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From st...@apache.org
Subject svn commit: r1179868 - in /hbase/trunk: ./ src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/io/hfile/slab/ src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/regionserver/ src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/io/hfile/ src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/io/hfile/slab/
Date Thu, 06 Oct 2011 21:39:47 GMT
Author: stack
Date: Thu Oct  6 21:39:47 2011
New Revision: 1179868

URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc?rev=1179868&view=rev
Log:
HBASE-4482 Race Condition Concerning Eviction in SlabCache

Modified:
    hbase/trunk/CHANGES.txt
    hbase/trunk/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/io/hfile/slab/SingleSizeCache.java
    hbase/trunk/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/io/hfile/slab/SlabCache.java
    hbase/trunk/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/io/hfile/slab/SlabItemEvictionWatcher.java
    hbase/trunk/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/regionserver/StoreFile.java
    hbase/trunk/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/io/hfile/CacheTestUtils.java
    hbase/trunk/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/io/hfile/slab/TestSingleSizeCache.java
    hbase/trunk/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/io/hfile/slab/TestSlabCache.java

Modified: hbase/trunk/CHANGES.txt
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hbase/trunk/CHANGES.txt?rev=1179868&r1=1179867&r2=1179868&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hbase/trunk/CHANGES.txt (original)
+++ hbase/trunk/CHANGES.txt Thu Oct  6 21:39:47 2011
@@ -342,6 +342,7 @@ Release 0.92.0 - Unreleased
    HBASE-4481  TestMergeTool failed in 0.92 build 20
    HBASE-4386  Fix a potential NPE in TaskMonitor (todd)
    HBASE-4402  Retaining locality after restart broken
+   HBASE-4482  Race Condition Concerning Eviction in SlabCache (Li Pi)
 
   TESTS
    HBASE-4450  test for number of blocks read: to serve as baseline for expected

Modified: hbase/trunk/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/io/hfile/slab/SingleSizeCache.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hbase/trunk/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/io/hfile/slab/SingleSizeCache.java?rev=1179868&r1=1179867&r2=1179868&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hbase/trunk/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/io/hfile/slab/SingleSizeCache.java (original)
+++ hbase/trunk/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/io/hfile/slab/SingleSizeCache.java Thu
Oct  6 21:39:47 2011
@@ -58,8 +58,8 @@ public class SingleSizeCache implements 
   private final int blockSize;
   private final CacheStats stats;
   private final SlabItemEvictionWatcher evictionWatcher;
-  private AtomicLong size;
-  private AtomicLong timeSinceLastAccess;
+  private final AtomicLong size;
+  private final AtomicLong timeSinceLastAccess;
   public final static long CACHE_FIXED_OVERHEAD = ClassSize
       .align((2 * Bytes.SIZEOF_INT) + (5 * ClassSize.REFERENCE)
           + +ClassSize.OBJECT);
@@ -87,13 +87,15 @@ public class SingleSizeCache implements 
     this.size = new AtomicLong(CACHE_FIXED_OVERHEAD + backingStore.heapSize());
     this.timeSinceLastAccess = new AtomicLong();
 
-    // This evictionListener is called whenever the cache automatically evicts
+    // This evictionListener is called whenever the cache automatically
+    // evicts
     // something.
     MapEvictionListener<String, CacheablePair> listener = new MapEvictionListener<String,
CacheablePair>() {
       @Override
       public void onEviction(String key, CacheablePair value) {
         timeSinceLastAccess.set(System.nanoTime()
             - value.recentlyAccessed.get());
+        stats.evict();
         doEviction(key, value);
       }
     };
@@ -107,12 +109,6 @@ public class SingleSizeCache implements 
   public void cacheBlock(String blockName, Cacheable toBeCached) {
     ByteBuffer storedBlock;
 
-    /*
-     * Spinlock if empty, Guava Mapmaker guarantees that we will not store more
-     * items than the memory we have allocated, but the Slab Allocator may still
-     * be empty if we have not yet completed eviction
-     */
-
     try {
       storedBlock = backingStore.alloc(toBeCached.getSerializedLength());
     } catch (InterruptedException e) {
@@ -171,6 +167,7 @@ public class SingleSizeCache implements 
   public boolean evictBlock(String key) {
     stats.evict();
     CacheablePair evictedBlock = backingMap.remove(key);
+
     if (evictedBlock != null) {
       doEviction(key, evictedBlock);
     }
@@ -200,8 +197,9 @@ public class SingleSizeCache implements 
       // Thread A sees the null serializedData, and returns null
       // Thread A calls cacheBlock on the same block, and gets
       // "already cached" since the block is still in backingStore
+
       if (evictionWatcher != null) {
-        evictionWatcher.onEviction(key, false);
+        evictionWatcher.onEviction(key, this);
       }
     }
     stats.evicted();
@@ -210,7 +208,7 @@ public class SingleSizeCache implements 
 
   public void logStats() {
 
-    long milliseconds = (long) this.timeSinceLastAccess.get() / 1000000;
+    long milliseconds = this.timeSinceLastAccess.get() / 1000000;
 
     LOG.info("For Slab of size " + this.blockSize + ": "
         + this.getOccupiedSize() / this.blockSize

Modified: hbase/trunk/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/io/hfile/slab/SlabCache.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hbase/trunk/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/io/hfile/slab/SlabCache.java?rev=1179868&r1=1179867&r2=1179868&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hbase/trunk/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/io/hfile/slab/SlabCache.java (original)
+++ hbase/trunk/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/io/hfile/slab/SlabCache.java Thu Oct
 6 21:39:47 2011
@@ -21,8 +21,8 @@
 package org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.hfile.slab;
 
 import java.math.BigDecimal;
-import java.util.Map.Entry;
 import java.util.List;
+import java.util.Map.Entry;
 import java.util.TreeMap;
 import java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentHashMap;
 import java.util.concurrent.Executors;
@@ -122,7 +122,9 @@ public class SlabCache implements SlabIt
               + sizes.length + " slabs "
               + "offheapslabporportions and offheapslabsizes");
     }
-    /* We use BigDecimals instead of floats because float rounding is annoying */
+    /*
+     * We use BigDecimals instead of floats because float rounding is annoying
+     */
 
     BigDecimal[] parsedProportions = stringArrayToBigDecimalArray(porportions);
     BigDecimal[] parsedSizes = stringArrayToBigDecimalArray(sizes);
@@ -205,12 +207,37 @@ public class SlabCache implements SlabIt
     this.successfullyCachedStats.addin(cachedItem.getSerializedLength());
     SingleSizeCache scache = scacheEntry.getValue();
 
-    /*This will throw a runtime exception if we try to cache the same value twice*/
+    /*
+     * This will throw a runtime exception if we try to cache the same value
+     * twice
+     */
     scache.cacheBlock(blockName, cachedItem);
 
-    /*Spinlock, if we're spinlocking, that means an eviction hasn't taken place yet*/
-    while (backingStore.putIfAbsent(blockName, scache) != null) {
-      Thread.yield();
+    /*
+     * If an eviction for this value hasn't taken place yet, we want to wait for
+     * it to take place. See HBase-4330.
+     */
+    SingleSizeCache replace;
+    while ((replace = backingStore.putIfAbsent(blockName, scache)) != null) {
+      synchronized (replace) {
+        /*
+         * With the exception of unit tests, this should happen extremely
+         * rarely.
+         */
+        try {
+          replace.wait();
+        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
+          LOG.warn("InterruptedException on the caching thread: " + e);
+        }
+      }
+    }
+
+    /*
+     * Let the eviction threads know that something has been cached, and let
+     * them try their hand at eviction
+     */
+    synchronized (scache) {
+      scache.notifyAll();
     }
   }
 
@@ -254,25 +281,70 @@ public class SlabCache implements SlabIt
    * the evict counter.
    */
   public boolean evictBlock(String key) {
-    stats.evict();
-    return onEviction(key, true);
-  }
-
-  @Override
-  public boolean onEviction(String key, boolean callAssignedCache) {
-    SingleSizeCache cacheEntry = backingStore.remove(key);
+    SingleSizeCache cacheEntry = backingStore.get(key);
     if (cacheEntry == null) {
       return false;
+    } else {
+      cacheEntry.evictBlock(key);
+      return true;
     }
-    /* we need to bump up stats.evict, as this call came from the assignedCache. */
-    if (callAssignedCache == false) {
-      stats.evict();
+  }
+
+  @Override
+  public void onEviction(String key, Object notifier) {
+    /*
+     * Without the while loop below, the following can occur:
+     *
+     * Invariant: Anything in SingleSizeCache will have a representation in
+     * SlabCache, and vice-versa.
+     *
+     * Start: Key A is in both SingleSizeCache and SlabCache. Invariant is
+     * satisfied
+     *
+     * Thread A: Caches something, starting eviction of Key A in SingleSizeCache
+     *
+     * Thread B: Checks for Key A -> Returns Gets Null, as eviction has begun
+     *
+     * Thread B: Recaches Key A, gets to SingleSizeCache, does not get the
+     * PutIfAbsentLoop yet...
+     *
+     * Thread C: Caches another key, starting the second eviction of Key A.
+     *
+     * Thread A: does its onEviction, removing the entry of Key A from
+     * SlabCache.
+     *
+     * Thread C: does its onEviction, removing the (blank) entry of Key A from
+     * SlabCache:
+     *
+     * Thread B: goes to putifabsent, and puts its entry into SlabCache.
+     *
+     * Result: SlabCache has an entry for A, while SingleSizeCache has no
+     * entries for A. Invariant is violated.
+     *
+     * What the while loop does, is that, at the end, it GUARANTEES that an
+     * onEviction will remove an entry. See HBase-4482.
+     */
+
+    stats.evict();
+    while ((backingStore.remove(key)) == null) {
+      /* With the exception of unit tests, this should happen extremely rarely. */
+      synchronized (notifier) {
+        try {
+          notifier.wait();
+        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
+          LOG.warn("InterruptedException on the evicting thread: " + e);
+        }
+      }
     }
     stats.evicted();
-    if (callAssignedCache) {
-      cacheEntry.evictBlock(key);
+
+    /*
+     * Now we've evicted something, lets tell the caching threads to try to
+     * cache something.
+     */
+    synchronized (notifier) {
+      notifier.notifyAll();
     }
-    return true;
   }
 
   /**
@@ -346,7 +418,8 @@ public class SlabCache implements SlabIt
    *
    */
   static class SlabStats {
-    // the maximum size somebody will ever try to cache, then we multiply by 10
+    // the maximum size somebody will ever try to cache, then we multiply by
+    // 10
     // so we have finer grained stats.
     final int MULTIPLIER = 10;
     final int NUMDIVISIONS = (int) (Math.log(Integer.MAX_VALUE) * MULTIPLIER);
@@ -368,11 +441,11 @@ public class SlabCache implements SlabIt
     }
 
     double getUpperBound(int index) {
-      return Math.pow(Math.E, ((double) (index + 0.5) / (double) MULTIPLIER));
+      return Math.pow(Math.E, ((index + 0.5) / MULTIPLIER));
     }
 
     double getLowerBound(int index) {
-      return Math.pow(Math.E, ((double) (index - 0.5) / (double) MULTIPLIER));
+      return Math.pow(Math.E, ((index - 0.5) / MULTIPLIER));
     }
 
     public void logStats() {

Modified: hbase/trunk/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/io/hfile/slab/SlabItemEvictionWatcher.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hbase/trunk/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/io/hfile/slab/SlabItemEvictionWatcher.java?rev=1179868&r1=1179867&r2=1179868&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hbase/trunk/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/io/hfile/slab/SlabItemEvictionWatcher.java
(original)
+++ hbase/trunk/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/io/hfile/slab/SlabItemEvictionWatcher.java
Thu Oct  6 21:39:47 2011
@@ -30,9 +30,10 @@ interface SlabItemEvictionWatcher {
    * SingleSizeSlabCaches.
    *
    * @param key the key of the item being evicted
+   * @param notifier the object notifying the SlabCache of the eviction.
    * @param boolean callAssignedCache whether we should call the cache which the
    *        key was originally assigned to.
    */
-  boolean onEviction(String key, boolean callAssignedCache);
+  void onEviction(String key, Object notifier);
 
 }

Modified: hbase/trunk/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/regionserver/StoreFile.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hbase/trunk/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/regionserver/StoreFile.java?rev=1179868&r1=1179867&r2=1179868&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hbase/trunk/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/regionserver/StoreFile.java (original)
+++ hbase/trunk/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/regionserver/StoreFile.java Thu Oct
 6 21:39:47 2011
@@ -386,17 +386,14 @@ public class StoreFile {
     MemoryUsage mu = ManagementFactory.getMemoryMXBean().getHeapMemoryUsage();
     long cacheSize = (long)(mu.getMax() * cachePercentage);
     int blockSize = conf.getInt("hbase.offheapcache.minblocksize", HFile.DEFAULT_BLOCKSIZE);
+    long offHeapCacheSize = (long) (conf.getFloat("hbase.offheapcache.percentage", (float)
0.95) * DirectMemoryUtils.getDirectMemorySize());
     boolean enableOffHeapCache = conf.getBoolean("hbase.offheapcache.enable", false);
-    long offHeapCacheSize = enableOffHeapCache ?
-      (long) (conf.getFloat("hbase.offheapcache.percentage",
-          (float) 0.95) * DirectMemoryUtils.getDirectMemorySize()) :
-      0;
     LOG.info("Allocating LruBlockCache with maximum size " +
       StringUtils.humanReadableInt(cacheSize));
-    if(offHeapCacheSize <= 0) {
+    if(offHeapCacheSize <= 0 || !enableOffHeapCache) {
       hfileBlockCache = new LruBlockCache(cacheSize, DEFAULT_BLOCKSIZE_SMALL);
     } else {
-      LOG.info("Allocating OffHeapCache with maximum size " +
+        LOG.info("Allocating OffHeapCache with maximum size " +
           StringUtils.humanReadableInt(offHeapCacheSize));
       hfileBlockCache = new DoubleBlockCache(cacheSize, offHeapCacheSize, DEFAULT_BLOCKSIZE_SMALL,
blockSize, conf);
     }

Modified: hbase/trunk/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/io/hfile/CacheTestUtils.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hbase/trunk/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/io/hfile/CacheTestUtils.java?rev=1179868&r1=1179867&r2=1179868&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hbase/trunk/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/io/hfile/CacheTestUtils.java (original)
+++ hbase/trunk/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/io/hfile/CacheTestUtils.java Thu Oct
 6 21:39:47 2011
@@ -19,8 +19,11 @@
  */
 package org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.hfile;
 
+import static org.junit.Assert.assertArrayEquals;
 import static org.junit.Assert.assertEquals;
-import static org.junit.Assert.*;
+import static org.junit.Assert.assertNull;
+import static org.junit.Assert.assertTrue;
+import static org.junit.Assert.fail;
 
 import java.io.IOException;
 import java.nio.ByteBuffer;
@@ -102,7 +105,7 @@ public class CacheTestUtils {
       Thread.sleep(10);
     }
     ctx.stop();
-    if ((double) hits.get() / ((double) hits.get() + (double) miss.get()) < passingScore)
{
+    if (hits.get() / ((double) hits.get() + (double) miss.get()) < passingScore) {
       fail("Too many nulls returned. Hits: " + hits.get() + " Misses: "
           + miss.get());
     }
@@ -201,7 +204,7 @@ public class CacheTestUtils {
       TestThread t = new MultithreadedTestUtil.RepeatingTestThread(ctx) {
         @Override
         public void doAnAction() throws Exception {
-          for (int j = 0; j < 10; j++) {
+          for (int j = 0; j < 100; j++) {
             String key = "key_" + finalI + "_" + j;
             Arrays.fill(buf, (byte) (finalI * j));
             final ByteArrayCacheable bac = new ByteArrayCacheable(buf);

Modified: hbase/trunk/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/io/hfile/slab/TestSingleSizeCache.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hbase/trunk/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/io/hfile/slab/TestSingleSizeCache.java?rev=1179868&r1=1179867&r2=1179868&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hbase/trunk/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/io/hfile/slab/TestSingleSizeCache.java
(original)
+++ hbase/trunk/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/io/hfile/slab/TestSingleSizeCache.java
Thu Oct  6 21:39:47 2011
@@ -20,8 +20,9 @@
 package org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.hfile.slab;
 
 import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.hfile.CacheTestUtils;
-import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.hfile.slab.SingleSizeCache;
-import org.junit.*;
+import org.junit.After;
+import org.junit.Before;
+import org.junit.Test;
 
 /**
  * Tests SingleSlabCache.
@@ -48,28 +49,28 @@ public class TestSingleSizeCache {
     cache.shutdown();
   }
 
-  @Ignore @Test
+  @Test
   public void testCacheSimple() throws Exception {
     CacheTestUtils.testCacheSimple(cache, BLOCK_SIZE, NUM_QUERIES);
   }
 
-  @Ignore @Test
+  @Test
   public void testCacheMultiThreaded() throws Exception {
     CacheTestUtils.testCacheMultiThreaded(cache, BLOCK_SIZE,
         NUM_THREADS, NUM_QUERIES, 0.80);
   }
 
-  @Ignore @Test
+  @Test
   public void testCacheMultiThreadedSingleKey() throws Exception {
     CacheTestUtils.hammerSingleKey(cache, BLOCK_SIZE, NUM_THREADS, NUM_QUERIES);
   }
 
-  @Ignore @Test
+  @Test
   public void testCacheMultiThreadedEviction() throws Exception {
     CacheTestUtils.hammerEviction(cache, BLOCK_SIZE, NUM_THREADS, NUM_QUERIES);
   }
 
-  @Ignore @Test
+  @Test
   public void testHeapSizeChanges(){
     CacheTestUtils.testHeapSizeChanges(cache, BLOCK_SIZE);
   }

Modified: hbase/trunk/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/io/hfile/slab/TestSlabCache.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hbase/trunk/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/io/hfile/slab/TestSlabCache.java?rev=1179868&r1=1179867&r2=1179868&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hbase/trunk/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/io/hfile/slab/TestSlabCache.java (original)
+++ hbase/trunk/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/io/hfile/slab/TestSlabCache.java Thu
Oct  6 21:39:47 2011
@@ -19,16 +19,15 @@
  */
 package org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.hfile.slab;
 
+import static org.junit.Assert.assertEquals;
+import static org.junit.Assert.assertTrue;
+
 import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.hfile.CacheTestUtils;
-import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.hfile.slab.SlabCache;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.hfile.slab.SlabCache.SlabStats;
 import org.junit.After;
 import org.junit.Before;
 import org.junit.Test;
-import org.junit.Ignore;
-
-import static org.junit.Assert.*;
 
 /**
  * Basic test of SlabCache. Puts and gets.
@@ -59,36 +58,36 @@ public class TestSlabCache {
     cache.shutdown();
   }
 
-  @Ignore @Test
+  @Test
   public void testElementPlacement() {
-    assertEquals(cache.getHigherBlock((int) BLOCK_SIZE).getKey().intValue(),
-        (int) (BLOCK_SIZE * 11 / 10));
-    assertEquals(cache.getHigherBlock((int) (BLOCK_SIZE * 2)).getKey()
-        .intValue(), (int) (BLOCK_SIZE * 21 / 10));
+    assertEquals(cache.getHigherBlock(BLOCK_SIZE).getKey().intValue(),
+        (BLOCK_SIZE * 11 / 10));
+    assertEquals(cache.getHigherBlock((BLOCK_SIZE * 2)).getKey()
+        .intValue(), (BLOCK_SIZE * 21 / 10));
   }
 
-  @Ignore @Test
+  @Test
   public void testCacheSimple() throws Exception {
     CacheTestUtils.testCacheSimple(cache, BLOCK_SIZE, NUM_QUERIES);
   }
 
-  @Ignore @Test
+  @Test
   public void testCacheMultiThreaded() throws Exception {
     CacheTestUtils.testCacheMultiThreaded(cache, BLOCK_SIZE, NUM_THREADS,
         NUM_QUERIES, 0.80);
   }
 
-  @Ignore @Test
+  @Test
   public void testCacheMultiThreadedSingleKey() throws Exception {
     CacheTestUtils.hammerSingleKey(cache, BLOCK_SIZE, NUM_THREADS, NUM_QUERIES);
   }
 
-  @Ignore @Test
+  @Test
   public void testCacheMultiThreadedEviction() throws Exception {
     CacheTestUtils.hammerEviction(cache, BLOCK_SIZE, 10, NUM_QUERIES);
   }
 
-  @Ignore @Test
+  @Test
   /*Just checks if ranges overlap*/
   public void testStatsArithmetic(){
     SlabStats test = cache.requestStats;
@@ -99,7 +98,7 @@ public class TestSlabCache {
     }
   }
 
-  @Ignore @Test
+  @Test
   public void testHeapSizeChanges(){
     CacheTestUtils.testHeapSizeChanges(cache, BLOCK_SIZE);
   }



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