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From apurt...@apache.org
Subject [09/30] hbase git commit: HBASE-12918 Backport asciidoc changes (Enis Soztutar)
Date Wed, 28 Jan 2015 02:59:35 GMT
http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hbase/blob/7bf6c024/src/main/docbkx/developer.xml
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/src/main/docbkx/developer.xml b/src/main/docbkx/developer.xml
deleted file mode 100644
index 268a0b9..0000000
--- a/src/main/docbkx/developer.xml
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,1444 +0,0 @@
-<?xml version="1.0"?>
-    <chapter xml:id="developer"
-      version="5.0" xmlns="http://docbook.org/ns/docbook"
-      xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink"
-      xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
-      xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg"
-      xmlns:m="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"
-      xmlns:html="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"
-      xmlns:db="http://docbook.org/ns/docbook">
-<!--
-/**
- * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
- * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
- * distributed with this work for additional information
- * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
- * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
- * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
- * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
- *
- *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
- *
- * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
- * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
- * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
- * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
- * limitations under the License.
- */
--->
-    <title>Building and Developing Apache HBase</title>
-    <para>This chapter will be of interest only to those building and developing Apache HBase (i.e., as opposed to
-    just downloading the latest distribution).
-    </para>
-    <section xml:id="repos">
-      <title>Apache HBase Repositories</title>
-      <para>There are two different repositories for Apache HBase: Subversion (SVN) and Git. The former
-          is the system of record for committers, but the latter is easier to work with to build and contribute.
-          SVN updates get automatically propagated to the Git repo.</para>
-      <section xml:id="svn">
-        <title>SVN</title>
-        <programlisting>
-svn co http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/hbase/trunk hbase-core-trunk
-        </programlisting>
-      </section>
-      <section xml:id="git">
-        <title>Git</title>
-        <programlisting>
-git clone git://git.apache.org/hbase.git
-        </programlisting>
-          <para>
-              There is also a github repository that mirrors Apache git repository.  If you'd like to develop within github environment (collaborating, pull requests) you can get the source code by:
-              <programlisting>
-git clone git://github.com/apache/hbase.git
-              </programlisting>
-          </para>
-      </section>
-    </section>
-
-    <section xml:id="ides">
-        <title>IDEs</title>
-        <section xml:id="eclipse">
-          <title>Eclipse</title>
-            <section xml:id="eclipse.code.formatting">
-            <title>Code Formatting</title>
-            <para>Under the <filename>dev-support</filename> folder, you will find <filename>hbase_eclipse_formatter.xml</filename>.
-            We encourage you to have this formatter in place in eclipse when editing HBase code.  To load it into eclipse:
-<orderedlist>
-<listitem><para>Go to Eclipse->Preferences...</para></listitem>
-<listitem><para>In Preferences, Go to Java-&gt;Code Style-&gt;Formatter</para></listitem>
-<listitem><para>Import... <filename>hbase_eclipse_formatter.xml</filename></para></listitem>
-<listitem><para>Click Apply</para></listitem>
-<listitem><para>Still in Preferences, Go to Java->Editor->Save Actions</para></listitem>
-<listitem><para>Check the following:
-<orderedlist>
-<listitem><para>Perform the selected actions on save</para></listitem>
-<listitem><para>Format source code</para></listitem>
-<listitem><para>Format edited lines</para></listitem>
-</orderedlist>
-</para></listitem>
-<listitem><para>Click Apply</para></listitem>
-</orderedlist>
-</para>
-            <para>In addition to the automatic formatting, make sure you follow the style guidelines explained in <xref linkend="common.patch.feedback"/></para>
-            <para>Also, no @author tags - that's a rule.  Quality Javadoc comments are appreciated.  And include the Apache license.</para>
-            </section>
-            <section xml:id="eclipse.svn">
-            <title>Subversive Plugin</title>
-            <para>Download and install the Subversive plugin.</para>
-            <para>Set up an SVN Repository target from <xref linkend="svn"/>, then check out the code.</para>
-            </section>
-            <section xml:id="eclipse.git.plugin">
-            <title>Git Plugin</title>
-            <para>If you cloned the project via git, download and install the Git plugin (EGit). Attach to your local git repo (via the Git Repositories window) and you'll be able to see file revision history, generate patches, etc.</para>
-            </section>
-            <section xml:id="eclipse.maven.setup">
-            <title>HBase Project Setup in Eclipse</title>
-            <para>The easiest way is to use the m2eclipse plugin for Eclipse. Eclipse Indigo or newer has m2eclipse built-in, or it can be found here:http://www.eclipse.org/m2e/. M2Eclipse provides Maven integration for Eclipse - it even lets you use the direct Maven commands from within Eclipse to compile and test your project.</para>
-            <para>To import the project, you merely need to go to File->Import...Maven->Existing Maven Projects and then point Eclipse at the HBase root directory; m2eclipse will automatically find all the hbase modules for you.</para>
-            <para>If you install m2eclipse and import HBase in your workspace, you will have to fix your eclipse Build Path.
-            Remove <filename>target</filename> folder, add <filename>target/generated-jamon</filename>
-            and <filename>target/generated-sources/java</filename> folders. You may also remove from your Build Path
-            the exclusions on the <filename>src/main/resources</filename> and <filename>src/test/resources</filename>
-            to avoid error message in the console 'Failed to execute goal org.apache.maven.plugins:maven-antrun-plugin:1.6:run (default) on project hbase:
-            'An Ant BuildException has occured: Replace: source file .../target/classes/hbase-default.xml doesn't exist'. This will also
-            reduce the eclipse build cycles and make your life easier when developing.</para>
-            </section>
-            <section xml:id="eclipse.commandline">
-            <title>Import into eclipse with the command line</title>
-            <para>For those not inclined to use m2eclipse, you can generate the Eclipse files from the command line. First, run (you should only have to do this once):
-            <programlisting>mvn clean install -DskipTests</programlisting>
-            and then close Eclipse and execute...
-            <programlisting>mvn eclipse:eclipse</programlisting>
-            ... from your local HBase project directory in your workspace to generate some new <filename>.project</filename>
-            and <filename>.classpath</filename>files.  Then reopen Eclipse, or refresh your eclipse project (F5), and import
-            the .project file in the HBase directory to a workspace.
-            </para>
-            </section>
-            <section xml:id="eclipse.maven.class">
-            <title>Maven Classpath Variable</title>
-            <para>The <varname>M2_REPO</varname> classpath variable needs to be set up for the project.  This needs to be set to
-            your local Maven repository, which is usually <filename>~/.m2/repository</filename></para>
-            If this classpath variable is not configured, you will see compile errors in Eclipse like this...
-            <programlisting>
-Description	Resource	Path	Location	Type
-The project cannot be built until build path errors are resolved	hbase		Unknown	Java Problem
-Unbound classpath variable: 'M2_REPO/asm/asm/3.1/asm-3.1.jar' in project 'hbase'	hbase		Build path	Build Path Problem
-Unbound classpath variable: 'M2_REPO/com/github/stephenc/high-scale-lib/high-scale-lib/1.1.1/high-scale-lib-1.1.1.jar' in project 'hbase'	hbase		Build path	Build Path Problem
-Unbound classpath variable: 'M2_REPO/com/google/guava/guava/r09/guava-r09.jar' in project 'hbase'	hbase		Build path	Build Path Problem
-Unbound classpath variable: 'M2_REPO/com/google/protobuf/protobuf-java/2.3.0/protobuf-java-2.3.0.jar' in project 'hbase'	hbase		Build path	Build Path Problem Unbound classpath variable:
-            </programlisting>
-            </section>
-            <section xml:id="eclipse.issues">
-            <title>Eclipse Known Issues</title>
-            <para>Eclipse will currently complain about <filename>Bytes.java</filename>.  It is not possible to turn these errors off.</para>
-            <programlisting>
-Description	Resource	Path	Location	Type
-Access restriction: The method arrayBaseOffset(Class) from the type Unsafe is not accessible due to restriction on required library /System/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/1.6.0.jdk/Contents/Classes/classes.jar	Bytes.java	/hbase/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/util	line 1061	Java Problem
-Access restriction: The method arrayIndexScale(Class) from the type Unsafe is not accessible due to restriction on required library /System/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/1.6.0.jdk/Contents/Classes/classes.jar	Bytes.java	/hbase/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/util	line 1064	Java Problem
-Access restriction: The method getLong(Object, long) from the type Unsafe is not accessible due to restriction on required library /System/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/1.6.0.jdk/Contents/Classes/classes.jar	Bytes.java	/hbase/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/util	line 1111	Java Problem
-             </programlisting>
-             </section>
-             <section xml:id="eclipse.more">
-             <title>Eclipse - More Information</title>
-             <para>For additional information on setting up Eclipse for HBase development on Windows, see
-             <link xlink:href="http://michaelmorello.blogspot.com/2011/09/hbase-subversion-eclipse-windows.html">Michael Morello's blog</link> on the topic.
-             </para>
-             </section>
-        </section>
-    </section>
-
-    <section xml:id="build">
-       <title>Building Apache HBase</title>
-      <section xml:id="build.basic">
-       <title>Basic Compile</title>
-       <para>Thanks to maven, building HBase is pretty easy. You can read about the various maven commands in <xref linkend="maven.build.commands"/>,
-           but the simplest command to compile HBase from its java source code is:
-       <programlisting>
-mvn package -DskipTests
-       </programlisting>
-       Or, to clean up before compiling:
-       <programlisting>
-mvn clean package -DskipTests
-       </programlisting>
-       With Eclipse set up as explained above in <xref linkend="eclipse"/>, you can also simply use the build command in Eclipse.
-       To create the full installable HBase package takes a little bit more work, so read on.
-       </para>
-      </section>
-      <section xml:id="build.protobuf"><title>Build Protobuf</title>
-            <para>You may need to change the protobuf definitions that reside in the hbase-protocol module or other modules.</para>
-            <para>
-              The protobuf files are located in <link xlink:href="https://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/hbase/trunk/hbase-protocol/src/main/protobuf">hbase-protocol/src/main/protobuf</link>.
-              For the change to be effective, you will need to regenerate the classes. You can use maven profile compile-protobuf to do this.
-            <programlisting>
-mvn compile -Dcompile-protobuf
-or
-mvn compile -Pcompile-protobuf
-            </programlisting>
-
-You may also want to define protoc.path for the protoc binary
-             <programlisting>
-mvn compile -Dcompile-protobuf -Dprotoc.path=/opt/local/bin/protoc
-             </programlisting>
- Read the <link xlink:href="https://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/hbase/trunk/hbase-protocol/README.txt">hbase-protocol/README.txt</link> for more details.
-           </para>
-      </section>
-
-      <section xml:id="build.gotchas"><title>Build Gotchas</title>
-			<para>If you see <code>Unable to find resource 'VM_global_library.vm'</code>, ignore it.
-			Its not an error.  It is <link xlink:href="http://jira.codehaus.org/browse/MSITE-286">officially ugly</link> though.
-           </para>
-      </section>
-      <section xml:id="build.snappy">
-        <title>Building in snappy compression support</title>
-        <para>Pass <code>-Dsnappy</code> to trigger the snappy maven profile for building
-            snappy native libs into hbase.  See also <xref linkend="snappy.compression" /></para>
-      </section>
-    </section>
-
-    <section xml:id="releasing">
-       <title>Releasing Apache HBase</title>
-         <para>HBase 0.96.x will run on hadoop 1.x or hadoop 2.x but building, you
-             must choose which to build against; we cannot make a single HBase binary
-             to run against both hadoop1 and hadoop2. Since we include the Hadoop we were built
-             against -- so we can do standalone mode -- the set of modules included
-             in the tarball changes dependent on whether the hadoop1 or hadoop2 target chosen.
-             You can tell which HBase you have -- whether it is for hadoop1 or hadoop2
-             by looking at the version; the HBase for hadoop1 will include 'hadoop1' in its
-             version.  Ditto for hadoop2.
-         </para>
-         <para>Maven, our build system, natively will not let you have a single product
-             built against different dependencies.  Its understandable.  But neither could
-             we convince maven to change the set of included modules and write out
-             the correct poms w/ appropriate dependencies even though we have two
-             build targets; one for hadoop1 and another for hadoop2.  So, there is a prestep
-             required.  This prestep takes as input the current pom.xmls and it generates hadoop1 or
-             hadoop2 versions.  You then reference these generated poms when you build. Read on
-         for examples</para>
-<para xml:id="mvn.settings.file">Publishing to maven requires you sign the artifacts you want to upload.  To have the
-         build do this for you, you need to make sure you have a properly configured
-         <filename>settings.xml</filename> in your local repository under <filename>.m2</filename>.
-            Here is my <filename>~/.m2/settings.xml</filename>.
-        <programlisting>&lt;settings xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/SETTINGS/1.0.0"
-  xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
-  xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/SETTINGS/1.0.0
-                      http://maven.apache.org/xsd/settings-1.0.0.xsd">
-  &lt;servers>
-    &lt;!- To publish a snapshot of some part of Maven -->
-    &lt;server>
-      &lt;id>apache.snapshots.https&lt;/id>
-      &lt;username>YOUR_APACHE_ID
-      &lt;/username>
-      &lt;password>YOUR_APACHE_PASSWORD
-      &lt;/password>
-    &lt;/server>
-    &lt;!-- To publish a website using Maven -->
-    &lt;!-- To stage a release of some part of Maven -->
-    &lt;server>
-      &lt;id>apache.releases.https&lt;/id>
-      &lt;username>YOUR_APACHE_ID
-      &lt;/username>
-      &lt;password>YOUR_APACHE_PASSWORD
-      &lt;/password>
-    &lt;/server>
-  &lt;/servers>
-  &lt;profiles>
-    &lt;profile>
-      &lt;id>apache-release&lt;/id>
-      &lt;properties>
-    &lt;gpg.keyname>YOUR_KEYNAME&lt;/gpg.keyname>
-    &lt;!--Keyname is something like this ... 00A5F21E... do gpg --list-keys to find it-->
-    &lt;gpg.passphrase>YOUR_KEY_PASSWORD
-    &lt;/gpg.passphrase>
-      &lt;/properties>
-    &lt;/profile>
-  &lt;/profiles>
-&lt;/settings>
-        </programlisting>
-        </para>
-        <para>You must use maven 3.0.x (Check by running <command>mvn -version</command>).
-        </para>
-
-     <section xml:id="maven.release">
-         <title>Making a Release Candidate</title>
-         <para>I'll explain by running through the process.  See later in this section for more detail on particular steps.
-         </para>
-         <para>I would advise before you go about making a release candidate, do a practise run by deploying a SNAPSHOT.
-             Also, make sure builds have been passing recently for the branch from where you are going to take your
-             release.  You should also have tried recent branch tips out on a cluster under load running for instance
-             our hbase-it integration test suite for a few hours to 'burn in' the near-candidate bits.
-         </para>
-         <para>The script <filename>dev-support/make_rc.sh</filename> automates most of this.  It does all but the close of the
-             staging repository up in apache maven, the checking of the produced artifacts to ensure they are 'good' -- e.g.
-             undoing the produced tarballs, eyeballing them to make sure they look right then starting and checking all is
-            running properly --  and then the signing and pushing of the tarballs to people.apache.org.  Familiarize yourself
-         by all that is involved by reading the below before resorting to this release candidate-making script.</para>
-
-     <para>The <link xlink:href="http://wiki.apache.org/hadoop/HowToRelease">Hadoop How To Release</link> wiki
-         page informs much of the below and may have more detail on particular sections so it is worth review.</para>
-        <para>Update CHANGES.txt with the changes since the last release.
-            Make sure the URL to the JIRA points to the properly location listing fixes for this release.
-            Adjust the version in all the poms appropriately.  If you are making a release candidate, you must
-            remove the <emphasis>-SNAPSHOT</emphasis> from all versions.  If you are running this receipe to
-            publish a SNAPSHOT, you must keep the <emphasis>-SNAPSHOT</emphasis> suffix on the hbase version.
-             The <link xlink:href="http://mojo.codehaus.org/versions-maven-plugin/">Versions Maven Plugin</link> can be of use here.  To
-             set a version in all the many poms of the hbase multi-module project, do something like this:
-             <programlisting>$ mvn clean org.codehaus.mojo:versions-maven-plugin:1.3.1:set -DnewVersion=0.96.0</programlisting>
-             Checkin the <filename>CHANGES.txt</filename> and any version changes.
-        </para>
-        <para>
-            Update the documentation under <filename>src/main/docbkx</filename>.  This usually involves copying the
-            latest from trunk making version-particular adjustments to suit this release candidate version.
-        </para>
-        <para>Now, build the src tarball.  This tarball is hadoop version independent.  It is just the pure src code and documentation without an hadoop1 or hadoop2 taint.
-            Add the <varname>-Prelease</varname> profile when building; it checks files for licenses and will fail the build if unlicensed files present.
-            <programlisting>$ MAVEN_OPTS="-Xmx2g" mvn clean install -DskipTests assembly:single -Dassembly.file=hbase-assembly/src/main/assembly/src.xml -Prelease</programlisting>
-            Undo the tarball and make sure it looks good.  A good test for the src tarball being 'complete' is to see if
-            you can build new tarballs from this source bundle. For example:
-            <programlisting>$ tar xzf hbase-0.96.0-src.tar.gz
-$ cd hbase-0.96.0
-$ bash ./dev-support/generate-hadoopX-poms.sh 0.96.0 0.96.0-hadoop1-SNAPSHOT
-$ bash ./dev-support/generate-hadoopX-poms.sh 0.96.0 0.96.0-hadoop2-SNAPSHOT
-$ export MAVEN=/home/stack/bin/mvn/bin/mvn
-$ MAVEN_OPTS="-Xmx3g" $MAVEN -f pom.xml.hadoop1 clean install -DskipTests  javadoc:aggregate site assembly:single -Prelease
-# Check the produced bin tarball is good -- run it, eyeball it, etc.
-$ MAVEN_OPTS="-Xmx3g" $MAVEN -f pom.xml.hadoop2 clean install -DskipTests  javadoc:aggregate site assembly:single -Prelease
-# Check the produced bin tarball is good -- run it, eyeball it, etc.</programlisting>
-            If the source tarball is good, save it off to a <emphasis>version directory</emphasis>, i.e a directory somewhere where you are collecting
-            all of the tarballs you will publish as part of the release candidate.  For example if we were building a
-            hbase-0.96.0 release candidate, we might call the directory <filename>hbase-0.96.0RC0</filename>.  Later
-            we will publish this directory as our release candidate up on people.apache.org/~you.
-        </para>
-        <para>Now we are into the making of the hadoop1 and hadoop2 specific binary builds.  Lets do hadoop1 first.
-            First generate the hadoop1 poms.
-            <note>
-                <para>We cannot use maven to publish what is in essence two hbase artifacts both of the same version only
-                    one is for hadoop1 and the other for hadoop2.  So, we generate hadoop1 and hadoop2 particular poms
-                    from the checked-in pom using a dev-tool script and we run two builds; one for hadoop1 artifacts
-                    and one for the hadoop2 artifacts.
-                </para>
-            </note>
-            See the <filename>generate-hadoopX-poms.sh</filename> script usage for what it expects by way of arguments.
-            You will find it in the <filename>dev-support</filename> subdirectory.  In the below, we generate hadoop1 poms with a version
-            of <varname>0.96.0-hadoop1</varname> (the script will look for a version of <varname>0.96.0</varname> in the current <filename>pom.xml</filename>).
-            <programlisting>$ ./dev-support/generate-hadoopX-poms.sh 0.96.0 0.96.0-hadoop1</programlisting>
-            The script will work silently if all goes well.  It will drop a <filename>pom.xml.hadoop1</filename> beside all <filename>pom.xml</filename>s in all modules.
-        </para>
-        <para>Now build the hadoop1 tarball.  Note how we reference the new <filename>pom.xml.hadoop1</filename> explicitly.
-            We also add the <varname>-Prelease</varname> profile when building; it checks files for licenses and will fail the build if unlicensed files present.
-            Do it in two steps. First install into the local repository and then generate documentation and assemble the tarball
-            (Otherwise build complains that hbase modules are not in maven repo when we try to do it all in the one go especially on fresh repo).
-            It seems that you need the install goal in both steps.
-            <programlisting>$ MAVEN_OPTS="-Xmx3g" mvn -f pom.xml.hadoop1 clean install -DskipTests -Prelease
-$ MAVEN_OPTS="-Xmx3g" mvn -f pom.xml.hadoop1 install -DskipTests site assembly:single -Prelease</programlisting>
-Undo the generated tarball and check it out.  Look at doc. and see if it runs, etc.  Are the set of modules appropriate: e.g. do we have a hbase-hadoop2-compat in the hadoop1 tarball?
-If good, copy the tarball to the above mentioned <emphasis>version directory</emphasis>.
-</para>
-<para>I'll tag the release at this point since its looking good.  If we find an issue later, we can delete the tag and start over.  Release needs to be tagged when we do next step.</para>
-<para>Now deploy hadoop1 hbase to mvn. Do the mvn deploy and tgz for a particular version all together in the one go else if you flip between hadoop1 and hadoop2 builds,
-you might mal-publish poms and hbase-default.xml's (the version interpolations won't match).
-This time we use the <varname>apache-release</varname> profile instead of just <varname>release</varname> profile when doing mvn deploy;
-it will invoke the apache pom referenced by our poms.  It will also sign your artifacts published to mvn as long as your settings.xml in your local <filename>.m2</filename>
-repository is configured correctly (your <filename>settings.xml</filename> adds your gpg password property to the apache profile).
-<programlisting>$ MAVEN_OPTS="-Xmx3g" mvn -f pom.xml.hadoop1 deploy -DskipTests -Papache-release</programlisting>
-The last command above copies all artifacts for hadoop1 up to a temporary staging apache mvn repo in an 'open' state.
-We'll need to do more work on these maven artifacts to make them generally available but before we do that,
-lets get the hadoop2 build to the same stage as this hadoop1 build.
-</para>
-
-        <para>Lets do the hadoop2 artifacts (read above hadoop1 section closely before coming here because we don't repeat explaination in the below).
-            <programlisting># Generate the hadoop2 poms.
-$ ./dev-support/generate-hadoopX-poms.sh 0.96.0 0.96.0-hadoop2
-# Install the hbase hadoop2 jars into local repo then build the doc and tarball
-$ MAVEN_OPTS="-Xmx3g" mvn -f pom.xml.hadoop2 clean install -DskipTests -Prelease
-$ MAVEN_OPTS="-Xmx3g" mvn -f pom.xml.hadoop2 install -DskipTests site assembly:single -Prelease
-# Undo the tgz and check it out.  If good, copy the tarball to your 'version directory'. Now deploy to mvn.
-$ MAVEN_OPTS="-Xmx3g" mvn -f pom.xml.hadoop2 deploy -DskipTests -Papache-release
-            </programlisting>
-        </para>
-
-        <para>Now lets get back to what is up in maven.  We should now have two sets of artifacts up in the apache
-            maven staging area both in the 'open' state (they may both be under the one staging if they were pushed to maven around the same time).
-            While in this 'open' state you can check out what you've published to make sure all is good.  To do this, login at repository.apache.org
-using your apache id.  Find your artifacts in the staging repository.  Browse the content.  Make sure all artifacts made it up
-and that the poms look generally good.  If it checks out, 'close' the repo.  This will make the artifacts publically available.
-You will receive an email with the URL to give out for the temporary staging repository for others to use trying out this new
-release candidate.  Include it in the email that announces the release candidate. Folks will need to add this repo URL to their
-local poms or to their local settings.xml file to pull the published release candidate artifacts.  If the published artifacts are incomplete
-or borked, just delete the 'open' staged artifacts.
-<note>
-    <title>hbase-downstreamer</title>
-    <para>
-        See the <link xlink:href="https://github.com/saintstack/hbase-downstreamer">hbase-downstreamer</link> test for a simple
-        example of a project that is downstream of hbase an depends on it.
-        Check it out and run its simple test to make sure maven hbase-hadoop1 and hbase-hadoop2 are properly deployed to the maven repository.
-        Be sure to edit the pom to point at the proper staging repo.  Make sure you are pulling from the repo when tests run and that you are not
-        getting from your local repo (pass -U or delete your local repo content and check maven is pulling from remote out of the staging repo).
-    </para>
-</note>
-            See <link xlink:href="http://www.apache.org/dev/publishing-maven-artifacts.html">Publishing Maven Artifacts</link> for
-            some pointers on this maven staging process.
-            <note>
-                <para>We no longer publish using the maven release plugin.  Instead we do mvn deploy.  It seems to give
-                    us a backdoor to maven release publishing.  If no <emphasis>-SNAPSHOT</emphasis> on the version
-                    string, then we are 'deployed' to the apache maven repository staging directory from which we
-                    can publish URLs for candidates and later, if they pass, publish as release (if a
-                    <emphasis>-SNAPSHOT</emphasis> on the version string, deploy will put the artifacts up into
-                    apache snapshot repos).
-                </para>
-            </note>
-</para>
-
-<para>If the hbase version ends in <varname>-SNAPSHOT</varname>, the artifacts go elsewhere.  They are put into the apache snapshots repository
-    directly and are immediately available.  Making a SNAPSHOT release, this is what you want to happen.</para>
-
-        <para>
-            At this stage we have three tarballs in our 'version directory' and two sets of artifacts up in maven in staging area in the
-            'closed' state publically available in a temporary staging repository whose URL you should have gotten in an email.
-        The above mentioned script, <filename>make_rc.sh</filename> does all of the above for you minus the check of the artifacts built,
-        the closing of the staging repository up in maven, and the tagging of the release.  If you run the script, do your checks at this
-        stage verifying the src and bin tarballs and checking what is up in staging using hbase-downstreamer project. Tag before you start
-        the build.  You can always delete it if the build goes haywire.
-    </para>
-    <para>
-        If all checks out, next put the <emphasis>version directory</emphasis> up on people.apache.org.  You will need to sign and fingerprint them before you
-        push them up. In the <emphasis>version directory</emphasis> do this:
-        <programlisting>$ for i in *.tar.gz; do echo $i; gpg --print-mds $i > $i.mds ; done
-$ for i in *.tar.gz; do echo $i; gpg --armor --output $i.asc --detach-sig $i  ; done
-$ cd ..
-# Presuming our 'version directory' is named 0.96.0RC0, now copy it up to people.apache.org.
-$ rsync -av 0.96.0RC0 people.apache.org:public_html
-        </programlisting>
-        </para>
-        <para>Make sure the people.apache.org directory is showing and that the
-            mvn repo urls are good.
-            Announce the release candidate on the mailing list and call a vote.
-        </para>
-     </section>
-    <section xml:id="maven.snapshot">
-          <title>Publishing a SNAPSHOT to maven</title>
-          <para>Make sure your <filename>settings.xml</filename> is set up properly (see above for how).
-              Make sure the hbase version includes <varname>-SNAPSHOT</varname> as a suffix.  Here is how I published SNAPSHOTS of
-              a checked that had an hbase version of 0.96.0 in its poms.
-First we generated the hadoop1 poms with a version that has a <varname>-SNAPSHOT</varname> suffix.
-We then installed the build into the local repository. Then we deploy this build to apache.  See the output for the location
-up in apache to where the snapshot is copied.  Notice how add the <varname>release</varname> profile
-when install locally -- to find files that are without proper license -- and then the <varname>apache-release</varname>
-profile to deploy to the apache maven repository.
-          <programlisting>$ ./dev-support/generate-hadoopX-poms.sh 0.96.0 0.96.0-hadoop1-SNAPSHOT
- $ MAVEN_OPTS="-Xmx3g" mvn -f pom.xml.hadoop1 clean install -DskipTests  javadoc:aggregate site assembly:single -Prelease
- $ MAVEN_OPTS="-Xmx3g" mvn -f pom.xml.hadoop1 -DskipTests  deploy -Papache-release</programlisting>
-Next, do the same to publish the hadoop2 artifacts.
-<programlisting>$ ./dev-support/generate-hadoopX-poms.sh 0.96.0 0.96.0-hadoop2-SNAPSHOT
-$ MAVEN_OPTS="-Xmx3g" mvn -f pom.xml.hadoop2 clean install -DskipTests  javadoc:aggregate site assembly:single -Prelease
-$ MAVEN_OPTS="-Xmx3g" mvn -f pom.xml.hadoop2 deploy -DskipTests -Papache-release</programlisting>
-</para>
-<para>The <filename>make_rc.sh</filename> script mentioned above in the
-    (see <xref linkend="maven.release"/>) can help you publish <varname>SNAPSHOTS</varname>.
-    Make sure your hbase.version has a <varname>-SNAPSHOT</varname> suffix and then run
-    the script.  It will put a snapshot up into the apache snapshot repository for you.
-</para>
-     </section>
-
-      </section>
-
-    <section xml:id="documentation">
-          <title>Generating the HBase Reference Guide</title>
-          <para>The manual is marked up using <link xlink:href="http://www.docbook.org/">docbook</link>.
-              We then use the <link xlink:href="http://code.google.com/p/docbkx-tools/">docbkx maven plugin</link>
-              to transform the markup to html.  This plugin is run when you specify the <command>site</command>
-              goal as in when you run <command>mvn site</command> or you can call the plugin explicitly to
-              just generate the manual by doing <command>mvn docbkx:generate-html</command>
-              (TODO: It looks like you have to run <command>mvn site</command> first because docbkx wants to
-              include a transformed <filename>hbase-default.xml</filename>.  Fix).
-              When you run mvn site, we do the document generation twice, once to generate the multipage
-              manual and then again for the single page manual (the single page version is easier to search).
-          </para>
-      </section>
-    <section xml:id="hbase.org">
-    <title>Updating hbase.apache.org</title>
-      <section xml:id="hbase.org.site.contributing">
-      <title>Contributing to hbase.apache.org</title>
-      <para>The Apache HBase apache web site (including this reference guide) is maintained as part of the main
-          Apache HBase source tree, under <filename>/src/main/docbkx</filename> and <filename>/src/main/site</filename>
-          <footnote><para>Before 0.95.0, site and reference guide were at src/docbkx and src/site respectively</para></footnote>.
-          The former -- docbkx -- is this reference guide as a bunch of xml marked up using <link xlink:href="http://docbook.org">docbook</link>;
-          the latter is the hbase site (the navbars, the header, the layout, etc.),
-          and some of the documentation, legacy pages mostly that are in the process of being merged into the docbkx tree that is
-      converted to html by a maven plugin by the site build.</para>
-      <para>To contribute to the reference guide, edit these files under site or docbkx and submit them as a patch
-          (see <xref linkend="submitting.patches"/>). Your Jira should contain a summary of the changes in each
-          section (see <link xlink:href="https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HBASE-6081">HBASE-6081</link> for an example).</para>
-      <para>To generate the site locally while you're working on it, run:
-      <programlisting>mvn site</programlisting>
-      Then you can load up the generated HTML files in your browser (file are under <filename>/target/site</filename>).</para>
-      </section>
-      <section xml:id="hbase.org.site.publishing">
-      <title>Publishing hbase.apache.org</title>
-      <para>As of <link xlink:href="https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/INFRA-5680">INFRA-5680 Migrate apache hbase website</link>,
-          to publish the website, build it, and then deploy it over a checkout of <filename>https://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/hbase/hbase.apache.org/trunk</filename>.
-          Finally, check it in.  For example, if trunk is checked out out at <filename>/Users/stack/checkouts/trunk</filename>
-          and the hbase website, hbase.apache.org, is checked out at <filename>/Users/stack/checkouts/hbase.apache.org/trunk</filename>, to update
-          the site, do the following:
-          <programlisting>
-              # Build the site and deploy it to the checked out directory
-              # Getting the javadoc into site is a little tricky.  You have to build it before you invoke 'site'.
-              $ MAVEN_OPTS=" -Xmx3g" mvn clean install -DskipTests javadoc:aggregate site  site:stage -DstagingDirectory=/Users/stack/checkouts/hbase.apache.org/trunk
-          </programlisting>
-          Now check the deployed site by viewing in a brower, browse to file:////Users/stack/checkouts/hbase.apache.org/trunk/index.html and check all is good.
-          If all checks out, commit it and your new build will show up immediately at http://hbase.apache.org
-          <programlisting>
-              $ cd /Users/stack/checkouts/hbase.apache.org/trunk
-              $ svn status
-              # Do an svn add of any new content...
-              $ svn add ....
-              $ svn commit -m 'Committing latest version of website...'
-          </programlisting>
-      </para>
-      </section>
-    </section>
-    <section xml:id="hbase.tests">
-    <title>Tests</title>
-
-<para> Developers, at a minimum, should familiarize themselves with the unit test detail; unit tests in
-HBase have a character not usually seen in other projects.</para>
-
-<section xml:id="hbase.moduletests">
-<title>Apache HBase Modules</title>
-<para>As of 0.96, Apache HBase is split into multiple modules which creates "interesting" rules for
-how and where tests are written. If you are writting code for <classname>hbase-server</classname>, see
-<xref linkend="hbase.unittests"/> for how to write your tests; these tests can spin
-up a minicluster and will need to be categorized. For any other module, for example
-<classname>hbase-common</classname>, the tests must be strict unit tests and just test the class
-under test - no use of the HBaseTestingUtility or minicluster is allowed (or even possible
-given the dependency tree).</para>
-  <section xml:id="hbase.moduletest.run">
-  <title>Running Tests in other Modules</title>
-  If the module you are developing in has no other dependencies on other HBase modules, then
-  you can cd into that module and just run:
-  <programlisting>mvn test</programlisting>
-  which will just run the tests IN THAT MODULE. If there are other dependencies on other modules,
-  then you will have run the command from the ROOT HBASE DIRECTORY. This will run the tests in the other
-  modules, unless you specify to skip the tests in that module. For instance, to skip the tests in the hbase-server module,
-  you would run:
-  <programlisting>mvn clean test -PskipServerTests</programlisting>
-  from the top level directory to run all the tests in modules other than hbase-server. Note that you
-  can specify to skip tests in multiple modules as well as just for a single module. For example, to skip
-  the tests in <classname>hbase-server</classname> and <classname>hbase-common</classname>, you would run:
-  <programlisting>mvn clean test -PskipServerTests -PskipCommonTests</programlisting>
-  <para>Also, keep in mind that if you are running tests in the <classname>hbase-server</classname> module you will need to
-  apply the maven profiles discussed in <xref linkend="hbase.unittests.cmds"/> to get the tests to run properly.</para>
-  </section>
-</section>
-
-<section xml:id="hbase.unittests">
-<title>Unit Tests</title>
-<para>Apache HBase unit tests are subdivided into four categories: small, medium, large, and
-integration with corresponding JUnit <link xlink:href="http://www.junit.org/node/581">categories</link>:
-<classname>SmallTests</classname>, <classname>MediumTests</classname>,
-<classname>LargeTests</classname>, <classname>IntegrationTests</classname>.
-JUnit categories are denoted using java annotations and look like this in your unit test code.
-<programlisting>...
-@Category(SmallTests.class)
-public class TestHRegionInfo {
-  @Test
-  public void testCreateHRegionInfoName() throws Exception {
-    // ...
-  }
-}</programlisting>
-The above example shows how to mark a unit test as belonging to the small category.
-All unit tests in HBase have a categorization.
-</para>
-<para>
-The first three categories, small, medium, and large are for tests run when
-you type <code>$ mvn test</code>; i.e. these three categorizations are for
-HBase unit tests. The integration category is for not for unit tests but for integration
-tests.  These are run when you invoke <code>$ mvn verify</code>.  Integration tests
-are described in <xref linkend="integration.tests">integration tests section</xref> and will not be discussed further
-in this section on HBase unit tests.</para>
-<para>
-Apache HBase uses a patched maven surefire plugin and maven profiles to implement
-its unit test characterizations.
-</para>
-<para>Read the below to figure which annotation of the set small, medium, and large to
-put on your new HBase unit test.
-</para>
-
-<section xml:id="hbase.unittests.small">
-<title>Small Tests<indexterm><primary>SmallTests</primary></indexterm></title>
-<para>
-<emphasis>Small</emphasis> tests are executed in a shared JVM. We put in this category all the tests that can
-be executed quickly in a shared JVM.  The maximum execution time for a small test is 15 seconds,
-and small tests should not use a (mini)cluster.</para>
-</section>
-
-<section xml:id="hbase.unittests.medium">
-<title>Medium Tests<indexterm><primary>MediumTests</primary></indexterm></title>
-<para><emphasis>Medium</emphasis> tests represent tests that must be executed
-before proposing a patch. They are designed to run in less than 30 minutes altogether,
-and are quite stable in their results. They are designed to last less than 50 seconds
-individually. They can use a cluster, and each of them is executed in a separate JVM.
-</para>
-</section>
-
-<section xml:id="hbase.unittests.large">
-<title>Large Tests<indexterm><primary>LargeTests</primary></indexterm></title>
-<para><emphasis>Large</emphasis> tests are everything else. They are typically large-scale
-tests, regression tests for specific bugs, timeout tests, performance tests.
-They are executed before a commit on the pre-integration machines. They can be run on
-the developer machine as well.
-</para>
-</section>
-<section xml:id="hbase.unittests.integration">
-<title>Integration Tests<indexterm><primary>IntegrationTests</primary></indexterm></title>
-<para><emphasis>Integration</emphasis> tests are system level tests. See
-<xref linkend="integration.tests">integration tests section</xref> for more info.
-</para>
-</section>
-</section>
-
-<section xml:id="hbase.unittests.cmds">
-<title>Running tests</title>
-<para>Below we describe how to run the Apache HBase junit categories.</para>
-
-<section xml:id="hbase.unittests.cmds.test">
-<title>Default: small and medium category tests
-</title>
-<para>Running <programlisting>mvn test</programlisting> will execute all small tests in a single JVM
-(no fork) and then medium tests in a separate JVM for each test instance.
-Medium tests are NOT executed if there is an error in a small test.
-Large tests are NOT executed.  There is one report for small tests, and one report for
-medium tests if they are executed.
-</para>
-</section>
-
-<section xml:id="hbase.unittests.cmds.test.runAllTests">
-<title>Running all tests</title>
-<para>Running <programlisting>mvn test -P runAllTests</programlisting>
-will execute small tests in a single JVM then medium and large tests in a separate JVM for each test.
-Medium and large tests are NOT executed if there is an error in a small test.
-Large tests are NOT executed if there is an error in a small or medium test.
-There is one report for small tests, and one report for medium and large tests if they are executed.
-</para>
-</section>
-
-<section xml:id="hbase.unittests.cmds.test.localtests.mytest">
-<title>Running a single test or all tests in a package</title>
-<para>To run an individual test, e.g. <classname>MyTest</classname>, do
-<programlisting>mvn test -Dtest=MyTest</programlisting>  You can also
-pass multiple, individual tests as a comma-delimited list:
-<programlisting>mvn test -Dtest=MyTest1,MyTest2,MyTest3</programlisting>
-You can also pass a package, which will run all tests under the package:
-<programlisting>mvn test -Dtest=org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.*</programlisting>
-</para>
-
-<para>
-When <code>-Dtest</code> is specified, <code>localTests</code> profile will be used. It will use the official release
-of maven surefire, rather than our custom surefire plugin, and the old connector (The HBase build uses a patched
-version of the maven surefire plugin). Each junit tests is executed in a separate JVM (A fork per test class).
-There is no parallelization when tests are running in this mode. You will see a new message at the end of the
--report: "[INFO] Tests are skipped". It's harmless. While you need to make sure the sum of <code>Tests run:</code> in
-the <code>Results :</code> section of test reports matching the number of tests you specified because no
-error will be reported when a non-existent test case is specified.
-</para>
-</section>
-
-<section xml:id="hbase.unittests.cmds.test.profiles">
-<title>Other test invocation permutations</title>
-<para>Running <programlisting>mvn test -P runSmallTests</programlisting> will execute "small" tests only, using a single JVM.
-</para>
-<para>Running <programlisting>mvn test -P runMediumTests</programlisting> will execute "medium" tests only, launching a new JVM for each test-class.
-</para>
-<para>Running <programlisting>mvn test -P runLargeTests</programlisting> will execute "large" tests only, launching a new JVM for each test-class.
-</para>
-<para>For convenience, you can run <programlisting>mvn test -P runDevTests</programlisting> to execute both small and medium tests, using a single JVM.
-</para>
-</section>
-
-<section xml:id="hbase.unittests.test.faster">
-<title>Running tests faster</title>
-<para>
-By default, <code>$ mvn test -P runAllTests</code> runs 5 tests in parallel.
-It can be increased on a developer's machine. Allowing that you can have 2
-tests in parallel per core, and you need about 2Gb of memory per test (at the
-extreme), if you have an 8 core, 24Gb box, you can have 16 tests in parallel.
-but the memory available limits it to 12 (24/2), To run all tests with 12 tests
-in parallell, do this:
-<command>mvn test -P runAllTests -Dsurefire.secondPartThreadCount=12</command>.
-To increase the speed, you can as well use a ramdisk. You will need 2Gb of memory
-to run all tests. You will also need to delete the files between two test run.
-The typical way to configure a ramdisk on Linux is:
-<programlisting>$ sudo mkdir /ram2G
-sudo mount -t tmpfs -o size=2048M tmpfs /ram2G</programlisting>
-You can then use it to run all HBase tests with the command:
-<command>mvn test -P runAllTests -Dsurefire.secondPartThreadCount=12 -Dtest.build.data.basedirectory=/ram2G</command>
-</para>
-</section>
-
-<section xml:id="hbase.unittests.cmds.test.hbasetests">
-<title><command>hbasetests.sh</command></title>
-<para>It's also possible to use the script <command>hbasetests.sh</command>. This script runs the medium and
-large tests in parallel with two maven instances, and provides a single report.  This script does not use
-the hbase version of surefire so no parallelization is being done other than the two maven instances the
-script sets up.
-It must be executed from the directory which contains the <filename>pom.xml</filename>.</para>
-<para>For example running
-<programlisting>./dev-support/hbasetests.sh</programlisting> will execute small and medium tests.
-Running <programlisting>./dev-support/hbasetests.sh runAllTests</programlisting> will execute all tests.
-Running <programlisting>./dev-support/hbasetests.sh replayFailed</programlisting> will rerun the failed tests a
-second time, in a separate jvm and without parallelisation.
-</para>
-</section>
-<section xml:id="hbase.unittests.resource.checker">
-<title>Test Resource Checker<indexterm><primary>Test Resource Checker</primary></indexterm></title>
-<para>
-A custom Maven SureFire plugin listener checks a  number of resources before
-and after each HBase unit test runs and logs its findings at the end of the test
-output files which can be found in <filename>target/surefire-reports</filename>
-per Maven module (Tests write test reports named for the test class into this directory.
-Check the <filename>*-out.txt</filename> files).  The resources counted are the number
-of threads, the number of file descriptors, etc. If the number has increased, it adds
-a <emphasis>LEAK?</emphasis> comment in the logs. As you can have an HBase instance
-running in the background, some threads can be deleted/created without any specific
-action in the test. However, if the test does not work as expected, or if the test
-should not impact these resources, it's worth checking these log lines
-<computeroutput>...hbase.ResourceChecker(157): before...</computeroutput> and
-<computeroutput>...hbase.ResourceChecker(157): after...</computeroutput>. For example:
-<computeroutput>
-2012-09-26 09:22:15,315 INFO  [pool-1-thread-1] hbase.ResourceChecker(157): after: regionserver.TestColumnSeeking#testReseeking Thread=65 (was 65), OpenFileDescriptor=107 (was 107), MaxFileDescriptor=10240 (was 10240), ConnectionCount=1 (was 1)
-</computeroutput>
-</para>
-</section>
-</section>
-
-<section xml:id="hbase.tests.writing">
-<title>Writing Tests</title>
-<section xml:id="hbase.tests.rules">
-<title>General rules</title>
-<itemizedlist>
-<listitem>
-As much as possible, tests should be written as category small tests.
-</listitem>
-<listitem>
-All tests must be written to support parallel execution on the same machine, hence they should not use shared resources as fixed ports or fixed file names.
-</listitem>
-<listitem>
-Tests should not overlog. More than 100 lines/second makes the logs complex to read and use i/o that are hence not available for the other tests.
-</listitem>
-<listitem>
-Tests can be written with <classname>HBaseTestingUtility</classname>.
-This class offers helper functions to create a temp directory and do the cleanup, or to start a cluster.
-</listitem>
-</itemizedlist>
-</section>
-<section xml:id="hbase.tests.categories">
-<title>Categories and execution time</title>
-<itemizedlist>
-<listitem>
-All tests must be categorized, if not they could be skipped.
-</listitem>
-<listitem>
-All tests should be written to be as fast as possible.
-</listitem>
-<listitem>
-Small category tests should last less than 15 seconds, and must not have any side effect.
-</listitem>
-<listitem>
-Medium category tests should last less than 50 seconds.
-</listitem>
-<listitem>
-Large category tests should last less than 3 minutes.  This should ensure a good parallelization for people using it, and ease the analysis when the test fails.
-</listitem>
-</itemizedlist>
-</section>
-<section xml:id="hbase.tests.sleeps">
-<title>Sleeps in tests</title>
-<para>Whenever possible, tests should not use <methodname>Thread.sleep</methodname>, but rather waiting for the real event they need. This is faster and clearer for the reader.
-Tests should not do a <methodname>Thread.sleep</methodname> without testing an ending condition. This allows understanding what the test is waiting for. Moreover, the test will work whatever the machine performance is.
-Sleep should be minimal to be as fast as possible. Waiting for a variable should be done in a 40ms sleep loop. Waiting for a socket operation should be done in a 200 ms sleep loop.
-</para>
-</section>
-
-<section xml:id="hbase.tests.cluster">
-<title>Tests using a cluster
-</title>
-
-<para>Tests using a HRegion do not have to start a cluster: A region can use the local file system.
-Start/stopping a cluster cost around 10 seconds. They should not be started per test method but per test class.
-Started cluster must be shutdown using <methodname>HBaseTestingUtility#shutdownMiniCluster</methodname>, which cleans the directories.
-As most as possible, tests should use the default settings for the cluster. When they don't, they should document it. This will allow to share the cluster later.
-</para>
-</section>
-</section>
-
-<section xml:id="integration.tests">
-<title>Integration Tests</title>
-<para>HBase integration/system tests are tests that are beyond HBase unit tests.  They
-are generally long-lasting, sizeable (the test can be asked to 1M rows or 1B rows),
-targetable (they can take configuration that will point them at the ready-made cluster
-they are to run against; integration tests do not include cluster start/stop code),
-and verifying success, integration tests rely on public APIs only; they do not
-attempt to examine server internals asserting success/fail. Integration tests
-are what you would run when you need to more elaborate proofing of a release candidate
-beyond what unit tests can do. They are not generally run on the Apache Continuous Integration
-build server, however, some sites opt to run integration tests as a part of their
-continuous testing on an actual cluster.
-</para>
-<para>
-Integration tests currently live under the <filename>src/test</filename> directory
-in the hbase-it submodule and will match the regex: <filename>**/IntegrationTest*.java</filename>.
-All integration tests are also annotated with <code>@Category(IntegrationTests.class)</code>.
-</para>
-
-<para>
-Integration tests can be run in two modes: using a mini cluster, or against an actual distributed cluster.
-Maven failsafe is used to run the tests using the mini cluster. IntegrationTestsDriver class is used for
-executing the tests against a distributed cluster. Integration tests SHOULD NOT assume that they are running against a
-mini cluster, and SHOULD NOT use private API's to access cluster state. To interact with the distributed or mini
-cluster uniformly, <code>IntegrationTestingUtility</code>, and <code>HBaseCluster</code> classes,
-and public client API's can be used.
-</para>
-
-<para>
-On a distributed cluster, integration tests that use ChaosMonkey or otherwise manipulate services thru cluster manager (e.g. restart regionservers) use SSH to do it.
-To run these, test process should be able to run commands on remote end, so ssh should be configured accordingly (for example, if HBase runs under hbase
-user in your cluster, you can set up passwordless ssh for that user and run the test also under it). To facilitate that, <code>hbase.it.clustermanager.ssh.user</code>,
-<code>hbase.it.clustermanager.ssh.opts</code> and <code>hbase.it.clustermanager.ssh.cmd</code> configuration settings can be used. "User" is the remote user that cluster manager should use to perform ssh commands.
-"Opts" contains additional options that are passed to SSH (for example, "-i /tmp/my-key").
-Finally, if you have some custom environment setup, "cmd" is the override format for the entire tunnel (ssh) command. The default string is {<code>/usr/bin/ssh %1$s %2$s%3$s%4$s "%5$s"</code>} and is a good starting point. This is a standard Java format string with 5 arguments that is used to execute the remote command. The argument 1 (%1$s) is SSH options set the via opts setting or via environment variable, 2 is SSH user name, 3 is "@" if username is set or "" otherwise, 4 is the target host name, and 5 is the logical command to execute (that may include single quotes, so don't use them). For example, if you run the tests under non-hbase user and want to ssh as that user and change to hbase on remote machine, you can use {<code>/usr/bin/ssh %1$s %2$s%3$s%4$s "su hbase - -c \"%5$s\""</code>}. That way, to kill RS (for example) integration tests may run {<code>/usr/bin/ssh some-hostname "su hbase - -c \"ps aux | ... | kill ...\""</code>}.
-The command is logged in the test logs, so you can verify it is correct for your environment.
-</para>
-
-<section xml:id="maven.build.commands.integration.tests.mini">
-<title>Running integration tests against mini cluster</title>
-<para>HBase 0.92 added a <varname>verify</varname> maven target.
-Invoking it, for example by doing <code>mvn verify</code>, will
-run all the phases up to and including the verify phase via the
-maven <link xlink:href="http://maven.apache.org/plugins/maven-failsafe-plugin/">failsafe plugin</link>,
-running all the above mentioned HBase unit tests as well as tests that are in the HBase integration test group.
-After you have completed
-          <programlisting>mvn install -DskipTests</programlisting>
-You can run just the integration tests by invoking:
-          <programlisting>
-cd hbase-it
-mvn verify</programlisting>
-
-If you just want to run the integration tests in top-level, you need to run two commands. First:
-          <programlisting>mvn failsafe:integration-test</programlisting>
-This actually runs ALL the integration tests.
-          <note><para>This command will always output <code>BUILD SUCCESS</code> even if there are test failures.
-          </para></note>
-          At this point, you could grep the output by hand looking for failed tests. However, maven will do this for us; just use:
-          <programlisting>mvn failsafe:verify</programlisting>
-          The above command basically looks at all the test results (so don't remove the 'target' directory) for test failures and reports the results.</para>
-
-      <section xml:id="maven.build.commanas.integration.tests2">
-          <title>Running a subset of Integration tests</title>
-          <para>This is very similar to how you specify running a subset of unit tests (see above), but use the property
-	      <code>it.test</code> instead of <code>test</code>.
-To just run <classname>IntegrationTestClassXYZ.java</classname>, use:
-          <programlisting>mvn failsafe:integration-test -Dit.test=IntegrationTestClassXYZ</programlisting>
-          The next thing you might want to do is run groups of integration tests, say all integration tests that are named IntegrationTestClassX*.java:
-          <programlisting>mvn failsafe:integration-test -Dit.test=*ClassX*</programlisting>
-          This runs everything that is an integration test that matches *ClassX*. This means anything matching: "**/IntegrationTest*ClassX*".
-          You can also run multiple groups of integration tests using comma-delimited lists (similar to unit tests). Using a list of matches still supports full regex matching for each of the groups.This would look something like:
-          <programlisting>mvn failsafe:integration-test -Dit.test=*ClassX*, *ClassY</programlisting>
-          </para>
-      </section>
-</section>
-<section xml:id="maven.build.commands.integration.tests.distributed">
-<title>Running integration tests against distributed cluster</title>
-<para>
-If you have an already-setup HBase cluster, you can launch the integration tests by invoking the class <code>IntegrationTestsDriver</code>. You may have to
-run test-compile first. The configuration will be picked by the bin/hbase script.
-<programlisting>mvn test-compile</programlisting>
-Then launch the tests with:
-<programlisting>bin/hbase [--config config_dir] org.apache.hadoop.hbase.IntegrationTestsDriver</programlisting>
-Pass <code>-h</code> to get usage on this sweet tool.  Running the IntegrationTestsDriver without any argument will launch tests found under <code>hbase-it/src/test</code>, having <code>@Category(IntegrationTests.class)</code> annotation,
-and a name starting with <code>IntegrationTests</code>.  See the usage, by passing -h, to see how to filter test classes.
-You can pass a regex which is checked against the full class name; so, part of class name can be used.
-IntegrationTestsDriver uses Junit to run the tests. Currently there is no support for running integration tests against a distributed cluster using maven (see <link xlink:href="https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HBASE-6201">HBASE-6201</link>).
-</para>
-
-<para>
-The tests interact with the distributed cluster by using the methods in the <code>DistributedHBaseCluster</code> (implementing <code>HBaseCluster</code>) class, which in turn uses a pluggable <code>ClusterManager</code>. Concrete implementations provide actual functionality for carrying out deployment-specific and environment-dependent tasks (SSH, etc). The default <code>ClusterManager</code> is <code>HBaseClusterManager</code>, which uses SSH to remotely execute start/stop/kill/signal commands, and assumes some posix commands (ps, etc). Also assumes the user running the test has enough "power" to start/stop servers on the remote machines. By default, it picks up <code>HBASE_SSH_OPTS, HBASE_HOME, HBASE_CONF_DIR</code> from the env, and uses <code>bin/hbase-daemon.sh</code> to carry out the actions. Currently tarball deployments, deployments which uses hbase-daemons.sh, and <link xlink:href="http://incubator.apache.org/ambari/">Apache Ambari</link> deployments are supported. /etc/ini
 t.d/ scripts are not supported for now, but it can be easily added. For other deployment options, a ClusterManager can be implemented and plugged in.
-</para>
-</section>
-
-<section xml:id="maven.build.commands.integration.tests.destructive">
-<title>Destructive integration / system tests</title>
-<para>
-	In 0.96, a tool named <code>ChaosMonkey</code> has been introduced. It is modeled after the <link xlink:href="http://techblog.netflix.com/2012/07/chaos-monkey-released-into-wild.html">same-named tool by Netflix</link>.
-Some of the tests use ChaosMonkey to simulate faults in the running cluster in the way of killing random servers,
-disconnecting servers, etc. ChaosMonkey can also be used as a stand-alone tool to run a (misbehaving) policy while you
-are running other tests.
-</para>
-
-<para>
-ChaosMonkey defines Action's and Policy's. Actions are sequences of events. We have at least the following actions:
-<itemizedlist>
-<listitem>Restart active master (sleep 5 sec)</listitem>
-<listitem>Restart random regionserver (sleep 5 sec)</listitem>
-<listitem>Restart random regionserver (sleep 60 sec)</listitem>
-<listitem>Restart META regionserver (sleep 5 sec)</listitem>
-<listitem>Restart ROOT regionserver (sleep 5 sec)</listitem>
-<listitem>Batch restart of 50% of regionservers (sleep 5 sec)</listitem>
-<listitem>Rolling restart of 100% of regionservers (sleep 5 sec)</listitem>
-</itemizedlist>
-
-Policies on the other hand are responsible for executing the actions based on a strategy.
-The default policy is to execute a random action every minute based on predefined action
-weights. ChaosMonkey executes predefined named policies until it is stopped. More than one
-policy can be active at any time.
-</para>
-
-<para>
-  To run ChaosMonkey as a standalone tool deploy your HBase cluster as usual. ChaosMonkey uses the configuration
-from the bin/hbase script, thus no extra configuration needs to be done. You can invoke the ChaosMonkey by running:
-<programlisting>bin/hbase org.apache.hadoop.hbase.util.ChaosMonkey</programlisting>
-
-This will output smt like:
-<programlisting>
-12/11/19 23:21:57 INFO util.ChaosMonkey: Using ChaosMonkey Policy: class org.apache.hadoop.hbase.util.ChaosMonkey$PeriodicRandomActionPolicy, period:60000
-12/11/19 23:21:57 INFO util.ChaosMonkey: Sleeping for 26953 to add jitter
-12/11/19 23:22:24 INFO util.ChaosMonkey: Performing action: Restart active master
-12/11/19 23:22:24 INFO util.ChaosMonkey: Killing master:master.example.com,60000,1353367210440
-12/11/19 23:22:24 INFO hbase.HBaseCluster: Aborting Master: master.example.com,60000,1353367210440
-12/11/19 23:22:24 INFO hbase.ClusterManager: Executing remote command: ps aux | grep master | grep -v grep | tr -s ' ' | cut -d ' ' -f2 | xargs kill -s SIGKILL , hostname:master.example.com
-12/11/19 23:22:25 INFO hbase.ClusterManager: Executed remote command, exit code:0 , output:
-12/11/19 23:22:25 INFO hbase.HBaseCluster: Waiting service:master to stop: master.example.com,60000,1353367210440
-12/11/19 23:22:25 INFO hbase.ClusterManager: Executing remote command: ps aux | grep master | grep -v grep | tr -s ' ' | cut -d ' ' -f2 , hostname:master.example.com
-12/11/19 23:22:25 INFO hbase.ClusterManager: Executed remote command, exit code:0 , output:
-12/11/19 23:22:25 INFO util.ChaosMonkey: Killed master server:master.example.com,60000,1353367210440
-12/11/19 23:22:25 INFO util.ChaosMonkey: Sleeping for:5000
-12/11/19 23:22:30 INFO util.ChaosMonkey: Starting master:master.example.com
-12/11/19 23:22:30 INFO hbase.HBaseCluster: Starting Master on: master.example.com
-12/11/19 23:22:30 INFO hbase.ClusterManager: Executing remote command: /homes/enis/code/hbase-0.94/bin/../bin/hbase-daemon.sh --config /homes/enis/code/hbase-0.94/bin/../conf start master , hostname:master.example.com
-12/11/19 23:22:31 INFO hbase.ClusterManager: Executed remote command, exit code:0 , output:starting master, logging to /homes/enis/code/hbase-0.94/bin/../logs/hbase-enis-master-master.example.com.out
-....
-12/11/19 23:22:33 INFO util.ChaosMonkey: Started master: master.example.com,60000,1353367210440
-12/11/19 23:22:33 INFO util.ChaosMonkey: Sleeping for:51321
-12/11/19 23:23:24 INFO util.ChaosMonkey: Performing action: Restart random region server
-12/11/19 23:23:24 INFO util.ChaosMonkey: Killing region server:rs3.example.com,60020,1353367027826
-12/11/19 23:23:24 INFO hbase.HBaseCluster: Aborting RS: rs3.example.com,60020,1353367027826
-12/11/19 23:23:24 INFO hbase.ClusterManager: Executing remote command: ps aux | grep regionserver | grep -v grep | tr -s ' ' | cut -d ' ' -f2 | xargs kill -s SIGKILL , hostname:rs3.example.com
-12/11/19 23:23:25 INFO hbase.ClusterManager: Executed remote command, exit code:0 , output:
-12/11/19 23:23:25 INFO hbase.HBaseCluster: Waiting service:regionserver to stop: rs3.example.com,60020,1353367027826
-12/11/19 23:23:25 INFO hbase.ClusterManager: Executing remote command: ps aux | grep regionserver | grep -v grep | tr -s ' ' | cut -d ' ' -f2 , hostname:rs3.example.com
-12/11/19 23:23:25 INFO hbase.ClusterManager: Executed remote command, exit code:0 , output:
-12/11/19 23:23:25 INFO util.ChaosMonkey: Killed region server:rs3.example.com,60020,1353367027826. Reported num of rs:6
-12/11/19 23:23:25 INFO util.ChaosMonkey: Sleeping for:60000
-12/11/19 23:24:25 INFO util.ChaosMonkey: Starting region server:rs3.example.com
-12/11/19 23:24:25 INFO hbase.HBaseCluster: Starting RS on: rs3.example.com
-12/11/19 23:24:25 INFO hbase.ClusterManager: Executing remote command: /homes/enis/code/hbase-0.94/bin/../bin/hbase-daemon.sh --config /homes/enis/code/hbase-0.94/bin/../conf start regionserver , hostname:rs3.example.com
-12/11/19 23:24:26 INFO hbase.ClusterManager: Executed remote command, exit code:0 , output:starting regionserver, logging to /homes/enis/code/hbase-0.94/bin/../logs/hbase-enis-regionserver-rs3.example.com.out
-
-12/11/19 23:24:27 INFO util.ChaosMonkey: Started region server:rs3.example.com,60020,1353367027826. Reported num of rs:6
-</programlisting>
-
-As you can see from the log, ChaosMonkey started the default PeriodicRandomActionPolicy, which is configured with all the available actions, and ran RestartActiveMaster and RestartRandomRs actions. ChaosMonkey tool, if run from command line, will keep on running until the process is killed.
-</para>
-</section>
-</section>
-</section> <!-- tests -->
-
-    <section xml:id="maven.build.commands">
-       <title>Maven Build Commands</title>
-       <para>All commands executed from the local HBase project directory.
-       </para>
-       <para>Note: use Maven 3 (Maven 2 may work but we suggest you use Maven 3).
-       </para>
-       <section xml:id="maven.build.commands.compile">
-          <title>Compile</title>
-          <programlisting>
-mvn compile
-          </programlisting>
-       </section>
-
-       <section xml:id="maven.build.commands.unitall">
-          <title>Running all or individual Unit Tests</title>
-          <para>See the <xref linkend="hbase.unittests.cmds" /> section
-          above in <xref linkend="hbase.unittests" /></para>
-       </section>
-
-       <section xml:id="maven.build.hadoop">
-          <title>Building against various hadoop versions.</title>
-          <para>As of 0.96, Apache HBase supports building against Apache Hadoop versions: 1.0.3, 2.0.0-alpha and 3.0.0-SNAPSHOT.
-          By default, we will build with Hadoop-1.0.3. To change the version to run with Hadoop-2.0.0-alpha, you would run:</para>
-         <programlisting>mvn -Dhadoop.profile=2.0 ...</programlisting>
-         <para>
-         That is, designate build with hadoop.profile 2.0.  Pass 2.0 for hadoop.profile to build against hadoop 2.0.
-         Tests may not all pass as of this writing so you may need to pass <code>-DskipTests</code> unless you are inclined
-          to fix the failing tests.</para>
-          <para>
-         Similarly, for 3.0, you would just replace the profile value. Note that Hadoop-3.0.0-SNAPSHOT does not currently have a deployed maven artificat - you will need to build and install your own in your local maven repository if you want to run against this profile.
-         </para>
-         <para>
-         In earilier verions of Apache HBase, you can build against older versions of Apache Hadoop, notably, Hadoop 0.22.x and 0.23.x.
-         If you are running, for example HBase-0.94 and wanted to build against Hadoop 0.23.x, you would run with:</para>
-          <programlisting>mvn -Dhadoop.profile=22 ...</programlisting>
-      </section>
-    </section>
-
-    <section xml:id="getting.involved">
-        <title>Getting Involved</title>
-        <para>Apache HBase gets better only when people contribute!
-        </para>
-        <para>As Apache HBase is an Apache Software Foundation project, see <xref linkend="asf"/> for more information about how the ASF functions.
-        </para>
-        <section xml:id="mailing.list">
-          <title>Mailing Lists</title>
-          <para>Sign up for the dev-list and the user-list.  See the
-          <link xlink:href="http://hbase.apache.org/mail-lists.html">mailing lists</link> page.
-          Posing questions - and helping to answer other people's questions - is encouraged!
-          There are varying levels of experience on both lists so patience and politeness are encouraged (and please
-          stay on topic.)
-          </para>
-        </section>
-        <section xml:id="jira">
-          <title>Jira</title>
-          <para>Check for existing issues in <link xlink:href="https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HBASE">Jira</link>.
-          If it's either a new feature request, enhancement, or a bug, file a ticket.
-          </para>
-          <section xml:id="jira.priorities"><title>Jira Priorities</title>
-          <para>The following is a guideline on setting Jira issue priorities:
-                <itemizedlist>
-                <listitem>Blocker: Should only be used if the issue WILL cause data loss or cluster instability reliably.</listitem>
-                <listitem>Critical: The issue described can cause data loss or cluster instability in some cases.</listitem>
-                <listitem>Major: Important but not tragic issues, like updates to the client API that will add a lot of much-needed functionality or significant
-                bugs that need to be fixed but that don't cause data loss.</listitem>
-                <listitem>Minor: Useful enhancements and annoying but not damaging bugs.</listitem>
-                <listitem>Trivial: Useful enhancements but generally cosmetic.</listitem>
-                </itemizedlist>
-             </para>
-        </section>
-        <section xml:id="submitting.patches.jira.code">
-          <title>Code Blocks in Jira Comments</title>
-          <para>A commonly used macro in Jira is {code}. If you do this in a Jira comment...
-<programlisting>
-{code}
-   code snippet
-{code}
-</programlisting>
-              ... Jira will format the code snippet like code, instead of a regular comment.  It improves readability.
-          </para>
-        </section>
-       </section>  <!--  jira -->
-      </section>  <!--  getting involved -->
-
-      <section xml:id="developing">
-        <title>Developing</title>
-        <section xml:id="codelines"><title>Codelines</title>
-          <para>Most development is done on TRUNK.  However, there are branches for minor releases (e.g., 0.90.1, 0.90.2, and 0.90.3 are on the 0.90 branch).</para>
-          <para>If you have any questions on this just send an email to the dev dist-list.</para>
-        </section>
-
-        <section xml:id="unit.tests">
-          <title>Unit Tests</title>
-          <para>In HBase we use <link xlink:href="http://junit.org">JUnit</link> 4.
-            If you need to run miniclusters of HDFS, ZooKeeper, HBase, or MapReduce testing,
-            be sure to checkout the <classname>HBaseTestingUtility</classname>.
-            Alex Baranau of Sematext describes how it can be used in
-            <link xlink:href="http://blog.sematext.com/2010/08/30/hbase-case-study-using-hbasetestingutility-for-local-testing-development/">HBase Case-Study: Using HBaseTestingUtility for Local Testing and Development</link> (2010).
-          </para>
-          <section xml:id="mockito">
-           <title>Mockito</title>
-           <para>Sometimes you don't need a full running server
-              unit testing.  For example, some methods can make do with a
-              a <classname>org.apache.hadoop.hbase.Server</classname> instance
-              or a <classname>org.apache.hadoop.hbase.master.MasterServices</classname>
-              Interface reference rather than a full-blown
-              <classname>org.apache.hadoop.hbase.master.HMaster</classname>.
-              In these cases, you maybe able to get away with a mocked
-              <classname>Server</classname> instance.  For example:
-              <programlisting>
-              TODO...
-              </programlisting>
-           </para>
-         </section>
-        </section>   <!--  unit tests  -->
-
-          <section xml:id="code.standards">
-           <title>Code Standards</title>
-           <para>See <xref linkend="eclipse.code.formatting"/> and <xref linkend="common.patch.feedback"/>.
-           </para>
-           <para>Also, please pay attention to the interface stability/audience classifications that you
-           will see all over our code base.   They look like this at the head of the class:
-           <programlisting>@InterfaceAudience.Public
-@InterfaceStability.Stable</programlisting>
-           </para>
-           <para>If the <classname>InterfaceAudience</classname> is <varname>Private</varname>,
-           we can change the class (and we do not need to include a <classname>InterfaceStability</classname> mark).
-           If a class is marked <varname>Public</varname> but its <classname>InterfaceStability</classname>
-           is marked <varname>Unstable</varname>, we can change it. If it's
-           marked <varname>Public</varname>/<varname>Evolving</varname>, we're allowed to change it
-           but should try not to. If it's <varname>Public</varname> and <varname>Stable</varname>
-           we can't change it without a deprecation path or with a really GREAT reason.</para>
-           <para>When you add new classes, mark them with the annotations above if publically accessible.
-           If you are not cleared on how to mark your additions, ask up on the dev list.
-           </para>
-           <para>This convention comes from our parent project Hadoop.</para>
-           </section> <!-- code.standards -->
-
-          <section xml:id="design.invariants">
-           <title>Invariants</title>
-           <para>We don't have many but what we have we list below.  All are subject to challenge of
-           course but until then, please hold to the rules of the road.
-           </para>
-          <section xml:id="design.invariants.zk.data">
-            <title>No permanent state in ZooKeeper</title>
-          <para>ZooKeeper state should transient (treat it like memory). If deleted, hbase
-          should be able to recover and essentially be in the same state<footnote><para>There are currently
-          a few exceptions that we need to fix around whether a table is enabled or disabled</para></footnote>.
-          </para>
-          </section>
-
-           </section> <!-- design.invariants -->
-
-          <section xml:id="run.insitu">
-           <title>Running In-Situ</title>
-           <para>If you are developing Apache HBase, frequently it is useful to test your changes against a more-real cluster than what you find in unit tests. In this case, HBase can be run directly from the source in local-mode.
-           All you need to do is run:
-           </para>
-           <programlisting>${HBASE_HOME}/bin/start-hbase.sh</programlisting>
-           <para>
-           This will spin up a full local-cluster, just as if you had packaged up HBase and installed it on your machine.
-           </para>
-           <para>Keep in mind that you will need to have installed HBase into your local maven repository for the in-situ cluster to work properly. That is, you will need to run:</para>
-           <programlisting>mvn clean install -DskipTests</programlisting>
-           <para>to ensure that maven can find the correct classpath and dependencies. Generally, the above command
-           is just a good thing to try running first, if maven is acting oddly.</para>
-           </section> <!-- run.insitu -->
-
-          <section xml:id="add.metrics">
-              <title>Adding Metrics</title>
-              <para>
-                  After adding a new feature a developer might want to add metrics.  HBase exposes
-                  metrics using the Hadoop Metrics 2 system, so adding a new metric involves
-                  exposing that metric to the hadoop system.  Unfortunately the API of metrics2
-                  changed from hadoop 1 to hadoop 2.  In order to get around this a set of
-                  interfaces and implementations have to be loaded at runtime.  To get an in-depth
-                  look at the reasoning and structure of these classes you can read the blog post
-                  located <link xlink:href="https://blogs.apache.org/hbase/entry/migration_to_the_new_metrics">here</link>.
-                  To add a metric to an existing MBean follow the short guide below:
-              </para>
-              <section>
-                  <title>Add Metric name and Function to Hadoop Compat Interface.</title>
-                  <para>
-                     Inside of the source interface the corresponds to where the metrics are
-                     generated (eg MetricsMasterSource for things coming from HMaster) create new
-                     static strings for metric name and description.  Then add a new method that
-                     will be called to add new reading.
-                  </para>
-              </section>
-              <section>
-                  <title>Add the Implementation to Both Hadoop 1 and Hadoop 2 Compat modules.</title>
-                  <para>
-                      Inside of the implementation of the source (eg. MetricsMasterSourceImpl
-                      in the above example) create a new histogram, counter, gauge, or stat in the
-                      init method.  Then in the method that was added to the interface wire up the
-                      parameter passed in to the histogram.
-                  </para>
-                  <para>
-                      Now add tests that make sure the data is correctly exported to the metrics 2
-                      system. For this the MetricsAssertHelper is provided.
-                  </para>
-              </section>
-          </section>
-
-      </section>  <!--  developing -->
-
-       <section xml:id="submitting.patches">
-          <title>Submitting Patches</title>
-          <para>If you are new to submitting patches to open source or new to submitting patches to Apache,
-          I'd suggest you start by reading the <link xlink:href="http://commons.apache.org/patches.html">On Contributing Patches</link>
-          page from <link xlink:href="http://commons.apache.org/">Apache Commons Project</link>.  Its a nice overview that
-          applies equally to the Apache HBase Project.</para>
-          <section xml:id="submitting.patches.create">
-            <title>Create Patch</title>
-          <para>See the aforementioned Apache Commons link for how to make patches against a checked out subversion
-          repository.  Patch files can also be easily generated from Eclipse, for example by selecting "Team -&gt; Create Patch".
-          Patches can also be created by git diff and svn diff.
-          </para>
-          <para>Please submit one patch-file per Jira.  For example, if multiple files are changed make sure the
-          selected resource when generating the patch is a directory.  Patch files can reflect changes in multiple files. </para>
-      <para>
-          Generating patches using git:<sbr/>
-              <programlisting>
-$ git diff --no-prefix  > HBASE_XXXX.patch
-              </programlisting>
-              Don't forget the 'no-prefix' option; and generate the diff from the root directory of project
-      </para>
-          <para>Make sure you review <xref linkend="eclipse.code.formatting"/> for code style. </para>
-          </section>
-          <section xml:id="submitting.patches.naming">
-            <title>Patch File Naming</title>
-          <para>The patch file should have the Apache HBase Jira ticket in the name.  For example, if a patch was submitted for <filename>Foo.java</filename>, then
-          a patch file called <filename>Foo_HBASE_XXXX.patch</filename> would be acceptable where XXXX is the Apache HBase Jira number.
-          </para>
-          <para>If you generating from a branch, then including the target branch in the filename is advised, e.g., <filename>HBASE_XXXX-0.90.patch</filename>.
-          </para>
-          </section>
-          <section xml:id="submitting.patches.tests">
-            <title>Unit Tests</title>
-            <para>Yes, please.  Please try to include unit tests with every code patch (and especially new classes and large changes).
-            Make sure unit tests pass locally before submitting the patch.</para>
-            <para>Also, see <xref linkend="mockito"/>.</para>
-            <para>If you are creating a new unit test class, notice how other unit test classes have classification/sizing
-            annotations at the top and a static method on the end.  Be sure to include these in any new unit test files
-            you generate.  See <xref linkend="hbase.tests" /> for more on how the annotations work.
-            </para>
-          </section>
-          <section xml:id="submitting.patches.jira">
-            <title>Attach Patch to Jira</title>
-            <para>The patch should be attached to the associated Jira ticket "More Actions -&gt; Attach Files".  Make sure you click the
-            ASF license inclusion, otherwise the patch can't be considered for inclusion.
-            </para>
-            <para>Once attached to the ticket, click "Submit Patch" and
-            the status of the ticket will change.  Committers will review submitted patches for inclusion into the codebase.  Please
-            understand that not every patch may get committed, and that feedback will likely be provided on the patch.  Fear not, though,
-            because the Apache HBase community is helpful!
-            </para>
-         </section>
-
-        <section xml:id="common.patch.feedback">
-            <title>Common Patch Feedback</title>
-          <para>The following items are representative of common patch feedback. Your patch process will go faster if these are
-          taken into account <emphasis>before</emphasis> submission.
-          </para>
-          <para>
-          See the <link xlink:href="http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/codeconv-138413.html">Java coding standards</link>
-          for more information on coding conventions in Java.
-          </para>
-          <section xml:id="common.patch.feedback.space.invaders">
-            <title>Space Invaders</title>
-            <para>Rather than do this...
-<programlisting>
-if ( foo.equals( bar ) ) {     // don't do this
-</programlisting>
-			... do this instead...
-<programlisting>
-if (foo.equals(bar)) {
-</programlisting>
-          </para>
-          <para>Also, rather than do this...
-<programlisting>
-foo = barArray[ i ];     // don't do this
-</programlisting>
-			... do this instead...
-<programlisting>
-foo = barArray[i];
-</programlisting>
-          </para>
-          </section>
-          <section xml:id="common.patch.feedback.autogen">
-            <title>Auto Generated Code</title>
-            <para>Auto-generated code in Eclipse often looks like this...
-<programlisting>
- public void readFields(DataInput arg0) throws IOException {    // don't do this
-   foo = arg0.readUTF();                                       // don't do this
-</programlisting>
-			... do this instead ...
-<programlisting>
- public void readFields(DataInput di) throws IOException {
-   foo = di.readUTF();
-</programlisting>
-           See the difference?  'arg0' is what Eclipse uses for arguments by default.
-           </para>
-          </section>
-          <section xml:id="common.patch.feedback.longlines">
-            <title>Long Lines</title>
-            <para>
-            Keep lines less than 100 characters.
-<programlisting>
-Bar bar = foo.veryLongMethodWithManyArguments(argument1, argument2, argument3, argument4, argument5, argument6, argument7, argument8, argument9);  // don't do this
-</programlisting>
-			... do something like this instead ...
-<programlisting>
-Bar bar = foo.veryLongMethodWithManyArguments(
- argument1, argument2, argument3,argument4, argument5, argument6, argument7, argument8, argument9);
-</programlisting>
-           </para>
-          </section>
-          <section xml:id="common.patch.feedback.trailingspaces">
-            <title>Trailing Spaces</title>
-            <para>
-            This happens more than people would imagine.
-<programlisting>
-Bar bar = foo.getBar();     &lt;--- imagine there's an extra space(s) after the semicolon instead of a line break.
-</programlisting>
-            Make sure there's a line-break after the end of your code, and also avoid lines that have nothing
-            but whitespace.
-            </para>
-         </section>
-          <section xml:id="common.patch.feedback.writable">
-            <title>Implementing Writable</title>
-            <note>
-                <title>Applies pre-0.96 only</title>
-                <para>In 0.96, HBase moved to protobufs.  The below section on Writables
-                    applies to 0.94.x and previous, not to 0.96 and beyond.
-                </para>
-            </note>
-            <para>Every class returned by RegionServers must implement <code>Writable</code>.  If you
-            are creating a new class that needs to implement this interface, don't forget the default constructor.
-            </para>
-          </section>
-          <section xml:id="common.patch.feedback.javadoc">
-            <title>Javadoc</title>
-            <para>This is also a very common feedback item.  Don't forget Javadoc!
-                <para>Javadoc warnings are checked during precommit. If the precommit tool gives you a '-1',
-                    please fix the javadoc issue. Your patch won't be committed if it adds such warnings.
-                </para>
-            </para>
-          </section>
-          <section xml:id="common.patch.feedback.findbugs">
-            <title>Findbugs</title>
-                <para>
-                    Findbugs is used to detect common bugs pattern. As Javadoc, it is checked during
-                    the precommit build up on Apache's Jenkins, and as with Javadoc, please fix them.
-                    You can run findbugs locally with 'mvn findbugs:findbugs': it will generate the
-                    findbugs files locally.  Sometimes, you may have to write code smarter than
-                    Findbugs. You can annotate your code to tell Findbugs you know what you're
-                    doing, by annotating your class with:
-                    <programlisting>@edu.umd.cs.findbugs.annotations.SuppressWarnings(
-                    value="HE_EQUALS_USE_HASHCODE",
-                    justification="I know what I'm doing")</programlisting>
-            </para>
-            <para>
-                    Note that we're using the apache licensed version of the annotations.
-            </para>
-          </section>
-
-          <section xml:id="common.patch.feedback.javadoc.defaults">
-            <title>Javadoc - Useless Defaults</title>
-            <para>Don't just leave the @param arguments the way your IDE generated them.  Don't do this...
-<programlisting>
-  /**
-   *
-   * @param bar             &lt;---- don't do this!!!!
-   * @return                &lt;---- or this!!!!
-   */
-  public Foo getFoo(Bar bar);
-</programlisting>
-            ... either add something descriptive to the @param and @return lines, or just remove them.
-            But the preference is to add something descriptive and useful.
-            </para>
-          </section>
-          <section xml:id="common.patch.feedback.onething">
-            <title>One Thing At A Time, Folks</title>
-            <para>If you submit a patch 

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