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From bhuvnesh2...@apache.org
Subject [23/48] incubator-hawq git commit: HAWQ-618. Import libhdfs3 library for internal management and LICENSE modified
Date Mon, 04 Apr 2016 05:09:27 GMT
http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/incubator-hawq/blob/bc0904ab/depends/libhdfs3/gtest/src/gtest.cc
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diff --git a/depends/libhdfs3/gtest/src/gtest.cc b/depends/libhdfs3/gtest/src/gtest.cc
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..6de53dd
--- /dev/null
+++ b/depends/libhdfs3/gtest/src/gtest.cc
@@ -0,0 +1,5015 @@
+// Copyright 2005, Google Inc.
+// All rights reserved.
+//
+// Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
+// modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
+// met:
+//
+//     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
+// notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
+//     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
+// copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer
+// in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
+// distribution.
+//     * Neither the name of Google Inc. nor the names of its
+// contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from
+// this software without specific prior written permission.
+//
+// THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
+// "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+// LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
+// A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
+// OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
+// SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+// LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
+// DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
+// THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
+// (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
+// OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
+//
+// Author: wan@google.com (Zhanyong Wan)
+//
+// The Google C++ Testing Framework (Google Test)
+
+#include "gtest/gtest.h"
+#include "gtest/gtest-spi.h"
+
+#include <ctype.h>
+#include <math.h>
+#include <stdarg.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <time.h>
+#include <wchar.h>
+#include <wctype.h>
+
+#include <algorithm>
+#include <iomanip>
+#include <limits>
+#include <ostream>  // NOLINT
+#include <sstream>
+#include <vector>
+
+#if GTEST_OS_LINUX
+
+// TODO(kenton@google.com): Use autoconf to detect availability of
+// gettimeofday().
+# define GTEST_HAS_GETTIMEOFDAY_ 1
+
+# include <fcntl.h>  // NOLINT
+# include <limits.h>  // NOLINT
+# include <sched.h>  // NOLINT
+// Declares vsnprintf().  This header is not available on Windows.
+# include <strings.h>  // NOLINT
+# include <sys/mman.h>  // NOLINT
+# include <sys/time.h>  // NOLINT
+# include <unistd.h>  // NOLINT
+# include <string>
+
+#elif GTEST_OS_SYMBIAN
+# define GTEST_HAS_GETTIMEOFDAY_ 1
+# include <sys/time.h>  // NOLINT
+
+#elif GTEST_OS_ZOS
+# define GTEST_HAS_GETTIMEOFDAY_ 1
+# include <sys/time.h>  // NOLINT
+
+// On z/OS we additionally need strings.h for strcasecmp.
+# include <strings.h>  // NOLINT
+
+#elif GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MOBILE  // We are on Windows CE.
+
+# include <windows.h>  // NOLINT
+
+#elif GTEST_OS_WINDOWS  // We are on Windows proper.
+
+# include <io.h>  // NOLINT
+# include <sys/timeb.h>  // NOLINT
+# include <sys/types.h>  // NOLINT
+# include <sys/stat.h>  // NOLINT
+
+# if GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MINGW
+// MinGW has gettimeofday() but not _ftime64().
+// TODO(kenton@google.com): Use autoconf to detect availability of
+//   gettimeofday().
+// TODO(kenton@google.com): There are other ways to get the time on
+//   Windows, like GetTickCount() or GetSystemTimeAsFileTime().  MinGW
+//   supports these.  consider using them instead.
+#  define GTEST_HAS_GETTIMEOFDAY_ 1
+#  include <sys/time.h>  // NOLINT
+# endif  // GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MINGW
+
+// cpplint thinks that the header is already included, so we want to
+// silence it.
+# include <windows.h>  // NOLINT
+
+#else
+
+// Assume other platforms have gettimeofday().
+// TODO(kenton@google.com): Use autoconf to detect availability of
+//   gettimeofday().
+# define GTEST_HAS_GETTIMEOFDAY_ 1
+
+// cpplint thinks that the header is already included, so we want to
+// silence it.
+# include <sys/time.h>  // NOLINT
+# include <unistd.h>  // NOLINT
+
+#endif  // GTEST_OS_LINUX
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_EXCEPTIONS
+# include <stdexcept>
+#endif
+
+#if GTEST_CAN_STREAM_RESULTS_
+# include <arpa/inet.h>  // NOLINT
+# include <netdb.h>  // NOLINT
+#endif
+
+// Indicates that this translation unit is part of Google Test's
+// implementation.  It must come before gtest-internal-inl.h is
+// included, or there will be a compiler error.  This trick is to
+// prevent a user from accidentally including gtest-internal-inl.h in
+// his code.
+#define GTEST_IMPLEMENTATION_ 1
+#include "src/gtest-internal-inl.h"
+#undef GTEST_IMPLEMENTATION_
+
+#if GTEST_OS_WINDOWS
+# define vsnprintf _vsnprintf
+#endif  // GTEST_OS_WINDOWS
+
+namespace testing {
+
+using internal::CountIf;
+using internal::ForEach;
+using internal::GetElementOr;
+using internal::Shuffle;
+
+// Constants.
+
+// A test whose test case name or test name matches this filter is
+// disabled and not run.
+static const char kDisableTestFilter[] = "DISABLED_*:*/DISABLED_*";
+
+// A test case whose name matches this filter is considered a death
+// test case and will be run before test cases whose name doesn't
+// match this filter.
+static const char kDeathTestCaseFilter[] = "*DeathTest:*DeathTest/*";
+
+// A test filter that matches everything.
+static const char kUniversalFilter[] = "*";
+
+// The default output file for XML output.
+static const char kDefaultOutputFile[] = "test_detail.xml";
+
+// The environment variable name for the test shard index.
+static const char kTestShardIndex[] = "GTEST_SHARD_INDEX";
+// The environment variable name for the total number of test shards.
+static const char kTestTotalShards[] = "GTEST_TOTAL_SHARDS";
+// The environment variable name for the test shard status file.
+static const char kTestShardStatusFile[] = "GTEST_SHARD_STATUS_FILE";
+
+namespace internal {
+
+// The text used in failure messages to indicate the start of the
+// stack trace.
+const char kStackTraceMarker[] = "\nStack trace:\n";
+
+// g_help_flag is true iff the --help flag or an equivalent form is
+// specified on the command line.
+bool g_help_flag = false;
+
+}  // namespace internal
+
+static const char* GetDefaultFilter() {
+  return kUniversalFilter;
+}
+
+GTEST_DEFINE_bool_(
+    also_run_disabled_tests,
+    internal::BoolFromGTestEnv("also_run_disabled_tests", false),
+    "Run disabled tests too, in addition to the tests normally being run.");
+
+GTEST_DEFINE_bool_(
+    break_on_failure,
+    internal::BoolFromGTestEnv("break_on_failure", false),
+    "True iff a failed assertion should be a debugger break-point.");
+
+GTEST_DEFINE_bool_(
+    catch_exceptions,
+    internal::BoolFromGTestEnv("catch_exceptions", true),
+    "True iff " GTEST_NAME_
+    " should catch exceptions and treat them as test failures.");
+
+GTEST_DEFINE_string_(
+    color,
+    internal::StringFromGTestEnv("color", "auto"),
+    "Whether to use colors in the output.  Valid values: yes, no, "
+    "and auto.  'auto' means to use colors if the output is "
+    "being sent to a terminal and the TERM environment variable "
+    "is set to a terminal type that supports colors.");
+
+GTEST_DEFINE_string_(
+    filter,
+    internal::StringFromGTestEnv("filter", GetDefaultFilter()),
+    "A colon-separated list of glob (not regex) patterns "
+    "for filtering the tests to run, optionally followed by a "
+    "'-' and a : separated list of negative patterns (tests to "
+    "exclude).  A test is run if it matches one of the positive "
+    "patterns and does not match any of the negative patterns.");
+
+GTEST_DEFINE_bool_(list_tests, false,
+                   "List all tests without running them.");
+
+GTEST_DEFINE_string_(
+    output,
+    internal::StringFromGTestEnv("output", ""),
+    "A format (currently must be \"xml\"), optionally followed "
+    "by a colon and an output file name or directory. A directory "
+    "is indicated by a trailing pathname separator. "
+    "Examples: \"xml:filename.xml\", \"xml::directoryname/\". "
+    "If a directory is specified, output files will be created "
+    "within that directory, with file-names based on the test "
+    "executable's name and, if necessary, made unique by adding "
+    "digits.");
+
+GTEST_DEFINE_bool_(
+    print_time,
+    internal::BoolFromGTestEnv("print_time", true),
+    "True iff " GTEST_NAME_
+    " should display elapsed time in text output.");
+
+GTEST_DEFINE_int32_(
+    random_seed,
+    internal::Int32FromGTestEnv("random_seed", 0),
+    "Random number seed to use when shuffling test orders.  Must be in range "
+    "[1, 99999], or 0 to use a seed based on the current time.");
+
+GTEST_DEFINE_int32_(
+    repeat,
+    internal::Int32FromGTestEnv("repeat", 1),
+    "How many times to repeat each test.  Specify a negative number "
+    "for repeating forever.  Useful for shaking out flaky tests.");
+
+GTEST_DEFINE_bool_(
+    show_internal_stack_frames, false,
+    "True iff " GTEST_NAME_ " should include internal stack frames when "
+    "printing test failure stack traces.");
+
+GTEST_DEFINE_bool_(
+    shuffle,
+    internal::BoolFromGTestEnv("shuffle", false),
+    "True iff " GTEST_NAME_
+    " should randomize tests' order on every run.");
+
+GTEST_DEFINE_int32_(
+    stack_trace_depth,
+    internal::Int32FromGTestEnv("stack_trace_depth", kMaxStackTraceDepth),
+    "The maximum number of stack frames to print when an "
+    "assertion fails.  The valid range is 0 through 100, inclusive.");
+
+GTEST_DEFINE_string_(
+    stream_result_to,
+    internal::StringFromGTestEnv("stream_result_to", ""),
+    "This flag specifies the host name and the port number on which to stream "
+    "test results. Example: \"localhost:555\". The flag is effective only on "
+    "Linux.");
+
+GTEST_DEFINE_bool_(
+    throw_on_failure,
+    internal::BoolFromGTestEnv("throw_on_failure", false),
+    "When this flag is specified, a failed assertion will throw an exception "
+    "if exceptions are enabled or exit the program with a non-zero code "
+    "otherwise.");
+
+namespace internal {
+
+// Generates a random number from [0, range), using a Linear
+// Congruential Generator (LCG).  Crashes if 'range' is 0 or greater
+// than kMaxRange.
+UInt32 Random::Generate(UInt32 range) {
+  // These constants are the same as are used in glibc's rand(3).
+  state_ = (1103515245U*state_ + 12345U) % kMaxRange;
+
+  GTEST_CHECK_(range > 0)
+      << "Cannot generate a number in the range [0, 0).";
+  GTEST_CHECK_(range <= kMaxRange)
+      << "Generation of a number in [0, " << range << ") was requested, "
+      << "but this can only generate numbers in [0, " << kMaxRange << ").";
+
+  // Converting via modulus introduces a bit of downward bias, but
+  // it's simple, and a linear congruential generator isn't too good
+  // to begin with.
+  return state_ % range;
+}
+
+// GTestIsInitialized() returns true iff the user has initialized
+// Google Test.  Useful for catching the user mistake of not initializing
+// Google Test before calling RUN_ALL_TESTS().
+//
+// A user must call testing::InitGoogleTest() to initialize Google
+// Test.  g_init_gtest_count is set to the number of times
+// InitGoogleTest() has been called.  We don't protect this variable
+// under a mutex as it is only accessed in the main thread.
+GTEST_API_ int g_init_gtest_count = 0;
+static bool GTestIsInitialized() { return g_init_gtest_count != 0; }
+
+// Iterates over a vector of TestCases, keeping a running sum of the
+// results of calling a given int-returning method on each.
+// Returns the sum.
+static int SumOverTestCaseList(const std::vector<TestCase*>& case_list,
+                               int (TestCase::*method)() const) {
+  int sum = 0;
+  for (size_t i = 0; i < case_list.size(); i++) {
+    sum += (case_list[i]->*method)();
+  }
+  return sum;
+}
+
+// Returns true iff the test case passed.
+static bool TestCasePassed(const TestCase* test_case) {
+  return test_case->should_run() && test_case->Passed();
+}
+
+// Returns true iff the test case failed.
+static bool TestCaseFailed(const TestCase* test_case) {
+  return test_case->should_run() && test_case->Failed();
+}
+
+// Returns true iff test_case contains at least one test that should
+// run.
+static bool ShouldRunTestCase(const TestCase* test_case) {
+  return test_case->should_run();
+}
+
+// AssertHelper constructor.
+AssertHelper::AssertHelper(TestPartResult::Type type,
+                           const char* file,
+                           int line,
+                           const char* message)
+    : data_(new AssertHelperData(type, file, line, message)) {
+}
+
+AssertHelper::~AssertHelper() {
+  delete data_;
+}
+
+// Message assignment, for assertion streaming support.
+void AssertHelper::operator=(const Message& message) const {
+  UnitTest::GetInstance()->
+    AddTestPartResult(data_->type, data_->file, data_->line,
+                      AppendUserMessage(data_->message, message),
+                      UnitTest::GetInstance()->impl()
+                      ->CurrentOsStackTraceExceptTop(1)
+                      // Skips the stack frame for this function itself.
+                      );  // NOLINT
+}
+
+// Mutex for linked pointers.
+GTEST_API_ GTEST_DEFINE_STATIC_MUTEX_(g_linked_ptr_mutex);
+
+// Application pathname gotten in InitGoogleTest.
+std::string g_executable_path;
+
+// Returns the current application's name, removing directory path if that
+// is present.
+FilePath GetCurrentExecutableName() {
+  FilePath result;
+
+#if GTEST_OS_WINDOWS
+  result.Set(FilePath(g_executable_path).RemoveExtension("exe"));
+#else
+  result.Set(FilePath(g_executable_path));
+#endif  // GTEST_OS_WINDOWS
+
+  return result.RemoveDirectoryName();
+}
+
+// Functions for processing the gtest_output flag.
+
+// Returns the output format, or "" for normal printed output.
+std::string UnitTestOptions::GetOutputFormat() {
+  const char* const gtest_output_flag = GTEST_FLAG(output).c_str();
+  if (gtest_output_flag == NULL) return std::string("");
+
+  const char* const colon = strchr(gtest_output_flag, ':');
+  return (colon == NULL) ?
+      std::string(gtest_output_flag) :
+      std::string(gtest_output_flag, colon - gtest_output_flag);
+}
+
+// Returns the name of the requested output file, or the default if none
+// was explicitly specified.
+std::string UnitTestOptions::GetAbsolutePathToOutputFile() {
+  const char* const gtest_output_flag = GTEST_FLAG(output).c_str();
+  if (gtest_output_flag == NULL)
+    return "";
+
+  const char* const colon = strchr(gtest_output_flag, ':');
+  if (colon == NULL)
+    return internal::FilePath::ConcatPaths(
+        internal::FilePath(
+            UnitTest::GetInstance()->original_working_dir()),
+        internal::FilePath(kDefaultOutputFile)).string();
+
+  internal::FilePath output_name(colon + 1);
+  if (!output_name.IsAbsolutePath())
+    // TODO(wan@google.com): on Windows \some\path is not an absolute
+    // path (as its meaning depends on the current drive), yet the
+    // following logic for turning it into an absolute path is wrong.
+    // Fix it.
+    output_name = internal::FilePath::ConcatPaths(
+        internal::FilePath(UnitTest::GetInstance()->original_working_dir()),
+        internal::FilePath(colon + 1));
+
+  if (!output_name.IsDirectory())
+    return output_name.string();
+
+  internal::FilePath result(internal::FilePath::GenerateUniqueFileName(
+      output_name, internal::GetCurrentExecutableName(),
+      GetOutputFormat().c_str()));
+  return result.string();
+}
+
+// Returns true iff the wildcard pattern matches the string.  The
+// first ':' or '\0' character in pattern marks the end of it.
+//
+// This recursive algorithm isn't very efficient, but is clear and
+// works well enough for matching test names, which are short.
+bool UnitTestOptions::PatternMatchesString(const char *pattern,
+                                           const char *str) {
+  switch (*pattern) {
+    case '\0':
+    case ':':  // Either ':' or '\0' marks the end of the pattern.
+      return *str == '\0';
+    case '?':  // Matches any single character.
+      return *str != '\0' && PatternMatchesString(pattern + 1, str + 1);
+    case '*':  // Matches any string (possibly empty) of characters.
+      return (*str != '\0' && PatternMatchesString(pattern, str + 1)) ||
+          PatternMatchesString(pattern + 1, str);
+    default:  // Non-special character.  Matches itself.
+      return *pattern == *str &&
+          PatternMatchesString(pattern + 1, str + 1);
+  }
+}
+
+bool UnitTestOptions::MatchesFilter(
+    const std::string& name, const char* filter) {
+  const char *cur_pattern = filter;
+  for (;;) {
+    if (PatternMatchesString(cur_pattern, name.c_str())) {
+      return true;
+    }
+
+    // Finds the next pattern in the filter.
+    cur_pattern = strchr(cur_pattern, ':');
+
+    // Returns if no more pattern can be found.
+    if (cur_pattern == NULL) {
+      return false;
+    }
+
+    // Skips the pattern separater (the ':' character).
+    cur_pattern++;
+  }
+}
+
+// Returns true iff the user-specified filter matches the test case
+// name and the test name.
+bool UnitTestOptions::FilterMatchesTest(const std::string &test_case_name,
+                                        const std::string &test_name) {
+  const std::string& full_name = test_case_name + "." + test_name.c_str();
+
+  // Split --gtest_filter at '-', if there is one, to separate into
+  // positive filter and negative filter portions
+  const char* const p = GTEST_FLAG(filter).c_str();
+  const char* const dash = strchr(p, '-');
+  std::string positive;
+  std::string negative;
+  if (dash == NULL) {
+    positive = GTEST_FLAG(filter).c_str();  // Whole string is a positive filter
+    negative = "";
+  } else {
+    positive = std::string(p, dash);   // Everything up to the dash
+    negative = std::string(dash + 1);  // Everything after the dash
+    if (positive.empty()) {
+      // Treat '-test1' as the same as '*-test1'
+      positive = kUniversalFilter;
+    }
+  }
+
+  // A filter is a colon-separated list of patterns.  It matches a
+  // test if any pattern in it matches the test.
+  return (MatchesFilter(full_name, positive.c_str()) &&
+          !MatchesFilter(full_name, negative.c_str()));
+}
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_SEH
+// Returns EXCEPTION_EXECUTE_HANDLER if Google Test should handle the
+// given SEH exception, or EXCEPTION_CONTINUE_SEARCH otherwise.
+// This function is useful as an __except condition.
+int UnitTestOptions::GTestShouldProcessSEH(DWORD exception_code) {
+  // Google Test should handle a SEH exception if:
+  //   1. the user wants it to, AND
+  //   2. this is not a breakpoint exception, AND
+  //   3. this is not a C++ exception (VC++ implements them via SEH,
+  //      apparently).
+  //
+  // SEH exception code for C++ exceptions.
+  // (see http://support.microsoft.com/kb/185294 for more information).
+  const DWORD kCxxExceptionCode = 0xe06d7363;
+
+  bool should_handle = true;
+
+  if (!GTEST_FLAG(catch_exceptions))
+    should_handle = false;
+  else if (exception_code == EXCEPTION_BREAKPOINT)
+    should_handle = false;
+  else if (exception_code == kCxxExceptionCode)
+    should_handle = false;
+
+  return should_handle ? EXCEPTION_EXECUTE_HANDLER : EXCEPTION_CONTINUE_SEARCH;
+}
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_SEH
+
+}  // namespace internal
+
+// The c'tor sets this object as the test part result reporter used by
+// Google Test.  The 'result' parameter specifies where to report the
+// results. Intercepts only failures from the current thread.
+ScopedFakeTestPartResultReporter::ScopedFakeTestPartResultReporter(
+    TestPartResultArray* result)
+    : intercept_mode_(INTERCEPT_ONLY_CURRENT_THREAD),
+      result_(result) {
+  Init();
+}
+
+// The c'tor sets this object as the test part result reporter used by
+// Google Test.  The 'result' parameter specifies where to report the
+// results.
+ScopedFakeTestPartResultReporter::ScopedFakeTestPartResultReporter(
+    InterceptMode intercept_mode, TestPartResultArray* result)
+    : intercept_mode_(intercept_mode),
+      result_(result) {
+  Init();
+}
+
+void ScopedFakeTestPartResultReporter::Init() {
+  internal::UnitTestImpl* const impl = internal::GetUnitTestImpl();
+  if (intercept_mode_ == INTERCEPT_ALL_THREADS) {
+    old_reporter_ = impl->GetGlobalTestPartResultReporter();
+    impl->SetGlobalTestPartResultReporter(this);
+  } else {
+    old_reporter_ = impl->GetTestPartResultReporterForCurrentThread();
+    impl->SetTestPartResultReporterForCurrentThread(this);
+  }
+}
+
+// The d'tor restores the test part result reporter used by Google Test
+// before.
+ScopedFakeTestPartResultReporter::~ScopedFakeTestPartResultReporter() {
+  internal::UnitTestImpl* const impl = internal::GetUnitTestImpl();
+  if (intercept_mode_ == INTERCEPT_ALL_THREADS) {
+    impl->SetGlobalTestPartResultReporter(old_reporter_);
+  } else {
+    impl->SetTestPartResultReporterForCurrentThread(old_reporter_);
+  }
+}
+
+// Increments the test part result count and remembers the result.
+// This method is from the TestPartResultReporterInterface interface.
+void ScopedFakeTestPartResultReporter::ReportTestPartResult(
+    const TestPartResult& result) {
+  result_->Append(result);
+}
+
+namespace internal {
+
+// Returns the type ID of ::testing::Test.  We should always call this
+// instead of GetTypeId< ::testing::Test>() to get the type ID of
+// testing::Test.  This is to work around a suspected linker bug when
+// using Google Test as a framework on Mac OS X.  The bug causes
+// GetTypeId< ::testing::Test>() to return different values depending
+// on whether the call is from the Google Test framework itself or
+// from user test code.  GetTestTypeId() is guaranteed to always
+// return the same value, as it always calls GetTypeId<>() from the
+// gtest.cc, which is within the Google Test framework.
+TypeId GetTestTypeId() {
+  return GetTypeId<Test>();
+}
+
+// The value of GetTestTypeId() as seen from within the Google Test
+// library.  This is solely for testing GetTestTypeId().
+extern const TypeId kTestTypeIdInGoogleTest = GetTestTypeId();
+
+// This predicate-formatter checks that 'results' contains a test part
+// failure of the given type and that the failure message contains the
+// given substring.
+AssertionResult HasOneFailure(const char* /* results_expr */,
+                              const char* /* type_expr */,
+                              const char* /* substr_expr */,
+                              const TestPartResultArray& results,
+                              TestPartResult::Type type,
+                              const string& substr) {
+  const std::string expected(type == TestPartResult::kFatalFailure ?
+                        "1 fatal failure" :
+                        "1 non-fatal failure");
+  Message msg;
+  if (results.size() != 1) {
+    msg << "Expected: " << expected << "\n"
+        << "  Actual: " << results.size() << " failures";
+    for (int i = 0; i < results.size(); i++) {
+      msg << "\n" << results.GetTestPartResult(i);
+    }
+    return AssertionFailure() << msg;
+  }
+
+  const TestPartResult& r = results.GetTestPartResult(0);
+  if (r.type() != type) {
+    return AssertionFailure() << "Expected: " << expected << "\n"
+                              << "  Actual:\n"
+                              << r;
+  }
+
+  if (strstr(r.message(), substr.c_str()) == NULL) {
+    return AssertionFailure() << "Expected: " << expected << " containing \""
+                              << substr << "\"\n"
+                              << "  Actual:\n"
+                              << r;
+  }
+
+  return AssertionSuccess();
+}
+
+// The constructor of SingleFailureChecker remembers where to look up
+// test part results, what type of failure we expect, and what
+// substring the failure message should contain.
+SingleFailureChecker:: SingleFailureChecker(
+    const TestPartResultArray* results,
+    TestPartResult::Type type,
+    const string& substr)
+    : results_(results),
+      type_(type),
+      substr_(substr) {}
+
+// The destructor of SingleFailureChecker verifies that the given
+// TestPartResultArray contains exactly one failure that has the given
+// type and contains the given substring.  If that's not the case, a
+// non-fatal failure will be generated.
+SingleFailureChecker::~SingleFailureChecker() {
+  EXPECT_PRED_FORMAT3(HasOneFailure, *results_, type_, substr_);
+}
+
+DefaultGlobalTestPartResultReporter::DefaultGlobalTestPartResultReporter(
+    UnitTestImpl* unit_test) : unit_test_(unit_test) {}
+
+void DefaultGlobalTestPartResultReporter::ReportTestPartResult(
+    const TestPartResult& result) {
+  unit_test_->current_test_result()->AddTestPartResult(result);
+  unit_test_->listeners()->repeater()->OnTestPartResult(result);
+}
+
+DefaultPerThreadTestPartResultReporter::DefaultPerThreadTestPartResultReporter(
+    UnitTestImpl* unit_test) : unit_test_(unit_test) {}
+
+void DefaultPerThreadTestPartResultReporter::ReportTestPartResult(
+    const TestPartResult& result) {
+  unit_test_->GetGlobalTestPartResultReporter()->ReportTestPartResult(result);
+}
+
+// Returns the global test part result reporter.
+TestPartResultReporterInterface*
+UnitTestImpl::GetGlobalTestPartResultReporter() {
+  internal::MutexLock lock(&global_test_part_result_reporter_mutex_);
+  return global_test_part_result_repoter_;
+}
+
+// Sets the global test part result reporter.
+void UnitTestImpl::SetGlobalTestPartResultReporter(
+    TestPartResultReporterInterface* reporter) {
+  internal::MutexLock lock(&global_test_part_result_reporter_mutex_);
+  global_test_part_result_repoter_ = reporter;
+}
+
+// Returns the test part result reporter for the current thread.
+TestPartResultReporterInterface*
+UnitTestImpl::GetTestPartResultReporterForCurrentThread() {
+  return per_thread_test_part_result_reporter_.get();
+}
+
+// Sets the test part result reporter for the current thread.
+void UnitTestImpl::SetTestPartResultReporterForCurrentThread(
+    TestPartResultReporterInterface* reporter) {
+  per_thread_test_part_result_reporter_.set(reporter);
+}
+
+// Gets the number of successful test cases.
+int UnitTestImpl::successful_test_case_count() const {
+  return CountIf(test_cases_, TestCasePassed);
+}
+
+// Gets the number of failed test cases.
+int UnitTestImpl::failed_test_case_count() const {
+  return CountIf(test_cases_, TestCaseFailed);
+}
+
+// Gets the number of all test cases.
+int UnitTestImpl::total_test_case_count() const {
+  return static_cast<int>(test_cases_.size());
+}
+
+// Gets the number of all test cases that contain at least one test
+// that should run.
+int UnitTestImpl::test_case_to_run_count() const {
+  return CountIf(test_cases_, ShouldRunTestCase);
+}
+
+// Gets the number of successful tests.
+int UnitTestImpl::successful_test_count() const {
+  return SumOverTestCaseList(test_cases_, &TestCase::successful_test_count);
+}
+
+// Gets the number of failed tests.
+int UnitTestImpl::failed_test_count() const {
+  return SumOverTestCaseList(test_cases_, &TestCase::failed_test_count);
+}
+
+// Gets the number of disabled tests that will be reported in the XML report.
+int UnitTestImpl::reportable_disabled_test_count() const {
+  return SumOverTestCaseList(test_cases_,
+                             &TestCase::reportable_disabled_test_count);
+}
+
+// Gets the number of disabled tests.
+int UnitTestImpl::disabled_test_count() const {
+  return SumOverTestCaseList(test_cases_, &TestCase::disabled_test_count);
+}
+
+// Gets the number of tests to be printed in the XML report.
+int UnitTestImpl::reportable_test_count() const {
+  return SumOverTestCaseList(test_cases_, &TestCase::reportable_test_count);
+}
+
+// Gets the number of all tests.
+int UnitTestImpl::total_test_count() const {
+  return SumOverTestCaseList(test_cases_, &TestCase::total_test_count);
+}
+
+// Gets the number of tests that should run.
+int UnitTestImpl::test_to_run_count() const {
+  return SumOverTestCaseList(test_cases_, &TestCase::test_to_run_count);
+}
+
+// Returns the current OS stack trace as an std::string.
+//
+// The maximum number of stack frames to be included is specified by
+// the gtest_stack_trace_depth flag.  The skip_count parameter
+// specifies the number of top frames to be skipped, which doesn't
+// count against the number of frames to be included.
+//
+// For example, if Foo() calls Bar(), which in turn calls
+// CurrentOsStackTraceExceptTop(1), Foo() will be included in the
+// trace but Bar() and CurrentOsStackTraceExceptTop() won't.
+std::string UnitTestImpl::CurrentOsStackTraceExceptTop(int skip_count) {
+  (void)skip_count;
+  return "";
+}
+
+// Returns the current time in milliseconds.
+TimeInMillis GetTimeInMillis() {
+#if GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MOBILE || defined(__BORLANDC__)
+  // Difference between 1970-01-01 and 1601-01-01 in milliseconds.
+  // http://analogous.blogspot.com/2005/04/epoch.html
+  const TimeInMillis kJavaEpochToWinFileTimeDelta =
+    static_cast<TimeInMillis>(116444736UL) * 100000UL;
+  const DWORD kTenthMicrosInMilliSecond = 10000;
+
+  SYSTEMTIME now_systime;
+  FILETIME now_filetime;
+  ULARGE_INTEGER now_int64;
+  // TODO(kenton@google.com): Shouldn't this just use
+  //   GetSystemTimeAsFileTime()?
+  GetSystemTime(&now_systime);
+  if (SystemTimeToFileTime(&now_systime, &now_filetime)) {
+    now_int64.LowPart = now_filetime.dwLowDateTime;
+    now_int64.HighPart = now_filetime.dwHighDateTime;
+    now_int64.QuadPart = (now_int64.QuadPart / kTenthMicrosInMilliSecond) -
+      kJavaEpochToWinFileTimeDelta;
+    return now_int64.QuadPart;
+  }
+  return 0;
+#elif GTEST_OS_WINDOWS && !GTEST_HAS_GETTIMEOFDAY_
+  __timeb64 now;
+
+# ifdef _MSC_VER
+
+  // MSVC 8 deprecates _ftime64(), so we want to suppress warning 4996
+  // (deprecated function) there.
+  // TODO(kenton@google.com): Use GetTickCount()?  Or use
+  //   SystemTimeToFileTime()
+#  pragma warning(push)          // Saves the current warning state.
+#  pragma warning(disable:4996)  // Temporarily disables warning 4996.
+  _ftime64(&now);
+#  pragma warning(pop)           // Restores the warning state.
+# else
+
+  _ftime64(&now);
+
+# endif  // _MSC_VER
+
+  return static_cast<TimeInMillis>(now.time) * 1000 + now.millitm;
+#elif GTEST_HAS_GETTIMEOFDAY_
+  struct timeval now;
+  gettimeofday(&now, NULL);
+  return static_cast<TimeInMillis>(now.tv_sec) * 1000 + now.tv_usec / 1000;
+#else
+# error "Don't know how to get the current time on your system."
+#endif
+}
+
+// Utilities
+
+// class String.
+
+#if GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MOBILE
+// Creates a UTF-16 wide string from the given ANSI string, allocating
+// memory using new. The caller is responsible for deleting the return
+// value using delete[]. Returns the wide string, or NULL if the
+// input is NULL.
+LPCWSTR String::AnsiToUtf16(const char* ansi) {
+  if (!ansi) return NULL;
+  const int length = strlen(ansi);
+  const int unicode_length =
+      MultiByteToWideChar(CP_ACP, 0, ansi, length,
+                          NULL, 0);
+  WCHAR* unicode = new WCHAR[unicode_length + 1];
+  MultiByteToWideChar(CP_ACP, 0, ansi, length,
+                      unicode, unicode_length);
+  unicode[unicode_length] = 0;
+  return unicode;
+}
+
+// Creates an ANSI string from the given wide string, allocating
+// memory using new. The caller is responsible for deleting the return
+// value using delete[]. Returns the ANSI string, or NULL if the
+// input is NULL.
+const char* String::Utf16ToAnsi(LPCWSTR utf16_str)  {
+  if (!utf16_str) return NULL;
+  const int ansi_length =
+      WideCharToMultiByte(CP_ACP, 0, utf16_str, -1,
+                          NULL, 0, NULL, NULL);
+  char* ansi = new char[ansi_length + 1];
+  WideCharToMultiByte(CP_ACP, 0, utf16_str, -1,
+                      ansi, ansi_length, NULL, NULL);
+  ansi[ansi_length] = 0;
+  return ansi;
+}
+
+#endif  // GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MOBILE
+
+// Compares two C strings.  Returns true iff they have the same content.
+//
+// Unlike strcmp(), this function can handle NULL argument(s).  A NULL
+// C string is considered different to any non-NULL C string,
+// including the empty string.
+bool String::CStringEquals(const char * lhs, const char * rhs) {
+  if ( lhs == NULL ) return rhs == NULL;
+
+  if ( rhs == NULL ) return false;
+
+  return strcmp(lhs, rhs) == 0;
+}
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_STD_WSTRING || GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_WSTRING
+
+// Converts an array of wide chars to a narrow string using the UTF-8
+// encoding, and streams the result to the given Message object.
+static void StreamWideCharsToMessage(const wchar_t* wstr, size_t length,
+                                     Message* msg) {
+  for (size_t i = 0; i != length; ) {  // NOLINT
+    if (wstr[i] != L'\0') {
+      *msg << WideStringToUtf8(wstr + i, static_cast<int>(length - i));
+      while (i != length && wstr[i] != L'\0')
+        i++;
+    } else {
+      *msg << '\0';
+      i++;
+    }
+  }
+}
+
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_STD_WSTRING || GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_WSTRING
+
+}  // namespace internal
+
+// Constructs an empty Message.
+// We allocate the stringstream separately because otherwise each use of
+// ASSERT/EXPECT in a procedure adds over 200 bytes to the procedure's
+// stack frame leading to huge stack frames in some cases; gcc does not reuse
+// the stack space.
+Message::Message() : ss_(new ::std::stringstream) {
+  // By default, we want there to be enough precision when printing
+  // a double to a Message.
+  *ss_ << std::setprecision(std::numeric_limits<double>::digits10 + 2);
+}
+
+// These two overloads allow streaming a wide C string to a Message
+// using the UTF-8 encoding.
+Message& Message::operator <<(const wchar_t* wide_c_str) {
+  return *this << internal::String::ShowWideCString(wide_c_str);
+}
+Message& Message::operator <<(wchar_t* wide_c_str) {
+  return *this << internal::String::ShowWideCString(wide_c_str);
+}
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_STD_WSTRING
+// Converts the given wide string to a narrow string using the UTF-8
+// encoding, and streams the result to this Message object.
+Message& Message::operator <<(const ::std::wstring& wstr) {
+  internal::StreamWideCharsToMessage(wstr.c_str(), wstr.length(), this);
+  return *this;
+}
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_STD_WSTRING
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_WSTRING
+// Converts the given wide string to a narrow string using the UTF-8
+// encoding, and streams the result to this Message object.
+Message& Message::operator <<(const ::wstring& wstr) {
+  internal::StreamWideCharsToMessage(wstr.c_str(), wstr.length(), this);
+  return *this;
+}
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_WSTRING
+
+// Gets the text streamed to this object so far as an std::string.
+// Each '\0' character in the buffer is replaced with "\\0".
+std::string Message::GetString() const {
+  return internal::StringStreamToString(ss_.get());
+}
+
+// AssertionResult constructors.
+// Used in EXPECT_TRUE/FALSE(assertion_result).
+AssertionResult::AssertionResult(const AssertionResult& other)
+    : success_(other.success_),
+      message_(other.message_.get() != NULL ?
+               new ::std::string(*other.message_) :
+               static_cast< ::std::string*>(NULL)) {
+}
+
+// Returns the assertion's negation. Used with EXPECT/ASSERT_FALSE.
+AssertionResult AssertionResult::operator!() const {
+  AssertionResult negation(!success_);
+  if (message_.get() != NULL)
+    negation << *message_;
+  return negation;
+}
+
+// Makes a successful assertion result.
+AssertionResult AssertionSuccess() {
+  return AssertionResult(true);
+}
+
+// Makes a failed assertion result.
+AssertionResult AssertionFailure() {
+  return AssertionResult(false);
+}
+
+// Makes a failed assertion result with the given failure message.
+// Deprecated; use AssertionFailure() << message.
+AssertionResult AssertionFailure(const Message& message) {
+  return AssertionFailure() << message;
+}
+
+namespace internal {
+
+// Constructs and returns the message for an equality assertion
+// (e.g. ASSERT_EQ, EXPECT_STREQ, etc) failure.
+//
+// The first four parameters are the expressions used in the assertion
+// and their values, as strings.  For example, for ASSERT_EQ(foo, bar)
+// where foo is 5 and bar is 6, we have:
+//
+//   expected_expression: "foo"
+//   actual_expression:   "bar"
+//   expected_value:      "5"
+//   actual_value:        "6"
+//
+// The ignoring_case parameter is true iff the assertion is a
+// *_STRCASEEQ*.  When it's true, the string " (ignoring case)" will
+// be inserted into the message.
+AssertionResult EqFailure(const char* expected_expression,
+                          const char* actual_expression,
+                          const std::string& expected_value,
+                          const std::string& actual_value,
+                          bool ignoring_case) {
+  Message msg;
+  msg << "Value of: " << actual_expression;
+  if (actual_value != actual_expression) {
+    msg << "\n  Actual: " << actual_value;
+  }
+
+  msg << "\nExpected: " << expected_expression;
+  if (ignoring_case) {
+    msg << " (ignoring case)";
+  }
+  if (expected_value != expected_expression) {
+    msg << "\nWhich is: " << expected_value;
+  }
+
+  return AssertionFailure() << msg;
+}
+
+// Constructs a failure message for Boolean assertions such as EXPECT_TRUE.
+std::string GetBoolAssertionFailureMessage(
+    const AssertionResult& assertion_result,
+    const char* expression_text,
+    const char* actual_predicate_value,
+    const char* expected_predicate_value) {
+  const char* actual_message = assertion_result.message();
+  Message msg;
+  msg << "Value of: " << expression_text
+      << "\n  Actual: " << actual_predicate_value;
+  if (actual_message[0] != '\0')
+    msg << " (" << actual_message << ")";
+  msg << "\nExpected: " << expected_predicate_value;
+  return msg.GetString();
+}
+
+// Helper function for implementing ASSERT_NEAR.
+AssertionResult DoubleNearPredFormat(const char* expr1,
+                                     const char* expr2,
+                                     const char* abs_error_expr,
+                                     double val1,
+                                     double val2,
+                                     double abs_error) {
+  const double diff = fabs(val1 - val2);
+  if (diff <= abs_error) return AssertionSuccess();
+
+  // TODO(wan): do not print the value of an expression if it's
+  // already a literal.
+  return AssertionFailure()
+      << "The difference between " << expr1 << " and " << expr2
+      << " is " << diff << ", which exceeds " << abs_error_expr << ", where\n"
+      << expr1 << " evaluates to " << val1 << ",\n"
+      << expr2 << " evaluates to " << val2 << ", and\n"
+      << abs_error_expr << " evaluates to " << abs_error << ".";
+}
+
+
+// Helper template for implementing FloatLE() and DoubleLE().
+template <typename RawType>
+AssertionResult FloatingPointLE(const char* expr1,
+                                const char* expr2,
+                                RawType val1,
+                                RawType val2) {
+  // Returns success if val1 is less than val2,
+  if (val1 < val2) {
+    return AssertionSuccess();
+  }
+
+  // or if val1 is almost equal to val2.
+  const FloatingPoint<RawType> lhs(val1), rhs(val2);
+  if (lhs.AlmostEquals(rhs)) {
+    return AssertionSuccess();
+  }
+
+  // Note that the above two checks will both fail if either val1 or
+  // val2 is NaN, as the IEEE floating-point standard requires that
+  // any predicate involving a NaN must return false.
+
+  ::std::stringstream val1_ss;
+  val1_ss << std::setprecision(std::numeric_limits<RawType>::digits10 + 2)
+          << val1;
+
+  ::std::stringstream val2_ss;
+  val2_ss << std::setprecision(std::numeric_limits<RawType>::digits10 + 2)
+          << val2;
+
+  return AssertionFailure()
+      << "Expected: (" << expr1 << ") <= (" << expr2 << ")\n"
+      << "  Actual: " << StringStreamToString(&val1_ss) << " vs "
+      << StringStreamToString(&val2_ss);
+}
+
+}  // namespace internal
+
+// Asserts that val1 is less than, or almost equal to, val2.  Fails
+// otherwise.  In particular, it fails if either val1 or val2 is NaN.
+AssertionResult FloatLE(const char* expr1, const char* expr2,
+                        float val1, float val2) {
+  return internal::FloatingPointLE<float>(expr1, expr2, val1, val2);
+}
+
+// Asserts that val1 is less than, or almost equal to, val2.  Fails
+// otherwise.  In particular, it fails if either val1 or val2 is NaN.
+AssertionResult DoubleLE(const char* expr1, const char* expr2,
+                         double val1, double val2) {
+  return internal::FloatingPointLE<double>(expr1, expr2, val1, val2);
+}
+
+namespace internal {
+
+// The helper function for {ASSERT|EXPECT}_EQ with int or enum
+// arguments.
+AssertionResult CmpHelperEQ(const char* expected_expression,
+                            const char* actual_expression,
+                            BiggestInt expected,
+                            BiggestInt actual) {
+  if (expected == actual) {
+    return AssertionSuccess();
+  }
+
+  return EqFailure(expected_expression,
+                   actual_expression,
+                   FormatForComparisonFailureMessage(expected, actual),
+                   FormatForComparisonFailureMessage(actual, expected),
+                   false);
+}
+
+// A macro for implementing the helper functions needed to implement
+// ASSERT_?? and EXPECT_?? with integer or enum arguments.  It is here
+// just to avoid copy-and-paste of similar code.
+#define GTEST_IMPL_CMP_HELPER_(op_name, op)\
+AssertionResult CmpHelper##op_name(const char* expr1, const char* expr2, \
+                                   BiggestInt val1, BiggestInt val2) {\
+  if (val1 op val2) {\
+    return AssertionSuccess();\
+  } else {\
+    return AssertionFailure() \
+        << "Expected: (" << expr1 << ") " #op " (" << expr2\
+        << "), actual: " << FormatForComparisonFailureMessage(val1, val2)\
+        << " vs " << FormatForComparisonFailureMessage(val2, val1);\
+  }\
+}
+
+// Implements the helper function for {ASSERT|EXPECT}_NE with int or
+// enum arguments.
+GTEST_IMPL_CMP_HELPER_(NE, !=)
+// Implements the helper function for {ASSERT|EXPECT}_LE with int or
+// enum arguments.
+GTEST_IMPL_CMP_HELPER_(LE, <=)
+// Implements the helper function for {ASSERT|EXPECT}_LT with int or
+// enum arguments.
+GTEST_IMPL_CMP_HELPER_(LT, < )
+// Implements the helper function for {ASSERT|EXPECT}_GE with int or
+// enum arguments.
+GTEST_IMPL_CMP_HELPER_(GE, >=)
+// Implements the helper function for {ASSERT|EXPECT}_GT with int or
+// enum arguments.
+GTEST_IMPL_CMP_HELPER_(GT, > )
+
+#undef GTEST_IMPL_CMP_HELPER_
+
+// The helper function for {ASSERT|EXPECT}_STREQ.
+AssertionResult CmpHelperSTREQ(const char* expected_expression,
+                               const char* actual_expression,
+                               const char* expected,
+                               const char* actual) {
+  if (String::CStringEquals(expected, actual)) {
+    return AssertionSuccess();
+  }
+
+  return EqFailure(expected_expression,
+                   actual_expression,
+                   PrintToString(expected),
+                   PrintToString(actual),
+                   false);
+}
+
+// The helper function for {ASSERT|EXPECT}_STRCASEEQ.
+AssertionResult CmpHelperSTRCASEEQ(const char* expected_expression,
+                                   const char* actual_expression,
+                                   const char* expected,
+                                   const char* actual) {
+  if (String::CaseInsensitiveCStringEquals(expected, actual)) {
+    return AssertionSuccess();
+  }
+
+  return EqFailure(expected_expression,
+                   actual_expression,
+                   PrintToString(expected),
+                   PrintToString(actual),
+                   true);
+}
+
+// The helper function for {ASSERT|EXPECT}_STRNE.
+AssertionResult CmpHelperSTRNE(const char* s1_expression,
+                               const char* s2_expression,
+                               const char* s1,
+                               const char* s2) {
+  if (!String::CStringEquals(s1, s2)) {
+    return AssertionSuccess();
+  } else {
+    return AssertionFailure() << "Expected: (" << s1_expression << ") != ("
+                              << s2_expression << "), actual: \""
+                              << s1 << "\" vs \"" << s2 << "\"";
+  }
+}
+
+// The helper function for {ASSERT|EXPECT}_STRCASENE.
+AssertionResult CmpHelperSTRCASENE(const char* s1_expression,
+                                   const char* s2_expression,
+                                   const char* s1,
+                                   const char* s2) {
+  if (!String::CaseInsensitiveCStringEquals(s1, s2)) {
+    return AssertionSuccess();
+  } else {
+    return AssertionFailure()
+        << "Expected: (" << s1_expression << ") != ("
+        << s2_expression << ") (ignoring case), actual: \""
+        << s1 << "\" vs \"" << s2 << "\"";
+  }
+}
+
+}  // namespace internal
+
+namespace {
+
+// Helper functions for implementing IsSubString() and IsNotSubstring().
+
+// This group of overloaded functions return true iff needle is a
+// substring of haystack.  NULL is considered a substring of itself
+// only.
+
+bool IsSubstringPred(const char* needle, const char* haystack) {
+  if (needle == NULL || haystack == NULL)
+    return needle == haystack;
+
+  return strstr(haystack, needle) != NULL;
+}
+
+bool IsSubstringPred(const wchar_t* needle, const wchar_t* haystack) {
+  if (needle == NULL || haystack == NULL)
+    return needle == haystack;
+
+  return wcsstr(haystack, needle) != NULL;
+}
+
+// StringType here can be either ::std::string or ::std::wstring.
+template <typename StringType>
+bool IsSubstringPred(const StringType& needle,
+                     const StringType& haystack) {
+  return haystack.find(needle) != StringType::npos;
+}
+
+// This function implements either IsSubstring() or IsNotSubstring(),
+// depending on the value of the expected_to_be_substring parameter.
+// StringType here can be const char*, const wchar_t*, ::std::string,
+// or ::std::wstring.
+template <typename StringType>
+AssertionResult IsSubstringImpl(
+    bool expected_to_be_substring,
+    const char* needle_expr, const char* haystack_expr,
+    const StringType& needle, const StringType& haystack) {
+  if (IsSubstringPred(needle, haystack) == expected_to_be_substring)
+    return AssertionSuccess();
+
+  const bool is_wide_string = sizeof(needle[0]) > 1;
+  const char* const begin_string_quote = is_wide_string ? "L\"" : "\"";
+  return AssertionFailure()
+      << "Value of: " << needle_expr << "\n"
+      << "  Actual: " << begin_string_quote << needle << "\"\n"
+      << "Expected: " << (expected_to_be_substring ? "" : "not ")
+      << "a substring of " << haystack_expr << "\n"
+      << "Which is: " << begin_string_quote << haystack << "\"";
+}
+
+}  // namespace
+
+// IsSubstring() and IsNotSubstring() check whether needle is a
+// substring of haystack (NULL is considered a substring of itself
+// only), and return an appropriate error message when they fail.
+
+AssertionResult IsSubstring(
+    const char* needle_expr, const char* haystack_expr,
+    const char* needle, const char* haystack) {
+  return IsSubstringImpl(true, needle_expr, haystack_expr, needle, haystack);
+}
+
+AssertionResult IsSubstring(
+    const char* needle_expr, const char* haystack_expr,
+    const wchar_t* needle, const wchar_t* haystack) {
+  return IsSubstringImpl(true, needle_expr, haystack_expr, needle, haystack);
+}
+
+AssertionResult IsNotSubstring(
+    const char* needle_expr, const char* haystack_expr,
+    const char* needle, const char* haystack) {
+  return IsSubstringImpl(false, needle_expr, haystack_expr, needle, haystack);
+}
+
+AssertionResult IsNotSubstring(
+    const char* needle_expr, const char* haystack_expr,
+    const wchar_t* needle, const wchar_t* haystack) {
+  return IsSubstringImpl(false, needle_expr, haystack_expr, needle, haystack);
+}
+
+AssertionResult IsSubstring(
+    const char* needle_expr, const char* haystack_expr,
+    const ::std::string& needle, const ::std::string& haystack) {
+  return IsSubstringImpl(true, needle_expr, haystack_expr, needle, haystack);
+}
+
+AssertionResult IsNotSubstring(
+    const char* needle_expr, const char* haystack_expr,
+    const ::std::string& needle, const ::std::string& haystack) {
+  return IsSubstringImpl(false, needle_expr, haystack_expr, needle, haystack);
+}
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_STD_WSTRING
+AssertionResult IsSubstring(
+    const char* needle_expr, const char* haystack_expr,
+    const ::std::wstring& needle, const ::std::wstring& haystack) {
+  return IsSubstringImpl(true, needle_expr, haystack_expr, needle, haystack);
+}
+
+AssertionResult IsNotSubstring(
+    const char* needle_expr, const char* haystack_expr,
+    const ::std::wstring& needle, const ::std::wstring& haystack) {
+  return IsSubstringImpl(false, needle_expr, haystack_expr, needle, haystack);
+}
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_STD_WSTRING
+
+namespace internal {
+
+#if GTEST_OS_WINDOWS
+
+namespace {
+
+// Helper function for IsHRESULT{SuccessFailure} predicates
+AssertionResult HRESULTFailureHelper(const char* expr,
+                                     const char* expected,
+                                     long hr) {  // NOLINT
+# if GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MOBILE
+
+  // Windows CE doesn't support FormatMessage.
+  const char error_text[] = "";
+
+# else
+
+  // Looks up the human-readable system message for the HRESULT code
+  // and since we're not passing any params to FormatMessage, we don't
+  // want inserts expanded.
+  const DWORD kFlags = FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM |
+                       FORMAT_MESSAGE_IGNORE_INSERTS;
+  const DWORD kBufSize = 4096;
+  // Gets the system's human readable message string for this HRESULT.
+  char error_text[kBufSize] = { '\0' };
+  DWORD message_length = ::FormatMessageA(kFlags,
+                                          0,  // no source, we're asking system
+                                          hr,  // the error
+                                          0,  // no line width restrictions
+                                          error_text,  // output buffer
+                                          kBufSize,  // buf size
+                                          NULL);  // no arguments for inserts
+  // Trims tailing white space (FormatMessage leaves a trailing CR-LF)
+  for (; message_length && IsSpace(error_text[message_length - 1]);
+          --message_length) {
+    error_text[message_length - 1] = '\0';
+  }
+
+# endif  // GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MOBILE
+
+  const std::string error_hex("0x" + String::FormatHexInt(hr));
+  return ::testing::AssertionFailure()
+      << "Expected: " << expr << " " << expected << ".\n"
+      << "  Actual: " << error_hex << " " << error_text << "\n";
+}
+
+}  // namespace
+
+AssertionResult IsHRESULTSuccess(const char* expr, long hr) {  // NOLINT
+  if (SUCCEEDED(hr)) {
+    return AssertionSuccess();
+  }
+  return HRESULTFailureHelper(expr, "succeeds", hr);
+}
+
+AssertionResult IsHRESULTFailure(const char* expr, long hr) {  // NOLINT
+  if (FAILED(hr)) {
+    return AssertionSuccess();
+  }
+  return HRESULTFailureHelper(expr, "fails", hr);
+}
+
+#endif  // GTEST_OS_WINDOWS
+
+// Utility functions for encoding Unicode text (wide strings) in
+// UTF-8.
+
+// A Unicode code-point can have upto 21 bits, and is encoded in UTF-8
+// like this:
+//
+// Code-point length   Encoding
+//   0 -  7 bits       0xxxxxxx
+//   8 - 11 bits       110xxxxx 10xxxxxx
+//  12 - 16 bits       1110xxxx 10xxxxxx 10xxxxxx
+//  17 - 21 bits       11110xxx 10xxxxxx 10xxxxxx 10xxxxxx
+
+// The maximum code-point a one-byte UTF-8 sequence can represent.
+const UInt32 kMaxCodePoint1 = (static_cast<UInt32>(1) <<  7) - 1;
+
+// The maximum code-point a two-byte UTF-8 sequence can represent.
+const UInt32 kMaxCodePoint2 = (static_cast<UInt32>(1) << (5 + 6)) - 1;
+
+// The maximum code-point a three-byte UTF-8 sequence can represent.
+const UInt32 kMaxCodePoint3 = (static_cast<UInt32>(1) << (4 + 2*6)) - 1;
+
+// The maximum code-point a four-byte UTF-8 sequence can represent.
+const UInt32 kMaxCodePoint4 = (static_cast<UInt32>(1) << (3 + 3*6)) - 1;
+
+// Chops off the n lowest bits from a bit pattern.  Returns the n
+// lowest bits.  As a side effect, the original bit pattern will be
+// shifted to the right by n bits.
+inline UInt32 ChopLowBits(UInt32* bits, int n) {
+  const UInt32 low_bits = *bits & ((static_cast<UInt32>(1) << n) - 1);
+  *bits >>= n;
+  return low_bits;
+}
+
+// Converts a Unicode code point to a narrow string in UTF-8 encoding.
+// code_point parameter is of type UInt32 because wchar_t may not be
+// wide enough to contain a code point.
+// If the code_point is not a valid Unicode code point
+// (i.e. outside of Unicode range U+0 to U+10FFFF) it will be converted
+// to "(Invalid Unicode 0xXXXXXXXX)".
+std::string CodePointToUtf8(UInt32 code_point) {
+  if (code_point > kMaxCodePoint4) {
+    return "(Invalid Unicode 0x" + String::FormatHexInt(code_point) + ")";
+  }
+
+  char str[5];  // Big enough for the largest valid code point.
+  if (code_point <= kMaxCodePoint1) {
+    str[1] = '\0';
+    str[0] = static_cast<char>(code_point);                          // 0xxxxxxx
+  } else if (code_point <= kMaxCodePoint2) {
+    str[2] = '\0';
+    str[1] = static_cast<char>(0x80 | ChopLowBits(&code_point, 6));  // 10xxxxxx
+    str[0] = static_cast<char>(0xC0 | code_point);                   // 110xxxxx
+  } else if (code_point <= kMaxCodePoint3) {
+    str[3] = '\0';
+    str[2] = static_cast<char>(0x80 | ChopLowBits(&code_point, 6));  // 10xxxxxx
+    str[1] = static_cast<char>(0x80 | ChopLowBits(&code_point, 6));  // 10xxxxxx
+    str[0] = static_cast<char>(0xE0 | code_point);                   // 1110xxxx
+  } else {  // code_point <= kMaxCodePoint4
+    str[4] = '\0';
+    str[3] = static_cast<char>(0x80 | ChopLowBits(&code_point, 6));  // 10xxxxxx
+    str[2] = static_cast<char>(0x80 | ChopLowBits(&code_point, 6));  // 10xxxxxx
+    str[1] = static_cast<char>(0x80 | ChopLowBits(&code_point, 6));  // 10xxxxxx
+    str[0] = static_cast<char>(0xF0 | code_point);                   // 11110xxx
+  }
+  return str;
+}
+
+// The following two functions only make sense if the the system
+// uses UTF-16 for wide string encoding. All supported systems
+// with 16 bit wchar_t (Windows, Cygwin, Symbian OS) do use UTF-16.
+
+// Determines if the arguments constitute UTF-16 surrogate pair
+// and thus should be combined into a single Unicode code point
+// using CreateCodePointFromUtf16SurrogatePair.
+inline bool IsUtf16SurrogatePair(wchar_t first, wchar_t second) {
+  return sizeof(wchar_t) == 2 &&
+      (first & 0xFC00) == 0xD800 && (second & 0xFC00) == 0xDC00;
+}
+
+// Creates a Unicode code point from UTF16 surrogate pair.
+inline UInt32 CreateCodePointFromUtf16SurrogatePair(wchar_t first,
+                                                    wchar_t second) {
+  const UInt32 mask = (1 << 10) - 1;
+  return (sizeof(wchar_t) == 2) ?
+      (((first & mask) << 10) | (second & mask)) + 0x10000 :
+      // This function should not be called when the condition is
+      // false, but we provide a sensible default in case it is.
+      static_cast<UInt32>(first);
+}
+
+// Converts a wide string to a narrow string in UTF-8 encoding.
+// The wide string is assumed to have the following encoding:
+//   UTF-16 if sizeof(wchar_t) == 2 (on Windows, Cygwin, Symbian OS)
+//   UTF-32 if sizeof(wchar_t) == 4 (on Linux)
+// Parameter str points to a null-terminated wide string.
+// Parameter num_chars may additionally limit the number
+// of wchar_t characters processed. -1 is used when the entire string
+// should be processed.
+// If the string contains code points that are not valid Unicode code points
+// (i.e. outside of Unicode range U+0 to U+10FFFF) they will be output
+// as '(Invalid Unicode 0xXXXXXXXX)'. If the string is in UTF16 encoding
+// and contains invalid UTF-16 surrogate pairs, values in those pairs
+// will be encoded as individual Unicode characters from Basic Normal Plane.
+std::string WideStringToUtf8(const wchar_t* str, int num_chars) {
+  if (num_chars == -1)
+    num_chars = static_cast<int>(wcslen(str));
+
+  ::std::stringstream stream;
+  for (int i = 0; i < num_chars; ++i) {
+    UInt32 unicode_code_point;
+
+    if (str[i] == L'\0') {
+      break;
+    } else if (i + 1 < num_chars && IsUtf16SurrogatePair(str[i], str[i + 1])) {
+      unicode_code_point = CreateCodePointFromUtf16SurrogatePair(str[i],
+                                                                 str[i + 1]);
+      i++;
+    } else {
+      unicode_code_point = static_cast<UInt32>(str[i]);
+    }
+
+    stream << CodePointToUtf8(unicode_code_point);
+  }
+  return StringStreamToString(&stream);
+}
+
+// Converts a wide C string to an std::string using the UTF-8 encoding.
+// NULL will be converted to "(null)".
+std::string String::ShowWideCString(const wchar_t * wide_c_str) {
+  if (wide_c_str == NULL)  return "(null)";
+
+  return internal::WideStringToUtf8(wide_c_str, -1);
+}
+
+// Compares two wide C strings.  Returns true iff they have the same
+// content.
+//
+// Unlike wcscmp(), this function can handle NULL argument(s).  A NULL
+// C string is considered different to any non-NULL C string,
+// including the empty string.
+bool String::WideCStringEquals(const wchar_t * lhs, const wchar_t * rhs) {
+  if (lhs == NULL) return rhs == NULL;
+
+  if (rhs == NULL) return false;
+
+  return wcscmp(lhs, rhs) == 0;
+}
+
+// Helper function for *_STREQ on wide strings.
+AssertionResult CmpHelperSTREQ(const char* expected_expression,
+                               const char* actual_expression,
+                               const wchar_t* expected,
+                               const wchar_t* actual) {
+  if (String::WideCStringEquals(expected, actual)) {
+    return AssertionSuccess();
+  }
+
+  return EqFailure(expected_expression,
+                   actual_expression,
+                   PrintToString(expected),
+                   PrintToString(actual),
+                   false);
+}
+
+// Helper function for *_STRNE on wide strings.
+AssertionResult CmpHelperSTRNE(const char* s1_expression,
+                               const char* s2_expression,
+                               const wchar_t* s1,
+                               const wchar_t* s2) {
+  if (!String::WideCStringEquals(s1, s2)) {
+    return AssertionSuccess();
+  }
+
+  return AssertionFailure() << "Expected: (" << s1_expression << ") != ("
+                            << s2_expression << "), actual: "
+                            << PrintToString(s1)
+                            << " vs " << PrintToString(s2);
+}
+
+// Compares two C strings, ignoring case.  Returns true iff they have
+// the same content.
+//
+// Unlike strcasecmp(), this function can handle NULL argument(s).  A
+// NULL C string is considered different to any non-NULL C string,
+// including the empty string.
+bool String::CaseInsensitiveCStringEquals(const char * lhs, const char * rhs) {
+  if (lhs == NULL)
+    return rhs == NULL;
+  if (rhs == NULL)
+    return false;
+  return posix::StrCaseCmp(lhs, rhs) == 0;
+}
+
+  // Compares two wide C strings, ignoring case.  Returns true iff they
+  // have the same content.
+  //
+  // Unlike wcscasecmp(), this function can handle NULL argument(s).
+  // A NULL C string is considered different to any non-NULL wide C string,
+  // including the empty string.
+  // NB: The implementations on different platforms slightly differ.
+  // On windows, this method uses _wcsicmp which compares according to LC_CTYPE
+  // environment variable. On GNU platform this method uses wcscasecmp
+  // which compares according to LC_CTYPE category of the current locale.
+  // On MacOS X, it uses towlower, which also uses LC_CTYPE category of the
+  // current locale.
+bool String::CaseInsensitiveWideCStringEquals(const wchar_t* lhs,
+                                              const wchar_t* rhs) {
+  if (lhs == NULL) return rhs == NULL;
+
+  if (rhs == NULL) return false;
+
+#if GTEST_OS_WINDOWS
+  return _wcsicmp(lhs, rhs) == 0;
+#elif GTEST_OS_LINUX && !GTEST_OS_LINUX_ANDROID
+  return wcscasecmp(lhs, rhs) == 0;
+#else
+  // Android, Mac OS X and Cygwin don't define wcscasecmp.
+  // Other unknown OSes may not define it either.
+  wint_t left, right;
+  do {
+    left = towlower(*lhs++);
+    right = towlower(*rhs++);
+  } while (left && left == right);
+  return left == right;
+#endif  // OS selector
+}
+
+// Returns true iff str ends with the given suffix, ignoring case.
+// Any string is considered to end with an empty suffix.
+bool String::EndsWithCaseInsensitive(
+    const std::string& str, const std::string& suffix) {
+  const size_t str_len = str.length();
+  const size_t suffix_len = suffix.length();
+  return (str_len >= suffix_len) &&
+         CaseInsensitiveCStringEquals(str.c_str() + str_len - suffix_len,
+                                      suffix.c_str());
+}
+
+// Formats an int value as "%02d".
+std::string String::FormatIntWidth2(int value) {
+  std::stringstream ss;
+  ss << std::setfill('0') << std::setw(2) << value;
+  return ss.str();
+}
+
+// Formats an int value as "%X".
+std::string String::FormatHexInt(int value) {
+  std::stringstream ss;
+  ss << std::hex << std::uppercase << value;
+  return ss.str();
+}
+
+// Formats a byte as "%02X".
+std::string String::FormatByte(unsigned char value) {
+  std::stringstream ss;
+  ss << std::setfill('0') << std::setw(2) << std::hex << std::uppercase
+     << static_cast<unsigned int>(value);
+  return ss.str();
+}
+
+// Converts the buffer in a stringstream to an std::string, converting NUL
+// bytes to "\\0" along the way.
+std::string StringStreamToString(::std::stringstream* ss) {
+  const ::std::string& str = ss->str();
+  const char* const start = str.c_str();
+  const char* const end = start + str.length();
+
+  std::string result;
+  result.reserve(2 * (end - start));
+  for (const char* ch = start; ch != end; ++ch) {
+    if (*ch == '\0') {
+      result += "\\0";  // Replaces NUL with "\\0";
+    } else {
+      result += *ch;
+    }
+  }
+
+  return result;
+}
+
+// Appends the user-supplied message to the Google-Test-generated message.
+std::string AppendUserMessage(const std::string& gtest_msg,
+                              const Message& user_msg) {
+  // Appends the user message if it's non-empty.
+  const std::string user_msg_string = user_msg.GetString();
+  if (user_msg_string.empty()) {
+    return gtest_msg;
+  }
+
+  return gtest_msg + "\n" + user_msg_string;
+}
+
+}  // namespace internal
+
+// class TestResult
+
+// Creates an empty TestResult.
+TestResult::TestResult()
+    : death_test_count_(0),
+      elapsed_time_(0) {
+}
+
+// D'tor.
+TestResult::~TestResult() {
+}
+
+// Returns the i-th test part result among all the results. i can
+// range from 0 to total_part_count() - 1. If i is not in that range,
+// aborts the program.
+const TestPartResult& TestResult::GetTestPartResult(int i) const {
+  if (i < 0 || i >= total_part_count())
+    internal::posix::Abort();
+  return test_part_results_.at(i);
+}
+
+// Returns the i-th test property. i can range from 0 to
+// test_property_count() - 1. If i is not in that range, aborts the
+// program.
+const TestProperty& TestResult::GetTestProperty(int i) const {
+  if (i < 0 || i >= test_property_count())
+    internal::posix::Abort();
+  return test_properties_.at(i);
+}
+
+// Clears the test part results.
+void TestResult::ClearTestPartResults() {
+  test_part_results_.clear();
+}
+
+// Adds a test part result to the list.
+void TestResult::AddTestPartResult(const TestPartResult& test_part_result) {
+  test_part_results_.push_back(test_part_result);
+}
+
+// Adds a test property to the list. If a property with the same key as the
+// supplied property is already represented, the value of this test_property
+// replaces the old value for that key.
+void TestResult::RecordProperty(const std::string& xml_element,
+                                const TestProperty& test_property) {
+  if (!ValidateTestProperty(xml_element, test_property)) {
+    return;
+  }
+  internal::MutexLock lock(&test_properites_mutex_);
+  const std::vector<TestProperty>::iterator property_with_matching_key =
+      std::find_if(test_properties_.begin(), test_properties_.end(),
+                   internal::TestPropertyKeyIs(test_property.key()));
+  if (property_with_matching_key == test_properties_.end()) {
+    test_properties_.push_back(test_property);
+    return;
+  }
+  property_with_matching_key->SetValue(test_property.value());
+}
+
+// The list of reserved attributes used in the <testsuites> element of XML
+// output.
+static const char* const kReservedTestSuitesAttributes[] = {
+  "disabled",
+  "errors",
+  "failures",
+  "name",
+  "random_seed",
+  "tests",
+  "time",
+  "timestamp"
+};
+
+// The list of reserved attributes used in the <testsuite> element of XML
+// output.
+static const char* const kReservedTestSuiteAttributes[] = {
+  "disabled",
+  "errors",
+  "failures",
+  "name",
+  "tests",
+  "time"
+};
+
+// The list of reserved attributes used in the <testcase> element of XML output.
+static const char* const kReservedTestCaseAttributes[] = {
+  "classname",
+  "name",
+  "status",
+  "time",
+  "type_param",
+  "value_param"
+};
+
+template <int kSize>
+std::vector<std::string> ArrayAsVector(const char* const (&array)[kSize]) {
+  return std::vector<std::string>(array, array + kSize);
+}
+
+static std::vector<std::string> GetReservedAttributesForElement(
+    const std::string& xml_element) {
+  if (xml_element == "testsuites") {
+    return ArrayAsVector(kReservedTestSuitesAttributes);
+  } else if (xml_element == "testsuite") {
+    return ArrayAsVector(kReservedTestSuiteAttributes);
+  } else if (xml_element == "testcase") {
+    return ArrayAsVector(kReservedTestCaseAttributes);
+  } else {
+    GTEST_CHECK_(false) << "Unrecognized xml_element provided: " << xml_element;
+  }
+  // This code is unreachable but some compilers may not realizes that.
+  return std::vector<std::string>();
+}
+
+static std::string FormatWordList(const std::vector<std::string>& words) {
+  Message word_list;
+  for (size_t i = 0; i < words.size(); ++i) {
+    if (i > 0 && words.size() > 2) {
+      word_list << ", ";
+    }
+    if (i == words.size() - 1) {
+      word_list << "and ";
+    }
+    word_list << "'" << words[i] << "'";
+  }
+  return word_list.GetString();
+}
+
+bool ValidateTestPropertyName(const std::string& property_name,
+                              const std::vector<std::string>& reserved_names) {
+  if (std::find(reserved_names.begin(), reserved_names.end(), property_name) !=
+          reserved_names.end()) {
+    ADD_FAILURE() << "Reserved key used in RecordProperty(): " << property_name
+                  << " (" << FormatWordList(reserved_names)
+                  << " are reserved by " << GTEST_NAME_ << ")";
+    return false;
+  }
+  return true;
+}
+
+// Adds a failure if the key is a reserved attribute of the element named
+// xml_element.  Returns true if the property is valid.
+bool TestResult::ValidateTestProperty(const std::string& xml_element,
+                                      const TestProperty& test_property) {
+  return ValidateTestPropertyName(test_property.key(),
+                                  GetReservedAttributesForElement(xml_element));
+}
+
+// Clears the object.
+void TestResult::Clear() {
+  test_part_results_.clear();
+  test_properties_.clear();
+  death_test_count_ = 0;
+  elapsed_time_ = 0;
+}
+
+// Returns true iff the test failed.
+bool TestResult::Failed() const {
+  for (int i = 0; i < total_part_count(); ++i) {
+    if (GetTestPartResult(i).failed())
+      return true;
+  }
+  return false;
+}
+
+// Returns true iff the test part fatally failed.
+static bool TestPartFatallyFailed(const TestPartResult& result) {
+  return result.fatally_failed();
+}
+
+// Returns true iff the test fatally failed.
+bool TestResult::HasFatalFailure() const {
+  return CountIf(test_part_results_, TestPartFatallyFailed) > 0;
+}
+
+// Returns true iff the test part non-fatally failed.
+static bool TestPartNonfatallyFailed(const TestPartResult& result) {
+  return result.nonfatally_failed();
+}
+
+// Returns true iff the test has a non-fatal failure.
+bool TestResult::HasNonfatalFailure() const {
+  return CountIf(test_part_results_, TestPartNonfatallyFailed) > 0;
+}
+
+// Gets the number of all test parts.  This is the sum of the number
+// of successful test parts and the number of failed test parts.
+int TestResult::total_part_count() const {
+  return static_cast<int>(test_part_results_.size());
+}
+
+// Returns the number of the test properties.
+int TestResult::test_property_count() const {
+  return static_cast<int>(test_properties_.size());
+}
+
+// class Test
+
+// Creates a Test object.
+
+// The c'tor saves the values of all Google Test flags.
+Test::Test()
+    : gtest_flag_saver_(new internal::GTestFlagSaver) {
+}
+
+// The d'tor restores the values of all Google Test flags.
+Test::~Test() {
+  delete gtest_flag_saver_;
+}
+
+// Sets up the test fixture.
+//
+// A sub-class may override this.
+void Test::SetUp() {
+}
+
+// Tears down the test fixture.
+//
+// A sub-class may override this.
+void Test::TearDown() {
+}
+
+// Allows user supplied key value pairs to be recorded for later output.
+void Test::RecordProperty(const std::string& key, const std::string& value) {
+  UnitTest::GetInstance()->RecordProperty(key, value);
+}
+
+// Allows user supplied key value pairs to be recorded for later output.
+void Test::RecordProperty(const std::string& key, int value) {
+  Message value_message;
+  value_message << value;
+  RecordProperty(key, value_message.GetString().c_str());
+}
+
+namespace internal {
+
+void ReportFailureInUnknownLocation(TestPartResult::Type result_type,
+                                    const std::string& message) {
+  // This function is a friend of UnitTest and as such has access to
+  // AddTestPartResult.
+  UnitTest::GetInstance()->AddTestPartResult(
+      result_type,
+      NULL,  // No info about the source file where the exception occurred.
+      -1,    // We have no info on which line caused the exception.
+      message,
+      "");   // No stack trace, either.
+}
+
+}  // namespace internal
+
+// Google Test requires all tests in the same test case to use the same test
+// fixture class.  This function checks if the current test has the
+// same fixture class as the first test in the current test case.  If
+// yes, it returns true; otherwise it generates a Google Test failure and
+// returns false.
+bool Test::HasSameFixtureClass() {
+  internal::UnitTestImpl* const impl = internal::GetUnitTestImpl();
+  const TestCase* const test_case = impl->current_test_case();
+
+  // Info about the first test in the current test case.
+  const TestInfo* const first_test_info = test_case->test_info_list()[0];
+  const internal::TypeId first_fixture_id = first_test_info->fixture_class_id_;
+  const char* const first_test_name = first_test_info->name();
+
+  // Info about the current test.
+  const TestInfo* const this_test_info = impl->current_test_info();
+  const internal::TypeId this_fixture_id = this_test_info->fixture_class_id_;
+  const char* const this_test_name = this_test_info->name();
+
+  if (this_fixture_id != first_fixture_id) {
+    // Is the first test defined using TEST?
+    const bool first_is_TEST = first_fixture_id == internal::GetTestTypeId();
+    // Is this test defined using TEST?
+    const bool this_is_TEST = this_fixture_id == internal::GetTestTypeId();
+
+    if (first_is_TEST || this_is_TEST) {
+      // The user mixed TEST and TEST_F in this test case - we'll tell
+      // him/her how to fix it.
+
+      // Gets the name of the TEST and the name of the TEST_F.  Note
+      // that first_is_TEST and this_is_TEST cannot both be true, as
+      // the fixture IDs are different for the two tests.
+      const char* const TEST_name =
+          first_is_TEST ? first_test_name : this_test_name;
+      const char* const TEST_F_name =
+          first_is_TEST ? this_test_name : first_test_name;
+
+      ADD_FAILURE()
+          << "All tests in the same test case must use the same test fixture\n"
+          << "class, so mixing TEST_F and TEST in the same test case is\n"
+          << "illegal.  In test case " << this_test_info->test_case_name()
+          << ",\n"
+          << "test " << TEST_F_name << " is defined using TEST_F but\n"
+          << "test " << TEST_name << " is defined using TEST.  You probably\n"
+          << "want to change the TEST to TEST_F or move it to another test\n"
+          << "case.";
+    } else {
+      // The user defined two fixture classes with the same name in
+      // two namespaces - we'll tell him/her how to fix it.
+      ADD_FAILURE()
+          << "All tests in the same test case must use the same test fixture\n"
+          << "class.  However, in test case "
+          << this_test_info->test_case_name() << ",\n"
+          << "you defined test " << first_test_name
+          << " and test " << this_test_name << "\n"
+          << "using two different test fixture classes.  This can happen if\n"
+          << "the two classes are from different namespaces or translation\n"
+          << "units and have the same name.  You should probably rename one\n"
+          << "of the classes to put the tests into different test cases.";
+    }
+    return false;
+  }
+
+  return true;
+}
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_SEH
+
+// Adds an "exception thrown" fatal failure to the current test.  This
+// function returns its result via an output parameter pointer because VC++
+// prohibits creation of objects with destructors on stack in functions
+// using __try (see error C2712).
+static std::string* FormatSehExceptionMessage(DWORD exception_code,
+                                              const char* location) {
+  Message message;
+  message << "SEH exception with code 0x" << std::setbase(16) <<
+    exception_code << std::setbase(10) << " thrown in " << location << ".";
+
+  return new std::string(message.GetString());
+}
+
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_SEH
+
+namespace internal {
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_EXCEPTIONS
+
+// Adds an "exception thrown" fatal failure to the current test.
+static std::string FormatCxxExceptionMessage(const char* description,
+                                             const char* location) {
+  Message message;
+  if (description != NULL) {
+    message << "C++ exception with description \"" << description << "\"";
+  } else {
+    message << "Unknown C++ exception";
+  }
+  message << " thrown in " << location << ".";
+
+  return message.GetString();
+}
+
+static std::string PrintTestPartResultToString(
+    const TestPartResult& test_part_result);
+
+GoogleTestFailureException::GoogleTestFailureException(
+    const TestPartResult& failure)
+    : ::std::runtime_error(PrintTestPartResultToString(failure).c_str()) {}
+
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_EXCEPTIONS
+
+// We put these helper functions in the internal namespace as IBM's xlC
+// compiler rejects the code if they were declared static.
+
+// Runs the given method and handles SEH exceptions it throws, when
+// SEH is supported; returns the 0-value for type Result in case of an
+// SEH exception.  (Microsoft compilers cannot handle SEH and C++
+// exceptions in the same function.  Therefore, we provide a separate
+// wrapper function for handling SEH exceptions.)
+template <class T, typename Result>
+Result HandleSehExceptionsInMethodIfSupported(
+    T* object, Result (T::*method)(), const char* location) {
+#if GTEST_HAS_SEH
+  __try {
+    return (object->*method)();
+  } __except (internal::UnitTestOptions::GTestShouldProcessSEH(  // NOLINT
+      GetExceptionCode())) {
+    // We create the exception message on the heap because VC++ prohibits
+    // creation of objects with destructors on stack in functions using __try
+    // (see error C2712).
+    std::string* exception_message = FormatSehExceptionMessage(
+        GetExceptionCode(), location);
+    internal::ReportFailureInUnknownLocation(TestPartResult::kFatalFailure,
+                                             *exception_message);
+    delete exception_message;
+    return static_cast<Result>(0);
+  }
+#else
+  (void)location;
+  return (object->*method)();
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_SEH
+}
+
+// Runs the given method and catches and reports C++ and/or SEH-style
+// exceptions, if they are supported; returns the 0-value for type
+// Result in case of an SEH exception.
+template <class T, typename Result>
+Result HandleExceptionsInMethodIfSupported(
+    T* object, Result (T::*method)(), const char* location) {
+  // NOTE: The user code can affect the way in which Google Test handles
+  // exceptions by setting GTEST_FLAG(catch_exceptions), but only before
+  // RUN_ALL_TESTS() starts. It is technically possible to check the flag
+  // after the exception is caught and either report or re-throw the
+  // exception based on the flag's value:
+  //
+  // try {
+  //   // Perform the test method.
+  // } catch (...) {
+  //   if (GTEST_FLAG(catch_exceptions))
+  //     // Report the exception as failure.
+  //   else
+  //     throw;  // Re-throws the original exception.
+  // }
+  //
+  // However, the purpose of this flag is to allow the program to drop into
+  // the debugger when the exception is thrown. On most platforms, once the
+  // control enters the catch block, the exception origin information is
+  // lost and the debugger will stop the program at the point of the
+  // re-throw in this function -- instead of at the point of the original
+  // throw statement in the code under test.  For this reason, we perform
+  // the check early, sacrificing the ability to affect Google Test's
+  // exception handling in the method where the exception is thrown.
+  if (internal::GetUnitTestImpl()->catch_exceptions()) {
+#if GTEST_HAS_EXCEPTIONS
+    try {
+      return HandleSehExceptionsInMethodIfSupported(object, method, location);
+    } catch (const internal::GoogleTestFailureException&) {  // NOLINT
+      // This exception type can only be thrown by a failed Google
+      // Test assertion with the intention of letting another testing
+      // framework catch it.  Therefore we just re-throw it.
+      throw;
+    } catch (const std::exception& e) {  // NOLINT
+      internal::ReportFailureInUnknownLocation(
+          TestPartResult::kFatalFailure,
+          FormatCxxExceptionMessage(e.what(), location));
+    } catch (...) {  // NOLINT
+      internal::ReportFailureInUnknownLocation(
+          TestPartResult::kFatalFailure,
+          FormatCxxExceptionMessage(NULL, location));
+    }
+    return static_cast<Result>(0);
+#else
+    return HandleSehExceptionsInMethodIfSupported(object, method, location);
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_EXCEPTIONS
+  } else {
+    return (object->*method)();
+  }
+}
+
+}  // namespace internal
+
+// Runs the test and updates the test result.
+void Test::Run() {
+  if (!HasSameFixtureClass()) return;
+
+  internal::UnitTestImpl* const impl = internal::GetUnitTestImpl();
+  impl->os_stack_trace_getter()->UponLeavingGTest();
+  internal::HandleExceptionsInMethodIfSupported(this, &Test::SetUp, "SetUp()");
+  // We will run the test only if SetUp() was successful.
+  if (!HasFatalFailure()) {
+    impl->os_stack_trace_getter()->UponLeavingGTest();
+    internal::HandleExceptionsInMethodIfSupported(
+        this, &Test::TestBody, "the test body");
+  }
+
+  // However, we want to clean up as much as possible.  Hence we will
+  // always call TearDown(), even if SetUp() or the test body has
+  // failed.
+  impl->os_stack_trace_getter()->UponLeavingGTest();
+  internal::HandleExceptionsInMethodIfSupported(
+      this, &Test::TearDown, "TearDown()");
+}
+
+// Returns true iff the current test has a fatal failure.
+bool Test::HasFatalFailure() {
+  return internal::GetUnitTestImpl()->current_test_result()->HasFatalFailure();
+}
+
+// Returns true iff the current test has a non-fatal failure.
+bool Test::HasNonfatalFailure() {
+  return internal::GetUnitTestImpl()->current_test_result()->
+      HasNonfatalFailure();
+}
+
+// class TestInfo
+
+// Constructs a TestInfo object. It assumes ownership of the test factory
+// object.
+TestInfo::TestInfo(const std::string& a_test_case_name,
+                   const std::string& a_name,
+                   const char* a_type_param,
+                   const char* a_value_param,
+                   internal::TypeId fixture_class_id,
+                   internal::TestFactoryBase* factory)
+    : test_case_name_(a_test_case_name),
+      name_(a_name),
+      type_param_(a_type_param ? new std::string(a_type_param) : NULL),
+      value_param_(a_value_param ? new std::string(a_value_param) : NULL),
+      fixture_class_id_(fixture_class_id),
+      should_run_(false),
+      is_disabled_(false),
+      matches_filter_(false),
+      factory_(factory),
+      result_() {}
+
+// Destructs a TestInfo object.
+TestInfo::~TestInfo() { delete factory_; }
+
+namespace internal {
+
+// Creates a new TestInfo object and registers it with Google Test;
+// returns the created object.
+//
+// Arguments:
+//
+//   test_case_name:   name of the test case
+//   name:             name of the test
+//   type_param:       the name of the test's type parameter, or NULL if
+//                     this is not a typed or a type-parameterized test.
+//   value_param:      text representation of the test's value parameter,
+//                     or NULL if this is not a value-parameterized test.
+//   fixture_class_id: ID of the test fixture class
+//   set_up_tc:        pointer to the function that sets up the test case
+//   tear_down_tc:     pointer to the function that tears down the test case
+//   factory:          pointer to the factory that creates a test object.
+//                     The newly created TestInfo instance will assume
+//                     ownership of the factory object.
+TestInfo* MakeAndRegisterTestInfo(
+    const char* test_case_name,
+    const char* name,
+    const char* type_param,
+    const char* value_param,
+    TypeId fixture_class_id,
+    SetUpTestCaseFunc set_up_tc,
+    TearDownTestCaseFunc tear_down_tc,
+    TestFactoryBase* factory) {
+  TestInfo* const test_info =
+      new TestInfo(test_case_name, name, type_param, value_param,
+                   fixture_class_id, factory);
+  GetUnitTestImpl()->AddTestInfo(set_up_tc, tear_down_tc, test_info);
+  return test_info;
+}
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_PARAM_TEST
+void ReportInvalidTestCaseType(const char* test_case_name,
+                               const char* file, int line) {
+  Message errors;
+  errors
+      << "Attempted redefinition of test case " << test_case_name << ".\n"
+      << "All tests in the same test case must use the same test fixture\n"
+      << "class.  However, in test case " << test_case_name << ", you tried\n"
+      << "to define a test using a fixture class different from the one\n"
+      << "used earlier. This can happen if the two fixture classes are\n"
+      << "from different namespaces and have the same name. You should\n"
+      << "probably rename one of the classes to put the tests into different\n"
+      << "test cases.";
+
+  fprintf(stderr, "%s %s", FormatFileLocation(file, line).c_str(),
+          errors.GetString().c_str());
+}
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_PARAM_TEST
+
+}  // namespace internal
+
+namespace {
+
+// A predicate that checks the test name of a TestInfo against a known
+// value.
+//
+// This is used for implementation of the TestCase class only.  We put
+// it in the anonymous namespace to prevent polluting the outer
+// namespace.
+//
+// TestNameIs is copyable.
+class TestNameIs {
+ public:
+  // Constructor.
+  //
+  // TestNameIs has NO default constructor.
+  explicit TestNameIs(const char* name)
+      : name_(name) {}
+
+  // Returns true iff the test name of test_info matches name_.
+  bool operator()(const TestInfo * test_info) const {
+    return test_info && test_info->name() == name_;
+  }
+
+ private:
+  std::string name_;
+};
+
+}  // namespace
+
+namespace internal {
+
+// This method expands all parameterized tests registered with macros TEST_P
+// and INSTANTIATE_TEST_CASE_P into regular tests and registers those.
+// This will be done just once during the program runtime.
+void UnitTestImpl::RegisterParameterizedTests() {
+#if GTEST_HAS_PARAM_TEST
+  if (!parameterized_tests_registered_) {
+    parameterized_test_registry_.RegisterTests();
+    parameterized_tests_registered_ = true;
+  }
+#endif
+}
+
+}  // namespace internal
+
+// Creates the test object, runs it, records its result, and then
+// deletes it.
+void TestInfo::Run() {
+  if (!should_run_) return;
+
+  // Tells UnitTest where to store test result.
+  internal::UnitTestImpl* const impl = internal::GetUnitTestImpl();
+  impl->set_current_test_info(this);
+
+  TestEventListener* repeater = UnitTest::GetInstance()->listeners().repeater();
+
+  // Notifies the unit test event listeners that a test is about to start.
+  repeater->OnTestStart(*this);
+
+  const TimeInMillis start = internal::GetTimeInMillis();
+
+  impl->os_stack_trace_getter()->UponLeavingGTest();
+
+  // Creates the test object.
+  Test* const test = internal::HandleExceptionsInMethodIfSupported(
+      factory_, &internal::TestFactoryBase::CreateTest,
+      "the test fixture's constructor");
+
+  // Runs the test only if the test object was created and its
+  // constructor didn't generate a fatal failure.
+  if ((test != NULL) && !Test::HasFatalFailure()) {
+    // This doesn't throw as all user code that can throw are wrapped into
+    // exception handling code.
+    test->Run();
+  }
+
+  // Deletes the test object.
+  impl->os_stack_trace_getter()->UponLeavingGTest();
+  internal::HandleExceptionsInMethodIfSupported(
+      test, &Test::DeleteSelf_, "the test fixture's destructor");
+
+  result_.set_elapsed_time(internal::GetTimeInMillis() - start);
+
+  // Notifies the unit test event listener that a test has just finished.
+  repeater->OnTestEnd(*this);
+
+  // Tells UnitTest to stop associating assertion results to this
+  // test.
+  impl->set_current_test_info(NULL);
+}
+
+// class TestCase
+
+// Gets the number of successful tests in this test case.
+int TestCase::successful_test_count() const {
+  return CountIf(test_info_list_, TestPassed);
+}
+
+// Gets the number of failed tests in this test case.
+int TestCase::failed_test_count() const {
+  return CountIf(test_info_list_, TestFailed);
+}
+
+// Gets the number of disabled tests that will be reported in the XML report.
+int TestCase::reportable_disabled_test_count() const {
+  return CountIf(test_info_list_, TestReportableDisabled);
+}
+
+// Gets the number of disabled tests in this test case.
+int TestCase::disabled_test_count() const {
+  return CountIf(test_info_list_, TestDisabled);
+}
+
+// Gets the number of tests to be printed in the XML report.
+int TestCase::reportable_test_count() const {
+  return CountIf(test_info_list_, TestReportable);
+}
+
+// Get the number of tests in this test case that should run.
+int TestCase::test_to_run_count() const {
+  return CountIf(test_info_list_, ShouldRunTest);
+}
+
+// Gets the number of all tests.
+int TestCase::total_test_count() const {
+  return static_cast<int>(test_info_list_.size());
+}
+
+// Creates a TestCase with the given name.
+//
+// Arguments:
+//
+//   name:         name of the test case
+//   a_type_param: the name of the test case's type parameter, or NULL if
+//                 this is not a typed or a type-parameterized test case.
+//   set_up_tc:    pointer to the function that sets up the test case
+//   tear_down_tc: pointer to the function that tears down the test case
+TestCase::TestCase(const char* a_name, const char* a_type_param,
+                   Test::SetUpTestCaseFunc set_up_tc,
+                   Test::TearDownTestCaseFunc tear_down_tc)
+    : name_(a_name),
+      type_param_(a_type_param ? new std::string(a_type_param) : NULL),
+      set_up_tc_(set_up_tc),
+      tear_down_tc_(tear_down_tc),
+      should_run_(false),
+      elapsed_time_(0) {
+}
+
+// Destructor of TestCase.
+TestCase::~TestCase() {
+  // Deletes every Test in the collection.
+  ForEach(test_info_list_, internal::Delete<TestInfo>);
+}
+
+// Returns the i-th test among all the tests. i can range from 0 to
+// total_test_count() - 1. If i is not in that range, returns NULL.
+const TestInfo* TestCase::GetTestInfo(int i) const {
+  const int index = GetElementOr(test_indices_, i, -1);
+  return index < 0 ? NULL : test_info_list_[index];
+}
+
+// Returns the i-

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