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From apurt...@apache.org
Subject svn commit: r718317 - in /hadoop/hbase/trunk: ./ src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/ src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/ src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/ src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/ipc/ src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/reg...
Date Mon, 17 Nov 2008 18:34:08 GMT
Author: apurtell
Date: Mon Nov 17 10:34:07 2008
New Revision: 718317

URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc?rev=718317&view=rev
Log:
HBASE-883 Secondary indexes

Added:
    hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/WritableComparator.java
    hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/
    hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/IndexKeyGenerator.java
    hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/IndexNotFoundException.java
    hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/IndexSpecification.java
    hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/IndexedTable.java
    hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/IndexedTableAdmin.java
    hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/ReverseByteArrayComparator.java
    hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/SimpleIndexKeyGenerator.java
    hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/package.html
    hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/ipc/IndexedRegionInterface.java
    hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/regionserver/tableindexed/
    hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/regionserver/tableindexed/IndexedRegion.java
    hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/regionserver/tableindexed/IndexedRegionServer.java
    hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/test/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/
    hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/test/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/TestIndexedTable.java
Modified:
    hadoop/hbase/trunk/CHANGES.txt
    hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/HStoreKey.java
    hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/HTableDescriptor.java
    hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/UnmodifyableHTableDescriptor.java
    hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/regionserver/transactional/TransactionalRegion.java
    hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/test/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/PerformanceEvaluation.java

Modified: hadoop/hbase/trunk/CHANGES.txt
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/hbase/trunk/CHANGES.txt?rev=718317&r1=718316&r2=718317&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/hbase/trunk/CHANGES.txt (original)
+++ hadoop/hbase/trunk/CHANGES.txt Mon Nov 17 10:34:07 2008
@@ -127,6 +127,7 @@
    HBASE-875   Use MurmurHash instead of JenkinsHash [in bloomfilters]
                (Andrzej Bialecki via Stack)
    HBASE-625   Metrics support for cluster load history: emissions and graphs
+   HBASE-883   Secondary indexes (Clint Morgan via Andrew Purtell)
 
   OPTIMIZATIONS
    HBASE-748   Add an efficient way to batch update many rows

Modified: hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/HStoreKey.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/HStoreKey.java?rev=718317&r1=718316&r2=718317&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/HStoreKey.java (original)
+++ hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/HStoreKey.java Mon Nov 17 10:34:07 2008
@@ -529,6 +529,9 @@
       if(rowCompare == 0)
         rowCompare = Bytes.compareTo(keysA[1], KeysB[1]);
       return rowCompare;
+    } 
+    if (regionInfo != null && regionInfo.getTableDesc().getRowKeyComparator() != null) {
+      return regionInfo.getTableDesc().getRowKeyComparator().compare(rowA, rowB);
     }
     return Bytes.compareTo(rowA, rowB);
   }

Modified: hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/HTableDescriptor.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/HTableDescriptor.java?rev=718317&r1=718316&r2=718317&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/HTableDescriptor.java (original)
+++ hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/HTableDescriptor.java Mon Nov 17 10:34:07 2008
@@ -19,8 +19,12 @@
  */
 package org.apache.hadoop.hbase;
 
+import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
+import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
 import java.io.DataInput;
+import java.io.DataInputStream;
 import java.io.DataOutput;
+import java.io.DataOutputStream;
 import java.io.IOException;
 import java.util.Collection;
 import java.util.Collections;
@@ -29,8 +33,10 @@
 import java.util.Map;
 
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.Path;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.tableindexed.IndexSpecification;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.ImmutableBytesWritable;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.util.Bytes;
+import org.apache.hadoop.io.ObjectWritable;
 import org.apache.hadoop.io.WritableComparable;
 
 /**
@@ -41,7 +47,8 @@
 
   // Changes prior to version 3 were not recorded here.
   // Version 3 adds metadata as a map where keys and values are byte[].
-  public static final byte TABLE_DESCRIPTOR_VERSION = 3;
+  // Version 4 adds indexes
+  public static final byte TABLE_DESCRIPTOR_VERSION = 4;
 
   private byte [] name = HConstants.EMPTY_BYTE_ARRAY;
   private String nameAsString = "";
@@ -66,9 +73,13 @@
   public static final ImmutableBytesWritable IS_ROOT_KEY =
     new ImmutableBytesWritable(Bytes.toBytes(IS_ROOT));
   public static final String IS_META = "IS_META";
+
+  public static final String ROW_KEY_COMPARATOR = "ROW_KEY_COMPARATOR";
+
   public static final ImmutableBytesWritable IS_META_KEY =
     new ImmutableBytesWritable(Bytes.toBytes(IS_META));
 
+
   // The below are ugly but better than creating them each time till we
   // replace booleans being saved as Strings with plain booleans.  Need a
   // migration script to do this.  TODO.
@@ -90,6 +101,10 @@
   private final Map<Integer, HColumnDescriptor> families =
     new HashMap<Integer, HColumnDescriptor>();
 
+  // Key is indexId
+  private final Map<String, IndexSpecification> indexes =
+    new HashMap<String, IndexSpecification>();
+  
   /**
    * Private constructor used internally creating table descriptors for 
    * catalog tables: e.g. .META. and -ROOT-.
@@ -108,6 +123,7 @@
    * catalog tables: e.g. .META. and -ROOT-.
    */
   protected HTableDescriptor(final byte [] name, HColumnDescriptor[] families,
+      Collection<IndexSpecification> indexes,
        Map<ImmutableBytesWritable,ImmutableBytesWritable> values) {
     this.name = name.clone();
     this.nameAsString = Bytes.toString(this.name);
@@ -115,6 +131,9 @@
     for(HColumnDescriptor descriptor : families) {
       this.families.put(Bytes.mapKey(descriptor.getName()), descriptor);
     }
+    for(IndexSpecification index : indexes) {
+      this.indexes.put(index.getIndexId(), index);
+    }
     for (Map.Entry<ImmutableBytesWritable, ImmutableBytesWritable> entry:
         values.entrySet()) {
       this.values.put(entry.getKey(), entry.getValue());
@@ -404,7 +423,7 @@
       return Integer.valueOf(Bytes.toString(value)).intValue();
     return DEFAULT_MEMCACHE_FLUSH_SIZE;
   }
-
+  
   /**
    * @param memcacheFlushSize memory cache flush size for each hregion
    */
@@ -412,6 +431,58 @@
     setValue(MEMCACHE_FLUSHSIZE_KEY,
       Bytes.toBytes(Integer.toString(memcacheFlushSize)));
   }
+  
+  
+  public void setRowKeyComparator(WritableComparator<byte[]> newComparator) {
+    if (newComparator == null) {
+      return;
+    }
+    
+    ByteArrayOutputStream bos = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+    DataOutputStream dos = new DataOutputStream(bos);
+    HBaseConfiguration conf = new HBaseConfiguration();
+    try {
+      ObjectWritable.writeObject(dos, newComparator, WritableComparator.class, conf);
+      dos.close();
+    } catch (IOException e) {
+      throw new RuntimeException(e);
+    }
+    setValue(ROW_KEY_COMPARATOR.getBytes(), bos.toByteArray());
+    this.comparator = newComparator;
+  }
+  
+  private WritableComparator<byte[]> comparator = null;
+  public WritableComparator<byte[]> getRowKeyComparator() {
+    if (comparator != null) {
+      return comparator;
+    }
+    byte[] bytes = getValue(ROW_KEY_COMPARATOR.getBytes());
+    if (bytes == null) {
+      return null;
+    }
+    ByteArrayInputStream bis = new ByteArrayInputStream(bytes);
+    DataInputStream in = new DataInputStream(bis);
+    HBaseConfiguration conf = new HBaseConfiguration();
+    try {
+      comparator = (WritableComparator<byte[]>) ObjectWritable.readObject(in, conf);
+    } catch (IOException e) {
+      throw new RuntimeException(e);
+    }
+    return comparator;
+  }
+  
+  
+  public Collection<IndexSpecification> getIndexes() {
+    return indexes.values();
+  }
+  
+  public IndexSpecification getIndex(String indexId) {
+    return indexes.get(indexId);
+  }
+  
+  public void addIndex(IndexSpecification index) {
+    indexes.put(index.getIndexId(), index);
+  }
 
   /**
    * Adds a column family.
@@ -519,6 +590,16 @@
       c.readFields(in);
       families.put(Bytes.mapKey(c.getName()), c);
     }
+    indexes.clear();
+    if (version < 4) {
+      return;
+    }
+    int numIndexes = in.readInt();
+    for (int i = 0; i < numIndexes; i++) {
+      IndexSpecification index = new IndexSpecification();
+      index.readFields(in);
+      addIndex(index);
+    }
   }
 
   public void write(DataOutput out) throws IOException {
@@ -538,6 +619,10 @@
       HColumnDescriptor family = it.next();
       family.write(out);
     }
+    out.writeInt(indexes.size());
+    for(IndexSpecification index : indexes.values()) {
+      index.write(out);
+    }
   }
 
   // Comparable

Added: hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/WritableComparator.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/WritableComparator.java?rev=718317&view=auto
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/WritableComparator.java (added)
+++ hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/WritableComparator.java Mon Nov 17 10:34:07 2008
@@ -0,0 +1,28 @@
+/**
+ * Copyright 2008 The Apache Software Foundation
+ *
+ * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
+ * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
+ * distributed with this work for additional information
+ * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
+ * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
+ * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
+ * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+ * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ * limitations under the License.
+ */
+package org.apache.hadoop.hbase;
+
+import java.util.Comparator;
+
+import org.apache.hadoop.io.Writable;
+
+public interface WritableComparator<T> extends Writable, Comparator<T> {
+// No methods, just bring the two interfaces together
+}

Modified: hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/UnmodifyableHTableDescriptor.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/UnmodifyableHTableDescriptor.java?rev=718317&r1=718316&r2=718317&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/UnmodifyableHTableDescriptor.java (original)
+++ hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/UnmodifyableHTableDescriptor.java Mon Nov 17 10:34:07 2008
@@ -22,6 +22,7 @@
 
 import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HColumnDescriptor;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HTableDescriptor;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.tableindexed.IndexSpecification;
 
 /**
  * Read-only table descriptor.
@@ -37,7 +38,7 @@
    * @param desc
    */
   UnmodifyableHTableDescriptor(final HTableDescriptor desc) {
-    super(desc.getName(), getUnmodifyableFamilies(desc), desc.getValues());
+    super(desc.getName(), getUnmodifyableFamilies(desc), desc.getIndexes(), desc.getValues());
   }
   
   /*
@@ -108,4 +109,9 @@
   public void setMemcacheFlushSize(int memcacheFlushSize) {
     throw new UnsupportedOperationException("HTableDescriptor is read-only");
   }
+  
+  @Override
+  public void addIndex(IndexSpecification index) {
+    throw new UnsupportedOperationException("HTableDescriptor is read-only"); 
+  }
 }

Added: hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/IndexKeyGenerator.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/IndexKeyGenerator.java?rev=718317&view=auto
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/IndexKeyGenerator.java (added)
+++ hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/IndexKeyGenerator.java Mon Nov 17 10:34:07 2008
@@ -0,0 +1,29 @@
+/**
+ * Copyright 2008 The Apache Software Foundation
+ *
+ * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
+ * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
+ * distributed with this work for additional information
+ * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
+ * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
+ * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
+ * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+ * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ * limitations under the License.
+ */
+package org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.tableindexed;
+
+import java.util.Map;
+
+import org.apache.hadoop.io.Writable;
+
+public interface IndexKeyGenerator extends Writable {
+
+  byte [] createIndexKey(byte [] rowKey, Map<byte [], byte []> columns);
+}

Added: hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/IndexNotFoundException.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/IndexNotFoundException.java?rev=718317&view=auto
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/IndexNotFoundException.java (added)
+++ hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/IndexNotFoundException.java Mon Nov 17 10:34:07 2008
@@ -0,0 +1,45 @@
+/**
+ * Copyright 2008 The Apache Software Foundation
+ *
+ * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
+ * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
+ * distributed with this work for additional information
+ * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
+ * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
+ * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
+ * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+ * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ * limitations under the License.
+ */
+package org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.tableindexed;
+
+import java.io.IOException;
+
+/**
+ * Thrown when asking for an index that does not exist.
+ */
+public class IndexNotFoundException extends IOException {
+
+  public IndexNotFoundException() {
+    super();
+  }
+
+  public IndexNotFoundException(String arg0) {
+    super(arg0);
+  }
+
+  public IndexNotFoundException(Throwable arg0) {
+    super(arg0.getMessage());
+  }
+
+  public IndexNotFoundException(String arg0, Throwable arg1) {
+    super(arg0+arg1.getMessage());
+  }
+
+}

Added: hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/IndexSpecification.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/IndexSpecification.java?rev=718317&view=auto
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/IndexSpecification.java (added)
+++ hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/IndexSpecification.java Mon Nov 17 10:34:07 2008
@@ -0,0 +1,200 @@
+/**
+ * Copyright 2008 The Apache Software Foundation
+ *
+ * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
+ * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
+ * distributed with this work for additional information
+ * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
+ * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
+ * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
+ * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+ * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ * limitations under the License.
+ */
+package org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.tableindexed;
+
+import java.io.DataInput;
+import java.io.DataOutput;
+import java.io.IOException;
+
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HBaseConfiguration;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.WritableComparator;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.util.Bytes;
+import org.apache.hadoop.io.ObjectWritable;
+import org.apache.hadoop.io.Writable;
+import org.apache.hadoop.io.WritableComparable;
+
+/** Holds the specification for a single secondary index. */
+public class IndexSpecification implements Writable {
+
+  // Columns that are indexed (part of the indexRowKey)
+  private byte[][] indexedColumns;
+
+  // Constructs the
+  private IndexKeyGenerator keyGenerator;
+
+  private WritableComparator<byte[]> keyComparator;
+
+  // Additional columns mapped into the indexed row. These will be available for
+  // filters when scanning the index.
+  private byte[][] additionalColumns;
+
+  private byte[][] allColumns;
+
+  // Id of this index, unique within a table.
+  private String indexId;
+
+  /** Construct an "simple" index spec for a single column. */
+  public IndexSpecification(String indexId, byte[] indexedColumn,
+      boolean acending) {
+    this(indexId, new byte[][] { indexedColumn }, null,
+        new SimpleIndexKeyGenerator(indexedColumn), acending == true ? null
+            : new ReverseByteArrayComparator());
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Construct an index spec by specifying everything.
+   * 
+   * @param indexId
+   * @param indexedColumns
+   * @param additionalColumns
+   * @param keyGenerator
+   * @param keyComparator
+   */
+  public IndexSpecification(String indexId, byte[][] indexedColumns,
+      byte[][] additionalColumns, IndexKeyGenerator keyGenerator,
+      WritableComparator<byte[]> keyComparator) {
+    this.indexId = indexId;
+    this.indexedColumns = indexedColumns;
+    this.additionalColumns = additionalColumns;
+    this.keyGenerator = keyGenerator;
+    this.keyComparator = keyComparator;
+    this.makeAllColumns();
+  }
+
+  public IndexSpecification() {
+    // For writable
+  }
+
+  private void makeAllColumns() {
+    this.allColumns = new byte[indexedColumns.length
+        + (additionalColumns == null ? 0 : additionalColumns.length)][];
+    System.arraycopy(indexedColumns, 0, allColumns, 0, indexedColumns.length);
+    if (additionalColumns != null) {
+      System.arraycopy(additionalColumns, 0, allColumns, indexedColumns.length,
+          additionalColumns.length);
+    }
+  }
+  
+  /**
+   * Get the indexedColumns.
+   * 
+   * @return Return the indexedColumns.
+   */
+  public byte[][] getIndexedColumns() {
+    return indexedColumns;
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Get the keyGenerator.
+   * 
+   * @return Return the keyGenerator.
+   */
+  public IndexKeyGenerator getKeyGenerator() {
+    return keyGenerator;
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Get the keyComparator.
+   * 
+   * @return Return the keyComparator.
+   */
+  public WritableComparator<byte[]> getKeyComparator() {
+    return keyComparator;
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Get the additionalColumns.
+   * 
+   * @return Return the additionalColumns.
+   */
+  public byte[][] getAdditionalColumns() {
+    return additionalColumns;
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Get the indexId.
+   * 
+   * @return Return the indexId.
+   */
+  public String getIndexId() {
+    return indexId;
+  }
+
+  public byte[][] getAllColumns() {
+    return allColumns;
+  }
+
+  public boolean containsColumn(byte[] column) {
+    for (byte[] col : allColumns) {
+      if (Bytes.equals(column, col)) {
+        return true;
+      }
+    }
+    return false;
+  }
+
+  public byte[] getIndexedTableName(byte[] baseTableName) {
+    return Bytes.add(baseTableName, Bytes.toBytes("-" + indexId));
+  }
+
+  /** {@inheritDoc} */
+  @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
+  public void readFields(DataInput in) throws IOException {
+    indexId = in.readUTF();
+    int numIndexedCols = in.readInt();
+    indexedColumns = new byte[numIndexedCols][];
+    for (int i = 0; i < numIndexedCols; i++) {
+      indexedColumns[i] = Bytes.readByteArray(in);
+    }
+    int numAdditionalCols = in.readInt();
+    additionalColumns = new byte[numAdditionalCols][];
+    for (int i = 0; i < numAdditionalCols; i++) {
+      additionalColumns[i] = Bytes.readByteArray(in);
+    }
+    makeAllColumns();
+    HBaseConfiguration conf = new HBaseConfiguration();
+    keyGenerator = (IndexKeyGenerator) ObjectWritable.readObject(in, conf);
+    keyComparator = (WritableComparator<byte[]>) ObjectWritable.readObject(in,
+        conf);
+  }
+
+  /** {@inheritDoc} */
+  public void write(DataOutput out) throws IOException {
+    out.writeUTF(indexId);
+    out.writeInt(indexedColumns.length);
+    for (byte[] col : indexedColumns) {
+      Bytes.writeByteArray(out, col);
+    }
+    if (additionalColumns != null) {
+      out.writeInt(additionalColumns.length);
+      for (byte[] col : additionalColumns) {
+        Bytes.writeByteArray(out, col);
+      }
+    } else {
+      out.writeInt(0);
+    }
+    HBaseConfiguration conf = new HBaseConfiguration();
+    ObjectWritable
+        .writeObject(out, keyGenerator, IndexKeyGenerator.class, conf);
+    ObjectWritable.writeObject(out, keyComparator, WritableComparable.class,
+        conf);
+  }
+
+}

Added: hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/IndexedTable.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/IndexedTable.java?rev=718317&view=auto
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/IndexedTable.java (added)
+++ hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/IndexedTable.java Mon Nov 17 10:34:07 2008
@@ -0,0 +1,222 @@
+/**
+ * Copyright 2008 The Apache Software Foundation
+ *
+ * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
+ * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
+ * distributed with this work for additional information
+ * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
+ * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
+ * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
+ * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+ * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ * limitations under the License.
+ */
+package org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.tableindexed;
+
+import java.io.IOException;
+import java.util.HashMap;
+import java.util.Iterator;
+import java.util.Map;
+import java.util.Map.Entry;
+
+import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
+import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HBaseConfiguration;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HStoreKey;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.HTable;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.Scanner;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.transactional.TransactionalTable;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.filter.RowFilterInterface;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.Cell;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.HbaseMapWritable;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.RowResult;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.util.Bytes;
+
+/** HTable extended with indexed support. */
+public class IndexedTable extends TransactionalTable {
+
+  // FIXME, these belong elsewhere
+  public static final byte[] INDEX_COL_FAMILY_NAME = Bytes.toBytes("__INDEX__");
+  public static final byte[] INDEX_COL_FAMILY = Bytes.add(
+      INDEX_COL_FAMILY_NAME, new byte[] { HStoreKey.COLUMN_FAMILY_DELIMITER });
+  public static final byte[] INDEX_BASE_ROW_COLUMN = Bytes.add(
+      INDEX_COL_FAMILY, Bytes.toBytes("ROW"));
+
+  private static final Log LOG = LogFactory.getLog(IndexedTable.class);
+
+  private Map<String, HTable> indexIdToTable = new HashMap<String, HTable>();
+
+  /** {@inheritDoc} */
+  public IndexedTable(final HBaseConfiguration conf, final byte[] tableName)
+      throws IOException {
+    super(conf, tableName);
+
+    for (IndexSpecification spec : super.getTableDescriptor().getIndexes()) {
+      indexIdToTable.put(spec.getIndexId(), new HTable(conf, spec
+          .getIndexedTableName(tableName)));
+    }
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Open up an indexed scanner. Results will come back in the indexed order,
+   * but will contain RowResults from the original table.
+   * 
+   * @param indexId the id of the index to use
+   * @param indexStartRow (created from the IndexKeyGenerator)
+   * @param indexColumns in the index table
+   * @param indexFilter filter to run on the index'ed table. This can only use
+   * columns that have been added to the index.
+   * @param baseColumns from the original table
+   * @return scanner
+   * @throws IOException
+   * @throws IndexNotFoundException
+   */
+  public Scanner getIndexedScanner(String indexId, final byte[] indexStartRow,
+      byte[][] indexColumns, final RowFilterInterface indexFilter,
+      final byte[][] baseColumns) throws IOException, IndexNotFoundException {
+    IndexSpecification indexSpec = super.getTableDescriptor().getIndex(indexId);
+    if (indexSpec == null) {
+      throw new IndexNotFoundException("Index " + indexId
+          + " not defined in table "
+          + super.getTableDescriptor().getNameAsString());
+    }
+    verifyIndexColumns(indexColumns, indexSpec);
+    // TODO, verify/remove index columns from baseColumns
+
+    HTable indexTable = indexIdToTable.get(indexId);
+
+    byte[][] allIndexColumns;
+    if (indexColumns != null) {
+      allIndexColumns = new byte[indexColumns.length + 1][];
+      System
+          .arraycopy(indexColumns, 0, allIndexColumns, 0, indexColumns.length);
+      allIndexColumns[indexColumns.length] = INDEX_BASE_ROW_COLUMN;
+    } else {
+      byte[][] allColumns = indexSpec.getAllColumns();
+      allIndexColumns = new byte[allColumns.length + 1][];
+      System.arraycopy(allColumns, 0, allIndexColumns, 0, allColumns.length);
+      allIndexColumns[allColumns.length] = INDEX_BASE_ROW_COLUMN;
+    }
+
+    Scanner indexScanner = indexTable.getScanner(allIndexColumns,
+        indexStartRow, indexFilter);
+
+    return new ScannerWrapper(indexScanner, baseColumns);
+  }
+
+  private void verifyIndexColumns(byte[][] requestedColumns,
+      IndexSpecification indexSpec) {
+    if (requestedColumns == null) {
+      return;
+    }
+    for (byte[] requestedColumn : requestedColumns) {
+      boolean found = false;
+      for (byte[] indexColumn : indexSpec.getAllColumns()) {
+        if (Bytes.equals(requestedColumn, indexColumn)) {
+          found = true;
+          break;
+        }
+      }
+      if (!found) {
+        throw new RuntimeException("Column [" + Bytes.toString(requestedColumn)
+            + "] not in index " + indexSpec.getIndexId());
+      }
+    }
+  }
+
+  private class ScannerWrapper implements Scanner {
+
+    private Scanner indexScanner;
+    private byte[][] columns;
+
+    public ScannerWrapper(Scanner indexScanner, byte[][] columns) {
+      this.indexScanner = indexScanner;
+      this.columns = columns;
+    }
+
+    /** {@inheritDoc} */
+    public RowResult next() throws IOException {
+        RowResult[] result = next(1);
+        if (result == null || result.length < 1)
+          return null;
+        return result[0];
+    }
+
+    /** {@inheritDoc} */
+    public RowResult[] next(int nbRows) throws IOException {
+      RowResult[] indexResult = indexScanner.next(nbRows);
+      if (indexResult == null) {
+        return null;
+      }
+      RowResult[] result = new RowResult[indexResult.length];
+      for (int i = 0; i < indexResult.length; i++) {
+        RowResult row = indexResult[i];
+        byte[] baseRow = row.get(INDEX_BASE_ROW_COLUMN).getValue();
+        LOG.debug("next index row [" + Bytes.toString(row.getRow())
+            + "] -> base row [" + Bytes.toString(baseRow) + "]");
+        HbaseMapWritable<byte[], Cell> colValues =
+          new HbaseMapWritable<byte[], Cell>();
+        if (columns != null && columns.length > 0) {
+          LOG.debug("Going to base table for remaining columns");
+          RowResult baseResult = IndexedTable.this.getRow(baseRow, columns);
+          colValues.putAll(baseResult);
+        }
+        for (Entry<byte[], Cell> entry : row.entrySet()) {
+          byte[] col = entry.getKey();
+          if (HStoreKey.matchingFamily(INDEX_COL_FAMILY_NAME, col)) {
+            continue;
+          }
+          colValues.put(col, entry.getValue());
+        }
+        result[i] = new RowResult(baseRow, colValues);
+      }
+      return result;
+    }
+
+    /** {@inheritDoc} */
+    public void close() {
+      indexScanner.close();
+    }
+
+    /** {@inheritDoc} */
+    public Iterator<RowResult> iterator() {
+      // FIXME, copied from HTable.ClientScanner. Extract this to common base
+      // class?
+      return new Iterator<RowResult>() {
+        RowResult next = null;
+
+        public boolean hasNext() {
+          if (next == null) {
+            try {
+              next = ScannerWrapper.this.next();
+              return next != null;
+            } catch (IOException e) {
+              throw new RuntimeException(e);
+            }
+          }
+          return true;
+        }
+
+        public RowResult next() {
+          if (!hasNext()) {
+            return null;
+          }
+          RowResult temp = next;
+          next = null;
+          return temp;
+        }
+
+        public void remove() {
+          throw new UnsupportedOperationException();
+        }
+      };
+    }
+
+  }
+}

Added: hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/IndexedTableAdmin.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/IndexedTableAdmin.java?rev=718317&view=auto
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/IndexedTableAdmin.java (added)
+++ hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/IndexedTableAdmin.java Mon Nov 17 10:34:07 2008
@@ -0,0 +1,99 @@
+/**
+ * Copyright 2008 The Apache Software Foundation
+ *
+ * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
+ * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
+ * distributed with this work for additional information
+ * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
+ * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
+ * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
+ * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+ * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ * limitations under the License.
+ */
+package org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.tableindexed;
+
+import java.io.IOException;
+import java.util.Set;
+import java.util.TreeSet;
+
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.ColumnNameParseException;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HBaseConfiguration;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HColumnDescriptor;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HStoreKey;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HTableDescriptor;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.MasterNotRunningException;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.TableExistsException;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.HBaseAdmin;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.util.Bytes;
+
+/**
+ * Extension of HBaseAdmin that creates indexed tables.
+ * 
+ */
+public class IndexedTableAdmin extends HBaseAdmin {
+
+  /**
+   * Constructor
+   * 
+   * @param conf Configuration object
+   * @throws MasterNotRunningException
+   */
+  public IndexedTableAdmin(HBaseConfiguration conf)
+      throws MasterNotRunningException {
+    super(conf);
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Creates a new table
+   * 
+   * @param desc table descriptor for table
+   * 
+   * @throws IllegalArgumentException if the table name is reserved
+   * @throws MasterNotRunningException if master is not running
+   * @throws TableExistsException if table already exists (If concurrent
+   * threads, the table may have been created between test-for-existence and
+   * attempt-at-creation).
+   * @throws IOException
+   */
+  @Override
+  public void createTable(HTableDescriptor desc) throws IOException {
+    super.createTable(desc);
+    this.createIndexTables(desc);
+  }
+
+  private void createIndexTables(HTableDescriptor tableDesc) throws IOException {
+    byte[] baseTableName = tableDesc.getName();
+    for (IndexSpecification indexSpec : tableDesc.getIndexes()) {
+      HTableDescriptor indexTableDesc = createIndexTableDesc(baseTableName,
+          indexSpec);
+      super.createTable(indexTableDesc);
+    }
+  }
+
+  private HTableDescriptor createIndexTableDesc(byte[] baseTableName,
+      IndexSpecification indexSpec) throws ColumnNameParseException {
+    HTableDescriptor indexTableDesc = new HTableDescriptor(indexSpec
+        .getIndexedTableName(baseTableName));
+    Set<byte[]> families = new TreeSet<byte[]>(Bytes.BYTES_COMPARATOR);
+    families.add(IndexedTable.INDEX_COL_FAMILY);
+    for (byte[] column : indexSpec.getAllColumns()) {
+      families.add(Bytes.add(HStoreKey.getFamily(column),
+          new byte[] { HStoreKey.COLUMN_FAMILY_DELIMITER }));
+    }
+
+    for (byte[] colFamily : families) {
+      indexTableDesc.addFamily(new HColumnDescriptor(colFamily));
+    }
+
+    indexTableDesc.setRowKeyComparator(indexSpec.getKeyComparator());
+
+    return indexTableDesc;
+  }
+}

Added: hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/ReverseByteArrayComparator.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/ReverseByteArrayComparator.java?rev=718317&view=auto
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/ReverseByteArrayComparator.java (added)
+++ hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/ReverseByteArrayComparator.java Mon Nov 17 10:34:07 2008
@@ -0,0 +1,46 @@
+/**
+ * Copyright 2008 The Apache Software Foundation
+ *
+ * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
+ * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
+ * distributed with this work for additional information
+ * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
+ * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
+ * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
+ * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+ * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ * limitations under the License.
+ */
+package org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.tableindexed;
+
+import java.io.DataInput;
+import java.io.DataOutput;
+import java.io.IOException;
+
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.WritableComparator;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.util.Bytes;
+
+public class ReverseByteArrayComparator implements WritableComparator<byte[]> {
+
+  /** {@inheritDoc} */
+  public int compare(byte[] o1, byte[] o2) {
+    return Bytes.compareTo(o2, o1);
+  }
+
+  
+  /** {@inheritDoc} */
+  public void readFields(DataInput arg0) throws IOException {
+    // Nothing
+  }
+
+  /** {@inheritDoc} */
+  public void write(DataOutput arg0) throws IOException {
+    // Nothing
+  }
+}

Added: hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/SimpleIndexKeyGenerator.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/SimpleIndexKeyGenerator.java?rev=718317&view=auto
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/SimpleIndexKeyGenerator.java (added)
+++ hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/SimpleIndexKeyGenerator.java Mon Nov 17 10:34:07 2008
@@ -0,0 +1,59 @@
+/**
+ * Copyright 2008 The Apache Software Foundation
+ *
+ * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
+ * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
+ * distributed with this work for additional information
+ * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
+ * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
+ * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
+ * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+ * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ * limitations under the License.
+ */
+package org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.tableindexed;
+
+import java.io.DataInput;
+import java.io.DataOutput;
+import java.io.IOException;
+import java.util.Map;
+
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.util.Bytes;
+
+/** Creates indexed keys for a single column....
+ * 
+ */
+public class SimpleIndexKeyGenerator implements IndexKeyGenerator {
+
+  private byte [] column;
+  
+  public SimpleIndexKeyGenerator(byte [] column) {
+    this.column = column;
+  }
+  
+  public SimpleIndexKeyGenerator() {
+    // For Writable
+  }
+  
+  /** {@inheritDoc} */
+  public byte[] createIndexKey(byte[] rowKey, Map<byte[], byte[]> columns) {
+    return Bytes.add(columns.get(column), rowKey);
+  }
+
+  /** {@inheritDoc} */
+  public void readFields(DataInput in) throws IOException {
+    column = Bytes.readByteArray(in);
+  }
+
+  /** {@inheritDoc} */
+  public void write(DataOutput out) throws IOException {
+    Bytes.writeByteArray(out, column);
+  }
+
+}

Added: hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/package.html
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/package.html?rev=718317&view=auto
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/package.html (added)
+++ hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/package.html Mon Nov 17 10:34:07 2008
@@ -0,0 +1,47 @@
+<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 3.2 Final//EN">
+<html>
+
+<!--
+   Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
+   contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
+   this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
+   The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
+   (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
+   the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+
+       http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+
+   Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+   distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+   WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+   See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+   limitations under the License.
+-->
+
+<head />
+<body bgcolor="white">
+
+This package provides support for secondary indexing by maintaining a separate, "index", table for each index. 
+
+The IndexSpecification class provides the metadata for the index. This includes:
+<li> the columns that contribute to the index key,
+<li> additional columns to put in the index table (and are thus made available to filters on the index table),
+<li> an IndexKeyGenerator which constructs the index-row-key from the indexed column(s) and the original row, 
+<br> and 
+<li> (optionally) a custom key comparator for the indexed table. This can allow an index on a deserialized column value.
+
+IndexesSpecifications can be added to a table's metadata (HTableDescriptor) before the table is constructed. 
+Afterwards, updates and deletes to the original table will trigger the updates in the index, and 
+the indexes can be scanned using the API on IndexedTable.
+
+For a simple example, look at the unit test in org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.tableIndexed.
+
+<p> To enable the indexing, modify hbase-site.xml to turn on the
+IndexedRegionServer.  This is done by setting
+<i>hbase.regionserver.class</i> to
+<i>org.apache.hadoop.hbase.ipc.IndexedRegionInterface</i> and
+<i>hbase.regionserver.impl </i> to
+<i>org.apache.hadoop.hbase.regionserver.tableindexed.IndexedRegionServer</i>
+ 
+</body>
+</html>

Added: hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/ipc/IndexedRegionInterface.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/ipc/IndexedRegionInterface.java?rev=718317&view=auto
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/ipc/IndexedRegionInterface.java (added)
+++ hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/ipc/IndexedRegionInterface.java Mon Nov 17 10:34:07 2008
@@ -0,0 +1,11 @@
+/*
+ * $Id$
+ * Created on Sep 10, 2008
+ * 
+ */
+package org.apache.hadoop.hbase.ipc;
+
+/** Interface for the indexed region server. */
+public interface IndexedRegionInterface extends TransactionalRegionInterface {
+  // No methods for now...
+}

Added: hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/regionserver/tableindexed/IndexedRegion.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/regionserver/tableindexed/IndexedRegion.java?rev=718317&view=auto
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/regionserver/tableindexed/IndexedRegion.java (added)
+++ hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/regionserver/tableindexed/IndexedRegion.java Mon Nov 17 10:34:07 2008
@@ -0,0 +1,342 @@
+/**
+ * Copyright 2008 The Apache Software Foundation
+ *
+ * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
+ * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
+ * distributed with this work for additional information
+ * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
+ * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
+ * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
+ * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+ * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ * limitations under the License.
+ */
+package org.apache.hadoop.hbase.regionserver.tableindexed;
+
+import java.io.IOException;
+import java.util.Collection;
+import java.util.HashMap;
+import java.util.Iterator;
+import java.util.LinkedList;
+import java.util.List;
+import java.util.Map;
+import java.util.Set;
+import java.util.SortedMap;
+import java.util.TreeMap;
+import java.util.TreeSet;
+import java.util.Map.Entry;
+
+import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
+import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory;
+import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FileSystem;
+import org.apache.hadoop.fs.Path;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HBaseConfiguration;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HConstants;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HRegionInfo;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.HTable;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.tableindexed.IndexSpecification;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.tableindexed.IndexedTable;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.BatchOperation;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.BatchUpdate;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.Cell;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.regionserver.FlushRequester;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.regionserver.HLog;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.regionserver.transactional.TransactionalRegion;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.util.Bytes;
+
+class IndexedRegion extends TransactionalRegion {
+
+  private static final Log LOG = LogFactory.getLog(IndexedRegion.class);
+
+  private final HBaseConfiguration conf;
+  private Map<IndexSpecification, HTable> indexSpecToTable = new HashMap<IndexSpecification, HTable>();
+
+  public IndexedRegion(final Path basedir, final HLog log, final FileSystem fs,
+      final HBaseConfiguration conf, final HRegionInfo regionInfo,
+      final FlushRequester flushListener) {
+    super(basedir, log, fs, conf, regionInfo, flushListener);
+    this.conf = conf;
+  }
+
+  private synchronized HTable getIndexTable(IndexSpecification index)
+      throws IOException {
+    HTable indexTable = indexSpecToTable.get(index);
+    if (indexTable == null) {
+      indexTable = new HTable(conf, index.getIndexedTableName(super
+          .getRegionInfo().getTableDesc().getName()));
+      indexSpecToTable.put(index, indexTable);
+    }
+    return indexTable;
+  }
+
+  private Collection<IndexSpecification> getIndexes() {
+    return super.getRegionInfo().getTableDesc().getIndexes();
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * @param batchUpdate
+   * @param lockid
+   * @param writeToWAL if true, then we write this update to the log
+   * @throws IOException
+   */
+  @Override
+  public void batchUpdate(BatchUpdate batchUpdate, Integer lockid, boolean writeToWAL)
+      throws IOException {
+    updateIndexes(batchUpdate); // Do this first because will want to see the old row
+    super.batchUpdate(batchUpdate, lockid, writeToWAL);
+  }
+
+  private void updateIndexes(BatchUpdate batchUpdate) throws IOException {
+    List<IndexSpecification> indexesToUpdate = new LinkedList<IndexSpecification>();
+
+    // Find the indexes we need to update
+    for (IndexSpecification index : getIndexes()) {
+      if (possiblyAppliesToIndex(index, batchUpdate)) {
+        indexesToUpdate.add(index);
+      }
+    }
+
+    if (indexesToUpdate.size() == 0) {
+      return;
+    }
+
+    Set<byte[]> neededColumns = getColumnsForIndexes(indexesToUpdate);
+
+    SortedMap<byte[], byte[]> newColumnValues = getColumnsFromBatchUpdate(batchUpdate);
+    Map<byte[], Cell> oldColumnCells = super.getFull(batchUpdate.getRow(),
+        neededColumns, HConstants.LATEST_TIMESTAMP, null);
+    
+    // Handle delete batch updates. Go back and get the next older values
+    for (BatchOperation op : batchUpdate) {
+      if (!op.isPut()) {
+        Cell current = oldColumnCells.get(op.getColumn());
+        if (current != null) {
+          Cell [] older = super.get(batchUpdate.getRow(), op.getColumn(), current.getTimestamp(), 1);
+          if (older != null && older.length > 0) {
+            newColumnValues.put(op.getColumn(), older[0].getValue());
+          }
+        }
+      }
+    }
+    
+    // Add the old values to the new if they are not there
+    for (Entry<byte[], Cell> oldEntry : oldColumnCells.entrySet()) {
+      if (!newColumnValues.containsKey(oldEntry.getKey())) {
+        newColumnValues.put(oldEntry.getKey(), oldEntry.getValue().getValue());
+      }
+    }
+    
+  
+    
+    Iterator<IndexSpecification> indexIterator = indexesToUpdate.iterator();
+    while (indexIterator.hasNext()) {
+      IndexSpecification indexSpec = indexIterator.next();
+      if (!doesApplyToIndex(indexSpec, newColumnValues)) {
+        indexIterator.remove();
+      }
+    }
+
+    SortedMap<byte[], byte[]> oldColumnValues = convertToValueMap(oldColumnCells);
+    
+    for (IndexSpecification indexSpec : indexesToUpdate) {
+      removeOldIndexEntry(indexSpec, batchUpdate.getRow(), oldColumnValues);
+      updateIndex(indexSpec, batchUpdate.getRow(), newColumnValues);
+    }
+  }
+
+  /** Return the columns needed for the update. */
+  private Set<byte[]> getColumnsForIndexes(Collection<IndexSpecification> indexes) {
+    Set<byte[]> neededColumns = new TreeSet<byte[]>(Bytes.BYTES_COMPARATOR);
+    for (IndexSpecification indexSpec : indexes) {
+      for (byte[] col : indexSpec.getAllColumns()) {
+        neededColumns.add(col);
+      }
+    }
+    return neededColumns;
+  }
+
+  private void removeOldIndexEntry(IndexSpecification indexSpec, byte[] row,
+      SortedMap<byte[], byte[]> oldColumnValues) throws IOException {
+    for (byte[] indexedCol : indexSpec.getIndexedColumns()) {
+      if (!oldColumnValues.containsKey(indexedCol)) {
+        LOG.debug("Index [" + indexSpec.getIndexId()
+            + "] not trying to remove old entry for row ["
+            + Bytes.toString(row) + "] because col ["
+            + Bytes.toString(indexedCol) + "] is missing");
+        return;
+      }
+    }
+
+    byte[] oldIndexRow = indexSpec.getKeyGenerator().createIndexKey(row,
+        oldColumnValues);
+    LOG.debug("Index [" + indexSpec.getIndexId() + "] removing old entry ["
+        + Bytes.toString(oldIndexRow) + "]");
+    getIndexTable(indexSpec).deleteAll(oldIndexRow);
+  }
+  
+  private SortedMap<byte[], byte[]> getColumnsFromBatchUpdate(BatchUpdate b) {
+    SortedMap<byte[], byte[]> columnValues = new TreeMap<byte[], byte[]>(
+        Bytes.BYTES_COMPARATOR);
+    for (BatchOperation op : b) {
+      if (op.isPut()) {
+        columnValues.put(op.getColumn(), op.getValue());
+      }
+    }
+    return columnValues;
+  }
+
+  /** Ask if this update *could* apply to the index. It may actually apply if some of the columns needed are missing.
+   * 
+   * @param indexSpec
+   * @param b
+   * @return true if possibly apply.
+   */
+  private boolean possiblyAppliesToIndex(IndexSpecification indexSpec, BatchUpdate b) {
+    for (BatchOperation op : b) {
+      if (indexSpec.containsColumn(op.getColumn())) {
+        return true;
+      }
+    }
+    return false;
+  }
+  
+  /** Ask if this update does apply to the index. 
+   * 
+   * @param indexSpec
+   * @param b
+   * @return true if possibly apply.
+   */
+  private boolean doesApplyToIndex(IndexSpecification indexSpec,  SortedMap<byte[], byte[]> columnValues) {
+    
+    for (byte [] neededCol : indexSpec.getIndexedColumns()) {
+      if (! columnValues.containsKey(neededCol))  {
+        LOG.debug("Index [" + indexSpec.getIndexId() + "] can't be updated because ["
+            + Bytes.toString(neededCol) + "] is missing");
+        return false;
+      }
+    }
+    return true;
+  }
+
+  private void updateIndex(IndexSpecification indexSpec, byte[] row,
+      SortedMap<byte[], byte[]> columnValues) throws IOException {
+    BatchUpdate indexUpdate = createIndexUpdate(indexSpec, row, columnValues);
+    getIndexTable(indexSpec).commit(indexUpdate);
+    LOG.debug("Index [" + indexSpec.getIndexId() + "] adding new entry ["
+        + Bytes.toString(indexUpdate.getRow()) + "] for row ["
+        + Bytes.toString(row) + "]");
+
+  }
+
+  private BatchUpdate createIndexUpdate(IndexSpecification indexSpec,
+      byte[] row, SortedMap<byte[], byte[]> columnValues) {
+    byte[] indexRow = indexSpec.getKeyGenerator().createIndexKey(row,
+        columnValues);
+    BatchUpdate update = new BatchUpdate(indexRow);
+
+    update.put(IndexedTable.INDEX_BASE_ROW_COLUMN, row);
+
+    for (byte[] col : indexSpec.getIndexedColumns()) {
+      byte[] val = columnValues.get(col);
+      if (val == null) {
+        throw new RuntimeException("Unexpected missing column value. ["+Bytes.toString(col)+"]");
+      }
+      update.put(col, val);
+    }
+    
+    for (byte [] col : indexSpec.getAdditionalColumns()) {
+      byte[] val = columnValues.get(col);
+      if (val != null) {
+        update.put(col, val);
+      }
+    }
+
+    return update;
+  }
+
+  @Override
+  public void deleteAll(final byte[] row, final long ts, final Integer lockid)
+      throws IOException {
+
+    if (getIndexes().size() != 0) {
+
+      // Need all columns
+      Set<byte[]> neededColumns = getColumnsForIndexes(getIndexes());
+
+      Map<byte[], Cell> oldColumnCells = super.getFull(row,
+          neededColumns, HConstants.LATEST_TIMESTAMP, null);
+      SortedMap<byte[], byte[]> oldColumnValues = convertToValueMap(oldColumnCells);
+      
+      
+      for (IndexSpecification indexSpec : getIndexes()) {
+        removeOldIndexEntry(indexSpec, row, oldColumnValues);
+      }
+
+      // Handle if there is still a version visible.
+      if (ts != HConstants.LATEST_TIMESTAMP) {
+        Map<byte[], Cell> currentColumnCells = super.getFull(row,
+            neededColumns, ts, null);
+        SortedMap<byte[], byte[]> currentColumnValues = convertToValueMap(currentColumnCells);
+        
+        for (IndexSpecification indexSpec : getIndexes()) {
+          if (doesApplyToIndex(indexSpec, currentColumnValues)) {
+            updateIndex(indexSpec, row, currentColumnValues);
+          }
+        }
+      }
+    }
+    super.deleteAll(row, ts, lockid);
+  }
+
+  private SortedMap<byte[], byte[]> convertToValueMap(
+      Map<byte[], Cell> cellMap) {
+    SortedMap<byte[], byte[]> currentColumnValues = new TreeMap<byte[], byte[]>(Bytes.BYTES_COMPARATOR);
+    for(Entry<byte[], Cell> entry : cellMap.entrySet()) {
+      currentColumnValues.put(entry.getKey(), entry.getValue().getValue());
+    }
+    return currentColumnValues;
+  }
+
+  @Override
+  public void deleteAll(final byte[] row, byte[] column, final long ts,
+      final Integer lockid) throws IOException {
+    List<IndexSpecification> indexesToUpdate = new LinkedList<IndexSpecification>();
+    
+    for(IndexSpecification indexSpec : getIndexes()) {
+      if (indexSpec.containsColumn(column)) {
+        indexesToUpdate.add(indexSpec);
+      }
+    }
+    
+    Set<byte[]> neededColumns = getColumnsForIndexes(indexesToUpdate);
+    Map<byte[], Cell> oldColumnCells = super.getFull(row,
+        neededColumns, HConstants.LATEST_TIMESTAMP, null);
+    SortedMap<byte [], byte[]> oldColumnValues = convertToValueMap(oldColumnCells);
+    
+    for (IndexSpecification indexSpec : indexesToUpdate) {
+      removeOldIndexEntry(indexSpec, row, oldColumnValues);
+    }    
+    
+    // Handle if there is still a version visible.
+    if (ts != HConstants.LATEST_TIMESTAMP) {
+      Map<byte[], Cell> currentColumnCells = super.getFull(row,
+          neededColumns, ts, null);
+      SortedMap<byte[], byte[]> currentColumnValues = convertToValueMap(currentColumnCells);
+      
+      for (IndexSpecification indexSpec : getIndexes()) {
+        if (doesApplyToIndex(indexSpec, currentColumnValues)) {
+          updateIndex(indexSpec, row, currentColumnValues);
+        }
+      }
+    }
+    
+    super.deleteAll(row, column, ts, lockid);
+  }
+
+}

Added: hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/regionserver/tableindexed/IndexedRegionServer.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/regionserver/tableindexed/IndexedRegionServer.java?rev=718317&view=auto
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/regionserver/tableindexed/IndexedRegionServer.java (added)
+++ hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/regionserver/tableindexed/IndexedRegionServer.java Mon Nov 17 10:34:07 2008
@@ -0,0 +1,66 @@
+/**
+ * Copyright 2008 The Apache Software Foundation
+ *
+ * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
+ * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
+ * distributed with this work for additional information
+ * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
+ * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
+ * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
+ * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+ * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ * limitations under the License.
+ */
+package org.apache.hadoop.hbase.regionserver.tableindexed;
+
+import java.io.IOException;
+
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HBaseConfiguration;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HRegionInfo;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HServerAddress;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HTableDescriptor;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.ipc.IndexedRegionInterface;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.regionserver.HRegion;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.regionserver.HRegionServer;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.regionserver.transactional.TransactionalRegion;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.regionserver.transactional.TransactionalRegionServer;
+import org.apache.hadoop.util.Progressable;
+
+/**
+ * RegionServer which maintains secondary indexes.
+ * 
+ **/
+public class IndexedRegionServer extends TransactionalRegionServer implements
+    IndexedRegionInterface {
+
+  public IndexedRegionServer(HBaseConfiguration conf) throws IOException {
+    this(new HServerAddress(conf.get(REGIONSERVER_ADDRESS,
+        DEFAULT_REGIONSERVER_ADDRESS)), conf);
+  }
+
+  public IndexedRegionServer(HServerAddress serverAddress,
+      HBaseConfiguration conf) throws IOException {
+    super(serverAddress, conf);
+  }
+
+  @Override
+  protected HRegion instantiateRegion(final HRegionInfo regionInfo)
+      throws IOException {
+    HRegion r = new IndexedRegion(HTableDescriptor.getTableDir(super
+        .getRootDir(), regionInfo.getTableDesc().getName()), super.log, super
+        .getFileSystem(), super.conf, regionInfo, super.getFlushRequester());
+    r.initialize(null, new Progressable() {
+      public void progress() {
+        addProcessingMessage(regionInfo);
+      }
+    });
+    return r;
+  }
+
+}

Modified: hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/regionserver/transactional/TransactionalRegion.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/regionserver/transactional/TransactionalRegion.java?rev=718317&r1=718316&r2=718317&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/regionserver/transactional/TransactionalRegion.java (original)
+++ hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/regionserver/transactional/TransactionalRegion.java Mon Nov 17 10:34:07 2008
@@ -73,7 +73,7 @@
  * will have to consult the transaction log to determine the final decision of
  * the transaction. This is not yet implemented.
  */
-class TransactionalRegion extends HRegion {
+public class TransactionalRegion extends HRegion {
 
   private static final String LEASE_TIME = "hbase.transaction.leaseTime";
   private static final int DEFAULT_LEASE_TIME = 60 * 1000;
@@ -501,7 +501,7 @@
     }
 
     for (BatchUpdate update : state.getWriteSet()) {
-      super.batchUpdate(update, false); // Don't need to WAL these
+      this.batchUpdate(update, false); // Don't need to WAL these
       // FIME, maybe should be walled so we don't need to look so far back.
     }
 

Modified: hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/test/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/PerformanceEvaluation.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/test/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/PerformanceEvaluation.java?rev=718317&r1=718316&r2=718317&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/test/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/PerformanceEvaluation.java (original)
+++ hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/test/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/PerformanceEvaluation.java Mon Nov 17 10:34:07 2008
@@ -527,7 +527,7 @@
    * @return Returns zero-prefixed 10-byte wide decimal version of passed
    * number (Does absolute in case number is negative).
    */
-  static byte [] format(final int number) {
+  public static byte [] format(final int number) {
     byte [] b = new byte[10];
     int d = Math.abs(number);
     for (int i = b.length - 1; i >= 0; i--) {

Added: hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/test/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/TestIndexedTable.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/test/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/TestIndexedTable.java?rev=718317&view=auto
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/test/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/TestIndexedTable.java (added)
+++ hadoop/hbase/trunk/src/test/org/apache/hadoop/hbase/client/tableindexed/TestIndexedTable.java Mon Nov 17 10:34:07 2008
@@ -0,0 +1,131 @@
+/**
+ * Copyright 2008 The Apache Software Foundation
+ *
+ * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
+ * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
+ * distributed with this work for additional information
+ * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
+ * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
+ * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
+ * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+ * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ * limitations under the License.
+ */
+package org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.tableindexed;
+
+import java.io.IOException;
+import java.util.Random;
+
+import junit.framework.Assert;
+
+import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
+import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HBaseClusterTestCase;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HColumnDescriptor;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HConstants;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HTableDescriptor;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.PerformanceEvaluation;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.Scanner;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.BatchUpdate;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.io.RowResult;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.regionserver.tableindexed.IndexedRegionServer;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.util.Bytes;
+
+public class TestIndexedTable extends HBaseClusterTestCase {
+
+  private static final Log LOG = LogFactory.getLog(TestIndexedTable.class);
+
+  private static final String TABLE_NAME = "table1";
+
+  private static final byte[] FAMILY = Bytes.toBytes("family:");
+  private static final byte[] COL_A = Bytes.toBytes("family:a");
+  private static final String INDEX_COL_A_ASC = "A-Acending";
+
+  private static final int NUM_ROWS = 10;
+  private static final int MAX_VAL = 10000;
+
+  private IndexedTableAdmin admin;
+  private IndexedTable table;
+  private Random random = new Random();
+
+  /** constructor */
+  public TestIndexedTable() {
+    conf
+        .set(HConstants.REGION_SERVER_IMPL, IndexedRegionServer.class.getName());
+    conf.setInt("hbase.master.info.port", -1);
+    conf.setInt("hbase.regionserver.info.port", -1);
+  }
+
+  @Override
+  protected void setUp() throws Exception {
+    super.setUp();
+
+    HTableDescriptor desc = new HTableDescriptor(TABLE_NAME);
+    desc.addFamily(new HColumnDescriptor(FAMILY));
+
+    // Create a new index that does lexicographic ordering on COL_A
+    IndexSpecification colAIndex = new IndexSpecification(INDEX_COL_A_ASC,
+        COL_A, true);
+    desc.addIndex(colAIndex);
+
+    admin = new IndexedTableAdmin(conf);
+    admin.createTable(desc);
+    table = new IndexedTable(conf, desc.getName());
+  }
+
+  private void writeInitalRows() throws IOException {
+    for (int i = 0; i < NUM_ROWS; i++) {
+      BatchUpdate update = new BatchUpdate(PerformanceEvaluation.format(i));
+      byte[] colA = PerformanceEvaluation.format(random.nextInt(MAX_VAL));
+      update.put(COL_A, colA);
+      table.commit(update);
+      LOG.info("Inserted row [" + Bytes.toString(update.getRow()) + "] val: ["
+          + Bytes.toString(colA) + "]");
+    }
+  }
+
+
+  public void testInitialWrites() throws IOException {
+    writeInitalRows();
+    assertRowsInOrder(NUM_ROWS);
+  }
+  
+  private void assertRowsInOrder(int numRowsExpected) throws IndexNotFoundException, IOException {
+    Scanner scanner = table.getIndexedScanner(INDEX_COL_A_ASC,
+        HConstants.EMPTY_START_ROW, null, null, null);
+    int numRows = 0;
+    byte[] lastColA = null;
+    for (RowResult rowResult : scanner) {
+      byte[] colA = rowResult.get(COL_A).getValue();
+      LOG.info("index scan : row [" + Bytes.toString(rowResult.getRow())
+          + "] value [" + Bytes.toString(colA) + "]");
+      if (lastColA != null) {
+        Assert.assertTrue(Bytes.compareTo(lastColA, colA) <= 0);
+      }
+      lastColA = colA;
+      numRows++;
+    }
+    Assert.assertEquals(numRowsExpected, numRows);  
+  }
+
+  public void testMultipleWrites() throws IOException {
+    writeInitalRows();
+    writeInitalRows(); // Update the rows.
+    assertRowsInOrder(NUM_ROWS);
+  }
+  
+  public void testDelete() throws IOException {
+    writeInitalRows();
+    // Delete the first row;
+    table.deleteAll(PerformanceEvaluation.format(0));
+    
+    assertRowsInOrder(NUM_ROWS - 1);    
+  }
+
+}



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