInfoTree.Builder parseInfoTreeBuilder = null;
+
+
+      /**
+       * Sets parser behavior when a non-repeated field appears more than once.
+       */
+      public Builder setSingularOverwritePolicy(SingularOverwritePolicy p) {
+        this.singularOverwritePolicy = p;
+        return this;
+      }
+
+      public Builder setParseInfoTreeBuilder(
+          TextFormatParseInfoTree.Builder parseInfoTreeBuilder) {
+        this.parseInfoTreeBuilder = parseInfoTreeBuilder;
+        return this;
+      }
+
+      public Parser build() {
+        return new Parser(
+            allowUnknownFields, singularOverwritePolicy, parseInfoTreeBuilder);
+      }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Parse a text-format message from {@code input} and merge the contents
+     * into {@code builder}.
+     */
+    public void merge(final Readable input,
+                      final Message.Builder builder)
+                      throws IOException {
+      merge(input, ExtensionRegistry.getEmptyRegistry(), builder);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Parse a text-format message from {@code input} and merge the contents
+     * into {@code builder}.
+     */
+    public void merge(final CharSequence input,
+                      final Message.Builder builder)
+                      throws ParseException {
+      merge(input, ExtensionRegistry.getEmptyRegistry(), builder);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Parse a text-format message from {@code input} and merge the contents
+     * into {@code builder}.  Extensions will be recognized if they are
+     * registered in {@code extensionRegistry}.
+     */
+    public void merge(final Readable input,
+                      final ExtensionRegistry extensionRegistry,
+                      final Message.Builder builder)
+                      throws IOException {
+      // Read the entire input to a String then parse that.
+
+      // If StreamTokenizer were not quite so crippled, or if there were a kind
+      // of Reader that could read in chunks that match some particular regex,
+      // or if we wanted to write a custom Reader to tokenize our stream, then
+      // we would not have to read to one big String.  Alas, none of these is
+      // the case.  Oh well.
+
+      merge(toStringBuilder(input), extensionRegistry, builder);
+    }
+
+
+    private static final int BUFFER_SIZE = 4096;
+
+    // TODO(chrisn): See if working around java.io.Reader#read(CharBuffer)
+    // overhead is worthwhile
+    private static StringBuilder toStringBuilder(final Readable input)
+        throws IOException {
+      final StringBuilder text = new StringBuilder();
+      final CharBuffer buffer = CharBuffer.allocate(BUFFER_SIZE);
+      while (true) {
+        final int n = input.read(buffer);
+        if (n == -1) {
+          break;
+        }
+        buffer.flip();
+        text.append(buffer, 0, n);
+      }
+      return text;
+    }
+
+    // Check both unknown fields and unknown extensions and log warming messages
+    // or throw exceptions according to the flag.
+    private void checkUnknownFields(final List<String> unknownFields)
+        throws ParseException {
+      if (unknownFields.isEmpty()) {
+        return;
+      }
+
+      StringBuilder msg = new StringBuilder("Input contains unknown fields and/or extensions:");
+      for (String field : unknownFields) {
+        msg.append('\n').append(field);
+      }
+
+      if (allowUnknownFields) {
+          logger.warning(msg.toString());
+      } else {
+        String[] lineColumn = unknownFields.get(0).split(":");
+        throw new ParseException(Integer.valueOf(lineColumn[0]),
+            Integer.valueOf(lineColumn[1]), msg.toString());
+      }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Parse a text-format message from {@code input} and merge the contents
+     * into {@code builder}.  Extensions will be recognized if they are
+     * registered in {@code extensionRegistry}.
+     */
+    public void merge(final CharSequence input,
+                      final ExtensionRegistry extensionRegistry,
+                      final Message.Builder builder)
+                      throws ParseException {
+      final Tokenizer tokenizer = new Tokenizer(input);
+      MessageReflection.BuilderAdapter target =
+          new MessageReflection.BuilderAdapter(builder);
+
+      List<String> unknownFields = new ArrayList<String>();
+
+      while (!tokenizer.atEnd()) {
+        mergeField(tokenizer, extensionRegistry, target, unknownFields);
+      }
+
+      checkUnknownFields(unknownFields);
+    }
+
+
+    /**
+     * Parse a single field from {@code tokenizer} and merge it into
+     * {@code builder}.
+     */
+    private void mergeField(final Tokenizer tokenizer,
+                            final ExtensionRegistry extensionRegistry,
+                            final MessageReflection.MergeTarget target,
+                            List<String> unknownFields)
+                            throws ParseException {
+      mergeField(tokenizer, extensionRegistry, target, parseInfoTreeBuilder,
+                 unknownFields);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Parse a single field from {@code tokenizer} and merge it into
+     * {@code builder}.
+     */
+    private void mergeField(final Tokenizer tokenizer,
+                            final ExtensionRegistry extensionRegistry,
+                            final MessageReflection.MergeTarget target,
+                            TextFormatParseInfoTree.Builder parseTreeBuilder,
+                            List<String> unknownFields)
+                            throws ParseException {
+      FieldDescriptor field = null;
+      int startLine = tokenizer.getLine();
+      int startColumn = tokenizer.getColumn();
+      final Descriptor type = target.getDescriptorForType();
+      ExtensionRegistry.ExtensionInfo extension = null;
+
+      if (tokenizer.tryConsume("[")) {
+        // An extension.
+        final StringBuilder name =
+            new StringBuilder(tokenizer.consumeIdentifier());
+        while (tokenizer.tryConsume(".")) {
+          name.append('.');
+          name.append(tokenizer.consumeIdentifier());
+        }
+
+        extension = target.findExtensionByName(
+            extensionRegistry, name.toString());
+
+        if (extension == null) {
+          unknownFields.add((tokenizer.getPreviousLine() + 1) + ":" +
+              (tokenizer.getPreviousColumn() + 1) + ":\t" +
+              type.getFullName() + ".[" + name + "]");
+        } else {
+          if (extension.descriptor.getContainingType() != type) {
+            throw tokenizer.parseExceptionPreviousToken(
+              "Extension \"" + name + "\" does not extend message type \""
+              + type.getFullName() + "\".");
+          }
+          field = extension.descriptor;
+        }
+
+        tokenizer.consume("]");
+      } else {
+        final String name = tokenizer.consumeIdentifier();
+        field = type.findFieldByName(name);
+
+        // Group names are expected to be capitalized as they appear in the
+        // .proto file, which actually matches their type names, not their field
+        // names.
+        if (field == null) {
+          // Explicitly specify US locale so that this code does not break when
+          // executing in Turkey.
+          final String lowerName = name.toLowerCase(Locale.US);
+          field = type.findFieldByName(lowerName);
+          // If the case-insensitive match worked but the field is NOT a group,
+          if (field != null && field.getType() != FieldDescriptor.Type.GROUP) {
+            field = null;
+          }
+        }
+        // Again, special-case group names as described above.
+        if (field != null && field.getType() == FieldDescriptor.Type.GROUP
+            && !field.getMessageType().getName().equals(name)) {
+          field = null;
+        }
+
+        if (field == null) {
+          unknownFields.add((tokenizer.getPreviousLine() + 1) + ":" +
+              (tokenizer.getPreviousColumn() + 1) + ":\t" +
+              type.getFullName() + "." + name);
+        }
+      }
+
+      // Skips unknown fields.
+      if (field == null) {
+        // Try to guess the type of this field.
+        // If this field is not a message, there should be a ":" between the
+        // field name and the field value and also the field value should not
+        // start with "{" or "<" which indicates the beginning of a message body.
+        // If there is no ":" or there is a "{" or "<" after ":", this field has
+        // to be a message or the input is ill-formed.
+        if (tokenizer.tryConsume(":")
+            && !tokenizer.lookingAt("{")
+            && !tokenizer.lookingAt("<")) {
+          skipFieldValue(tokenizer);
+        } else {
+          skipFieldMessage(tokenizer);
+        }
+        return;
+      }
+
+      // Handle potential ':'.
+      if (field.getJavaType() == FieldDescriptor.JavaType.MESSAGE) {
+        tokenizer.tryConsume(":");  // optional
+        if (parseTreeBuilder != null) {
+          TextFormatParseInfoTree.Builder childParseTreeBuilder =
+              parseTreeBuilder.getBuilderForSubMessageField(field);
+          consumeFieldValues(tokenizer, extensionRegistry, target, field, extension,
+              childParseTreeBuilder, unknownFields);
+        } else {
+          consumeFieldValues(tokenizer, extensionRegistry, target, field, extension,
+              parseTreeBuilder, unknownFields);
+        }
+      } else {
+        tokenizer.consume(":");  // required
+        consumeFieldValues(tokenizer, extensionRegistry, target, field,
+            extension, parseTreeBuilder, unknownFields);
+      }
+
+      if (parseTreeBuilder != null) {
+        parseTreeBuilder.setLocation(
+            field, TextFormatParseLocation.create(startLine, startColumn));
+      }
+
+      // For historical reasons, fields may optionally be separated by commas or
+      // semicolons.
+      if (!tokenizer.tryConsume(";")) {
+        tokenizer.tryConsume(",");
+      }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Parse a one or more field values from {@code tokenizer} and merge it into
+     * {@code builder}.
+     */
+    private void consumeFieldValues(
+        final Tokenizer tokenizer,
+        final ExtensionRegistry extensionRegistry,
+        final MessageReflection.MergeTarget target,
+        final FieldDescriptor field,
+        final ExtensionRegistry.ExtensionInfo extension,
+        final TextFormatParseInfoTree.Builder parseTreeBuilder,
+        List<String> unknownFields)
+        throws ParseException {
+      // Support specifying repeated field values as a comma-separated list.
+      // Ex."foo: [1, 2, 3]"
+      if (field.isRepeated() && tokenizer.tryConsume("[")) {
+        if (!tokenizer.tryConsume("]")) {  // Allow "foo: []" to be treated as empty.
+          while (true) {
+            consumeFieldValue(
+                tokenizer,
+                extensionRegistry,
+                target,
+                field,
+                extension,
+                parseTreeBuilder,
+                unknownFields);
+            if (tokenizer.tryConsume("]")) {
+              // End of list.
+              break;
+            }
+            tokenizer.consume(",");
+          }
+        }
+      } else {
+        consumeFieldValue(tokenizer, extensionRegistry, target, field,
+            extension, parseTreeBuilder, unknownFields);
+      }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Parse a single field value from {@code tokenizer} and merge it into
+     * {@code builder}.
+     */
+    private void consumeFieldValue(
+        final Tokenizer tokenizer,
+        final ExtensionRegistry extensionRegistry,
+        final MessageReflection.MergeTarget target,
+        final FieldDescriptor field,
+        final ExtensionRegistry.ExtensionInfo extension,
+        final TextFormatParseInfoTree.Builder parseTreeBuilder,
+        List<String> unknownFields)
+        throws ParseException {
+      Object value = null;
+
+      if (field.getJavaType() == FieldDescriptor.JavaType.MESSAGE) {
+        final String endToken;
+        if (tokenizer.tryConsume("<")) {
+          endToken = ">";
+        } else {
+          tokenizer.consume("{");
+          endToken = "}";
+        }
+
+        final MessageReflection.MergeTarget subField;
+        subField = target.newMergeTargetForField(field,
+            (extension == null) ? null : extension.defaultInstance);
+
+        while (!tokenizer.tryConsume(endToken)) {
+          if (tokenizer.atEnd()) {
+            throw tokenizer.parseException(
+              "Expected \"" + endToken + "\".");
+          }
+          mergeField(tokenizer, extensionRegistry, subField, parseTreeBuilder,
+              unknownFields);
+        }
+
+        value = subField.finish();
+
+      } else {
+        switch (field.getType()) {
+          case INT32:
+          case SINT32:
+          case SFIXED32:
+            value = tokenizer.consumeInt32();
+            break;
+
+          case INT64:
+          case SINT64:
+          case SFIXED64:
+            value = tokenizer.consumeInt64();
+            break;
+
+          case UINT32:
+          case FIXED32:
+            value = tokenizer.consumeUInt32();
+            break;
+
+          case UINT64:
+          case FIXED64:
+            value = tokenizer.consumeUInt64();
+            break;
+
+          case FLOAT:
+            value = tokenizer.consumeFloat();
+            break;
+
+          case DOUBLE:
+            value = tokenizer.consumeDouble();
+            break;
+
+          case BOOL:
+            value = tokenizer.consumeBoolean();
+            break;
+
+          case STRING:
+            value = tokenizer.consumeString();
+            break;
+
+          case BYTES:
+            value = tokenizer.consumeByteString();
+            break;
+
+          case ENUM:
+            final EnumDescriptor enumType = field.getEnumType();
+
+            if (tokenizer.lookingAtInteger()) {
+              final int number = tokenizer.consumeInt32();
+              value = enumType.findValueByNumber(number);
+              if (value == null) {
+                throw tokenizer.parseExceptionPreviousToken(
+                  "Enum type \"" + enumType.getFullName()
+                  + "\" has no value with number " + number + '.');
+              }
+            } else {
+              final String id = tokenizer.consumeIdentifier();
+              value = enumType.findValueByName(id);
+              if (value == null) {
+                throw tokenizer.parseExceptionPreviousToken(
+                  "Enum type \"" + enumType.getFullName()
+                  + "\" has no value named \"" + id + "\".");
+              }
+            }
+
+            break;
+
+          case MESSAGE:
+          case GROUP:
+            throw new RuntimeException("Can't get here.");
+        }
+      }
+
+      if (field.isRepeated()) {
+        target.addRepeatedField(field, value);
+      } else if ((singularOverwritePolicy
+              == SingularOverwritePolicy.FORBID_SINGULAR_OVERWRITES)
+          && target.hasField(field)) {
+        throw tokenizer.parseExceptionPreviousToken("Non-repeated field \""
+            + field.getFullName() + "\" cannot be overwritten.");
+      } else if ((singularOverwritePolicy
+              == SingularOverwritePolicy.FORBID_SINGULAR_OVERWRITES)
+          && field.getContainingOneof() != null
+          && target.hasOneof(field.getContainingOneof())) {
+        Descriptors.OneofDescriptor oneof = field.getContainingOneof();
+        throw tokenizer.parseExceptionPreviousToken("Field \""
+            + field.getFullName() + "\" is specified along with field \""
+            + target.getOneofFieldDescriptor(oneof).getFullName()
+            + "\", another member of oneof \"" + oneof.getName() + "\".");
+      } else {
+        target.setField(field, value);
+      }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Skips the next field including the field's name and value.
+     */
+    private void skipField(Tokenizer tokenizer) throws ParseException {
+      if (tokenizer.tryConsume("[")) {
+        // Extension name.
+        do {
+          tokenizer.consumeIdentifier();
+        } while (tokenizer.tryConsume("."));
+        tokenizer.consume("]");
+      } else {
+        tokenizer.consumeIdentifier();
+      }
+
+      // Try to guess the type of this field.
+      // If this field is not a message, there should be a ":" between the
+      // field name and the field value and also the field value should not
+      // start with "{" or "<" which indicates the beginning of a message body.
+      // If there is no ":" or there is a "{" or "<" after ":", this field has
+      // to be a message or the input is ill-formed.
+      if (tokenizer.tryConsume(":")
+          && !tokenizer.lookingAt("<")
+          && !tokenizer.lookingAt("{")) {
+        skipFieldValue(tokenizer);
+      } else {
+        skipFieldMessage(tokenizer);
+      }
+      // For historical reasons, fields may optionally be separated by commas or
+      // semicolons.
+      if (!tokenizer.tryConsume(";")) {
+        tokenizer.tryConsume(",");
+      }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Skips the whole body of a message including the beginning delimiter and
+     * the ending delimiter.
+     */
+    private void skipFieldMessage(Tokenizer tokenizer) throws ParseException {
+      final String delimiter;
+      if (tokenizer.tryConsume("<")) {
+        delimiter = ">";
+      } else {
+        tokenizer.consume("{");
+        delimiter = "}";
+      }
+      while (!tokenizer.lookingAt(">") && !tokenizer.lookingAt("}")) {
+        skipField(tokenizer);
+      }
+      tokenizer.consume(delimiter);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Skips a field value.
+     */
+    private void skipFieldValue(Tokenizer tokenizer) throws ParseException {
+      if (tokenizer.tryConsumeString()) {
+        while (tokenizer.tryConsumeString()) {}
+        return;
+      }
+      if (!tokenizer.tryConsumeIdentifier()   // includes enum & boolean
+          && !tokenizer.tryConsumeInt64()     // includes int32
+          && !tokenizer.tryConsumeUInt64()    // includes uint32
+          && !tokenizer.tryConsumeDouble()
+          && !tokenizer.tryConsumeFloat()) {
+        throw tokenizer.parseException(
+            "Invalid field value: " + tokenizer.currentToken);
+      }
+    }
+  }
+
+  // =================================================================
+  // Utility functions
+  //
+  // Some of these methods are package-private because Descriptors.java uses
+  // them.
+
+  /**
+   * Escapes bytes in the format used in protocol buffer text format, which
+   * is the same as the format used for C string literals.  All bytes
+   * that are not printable 7-bit ASCII characters are escaped, as well as
+   * backslash, single-quote, and double-quote characters.  Characters for
+   * which no defined short-hand escape sequence is defined will be escaped
+   * using 3-digit octal sequences.
+   */
+  public static String escapeBytes(ByteString input) {
+    return TextFormatEscaper.escapeBytes(input);
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Like {@link #escapeBytes(ByteString)}, but used for byte array.
+   */
+  public static String escapeBytes(byte[] input) {
+    return TextFormatEscaper.escapeBytes(input);
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Un-escape a byte sequence as escaped using
+   * {@link #escapeBytes(ByteString)}.  Two-digit hex escapes (starting with
+   * "\x") are also recognized.
+   */
+  public static ByteString unescapeBytes(final CharSequence charString)
+      throws InvalidEscapeSequenceException {
+    // First convert the Java character sequence to UTF-8 bytes.
+    ByteString input = ByteString.copyFromUtf8(charString.toString());
+    // Then unescape certain byte sequences introduced by ASCII '\\'.  The valid
+    // escapes can all be expressed with ASCII characters, so it is safe to
+    // operate on bytes here.
+    //
+    // Unescaping the input byte array will result in a byte sequence that's no
+    // longer than the input.  That's because each escape sequence is between
+    // two and four bytes long and stands for a single byte.
+    final byte[] result = new byte[input.size()];
+    int pos = 0;
+    for (int i = 0; i < input.size(); i++) {
+      byte c = input.byteAt(i);
+      if (c == '\\') {
+        if (i + 1 < input.size()) {
+          ++i;
+          c = input.byteAt(i);
+          if (isOctal(c)) {
+            // Octal escape.
+            int code = digitValue(c);
+            if (i + 1 < input.size() && isOctal(input.byteAt(i + 1))) {
+              ++i;
+              code = code * 8 + digitValue(input.byteAt(i));
+            }
+            if (i + 1 < input.size() && isOctal(input.byteAt(i + 1))) {
+              ++i;
+              code = code * 8 + digitValue(input.byteAt(i));
+            }
+            // TODO: Check that 0 <= code && code <= 0xFF.
+            result[pos++] = (byte) code;
+          } else {
+            switch (c) {
+              case 'a' : result[pos++] = 0x07; break;
+              case 'b' : result[pos++] = '\b'; break;
+              case 'f' : result[pos++] = '\f'; break;
+              case 'n' : result[pos++] = '\n'; break;
+              case 'r' : result[pos++] = '\r'; break;
+              case 't' : result[pos++] = '\t'; break;
+              case 'v' : result[pos++] = 0x0b; break;
+              case '\\': result[pos++] = '\\'; break;
+              case '\'': result[pos++] = '\''; break;
+              case '"' : result[pos++] = '\"'; break;
+
+              case 'x':
+                // hex escape
+                int code = 0;
+                if (i + 1 < input.size() && isHex(input.byteAt(i + 1))) {
+                  ++i;
+                  code = digitValue(input.byteAt(i));
+                } else {
+                  throw new InvalidEscapeSequenceException(
+                      "Invalid escape sequence: '\\x' with no digits");
+                }
+                if (i + 1 < input.size() && isHex(input.byteAt(i + 1))) {
+                  ++i;
+                  code = code * 16 + digitValue(input.byteAt(i));
+                }
+                result[pos++] = (byte) code;
+                break;
+
+              default:
+                throw new InvalidEscapeSequenceException(
+                    "Invalid escape sequence: '\\" + (char) c + '\'');
+            }
+          }
+        } else {
+          throw new InvalidEscapeSequenceException(
+              "Invalid escape sequence: '\\' at end of string.");
+        }
+      } else {
+        result[pos++] = c;
+      }
+    }
+
+    return result.length == pos
+        ? ByteString.wrap(result)  // This reference has not been out of our control.
+        : ByteString.copyFrom(result, 0, pos);
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Thrown by {@link TextFormat#unescapeBytes} and
+   * {@link TextFormat#unescapeText} when an invalid escape sequence is seen.
+   */
+  public static class InvalidEscapeSequenceException extends IOException {
+    private static final long serialVersionUID = -8164033650142593304L;
+
+    InvalidEscapeSequenceException(final String description) {
+      super(description);
+    }
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Like {@link #escapeBytes(ByteString)}, but escapes a text string.
+   * Non-ASCII characters are first encoded as UTF-8, then each byte is escaped
+   * individually as a 3-digit octal escape.  Yes, it's weird.
+   */
+  static String escapeText(final String input) {
+    return escapeBytes(ByteString.copyFromUtf8(input));
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Escape double quotes and backslashes in a String for unicode output of a message.
+   */
+  public static String escapeDoubleQuotesAndBackslashes(final String input) {
+    return TextFormatEscaper.escapeDoubleQuotesAndBackslashes(input);
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Un-escape a text string as escaped using {@link #escapeText(String)}.
+   * Two-digit hex escapes (starting with "\x") are also recognized.
+   */
+  static String unescapeText(final String input)
+                             throws InvalidEscapeSequenceException {
+    return unescapeBytes(input).toStringUtf8();
+  }
+
+  /** Is this an octal digit? */
+  private static boolean isOctal(final byte c) {
+    return '0' <= c && c <= '7';
+  }
+
+  /** Is this a hex digit? */
+  private static boolean isHex(final byte c) {
+    return ('0' <= c && c <= '9')
+        || ('a' <= c && c <= 'f')
+        || ('A' <= c && c <= 'F');
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Interpret a character as a digit (in any base up to 36) and return the
+   * numeric value.  This is like {@code Character.digit()} but we don't accept
+   * non-ASCII digits.
+   */
+  private static int digitValue(final byte c) {
+    if ('0' <= c && c <= '9') {
+      return c - '0';
+    } else if ('a' <= c && c <= 'z') {
+      return c - 'a' + 10;
+    } else {
+      return c - 'A' + 10;
+    }
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Parse a 32-bit signed integer from the text.  Unlike the Java standard
+   * {@code Integer.parseInt()}, this function recognizes the prefixes "0x"
+   * and "0" to signify hexadecimal and octal numbers, respectively.
+   */
+  static int parseInt32(final String text) throws NumberFormatException {
+    return (int) parseInteger(text, true, false);
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Parse a 32-bit unsigned integer from the text.  Unlike the Java standard
+   * {@code Integer.parseInt()}, this function recognizes the prefixes "0x"
+   * and "0" to signify hexadecimal and octal numbers, respectively.  The
+   * result is coerced to a (signed) {@code int} when returned since Java has
+   * no unsigned integer type.
+   */
+  static int parseUInt32(final String text) throws NumberFormatException {
+    return (int) parseInteger(text, false, false);
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Parse a 64-bit signed integer from the text.  Unlike the Java standard
+   * {@code Integer.parseInt()}, this function recognizes the prefixes "0x"
+   * and "0" to signify hexadecimal and octal numbers, respectively.
+   */
+  static long parseInt64(final String text) throws NumberFormatException {
+    return parseInteger(text, true, true);
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Parse a 64-bit unsigned integer from the text.  Unlike the Java standard
+   * {@code Integer.parseInt()}, this function recognizes the prefixes "0x"
+   * and "0" to signify hexadecimal and octal numbers, respectively.  The
+   * result is coerced to a (signed) {@code long} when returned since Java has
+   * no unsigned long type.
+   */
+  static long parseUInt64(final String text) throws NumberFormatException {
+    return parseInteger(text, false, true);
+  }
+
+  private static long parseInteger(final String text,
+                                   final boolean isSigned,
+                                   final boolean isLong)
+                                   throws NumberFormatException {
+    int pos = 0;
+
+    boolean negative = false;
+    if (text.startsWith("-", pos)) {
+      if (!isSigned) {
+        throw new NumberFormatException("Number must be positive: " + text);
+      }
+      ++pos;
+      negative = true;
+    }
+
+    int radix = 10;
+    if (text.startsWith("0x", pos)) {
+      pos += 2;
+      radix = 16;
+    } else if (text.startsWith("0", pos)) {
+      radix = 8;
+    }
+
+    final String numberText = text.substring(pos);
+
+    long result = 0;
+    if (numberText.length() < 16) {
+      // Can safely assume no overflow.
+      result = Long.parseLong(numberText, radix);
+      if (negative) {
+        result = -result;
+      }
+
+      // Check bounds.
+      // No need to check for 64-bit numbers since they'd have to be 16 chars
+      // or longer to overflow.
+      if (!isLong) {
+        if (isSigned) {
+          if (result > Integer.MAX_VALUE || result < Integer.MIN_VALUE) {
+            throw new NumberFormatException(
+              "Number out of range for 32-bit signed integer: " + text);
+          }
+        } else {
+          if (result >= (1L << 32) || result < 0) {
+            throw new NumberFormatException(
+              "Number out of range for 32-bit unsigned integer: " + text);
+          }
+        }
+      }
+    } else {
+      BigInteger bigValue = new BigInteger(numberText, radix);
+      if (negative) {
+        bigValue = bigValue.negate();
+      }
+
+      // Check bounds.
+      if (!isLong) {
+        if (isSigned) {
+          if (bigValue.bitLength() > 31) {
+            throw new NumberFormatException(
+              "Number out of range for 32-bit signed integer: " + text);
+          }
+        } else {
+          if (bigValue.bitLength() > 32) {
+            throw new NumberFormatException(
+              "Number out of range for 32-bit unsigned integer: " + text);
+          }
+        }
+      } else {
+        if (isSigned) {
+          if (bigValue.bitLength() > 63) {
+            throw new NumberFormatException(
+              "Number out of range for 64-bit signed integer: " + text);
+          }
+        } else {
+          if (bigValue.bitLength() > 64) {
+            throw new NumberFormatException(
+              "Number out of range for 64-bit unsigned integer: " + text);
+          }
+        }
+      }
+
+      result = bigValue.longValue();
+    }
+
+    return result;
+  }
+}

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hbase/blob/6786b2b6/hbase-protocol-shaded/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/shaded/com/google/protobuf/TextFormatEscaper.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hbase-protocol-shaded/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/shaded/com/google/protobuf/TextFormatEscaper.java b/hbase-protocol-shaded/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/shaded/com/google/protobuf/TextFormatEscaper.java
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..7c50c5d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/hbase-protocol-shaded/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/shaded/com/google/protobuf/TextFormatEscaper.java
@@ -0,0 +1,137 @@
+// Protocol Buffers - Google's data interchange format
+// Copyright 2008 Google Inc.  All rights reserved.
+// https://developers.google.com/protocol-buffers/
+//
+// Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
+// modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
+// met:
+//
+//     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
+// notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
+//     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
+// copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer
+// in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
+// distribution.
+//     * Neither the name of Google Inc. nor the names of its
+// contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from
+// this software without specific prior written permission.
+//
+// THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
+// "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+// LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
+// A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
+// OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
+// SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+// LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
+// DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
+// THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
+// (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
+// OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
+
+package org.apache.hadoop.hbase.shaded.com.google.protobuf;
+
+/**
+ * Provide text format escaping support for proto2 instances.
+ */
+final class TextFormatEscaper {
+  private TextFormatEscaper() {}
+
+  private interface ByteSequence {
+    int size();
+    byte byteAt(int offset);
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Escapes bytes in the format used in protocol buffer text format, which
+   * is the same as the format used for C string literals.  All bytes
+   * that are not printable 7-bit ASCII characters are escaped, as well as
+   * backslash, single-quote, and double-quote characters.  Characters for
+   * which no defined short-hand escape sequence is defined will be escaped
+   * using 3-digit octal sequences.
+   */
+  static String escapeBytes(final ByteSequence input) {
+    final StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder(input.size());
+    for (int i = 0; i < input.size(); i++) {
+      final byte b = input.byteAt(i);
+      switch (b) {
+        // Java does not recognize \a or \v, apparently.
+        case 0x07: builder.append("\\a"); break;
+        case '\b': builder.append("\\b"); break;
+        case '\f': builder.append("\\f"); break;
+        case '\n': builder.append("\\n"); break;
+        case '\r': builder.append("\\r"); break;
+        case '\t': builder.append("\\t"); break;
+        case 0x0b: builder.append("\\v"); break;
+        case '\\': builder.append("\\\\"); break;
+        case '\'': builder.append("\\\'"); break;
+        case '"' : builder.append("\\\""); break;
+        default:
+          // Only ASCII characters between 0x20 (space) and 0x7e (tilde) are
+          // printable.  Other byte values must be escaped.
+          if (b >= 0x20 && b <= 0x7e) {
+            builder.append((char) b);
+          } else {
+            builder.append('\\');
+            builder.append((char) ('0' + ((b >>> 6) & 3)));
+            builder.append((char) ('0' + ((b >>> 3) & 7)));
+            builder.append((char) ('0' + (b & 7)));
+          }
+          break;
+      }
+    }
+    return builder.toString();
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Escapes bytes in the format used in protocol buffer text format, which
+   * is the same as the format used for C string literals.  All bytes
+   * that are not printable 7-bit ASCII characters are escaped, as well as
+   * backslash, single-quote, and double-quote characters.  Characters for
+   * which no defined short-hand escape sequence is defined will be escaped
+   * using 3-digit octal sequences.
+   */
+  static String escapeBytes(final ByteString input) {
+    return escapeBytes(new ByteSequence() {
+      @Override
+      public int size() {
+        return input.size();
+      }
+      @Override
+      public byte byteAt(int offset) {
+        return input.byteAt(offset);
+      }
+    });
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Like {@link #escapeBytes(ByteString)}, but used for byte array.
+   */
+  static String escapeBytes(final byte[] input) {
+    return escapeBytes(new ByteSequence() {
+      @Override
+      public int size() {
+        return input.length;
+      }
+      @Override
+      public byte byteAt(int offset) {
+        return input[offset];
+      }
+    });
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Like {@link #escapeBytes(ByteString)}, but escapes a text string.
+   * Non-ASCII characters are first encoded as UTF-8, then each byte is escaped
+   * individually as a 3-digit octal escape.  Yes, it's weird.
+   */
+  static String escapeText(final String input) {
+    return escapeBytes(ByteString.copyFromUtf8(input));
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Escape double quotes and backslashes in a String for unicode output of a message.
+   */
+  static String escapeDoubleQuotesAndBackslashes(final String input) {
+    return input.replace("\\", "\\\\").replace("\"", "\\\"");
+  }
+}


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