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From st...@apache.org
Subject svn commit: r1518320 - in /hbase/trunk/hbase-common/src: main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/types/ test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/types/
Date Wed, 28 Aug 2013 18:32:04 GMT
Author: stack
Date: Wed Aug 28 18:32:04 2013
New Revision: 1518320

URL: http://svn.apache.org/r1518320
Log:
HBASE-9283 Struct and StructIterator should properly handle trailing nulls

Added:
    hbase/trunk/hbase-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/types/TestStructNullExtension.java
Modified:
    hbase/trunk/hbase-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/types/Struct.java
    hbase/trunk/hbase-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/types/StructIterator.java
    hbase/trunk/hbase-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/types/TestStruct.java

Modified: hbase/trunk/hbase-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/types/Struct.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hbase/trunk/hbase-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/types/Struct.java?rev=1518320&r1=1518319&r2=1518320&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hbase/trunk/hbase-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/types/Struct.java (original)
+++ hbase/trunk/hbase-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/types/Struct.java Wed Aug
28 18:32:04 2013
@@ -36,6 +36,32 @@ import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.util.Posi
  * another {@code Struct}. {@code Struct}s are not {@code nullable} but their
  * component fields may be.
  * </p>
+ * <h3>Trailing Nulls</h3>
+ * <p>
+ * {@code Struct} treats the right-most nullable field members as special.
+ * Rather than writing null values to the output buffer, {@code Struct} omits
+ * those records all together. When reading back a value, it will look for the
+ * scenario where the end of the buffer has been reached but there are still
+ * nullable fields remaining in the {@code Struct} definition. When this
+ * happens, it will produce null entries for the remaining values. For example:
+ * <pre>
+ * StructBuilder builder = new StructBuilder()
+ *     .add(OrderedNumeric.ASCENDING) // nullable
+ *     .add(OrderedString.ASCENDING)  // nullable
+ * Struct shorter = builder.toStruct();
+ * Struct longer = builder.add(OrderedNumeric.ASCENDING) // nullable
+ *     .toStruct();
+ *
+ * PositionedByteRange buf1 = new SimplePositionedByteRange(7);
+ * PositionedByteRange buf2 = new SimplePositionedByteRange(7);
+ * Object[] val = new Object[] { BigDecimal.ONE, "foo" };
+ * shorter.encode(buf1, val); // write short value with short Struct
+ * buf1.setPosition(0); // reset position marker, prepare for read
+ * longer.decode(buf1); // => { BigDecimal.ONE, "foo", null } ; long Struct reads implied
null
+ * longer.encode(buf2, val); // write short value with long struct
+ * Bytes.equals(buf1.getBytes(), buf2.getBytes()); // => true; long Struct skips writing
null
+ * </pre>
+ * </p>
  * <h3>Sort Order</h3>
  * <p>
  * {@code Struct} instances sort according to the composite order of their
@@ -104,9 +130,9 @@ public class Struct implements DataType<
   @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
   @Override
   public int encodedLength(Object[] val) {
-    assert fields.length == val.length;
+    assert fields.length >= val.length;
     int sum = 0;
-    for (int i = 0; i < fields.length; i++)
+    for (int i = 0; i < val.length; i++)
       sum += fields[i].encodedLength(val[i]);
     return sum;
   }
@@ -155,9 +181,14 @@ public class Struct implements DataType<
   @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
   @Override
   public int encode(PositionedByteRange dst, Object[] val) {
-    assert fields.length == val.length;
-    int written = 0;
-    for (int i = 0; i < fields.length; i++) {
+    if (val.length == 0) return 0;
+    assert fields.length >= val.length;
+    int end, written = 0;
+    // find the last occurrence of a non-null or null and non-nullable value
+    for (end = val.length - 1; end > -1; end--) {
+      if (null != val[end] || (null == val[end] && !fields[end].isNullable())) break;
+    }
+    for (int i = 0; i <= end; i++) {
       written += fields[i].encode(dst, val[i]);
     }
     return written;

Modified: hbase/trunk/hbase-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/types/StructIterator.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hbase/trunk/hbase-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/types/StructIterator.java?rev=1518320&r1=1518319&r2=1518320&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hbase/trunk/hbase-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/types/StructIterator.java
(original)
+++ hbase/trunk/hbase-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/types/StructIterator.java
Wed Aug 28 18:32:04 2013
@@ -69,7 +69,9 @@ public class StructIterator implements I
 
   @Override
   public boolean hasNext() {
-    return idx < types.length;
+    // hasNext can return true when position == length in the case of a
+    // nullable field trailing a struct.
+    return idx < types.length && src.getPosition() <= src.getLength();
   }
 
   @Override
@@ -78,7 +80,9 @@ public class StructIterator implements I
   @Override
   public Object next() {
     if (!hasNext()) throw new NoSuchElementException();
-    return types[idx++].decode(src);
+    DataType<?> t = types[idx++];
+    if (src.getPosition() == src.getLength() && t.isNullable()) return null;
+    return t.decode(src);
   }
 
   /**
@@ -87,6 +91,8 @@ public class StructIterator implements I
    */
   public int skip() {
     if (!hasNext()) throw new NoSuchElementException();
-    return types[idx++].skip(src);
+    DataType<?> t = types[idx++];
+    if (src.getPosition() == src.getLength() && t.isNullable()) return 0;
+    return t.skip(src);
   }
 }

Modified: hbase/trunk/hbase-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/types/TestStruct.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hbase/trunk/hbase-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/types/TestStruct.java?rev=1518320&r1=1518319&r2=1518320&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hbase/trunk/hbase-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/types/TestStruct.java (original)
+++ hbase/trunk/hbase-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/types/TestStruct.java Wed
Aug 28 18:32:04 2013
@@ -154,11 +154,10 @@ public class TestStruct {
     final transient String str;
 
     public Pojo2(Object... vals) {
-      byte[] empty = new byte[0];
-      byteField1Asc = vals.length > 0 ? (byte[]) vals[0] : empty;
-      byteField2Dsc = vals.length > 1 ? (byte[]) vals[1] : empty;
-      stringFieldDsc = vals.length > 2 ? (String) vals[2] : "";
-      byteField3Dsc = vals.length > 3 ? (byte[]) vals[3] : empty;
+      byteField1Asc  = vals.length > 0 ? (byte[]) vals[0] : null;
+      byteField2Dsc  = vals.length > 1 ? (byte[]) vals[1] : null;
+      stringFieldDsc = vals.length > 2 ? (String) vals[2] : null;
+      byteField3Dsc  = vals.length > 3 ? (byte[]) vals[3] : null;
       str = new StringBuilder()
             .append("{ ")
             .append(Bytes.toStringBinary(byteField1Asc)).append(", ")

Added: hbase/trunk/hbase-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/types/TestStructNullExtension.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hbase/trunk/hbase-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/types/TestStructNullExtension.java?rev=1518320&view=auto
==============================================================================
--- hbase/trunk/hbase-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/types/TestStructNullExtension.java
(added)
+++ hbase/trunk/hbase-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/types/TestStructNullExtension.java
Wed Aug 28 18:32:04 2013
@@ -0,0 +1,142 @@
+/**
+ * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
+ * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
+ * distributed with this work for additional information
+ * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
+ * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
+ * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
+ * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+ * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ * limitations under the License.
+ */
+package org.apache.hadoop.hbase.types;
+
+import static org.junit.Assert.assertArrayEquals;
+import static org.junit.Assert.assertEquals;
+import static org.junit.Assert.assertNull;
+
+import java.math.BigDecimal;
+import java.util.Arrays;
+
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.SmallTests;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.util.PositionedByteRange;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.util.SimplePositionedByteRange;
+import org.junit.Test;
+import org.junit.experimental.categories.Category;
+
+@Category(SmallTests.class)
+public class TestStructNullExtension {
+
+  /**
+   * Verify null extension respects the type's isNullable field.
+   */
+  @Test(expected = NullPointerException.class)
+  public void testNonNullableNullExtension() {
+    Struct s = new StructBuilder()
+        .add(new RawStringTerminated("|")) // not nullable
+        .toStruct();
+    PositionedByteRange buf = new SimplePositionedByteRange(4);
+    s.encode(buf, new Object[1]);
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Positive cases for null extension.
+   */
+  @Test
+  public void testNullableNullExtension() {
+    // the following field members are used because they're all nullable
+    StructBuilder builder = new StructBuilder()
+        .add(OrderedNumeric.ASCENDING)
+        .add(OrderedString.ASCENDING);
+    Struct shorter = builder.toStruct();
+    Struct longer = builder
+        // intentionally include a wrapped instance to test wrapper behavior.
+        .add(new TerminatedWrapper<String>(OrderedString.ASCENDING, "/"))
+        .add(OrderedNumeric.ASCENDING)
+        .toStruct();
+
+    PositionedByteRange buf1 = new SimplePositionedByteRange(7);
+    Object[] val1 = new Object[] { BigDecimal.ONE, "foo" }; // => 2 bytes + 5 bytes
+    assertEquals("Encoding shorter value wrote a surprising number of bytes.",
+      buf1.getLength(), shorter.encode(buf1, val1));
+    int shortLen = buf1.getLength();
+
+    // test iterator
+    buf1.setPosition(0);
+    StructIterator it = longer.iterator(buf1);
+    it.skip();
+    it.skip();
+    assertEquals("Position should be at end. Broken test.", buf1.getLength(), buf1.getPosition());
+    assertEquals("Failed to skip null element with extended struct.", 0, it.skip());
+    assertEquals("Failed to skip null element with extended struct.", 0, it.skip());
+
+    buf1.setPosition(0);
+    it = longer.iterator(buf1);
+    assertEquals(BigDecimal.ONE, it.next());
+    assertEquals("foo", it.next());
+    assertEquals("Position should be at end. Broken test.", buf1.getLength(), buf1.getPosition());
+    assertNull("Failed to skip null element with extended struct.", it.next());
+    assertNull("Failed to skip null element with extended struct.", it.next());
+
+    // test Struct
+    buf1.setPosition(0);
+    assertArrayEquals("Simple struct decoding is broken.", val1, shorter.decode(buf1));
+
+    buf1.setPosition(0);
+    assertArrayEquals("Decoding short value with extended struct should append null elements.",
+      Arrays.copyOf(val1, 4), longer.decode(buf1));
+
+    // test omission of trailing members
+    PositionedByteRange buf2 = new SimplePositionedByteRange(7);
+    buf1.setPosition(0);
+    assertEquals(
+      "Encoding a short value with extended struct should have same result as using short
struct.",
+      shortLen, longer.encode(buf2, val1));
+    assertArrayEquals(
+      "Encoding a short value with extended struct should have same result as using short
struct",
+      buf1.getBytes(), buf2.getBytes());
+
+    // test null trailing members
+    // all fields are nullable, so nothing should hit the buffer.
+    val1 = new Object[] { null, null, null, null }; // => 0 bytes
+    buf1.set(0);
+    buf2.set(0);
+    assertEquals("Encoding null-truncated value wrote a surprising number of bytes.",
+      buf1.getLength(), longer.encode(buf1, new Object[0]));
+    assertEquals("Encoding null-extended value wrote a surprising number of bytes.",
+      buf1.getLength(), longer.encode(buf1, val1));
+    assertArrayEquals("Encoded unexpected result.", buf1.getBytes(), buf2.getBytes());
+    assertArrayEquals("Decoded unexpected result.", val1, longer.decode(buf2));
+
+    // all fields are nullable, so only 1 should hit the buffer.
+    Object[] val2 = new Object[] { BigDecimal.ONE, null, null, null }; // => 2 bytes
+    buf1.set(2);
+    buf2.set(2);
+    assertEquals("Encoding null-truncated value wrote a surprising number of bytes.",
+      buf1.getLength(), longer.encode(buf1, Arrays.copyOf(val2, 1)));
+    assertEquals("Encoding null-extended value wrote a surprising number of bytes.",
+      buf2.getLength(), longer.encode(buf2, val2));
+    assertArrayEquals("Encoded unexpected result.", buf1.getBytes(), buf2.getBytes());
+    buf2.setPosition(0);
+    assertArrayEquals("Decoded unexpected result.", val2, longer.decode(buf2));
+
+    // all fields are nullable, so only 1, null, "foo" should hit the buffer.
+    // => 2 bytes + 1 byte + 6 bytes
+    Object[] val3 = new Object[] { BigDecimal.ONE, null, "foo", null };
+    buf1.set(9);
+    buf2.set(9);
+    assertEquals("Encoding null-truncated value wrote a surprising number of bytes.",
+      buf1.getLength(), longer.encode(buf1, Arrays.copyOf(val3, 3)));
+    assertEquals("Encoding null-extended value wrote a surprising number of bytes.",
+      buf2.getLength(), longer.encode(buf2, val3));
+    assertArrayEquals("Encoded unexpected result.", buf1.getBytes(), buf2.getBytes());
+    buf2.setPosition(0);
+    assertArrayEquals("Decoded unexpected result.", val3, longer.decode(buf2));
+  }
+}



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