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From dyozie <...@git.apache.org>
Subject [GitHub] incubator-hawq-docs pull request #59: Feature/best pract
Date Mon, 14 Nov 2016 23:28:34 GMT
Github user dyozie commented on a diff in the pull request:

    https://github.com/apache/incubator-hawq-docs/pull/59#discussion_r87917402
  
    --- Diff: bestpractices/querying_data_bestpractices.html.md.erb ---
    @@ -4,6 +4,23 @@ title: Best Practices for Querying Data
     
     To obtain the best results when querying data in HAWQ, review the best practices described
in this topic.
     
    +## <a id="virtual_seg_performance"></a>Factors Impacting Query Performance
    +
    +The number of virtual segments used for a query directly impacts the query's performance.
The following factors can impact the degree of parallelism of a query:
    +
    +-   **Cost of the query**. Small queries use fewer segments and larger queries use more
segments. Some techniques used in defining resource queues can influence the number of both
virtual segments and general resources allocated to queries. For more information, see [Best
Practices for Using Resource Queues](managing_resources_bestpractices.html#topic_hvd_pls_wv).
    +-   **Available resources at query time**. If more resources are available in the resource
queue, those resources will be used.
    +-   **Hash table and bucket number**. If the query involves only hash-distributed tables,
the query's parallelism is fixed (equal to the hash table bucket number) under the following
conditions: 
    +  	- the bucket number (bucketnum) configured for all the hash tables is the same bucket
number for all tables 
    +   - the table size for random tables is no more than 1.5 times larger than the size
allotted for the hash tables. 
    +
    +  Otherwise, the number of virtual segments depends on the query's cost: hash-distributed
table queries will behave like queries on randomly distributed tables.
    +-   **Query Type**: For queries with some user-defined functions, or for external tables
where calculating resource costs is difficult, then the number of virtual segments is controlled
by the  `hawq_rm_nvseg_perquery_limit `and `hawq_rm_nvseg_perquery_perseg_limit` parameters,
as well as by the ON clause and the location list of external tables. If the query has a hash
result table (e.g. `INSERT into hash_table`), the number of virtual segments must be equal
to the bucket number of the resulting hash table. If the query is performed in utility mode,
such as for `COPY` and `ANALYZE` operations, the virtual segment number is calculated by different
policies.
    --- End diff --
    
    This sentence needs some clarifying edits.  The best I can suggest is something like:
 "It can be difficult to calculate resource costs for queries that reference either user-defined
functions or external tables. For these queries, the number of virtual segments is controlled
by the `hawq_rm_nvseg_perquery_limit` and `hawq_rm_nvseg_perquery_perseg_limit` parameters,
as well as by the ON clause and the location list of external tables."


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