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From m..@apache.org
Subject [33/45] incubator-hawq git commit: HAWQ-618. Import libhdfs3 library for internal management and LICENSE modified
Date Fri, 01 Apr 2016 09:36:42 GMT
http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/incubator-hawq/blob/bc0904ab/depends/libhdfs3/gtest/include/gtest/gtest.h
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/depends/libhdfs3/gtest/include/gtest/gtest.h b/depends/libhdfs3/gtest/include/gtest/gtest.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..6fa0a39
--- /dev/null
+++ b/depends/libhdfs3/gtest/include/gtest/gtest.h
@@ -0,0 +1,2291 @@
+// Copyright 2005, Google Inc.
+// All rights reserved.
+//
+// Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
+// modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
+// met:
+//
+//     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
+// notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
+//     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
+// copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer
+// in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
+// distribution.
+//     * Neither the name of Google Inc. nor the names of its
+// contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from
+// this software without specific prior written permission.
+//
+// THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
+// "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+// LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
+// A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
+// OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
+// SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+// LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
+// DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
+// THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
+// (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
+// OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
+//
+// Author: wan@google.com (Zhanyong Wan)
+//
+// The Google C++ Testing Framework (Google Test)
+//
+// This header file defines the public API for Google Test.  It should be
+// included by any test program that uses Google Test.
+//
+// IMPORTANT NOTE: Due to limitation of the C++ language, we have to
+// leave some internal implementation details in this header file.
+// They are clearly marked by comments like this:
+//
+//   // INTERNAL IMPLEMENTATION - DO NOT USE IN A USER PROGRAM.
+//
+// Such code is NOT meant to be used by a user directly, and is subject
+// to CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE.  Therefore DO NOT DEPEND ON IT in a user
+// program!
+//
+// Acknowledgment: Google Test borrowed the idea of automatic test
+// registration from Barthelemy Dagenais' (barthelemy@prologique.com)
+// easyUnit framework.
+
+#ifndef GTEST_INCLUDE_GTEST_GTEST_H_
+#define GTEST_INCLUDE_GTEST_GTEST_H_
+
+#include <limits>
+#include <ostream>
+#include <vector>
+
+#include "gtest/internal/gtest-internal.h"
+#include "gtest/internal/gtest-string.h"
+#include "gtest/gtest-death-test.h"
+#include "gtest/gtest-message.h"
+#include "gtest/gtest-param-test.h"
+#include "gtest/gtest-printers.h"
+#include "gtest/gtest_prod.h"
+#include "gtest/gtest-test-part.h"
+#include "gtest/gtest-typed-test.h"
+
+// Depending on the platform, different string classes are available.
+// On Linux, in addition to ::std::string, Google also makes use of
+// class ::string, which has the same interface as ::std::string, but
+// has a different implementation.
+//
+// The user can define GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_STRING to 1 to indicate that
+// ::string is available AND is a distinct type to ::std::string, or
+// define it to 0 to indicate otherwise.
+//
+// If the user's ::std::string and ::string are the same class due to
+// aliasing, he should define GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_STRING to 0.
+//
+// If the user doesn't define GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_STRING, it is defined
+// heuristically.
+
+namespace testing {
+
+// Declares the flags.
+
+// This flag temporary enables the disabled tests.
+GTEST_DECLARE_bool_(also_run_disabled_tests);
+
+// This flag brings the debugger on an assertion failure.
+GTEST_DECLARE_bool_(break_on_failure);
+
+// This flag controls whether Google Test catches all test-thrown exceptions
+// and logs them as failures.
+GTEST_DECLARE_bool_(catch_exceptions);
+
+// This flag enables using colors in terminal output. Available values are
+// "yes" to enable colors, "no" (disable colors), or "auto" (the default)
+// to let Google Test decide.
+GTEST_DECLARE_string_(color);
+
+// This flag sets up the filter to select by name using a glob pattern
+// the tests to run. If the filter is not given all tests are executed.
+GTEST_DECLARE_string_(filter);
+
+// This flag causes the Google Test to list tests. None of the tests listed
+// are actually run if the flag is provided.
+GTEST_DECLARE_bool_(list_tests);
+
+// This flag controls whether Google Test emits a detailed XML report to a file
+// in addition to its normal textual output.
+GTEST_DECLARE_string_(output);
+
+// This flags control whether Google Test prints the elapsed time for each
+// test.
+GTEST_DECLARE_bool_(print_time);
+
+// This flag specifies the random number seed.
+GTEST_DECLARE_int32_(random_seed);
+
+// This flag sets how many times the tests are repeated. The default value
+// is 1. If the value is -1 the tests are repeating forever.
+GTEST_DECLARE_int32_(repeat);
+
+// This flag controls whether Google Test includes Google Test internal
+// stack frames in failure stack traces.
+GTEST_DECLARE_bool_(show_internal_stack_frames);
+
+// When this flag is specified, tests' order is randomized on every iteration.
+GTEST_DECLARE_bool_(shuffle);
+
+// This flag specifies the maximum number of stack frames to be
+// printed in a failure message.
+GTEST_DECLARE_int32_(stack_trace_depth);
+
+// When this flag is specified, a failed assertion will throw an
+// exception if exceptions are enabled, or exit the program with a
+// non-zero code otherwise.
+GTEST_DECLARE_bool_(throw_on_failure);
+
+// When this flag is set with a "host:port" string, on supported
+// platforms test results are streamed to the specified port on
+// the specified host machine.
+GTEST_DECLARE_string_(stream_result_to);
+
+// The upper limit for valid stack trace depths.
+const int kMaxStackTraceDepth = 100;
+
+namespace internal {
+
+class AssertHelper;
+class DefaultGlobalTestPartResultReporter;
+class ExecDeathTest;
+class NoExecDeathTest;
+class FinalSuccessChecker;
+class GTestFlagSaver;
+class StreamingListenerTest;
+class TestResultAccessor;
+class TestEventListenersAccessor;
+class TestEventRepeater;
+class UnitTestRecordPropertyTestHelper;
+class WindowsDeathTest;
+class UnitTestImpl* GetUnitTestImpl();
+void ReportFailureInUnknownLocation(TestPartResult::Type result_type,
+                                    const std::string& message);
+
+}  // namespace internal
+
+// The friend relationship of some of these classes is cyclic.
+// If we don't forward declare them the compiler might confuse the classes
+// in friendship clauses with same named classes on the scope.
+class Test;
+class TestCase;
+class TestInfo;
+class UnitTest;
+
+// A class for indicating whether an assertion was successful.  When
+// the assertion wasn't successful, the AssertionResult object
+// remembers a non-empty message that describes how it failed.
+//
+// To create an instance of this class, use one of the factory functions
+// (AssertionSuccess() and AssertionFailure()).
+//
+// This class is useful for two purposes:
+//   1. Defining predicate functions to be used with Boolean test assertions
+//      EXPECT_TRUE/EXPECT_FALSE and their ASSERT_ counterparts
+//   2. Defining predicate-format functions to be
+//      used with predicate assertions (ASSERT_PRED_FORMAT*, etc).
+//
+// For example, if you define IsEven predicate:
+//
+//   testing::AssertionResult IsEven(int n) {
+//     if ((n % 2) == 0)
+//       return testing::AssertionSuccess();
+//     else
+//       return testing::AssertionFailure() << n << " is odd";
+//   }
+//
+// Then the failed expectation EXPECT_TRUE(IsEven(Fib(5)))
+// will print the message
+//
+//   Value of: IsEven(Fib(5))
+//     Actual: false (5 is odd)
+//   Expected: true
+//
+// instead of a more opaque
+//
+//   Value of: IsEven(Fib(5))
+//     Actual: false
+//   Expected: true
+//
+// in case IsEven is a simple Boolean predicate.
+//
+// If you expect your predicate to be reused and want to support informative
+// messages in EXPECT_FALSE and ASSERT_FALSE (negative assertions show up
+// about half as often as positive ones in our tests), supply messages for
+// both success and failure cases:
+//
+//   testing::AssertionResult IsEven(int n) {
+//     if ((n % 2) == 0)
+//       return testing::AssertionSuccess() << n << " is even";
+//     else
+//       return testing::AssertionFailure() << n << " is odd";
+//   }
+//
+// Then a statement EXPECT_FALSE(IsEven(Fib(6))) will print
+//
+//   Value of: IsEven(Fib(6))
+//     Actual: true (8 is even)
+//   Expected: false
+//
+// NB: Predicates that support negative Boolean assertions have reduced
+// performance in positive ones so be careful not to use them in tests
+// that have lots (tens of thousands) of positive Boolean assertions.
+//
+// To use this class with EXPECT_PRED_FORMAT assertions such as:
+//
+//   // Verifies that Foo() returns an even number.
+//   EXPECT_PRED_FORMAT1(IsEven, Foo());
+//
+// you need to define:
+//
+//   testing::AssertionResult IsEven(const char* expr, int n) {
+//     if ((n % 2) == 0)
+//       return testing::AssertionSuccess();
+//     else
+//       return testing::AssertionFailure()
+//         << "Expected: " << expr << " is even\n  Actual: it's " << n;
+//   }
+//
+// If Foo() returns 5, you will see the following message:
+//
+//   Expected: Foo() is even
+//     Actual: it's 5
+//
+class GTEST_API_ AssertionResult {
+ public:
+  // Copy constructor.
+  // Used in EXPECT_TRUE/FALSE(assertion_result).
+  AssertionResult(const AssertionResult& other);
+  // Used in the EXPECT_TRUE/FALSE(bool_expression).
+  explicit AssertionResult(bool success) : success_(success) {}
+
+  // Returns true iff the assertion succeeded.
+  operator bool() const { return success_; }  // NOLINT
+
+  // Returns the assertion's negation. Used with EXPECT/ASSERT_FALSE.
+  AssertionResult operator!() const;
+
+  // Returns the text streamed into this AssertionResult. Test assertions
+  // use it when they fail (i.e., the predicate's outcome doesn't match the
+  // assertion's expectation). When nothing has been streamed into the
+  // object, returns an empty string.
+  const char* message() const {
+    return message_.get() != NULL ?  message_->c_str() : "";
+  }
+  // TODO(vladl@google.com): Remove this after making sure no clients use it.
+  // Deprecated; please use message() instead.
+  const char* failure_message() const { return message(); }
+
+  // Streams a custom failure message into this object.
+  template <typename T> AssertionResult& operator<<(const T& value) {
+    AppendMessage(Message() << value);
+    return *this;
+  }
+
+  // Allows streaming basic output manipulators such as endl or flush into
+  // this object.
+  AssertionResult& operator<<(
+      ::std::ostream& (*basic_manipulator)(::std::ostream& stream)) {
+    AppendMessage(Message() << basic_manipulator);
+    return *this;
+  }
+
+ private:
+  // Appends the contents of message to message_.
+  void AppendMessage(const Message& a_message) {
+    if (message_.get() == NULL)
+      message_.reset(new ::std::string);
+    message_->append(a_message.GetString().c_str());
+  }
+
+  // Stores result of the assertion predicate.
+  bool success_;
+  // Stores the message describing the condition in case the expectation
+  // construct is not satisfied with the predicate's outcome.
+  // Referenced via a pointer to avoid taking too much stack frame space
+  // with test assertions.
+  internal::scoped_ptr< ::std::string> message_;
+
+  GTEST_DISALLOW_ASSIGN_(AssertionResult);
+};
+
+// Makes a successful assertion result.
+GTEST_API_ AssertionResult AssertionSuccess();
+
+// Makes a failed assertion result.
+GTEST_API_ AssertionResult AssertionFailure();
+
+// Makes a failed assertion result with the given failure message.
+// Deprecated; use AssertionFailure() << msg.
+GTEST_API_ AssertionResult AssertionFailure(const Message& msg);
+
+// The abstract class that all tests inherit from.
+//
+// In Google Test, a unit test program contains one or many TestCases, and
+// each TestCase contains one or many Tests.
+//
+// When you define a test using the TEST macro, you don't need to
+// explicitly derive from Test - the TEST macro automatically does
+// this for you.
+//
+// The only time you derive from Test is when defining a test fixture
+// to be used a TEST_F.  For example:
+//
+//   class FooTest : public testing::Test {
+//    protected:
+//     virtual void SetUp() { ... }
+//     virtual void TearDown() { ... }
+//     ...
+//   };
+//
+//   TEST_F(FooTest, Bar) { ... }
+//   TEST_F(FooTest, Baz) { ... }
+//
+// Test is not copyable.
+class GTEST_API_ Test {
+ public:
+  friend class TestInfo;
+
+  // Defines types for pointers to functions that set up and tear down
+  // a test case.
+  typedef internal::SetUpTestCaseFunc SetUpTestCaseFunc;
+  typedef internal::TearDownTestCaseFunc TearDownTestCaseFunc;
+
+  // The d'tor is virtual as we intend to inherit from Test.
+  virtual ~Test();
+
+  // Sets up the stuff shared by all tests in this test case.
+  //
+  // Google Test will call Foo::SetUpTestCase() before running the first
+  // test in test case Foo.  Hence a sub-class can define its own
+  // SetUpTestCase() method to shadow the one defined in the super
+  // class.
+  static void SetUpTestCase() {}
+
+  // Tears down the stuff shared by all tests in this test case.
+  //
+  // Google Test will call Foo::TearDownTestCase() after running the last
+  // test in test case Foo.  Hence a sub-class can define its own
+  // TearDownTestCase() method to shadow the one defined in the super
+  // class.
+  static void TearDownTestCase() {}
+
+  // Returns true iff the current test has a fatal failure.
+  static bool HasFatalFailure();
+
+  // Returns true iff the current test has a non-fatal failure.
+  static bool HasNonfatalFailure();
+
+  // Returns true iff the current test has a (either fatal or
+  // non-fatal) failure.
+  static bool HasFailure() { return HasFatalFailure() || HasNonfatalFailure(); }
+
+  // Logs a property for the current test, test case, or for the entire
+  // invocation of the test program when used outside of the context of a
+  // test case.  Only the last value for a given key is remembered.  These
+  // are public static so they can be called from utility functions that are
+  // not members of the test fixture.  Calls to RecordProperty made during
+  // lifespan of the test (from the moment its constructor starts to the
+  // moment its destructor finishes) will be output in XML as attributes of
+  // the <testcase> element.  Properties recorded from fixture's
+  // SetUpTestCase or TearDownTestCase are logged as attributes of the
+  // corresponding <testsuite> element.  Calls to RecordProperty made in the
+  // global context (before or after invocation of RUN_ALL_TESTS and from
+  // SetUp/TearDown method of Environment objects registered with Google
+  // Test) will be output as attributes of the <testsuites> element.
+  static void RecordProperty(const std::string& key, const std::string& value);
+  static void RecordProperty(const std::string& key, int value);
+
+ protected:
+  // Creates a Test object.
+  Test();
+
+  // Sets up the test fixture.
+  virtual void SetUp();
+
+  // Tears down the test fixture.
+  virtual void TearDown();
+
+ private:
+  // Returns true iff the current test has the same fixture class as
+  // the first test in the current test case.
+  static bool HasSameFixtureClass();
+
+  // Runs the test after the test fixture has been set up.
+  //
+  // A sub-class must implement this to define the test logic.
+  //
+  // DO NOT OVERRIDE THIS FUNCTION DIRECTLY IN A USER PROGRAM.
+  // Instead, use the TEST or TEST_F macro.
+  virtual void TestBody() = 0;
+
+  // Sets up, executes, and tears down the test.
+  void Run();
+
+  // Deletes self.  We deliberately pick an unusual name for this
+  // internal method to avoid clashing with names used in user TESTs.
+  void DeleteSelf_() { delete this; }
+
+  // Uses a GTestFlagSaver to save and restore all Google Test flags.
+  const internal::GTestFlagSaver* const gtest_flag_saver_;
+
+  // Often a user mis-spells SetUp() as Setup() and spends a long time
+  // wondering why it is never called by Google Test.  The declaration of
+  // the following method is solely for catching such an error at
+  // compile time:
+  //
+  //   - The return type is deliberately chosen to be not void, so it
+  //   will be a conflict if a user declares void Setup() in his test
+  //   fixture.
+  //
+  //   - This method is private, so it will be another compiler error
+  //   if a user calls it from his test fixture.
+  //
+  // DO NOT OVERRIDE THIS FUNCTION.
+  //
+  // If you see an error about overriding the following function or
+  // about it being private, you have mis-spelled SetUp() as Setup().
+  struct Setup_should_be_spelled_SetUp {};
+  virtual Setup_should_be_spelled_SetUp* Setup() { return NULL; }
+
+  // We disallow copying Tests.
+  GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(Test);
+};
+
+typedef internal::TimeInMillis TimeInMillis;
+
+// A copyable object representing a user specified test property which can be
+// output as a key/value string pair.
+//
+// Don't inherit from TestProperty as its destructor is not virtual.
+class TestProperty {
+ public:
+  // C'tor.  TestProperty does NOT have a default constructor.
+  // Always use this constructor (with parameters) to create a
+  // TestProperty object.
+  TestProperty(const std::string& a_key, const std::string& a_value) :
+    key_(a_key), value_(a_value) {
+  }
+
+  // Gets the user supplied key.
+  const char* key() const {
+    return key_.c_str();
+  }
+
+  // Gets the user supplied value.
+  const char* value() const {
+    return value_.c_str();
+  }
+
+  // Sets a new value, overriding the one supplied in the constructor.
+  void SetValue(const std::string& new_value) {
+    value_ = new_value;
+  }
+
+ private:
+  // The key supplied by the user.
+  std::string key_;
+  // The value supplied by the user.
+  std::string value_;
+};
+
+// The result of a single Test.  This includes a list of
+// TestPartResults, a list of TestProperties, a count of how many
+// death tests there are in the Test, and how much time it took to run
+// the Test.
+//
+// TestResult is not copyable.
+class GTEST_API_ TestResult {
+ public:
+  // Creates an empty TestResult.
+  TestResult();
+
+  // D'tor.  Do not inherit from TestResult.
+  ~TestResult();
+
+  // Gets the number of all test parts.  This is the sum of the number
+  // of successful test parts and the number of failed test parts.
+  int total_part_count() const;
+
+  // Returns the number of the test properties.
+  int test_property_count() const;
+
+  // Returns true iff the test passed (i.e. no test part failed).
+  bool Passed() const { return !Failed(); }
+
+  // Returns true iff the test failed.
+  bool Failed() const;
+
+  // Returns true iff the test fatally failed.
+  bool HasFatalFailure() const;
+
+  // Returns true iff the test has a non-fatal failure.
+  bool HasNonfatalFailure() const;
+
+  // Returns the elapsed time, in milliseconds.
+  TimeInMillis elapsed_time() const { return elapsed_time_; }
+
+  // Returns the i-th test part result among all the results. i can range
+  // from 0 to test_property_count() - 1. If i is not in that range, aborts
+  // the program.
+  const TestPartResult& GetTestPartResult(int i) const;
+
+  // Returns the i-th test property. i can range from 0 to
+  // test_property_count() - 1. If i is not in that range, aborts the
+  // program.
+  const TestProperty& GetTestProperty(int i) const;
+
+ private:
+  friend class TestInfo;
+  friend class TestCase;
+  friend class UnitTest;
+  friend class internal::DefaultGlobalTestPartResultReporter;
+  friend class internal::ExecDeathTest;
+  friend class internal::TestResultAccessor;
+  friend class internal::UnitTestImpl;
+  friend class internal::WindowsDeathTest;
+
+  // Gets the vector of TestPartResults.
+  const std::vector<TestPartResult>& test_part_results() const {
+    return test_part_results_;
+  }
+
+  // Gets the vector of TestProperties.
+  const std::vector<TestProperty>& test_properties() const {
+    return test_properties_;
+  }
+
+  // Sets the elapsed time.
+  void set_elapsed_time(TimeInMillis elapsed) { elapsed_time_ = elapsed; }
+
+  // Adds a test property to the list. The property is validated and may add
+  // a non-fatal failure if invalid (e.g., if it conflicts with reserved
+  // key names). If a property is already recorded for the same key, the
+  // value will be updated, rather than storing multiple values for the same
+  // key.  xml_element specifies the element for which the property is being
+  // recorded and is used for validation.
+  void RecordProperty(const std::string& xml_element,
+                      const TestProperty& test_property);
+
+  // Adds a failure if the key is a reserved attribute of Google Test
+  // testcase tags.  Returns true if the property is valid.
+  // TODO(russr): Validate attribute names are legal and human readable.
+  static bool ValidateTestProperty(const std::string& xml_element,
+                                   const TestProperty& test_property);
+
+  // Adds a test part result to the list.
+  void AddTestPartResult(const TestPartResult& test_part_result);
+
+  // Returns the death test count.
+  int death_test_count() const { return death_test_count_; }
+
+  // Increments the death test count, returning the new count.
+  int increment_death_test_count() { return ++death_test_count_; }
+
+  // Clears the test part results.
+  void ClearTestPartResults();
+
+  // Clears the object.
+  void Clear();
+
+  // Protects mutable state of the property vector and of owned
+  // properties, whose values may be updated.
+  internal::Mutex test_properites_mutex_;
+
+  // The vector of TestPartResults
+  std::vector<TestPartResult> test_part_results_;
+  // The vector of TestProperties
+  std::vector<TestProperty> test_properties_;
+  // Running count of death tests.
+  int death_test_count_;
+  // The elapsed time, in milliseconds.
+  TimeInMillis elapsed_time_;
+
+  // We disallow copying TestResult.
+  GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(TestResult);
+};  // class TestResult
+
+// A TestInfo object stores the following information about a test:
+//
+//   Test case name
+//   Test name
+//   Whether the test should be run
+//   A function pointer that creates the test object when invoked
+//   Test result
+//
+// The constructor of TestInfo registers itself with the UnitTest
+// singleton such that the RUN_ALL_TESTS() macro knows which tests to
+// run.
+class GTEST_API_ TestInfo {
+ public:
+  // Destructs a TestInfo object.  This function is not virtual, so
+  // don't inherit from TestInfo.
+  ~TestInfo();
+
+  // Returns the test case name.
+  const char* test_case_name() const { return test_case_name_.c_str(); }
+
+  // Returns the test name.
+  const char* name() const { return name_.c_str(); }
+
+  // Returns the name of the parameter type, or NULL if this is not a typed
+  // or a type-parameterized test.
+  const char* type_param() const {
+    if (type_param_.get() != NULL)
+      return type_param_->c_str();
+    return NULL;
+  }
+
+  // Returns the text representation of the value parameter, or NULL if this
+  // is not a value-parameterized test.
+  const char* value_param() const {
+    if (value_param_.get() != NULL)
+      return value_param_->c_str();
+    return NULL;
+  }
+
+  // Returns true if this test should run, that is if the test is not
+  // disabled (or it is disabled but the also_run_disabled_tests flag has
+  // been specified) and its full name matches the user-specified filter.
+  //
+  // Google Test allows the user to filter the tests by their full names.
+  // The full name of a test Bar in test case Foo is defined as
+  // "Foo.Bar".  Only the tests that match the filter will run.
+  //
+  // A filter is a colon-separated list of glob (not regex) patterns,
+  // optionally followed by a '-' and a colon-separated list of
+  // negative patterns (tests to exclude).  A test is run if it
+  // matches one of the positive patterns and does not match any of
+  // the negative patterns.
+  //
+  // For example, *A*:Foo.* is a filter that matches any string that
+  // contains the character 'A' or starts with "Foo.".
+  bool should_run() const { return should_run_; }
+
+  // Returns true iff this test will appear in the XML report.
+  bool is_reportable() const {
+    // For now, the XML report includes all tests matching the filter.
+    // In the future, we may trim tests that are excluded because of
+    // sharding.
+    return matches_filter_;
+  }
+
+  // Returns the result of the test.
+  const TestResult* result() const { return &result_; }
+
+ private:
+#if GTEST_HAS_DEATH_TEST
+  friend class internal::DefaultDeathTestFactory;
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_DEATH_TEST
+  friend class Test;
+  friend class TestCase;
+  friend class internal::UnitTestImpl;
+  friend class internal::StreamingListenerTest;
+  friend TestInfo* internal::MakeAndRegisterTestInfo(
+      const char* test_case_name,
+      const char* name,
+      const char* type_param,
+      const char* value_param,
+      internal::TypeId fixture_class_id,
+      Test::SetUpTestCaseFunc set_up_tc,
+      Test::TearDownTestCaseFunc tear_down_tc,
+      internal::TestFactoryBase* factory);
+
+  // Constructs a TestInfo object. The newly constructed instance assumes
+  // ownership of the factory object.
+  TestInfo(const std::string& test_case_name,
+           const std::string& name,
+           const char* a_type_param,   // NULL if not a type-parameterized test
+           const char* a_value_param,  // NULL if not a value-parameterized test
+           internal::TypeId fixture_class_id,
+           internal::TestFactoryBase* factory);
+
+  // Increments the number of death tests encountered in this test so
+  // far.
+  int increment_death_test_count() {
+    return result_.increment_death_test_count();
+  }
+
+  // Creates the test object, runs it, records its result, and then
+  // deletes it.
+  void Run();
+
+  static void ClearTestResult(TestInfo* test_info) {
+    test_info->result_.Clear();
+  }
+
+  // These fields are immutable properties of the test.
+  const std::string test_case_name_;     // Test case name
+  const std::string name_;               // Test name
+  // Name of the parameter type, or NULL if this is not a typed or a
+  // type-parameterized test.
+  const internal::scoped_ptr<const ::std::string> type_param_;
+  // Text representation of the value parameter, or NULL if this is not a
+  // value-parameterized test.
+  const internal::scoped_ptr<const ::std::string> value_param_;
+  const internal::TypeId fixture_class_id_;   // ID of the test fixture class
+  bool should_run_;                 // True iff this test should run
+  bool is_disabled_;                // True iff this test is disabled
+  bool matches_filter_;             // True if this test matches the
+                                    // user-specified filter.
+  internal::TestFactoryBase* const factory_;  // The factory that creates
+                                              // the test object
+
+  // This field is mutable and needs to be reset before running the
+  // test for the second time.
+  TestResult result_;
+
+  GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(TestInfo);
+};
+
+// A test case, which consists of a vector of TestInfos.
+//
+// TestCase is not copyable.
+class GTEST_API_ TestCase {
+ public:
+  // Creates a TestCase with the given name.
+  //
+  // TestCase does NOT have a default constructor.  Always use this
+  // constructor to create a TestCase object.
+  //
+  // Arguments:
+  //
+  //   name:         name of the test case
+  //   a_type_param: the name of the test's type parameter, or NULL if
+  //                 this is not a type-parameterized test.
+  //   set_up_tc:    pointer to the function that sets up the test case
+  //   tear_down_tc: pointer to the function that tears down the test case
+  TestCase(const char* name, const char* a_type_param,
+           Test::SetUpTestCaseFunc set_up_tc,
+           Test::TearDownTestCaseFunc tear_down_tc);
+
+  // Destructor of TestCase.
+  virtual ~TestCase();
+
+  // Gets the name of the TestCase.
+  const char* name() const { return name_.c_str(); }
+
+  // Returns the name of the parameter type, or NULL if this is not a
+  // type-parameterized test case.
+  const char* type_param() const {
+    if (type_param_.get() != NULL)
+      return type_param_->c_str();
+    return NULL;
+  }
+
+  // Returns true if any test in this test case should run.
+  bool should_run() const { return should_run_; }
+
+  // Gets the number of successful tests in this test case.
+  int successful_test_count() const;
+
+  // Gets the number of failed tests in this test case.
+  int failed_test_count() const;
+
+  // Gets the number of disabled tests that will be reported in the XML report.
+  int reportable_disabled_test_count() const;
+
+  // Gets the number of disabled tests in this test case.
+  int disabled_test_count() const;
+
+  // Gets the number of tests to be printed in the XML report.
+  int reportable_test_count() const;
+
+  // Get the number of tests in this test case that should run.
+  int test_to_run_count() const;
+
+  // Gets the number of all tests in this test case.
+  int total_test_count() const;
+
+  // Returns true iff the test case passed.
+  bool Passed() const { return !Failed(); }
+
+  // Returns true iff the test case failed.
+  bool Failed() const { return failed_test_count() > 0; }
+
+  // Returns the elapsed time, in milliseconds.
+  TimeInMillis elapsed_time() const { return elapsed_time_; }
+
+  // Returns the i-th test among all the tests. i can range from 0 to
+  // total_test_count() - 1. If i is not in that range, returns NULL.
+  const TestInfo* GetTestInfo(int i) const;
+
+  // Returns the TestResult that holds test properties recorded during
+  // execution of SetUpTestCase and TearDownTestCase.
+  const TestResult& ad_hoc_test_result() const { return ad_hoc_test_result_; }
+
+ private:
+  friend class Test;
+  friend class internal::UnitTestImpl;
+
+  // Gets the (mutable) vector of TestInfos in this TestCase.
+  std::vector<TestInfo*>& test_info_list() { return test_info_list_; }
+
+  // Gets the (immutable) vector of TestInfos in this TestCase.
+  const std::vector<TestInfo*>& test_info_list() const {
+    return test_info_list_;
+  }
+
+  // Returns the i-th test among all the tests. i can range from 0 to
+  // total_test_count() - 1. If i is not in that range, returns NULL.
+  TestInfo* GetMutableTestInfo(int i);
+
+  // Sets the should_run member.
+  void set_should_run(bool should) { should_run_ = should; }
+
+  // Adds a TestInfo to this test case.  Will delete the TestInfo upon
+  // destruction of the TestCase object.
+  void AddTestInfo(TestInfo * test_info);
+
+  // Clears the results of all tests in this test case.
+  void ClearResult();
+
+  // Clears the results of all tests in the given test case.
+  static void ClearTestCaseResult(TestCase* test_case) {
+    test_case->ClearResult();
+  }
+
+  // Runs every test in this TestCase.
+  void Run();
+
+  // Runs SetUpTestCase() for this TestCase.  This wrapper is needed
+  // for catching exceptions thrown from SetUpTestCase().
+  void RunSetUpTestCase() { (*set_up_tc_)(); }
+
+  // Runs TearDownTestCase() for this TestCase.  This wrapper is
+  // needed for catching exceptions thrown from TearDownTestCase().
+  void RunTearDownTestCase() { (*tear_down_tc_)(); }
+
+  // Returns true iff test passed.
+  static bool TestPassed(const TestInfo* test_info) {
+    return test_info->should_run() && test_info->result()->Passed();
+  }
+
+  // Returns true iff test failed.
+  static bool TestFailed(const TestInfo* test_info) {
+    return test_info->should_run() && test_info->result()->Failed();
+  }
+
+  // Returns true iff the test is disabled and will be reported in the XML
+  // report.
+  static bool TestReportableDisabled(const TestInfo* test_info) {
+    return test_info->is_reportable() && test_info->is_disabled_;
+  }
+
+  // Returns true iff test is disabled.
+  static bool TestDisabled(const TestInfo* test_info) {
+    return test_info->is_disabled_;
+  }
+
+  // Returns true iff this test will appear in the XML report.
+  static bool TestReportable(const TestInfo* test_info) {
+    return test_info->is_reportable();
+  }
+
+  // Returns true if the given test should run.
+  static bool ShouldRunTest(const TestInfo* test_info) {
+    return test_info->should_run();
+  }
+
+  // Shuffles the tests in this test case.
+  void ShuffleTests(internal::Random* random);
+
+  // Restores the test order to before the first shuffle.
+  void UnshuffleTests();
+
+  // Name of the test case.
+  std::string name_;
+  // Name of the parameter type, or NULL if this is not a typed or a
+  // type-parameterized test.
+  const internal::scoped_ptr<const ::std::string> type_param_;
+  // The vector of TestInfos in their original order.  It owns the
+  // elements in the vector.
+  std::vector<TestInfo*> test_info_list_;
+  // Provides a level of indirection for the test list to allow easy
+  // shuffling and restoring the test order.  The i-th element in this
+  // vector is the index of the i-th test in the shuffled test list.
+  std::vector<int> test_indices_;
+  // Pointer to the function that sets up the test case.
+  Test::SetUpTestCaseFunc set_up_tc_;
+  // Pointer to the function that tears down the test case.
+  Test::TearDownTestCaseFunc tear_down_tc_;
+  // True iff any test in this test case should run.
+  bool should_run_;
+  // Elapsed time, in milliseconds.
+  TimeInMillis elapsed_time_;
+  // Holds test properties recorded during execution of SetUpTestCase and
+  // TearDownTestCase.
+  TestResult ad_hoc_test_result_;
+
+  // We disallow copying TestCases.
+  GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(TestCase);
+};
+
+// An Environment object is capable of setting up and tearing down an
+// environment.  The user should subclass this to define his own
+// environment(s).
+//
+// An Environment object does the set-up and tear-down in virtual
+// methods SetUp() and TearDown() instead of the constructor and the
+// destructor, as:
+//
+//   1. You cannot safely throw from a destructor.  This is a problem
+//      as in some cases Google Test is used where exceptions are enabled, and
+//      we may want to implement ASSERT_* using exceptions where they are
+//      available.
+//   2. You cannot use ASSERT_* directly in a constructor or
+//      destructor.
+class Environment {
+ public:
+  // The d'tor is virtual as we need to subclass Environment.
+  virtual ~Environment() {}
+
+  // Override this to define how to set up the environment.
+  virtual void SetUp() {}
+
+  // Override this to define how to tear down the environment.
+  virtual void TearDown() {}
+ private:
+  // If you see an error about overriding the following function or
+  // about it being private, you have mis-spelled SetUp() as Setup().
+  struct Setup_should_be_spelled_SetUp {};
+  virtual Setup_should_be_spelled_SetUp* Setup() { return NULL; }
+};
+
+// The interface for tracing execution of tests. The methods are organized in
+// the order the corresponding events are fired.
+class TestEventListener {
+ public:
+  virtual ~TestEventListener() {}
+
+  // Fired before any test activity starts.
+  virtual void OnTestProgramStart(const UnitTest& unit_test) = 0;
+
+  // Fired before each iteration of tests starts.  There may be more than
+  // one iteration if GTEST_FLAG(repeat) is set. iteration is the iteration
+  // index, starting from 0.
+  virtual void OnTestIterationStart(const UnitTest& unit_test,
+                                    int iteration) = 0;
+
+  // Fired before environment set-up for each iteration of tests starts.
+  virtual void OnEnvironmentsSetUpStart(const UnitTest& unit_test) = 0;
+
+  // Fired after environment set-up for each iteration of tests ends.
+  virtual void OnEnvironmentsSetUpEnd(const UnitTest& unit_test) = 0;
+
+  // Fired before the test case starts.
+  virtual void OnTestCaseStart(const TestCase& test_case) = 0;
+
+  // Fired before the test starts.
+  virtual void OnTestStart(const TestInfo& test_info) = 0;
+
+  // Fired after a failed assertion or a SUCCEED() invocation.
+  virtual void OnTestPartResult(const TestPartResult& test_part_result) = 0;
+
+  // Fired after the test ends.
+  virtual void OnTestEnd(const TestInfo& test_info) = 0;
+
+  // Fired after the test case ends.
+  virtual void OnTestCaseEnd(const TestCase& test_case) = 0;
+
+  // Fired before environment tear-down for each iteration of tests starts.
+  virtual void OnEnvironmentsTearDownStart(const UnitTest& unit_test) = 0;
+
+  // Fired after environment tear-down for each iteration of tests ends.
+  virtual void OnEnvironmentsTearDownEnd(const UnitTest& unit_test) = 0;
+
+  // Fired after each iteration of tests finishes.
+  virtual void OnTestIterationEnd(const UnitTest& unit_test,
+                                  int iteration) = 0;
+
+  // Fired after all test activities have ended.
+  virtual void OnTestProgramEnd(const UnitTest& unit_test) = 0;
+};
+
+// The convenience class for users who need to override just one or two
+// methods and are not concerned that a possible change to a signature of
+// the methods they override will not be caught during the build.  For
+// comments about each method please see the definition of TestEventListener
+// above.
+class EmptyTestEventListener : public TestEventListener {
+ public:
+  virtual void OnTestProgramStart(const UnitTest& /*unit_test*/) {}
+  virtual void OnTestIterationStart(const UnitTest& /*unit_test*/,
+                                    int /*iteration*/) {}
+  virtual void OnEnvironmentsSetUpStart(const UnitTest& /*unit_test*/) {}
+  virtual void OnEnvironmentsSetUpEnd(const UnitTest& /*unit_test*/) {}
+  virtual void OnTestCaseStart(const TestCase& /*test_case*/) {}
+  virtual void OnTestStart(const TestInfo& /*test_info*/) {}
+  virtual void OnTestPartResult(const TestPartResult& /*test_part_result*/) {}
+  virtual void OnTestEnd(const TestInfo& /*test_info*/) {}
+  virtual void OnTestCaseEnd(const TestCase& /*test_case*/) {}
+  virtual void OnEnvironmentsTearDownStart(const UnitTest& /*unit_test*/) {}
+  virtual void OnEnvironmentsTearDownEnd(const UnitTest& /*unit_test*/) {}
+  virtual void OnTestIterationEnd(const UnitTest& /*unit_test*/,
+                                  int /*iteration*/) {}
+  virtual void OnTestProgramEnd(const UnitTest& /*unit_test*/) {}
+};
+
+// TestEventListeners lets users add listeners to track events in Google Test.
+class GTEST_API_ TestEventListeners {
+ public:
+  TestEventListeners();
+  ~TestEventListeners();
+
+  // Appends an event listener to the end of the list. Google Test assumes
+  // the ownership of the listener (i.e. it will delete the listener when
+  // the test program finishes).
+  void Append(TestEventListener* listener);
+
+  // Removes the given event listener from the list and returns it.  It then
+  // becomes the caller's responsibility to delete the listener. Returns
+  // NULL if the listener is not found in the list.
+  TestEventListener* Release(TestEventListener* listener);
+
+  // Returns the standard listener responsible for the default console
+  // output.  Can be removed from the listeners list to shut down default
+  // console output.  Note that removing this object from the listener list
+  // with Release transfers its ownership to the caller and makes this
+  // function return NULL the next time.
+  TestEventListener* default_result_printer() const {
+    return default_result_printer_;
+  }
+
+  // Returns the standard listener responsible for the default XML output
+  // controlled by the --gtest_output=xml flag.  Can be removed from the
+  // listeners list by users who want to shut down the default XML output
+  // controlled by this flag and substitute it with custom one.  Note that
+  // removing this object from the listener list with Release transfers its
+  // ownership to the caller and makes this function return NULL the next
+  // time.
+  TestEventListener* default_xml_generator() const {
+    return default_xml_generator_;
+  }
+
+ private:
+  friend class TestCase;
+  friend class TestInfo;
+  friend class internal::DefaultGlobalTestPartResultReporter;
+  friend class internal::NoExecDeathTest;
+  friend class internal::TestEventListenersAccessor;
+  friend class internal::UnitTestImpl;
+
+  // Returns repeater that broadcasts the TestEventListener events to all
+  // subscribers.
+  TestEventListener* repeater();
+
+  // Sets the default_result_printer attribute to the provided listener.
+  // The listener is also added to the listener list and previous
+  // default_result_printer is removed from it and deleted. The listener can
+  // also be NULL in which case it will not be added to the list. Does
+  // nothing if the previous and the current listener objects are the same.
+  void SetDefaultResultPrinter(TestEventListener* listener);
+
+  // Sets the default_xml_generator attribute to the provided listener.  The
+  // listener is also added to the listener list and previous
+  // default_xml_generator is removed from it and deleted. The listener can
+  // also be NULL in which case it will not be added to the list. Does
+  // nothing if the previous and the current listener objects are the same.
+  void SetDefaultXmlGenerator(TestEventListener* listener);
+
+  // Controls whether events will be forwarded by the repeater to the
+  // listeners in the list.
+  bool EventForwardingEnabled() const;
+  void SuppressEventForwarding();
+
+  // The actual list of listeners.
+  internal::TestEventRepeater* repeater_;
+  // Listener responsible for the standard result output.
+  TestEventListener* default_result_printer_;
+  // Listener responsible for the creation of the XML output file.
+  TestEventListener* default_xml_generator_;
+
+  // We disallow copying TestEventListeners.
+  GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(TestEventListeners);
+};
+
+// A UnitTest consists of a vector of TestCases.
+//
+// This is a singleton class.  The only instance of UnitTest is
+// created when UnitTest::GetInstance() is first called.  This
+// instance is never deleted.
+//
+// UnitTest is not copyable.
+//
+// This class is thread-safe as long as the methods are called
+// according to their specification.
+class GTEST_API_ UnitTest {
+ public:
+  // Gets the singleton UnitTest object.  The first time this method
+  // is called, a UnitTest object is constructed and returned.
+  // Consecutive calls will return the same object.
+  static UnitTest* GetInstance();
+
+  // Runs all tests in this UnitTest object and prints the result.
+  // Returns 0 if successful, or 1 otherwise.
+  //
+  // This method can only be called from the main thread.
+  //
+  // INTERNAL IMPLEMENTATION - DO NOT USE IN A USER PROGRAM.
+  int Run() GTEST_MUST_USE_RESULT_;
+
+  // Returns the working directory when the first TEST() or TEST_F()
+  // was executed.  The UnitTest object owns the string.
+  const char* original_working_dir() const;
+
+  // Returns the TestCase object for the test that's currently running,
+  // or NULL if no test is running.
+  const TestCase* current_test_case() const
+      GTEST_LOCK_EXCLUDED_(mutex_);
+
+  // Returns the TestInfo object for the test that's currently running,
+  // or NULL if no test is running.
+  const TestInfo* current_test_info() const
+      GTEST_LOCK_EXCLUDED_(mutex_);
+
+  // Returns the random seed used at the start of the current test run.
+  int random_seed() const;
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_PARAM_TEST
+  // Returns the ParameterizedTestCaseRegistry object used to keep track of
+  // value-parameterized tests and instantiate and register them.
+  //
+  // INTERNAL IMPLEMENTATION - DO NOT USE IN A USER PROGRAM.
+  internal::ParameterizedTestCaseRegistry& parameterized_test_registry()
+      GTEST_LOCK_EXCLUDED_(mutex_);
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_PARAM_TEST
+
+  // Gets the number of successful test cases.
+  int successful_test_case_count() const;
+
+  // Gets the number of failed test cases.
+  int failed_test_case_count() const;
+
+  // Gets the number of all test cases.
+  int total_test_case_count() const;
+
+  // Gets the number of all test cases that contain at least one test
+  // that should run.
+  int test_case_to_run_count() const;
+
+  // Gets the number of successful tests.
+  int successful_test_count() const;
+
+  // Gets the number of failed tests.
+  int failed_test_count() const;
+
+  // Gets the number of disabled tests that will be reported in the XML report.
+  int reportable_disabled_test_count() const;
+
+  // Gets the number of disabled tests.
+  int disabled_test_count() const;
+
+  // Gets the number of tests to be printed in the XML report.
+  int reportable_test_count() const;
+
+  // Gets the number of all tests.
+  int total_test_count() const;
+
+  // Gets the number of tests that should run.
+  int test_to_run_count() const;
+
+  // Gets the time of the test program start, in ms from the start of the
+  // UNIX epoch.
+  TimeInMillis start_timestamp() const;
+
+  // Gets the elapsed time, in milliseconds.
+  TimeInMillis elapsed_time() const;
+
+  // Returns true iff the unit test passed (i.e. all test cases passed).
+  bool Passed() const;
+
+  // Returns true iff the unit test failed (i.e. some test case failed
+  // or something outside of all tests failed).
+  bool Failed() const;
+
+  // Gets the i-th test case among all the test cases. i can range from 0 to
+  // total_test_case_count() - 1. If i is not in that range, returns NULL.
+  const TestCase* GetTestCase(int i) const;
+
+  // Returns the TestResult containing information on test failures and
+  // properties logged outside of individual test cases.
+  const TestResult& ad_hoc_test_result() const;
+
+  // Returns the list of event listeners that can be used to track events
+  // inside Google Test.
+  TestEventListeners& listeners();
+
+ private:
+  // Registers and returns a global test environment.  When a test
+  // program is run, all global test environments will be set-up in
+  // the order they were registered.  After all tests in the program
+  // have finished, all global test environments will be torn-down in
+  // the *reverse* order they were registered.
+  //
+  // The UnitTest object takes ownership of the given environment.
+  //
+  // This method can only be called from the main thread.
+  Environment* AddEnvironment(Environment* env);
+
+  // Adds a TestPartResult to the current TestResult object.  All
+  // Google Test assertion macros (e.g. ASSERT_TRUE, EXPECT_EQ, etc)
+  // eventually call this to report their results.  The user code
+  // should use the assertion macros instead of calling this directly.
+  void AddTestPartResult(TestPartResult::Type result_type,
+                         const char* file_name,
+                         int line_number,
+                         const std::string& message,
+                         const std::string& os_stack_trace)
+      GTEST_LOCK_EXCLUDED_(mutex_);
+
+  // Adds a TestProperty to the current TestResult object when invoked from
+  // inside a test, to current TestCase's ad_hoc_test_result_ when invoked
+  // from SetUpTestCase or TearDownTestCase, or to the global property set
+  // when invoked elsewhere.  If the result already contains a property with
+  // the same key, the value will be updated.
+  void RecordProperty(const std::string& key, const std::string& value);
+
+  // Gets the i-th test case among all the test cases. i can range from 0 to
+  // total_test_case_count() - 1. If i is not in that range, returns NULL.
+  TestCase* GetMutableTestCase(int i);
+
+  // Accessors for the implementation object.
+  internal::UnitTestImpl* impl() { return impl_; }
+  const internal::UnitTestImpl* impl() const { return impl_; }
+
+  // These classes and funcions are friends as they need to access private
+  // members of UnitTest.
+  friend class Test;
+  friend class internal::AssertHelper;
+  friend class internal::ScopedTrace;
+  friend class internal::StreamingListenerTest;
+  friend class internal::UnitTestRecordPropertyTestHelper;
+  friend Environment* AddGlobalTestEnvironment(Environment* env);
+  friend internal::UnitTestImpl* internal::GetUnitTestImpl();
+  friend void internal::ReportFailureInUnknownLocation(
+      TestPartResult::Type result_type,
+      const std::string& message);
+
+  // Creates an empty UnitTest.
+  UnitTest();
+
+  // D'tor
+  virtual ~UnitTest();
+
+  // Pushes a trace defined by SCOPED_TRACE() on to the per-thread
+  // Google Test trace stack.
+  void PushGTestTrace(const internal::TraceInfo& trace)
+      GTEST_LOCK_EXCLUDED_(mutex_);
+
+  // Pops a trace from the per-thread Google Test trace stack.
+  void PopGTestTrace()
+      GTEST_LOCK_EXCLUDED_(mutex_);
+
+  // Protects mutable state in *impl_.  This is mutable as some const
+  // methods need to lock it too.
+  mutable internal::Mutex mutex_;
+
+  // Opaque implementation object.  This field is never changed once
+  // the object is constructed.  We don't mark it as const here, as
+  // doing so will cause a warning in the constructor of UnitTest.
+  // Mutable state in *impl_ is protected by mutex_.
+  internal::UnitTestImpl* impl_;
+
+  // We disallow copying UnitTest.
+  GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(UnitTest);
+};
+
+// A convenient wrapper for adding an environment for the test
+// program.
+//
+// You should call this before RUN_ALL_TESTS() is called, probably in
+// main().  If you use gtest_main, you need to call this before main()
+// starts for it to take effect.  For example, you can define a global
+// variable like this:
+//
+//   testing::Environment* const foo_env =
+//       testing::AddGlobalTestEnvironment(new FooEnvironment);
+//
+// However, we strongly recommend you to write your own main() and
+// call AddGlobalTestEnvironment() there, as relying on initialization
+// of global variables makes the code harder to read and may cause
+// problems when you register multiple environments from different
+// translation units and the environments have dependencies among them
+// (remember that the compiler doesn't guarantee the order in which
+// global variables from different translation units are initialized).
+inline Environment* AddGlobalTestEnvironment(Environment* env) {
+  return UnitTest::GetInstance()->AddEnvironment(env);
+}
+
+// Initializes Google Test.  This must be called before calling
+// RUN_ALL_TESTS().  In particular, it parses a command line for the
+// flags that Google Test recognizes.  Whenever a Google Test flag is
+// seen, it is removed from argv, and *argc is decremented.
+//
+// No value is returned.  Instead, the Google Test flag variables are
+// updated.
+//
+// Calling the function for the second time has no user-visible effect.
+GTEST_API_ void InitGoogleTest(int* argc, char** argv);
+
+// This overloaded version can be used in Windows programs compiled in
+// UNICODE mode.
+GTEST_API_ void InitGoogleTest(int* argc, wchar_t** argv);
+
+namespace internal {
+
+// FormatForComparison<ToPrint, OtherOperand>::Format(value) formats a
+// value of type ToPrint that is an operand of a comparison assertion
+// (e.g. ASSERT_EQ).  OtherOperand is the type of the other operand in
+// the comparison, and is used to help determine the best way to
+// format the value.  In particular, when the value is a C string
+// (char pointer) and the other operand is an STL string object, we
+// want to format the C string as a string, since we know it is
+// compared by value with the string object.  If the value is a char
+// pointer but the other operand is not an STL string object, we don't
+// know whether the pointer is supposed to point to a NUL-terminated
+// string, and thus want to print it as a pointer to be safe.
+//
+// INTERNAL IMPLEMENTATION - DO NOT USE IN A USER PROGRAM.
+
+// The default case.
+template <typename ToPrint, typename OtherOperand>
+class FormatForComparison {
+ public:
+  static ::std::string Format(const ToPrint& value) {
+    return ::testing::PrintToString(value);
+  }
+};
+
+// Array.
+template <typename ToPrint, size_t N, typename OtherOperand>
+class FormatForComparison<ToPrint[N], OtherOperand> {
+ public:
+  static ::std::string Format(const ToPrint* value) {
+    return FormatForComparison<const ToPrint*, OtherOperand>::Format(value);
+  }
+};
+
+// By default, print C string as pointers to be safe, as we don't know
+// whether they actually point to a NUL-terminated string.
+
+#define GTEST_IMPL_FORMAT_C_STRING_AS_POINTER_(CharType)                \
+  template <typename OtherOperand>                                      \
+  class FormatForComparison<CharType*, OtherOperand> {                  \
+   public:                                                              \
+    static ::std::string Format(CharType* value) {                      \
+      return ::testing::PrintToString(static_cast<const void*>(value)); \
+    }                                                                   \
+  }
+
+GTEST_IMPL_FORMAT_C_STRING_AS_POINTER_(char);
+GTEST_IMPL_FORMAT_C_STRING_AS_POINTER_(const char);
+GTEST_IMPL_FORMAT_C_STRING_AS_POINTER_(wchar_t);
+GTEST_IMPL_FORMAT_C_STRING_AS_POINTER_(const wchar_t);
+
+#undef GTEST_IMPL_FORMAT_C_STRING_AS_POINTER_
+
+// If a C string is compared with an STL string object, we know it's meant
+// to point to a NUL-terminated string, and thus can print it as a string.
+
+#define GTEST_IMPL_FORMAT_C_STRING_AS_STRING_(CharType, OtherStringType) \
+  template <>                                                           \
+  class FormatForComparison<CharType*, OtherStringType> {               \
+   public:                                                              \
+    static ::std::string Format(CharType* value) {                      \
+      return ::testing::PrintToString(value);                           \
+    }                                                                   \
+  }
+
+GTEST_IMPL_FORMAT_C_STRING_AS_STRING_(char, ::std::string);
+GTEST_IMPL_FORMAT_C_STRING_AS_STRING_(const char, ::std::string);
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_STRING
+GTEST_IMPL_FORMAT_C_STRING_AS_STRING_(char, ::string);
+GTEST_IMPL_FORMAT_C_STRING_AS_STRING_(const char, ::string);
+#endif
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_WSTRING
+GTEST_IMPL_FORMAT_C_STRING_AS_STRING_(wchar_t, ::wstring);
+GTEST_IMPL_FORMAT_C_STRING_AS_STRING_(const wchar_t, ::wstring);
+#endif
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_STD_WSTRING
+GTEST_IMPL_FORMAT_C_STRING_AS_STRING_(wchar_t, ::std::wstring);
+GTEST_IMPL_FORMAT_C_STRING_AS_STRING_(const wchar_t, ::std::wstring);
+#endif
+
+#undef GTEST_IMPL_FORMAT_C_STRING_AS_STRING_
+
+// Formats a comparison assertion (e.g. ASSERT_EQ, EXPECT_LT, and etc)
+// operand to be used in a failure message.  The type (but not value)
+// of the other operand may affect the format.  This allows us to
+// print a char* as a raw pointer when it is compared against another
+// char* or void*, and print it as a C string when it is compared
+// against an std::string object, for example.
+//
+// INTERNAL IMPLEMENTATION - DO NOT USE IN A USER PROGRAM.
+template <typename T1, typename T2>
+std::string FormatForComparisonFailureMessage(
+    const T1& value, const T2& /* other_operand */) {
+  return FormatForComparison<T1, T2>::Format(value);
+}
+
+// The helper function for {ASSERT|EXPECT}_EQ.
+template <typename T1, typename T2>
+AssertionResult CmpHelperEQ(const char* expected_expression,
+                            const char* actual_expression,
+                            const T1& expected,
+                            const T2& actual) {
+#ifdef _MSC_VER
+# pragma warning(push)          // Saves the current warning state.
+# pragma warning(disable:4389)  // Temporarily disables warning on
+                                // signed/unsigned mismatch.
+#endif
+
+  if (expected == actual) {
+    return AssertionSuccess();
+  }
+
+#ifdef _MSC_VER
+# pragma warning(pop)          // Restores the warning state.
+#endif
+
+  return EqFailure(expected_expression,
+                   actual_expression,
+                   FormatForComparisonFailureMessage(expected, actual),
+                   FormatForComparisonFailureMessage(actual, expected),
+                   false);
+}
+
+// With this overloaded version, we allow anonymous enums to be used
+// in {ASSERT|EXPECT}_EQ when compiled with gcc 4, as anonymous enums
+// can be implicitly cast to BiggestInt.
+GTEST_API_ AssertionResult CmpHelperEQ(const char* expected_expression,
+                                       const char* actual_expression,
+                                       BiggestInt expected,
+                                       BiggestInt actual);
+
+// The helper class for {ASSERT|EXPECT}_EQ.  The template argument
+// lhs_is_null_literal is true iff the first argument to ASSERT_EQ()
+// is a null pointer literal.  The following default implementation is
+// for lhs_is_null_literal being false.
+template <bool lhs_is_null_literal>
+class EqHelper {
+ public:
+  // This templatized version is for the general case.
+  template <typename T1, typename T2>
+  static AssertionResult Compare(const char* expected_expression,
+                                 const char* actual_expression,
+                                 const T1& expected,
+                                 const T2& actual) {
+    return CmpHelperEQ(expected_expression, actual_expression, expected,
+                       actual);
+  }
+
+  // With this overloaded version, we allow anonymous enums to be used
+  // in {ASSERT|EXPECT}_EQ when compiled with gcc 4, as anonymous
+  // enums can be implicitly cast to BiggestInt.
+  //
+  // Even though its body looks the same as the above version, we
+  // cannot merge the two, as it will make anonymous enums unhappy.
+  static AssertionResult Compare(const char* expected_expression,
+                                 const char* actual_expression,
+                                 BiggestInt expected,
+                                 BiggestInt actual) {
+    return CmpHelperEQ(expected_expression, actual_expression, expected,
+                       actual);
+  }
+};
+
+// This specialization is used when the first argument to ASSERT_EQ()
+// is a null pointer literal, like NULL, false, or 0.
+template <>
+class EqHelper<true> {
+ public:
+  // We define two overloaded versions of Compare().  The first
+  // version will be picked when the second argument to ASSERT_EQ() is
+  // NOT a pointer, e.g. ASSERT_EQ(0, AnIntFunction()) or
+  // EXPECT_EQ(false, a_bool).
+  template <typename T1, typename T2>
+  static AssertionResult Compare(
+      const char* expected_expression,
+      const char* actual_expression,
+      const T1& expected,
+      const T2& actual,
+      // The following line prevents this overload from being considered if T2
+      // is not a pointer type.  We need this because ASSERT_EQ(NULL, my_ptr)
+      // expands to Compare("", "", NULL, my_ptr), which requires a conversion
+      // to match the Secret* in the other overload, which would otherwise make
+      // this template match better.
+      typename EnableIf<!is_pointer<T2>::value>::type* = 0) {
+    return CmpHelperEQ(expected_expression, actual_expression, expected,
+                       actual);
+  }
+
+  // This version will be picked when the second argument to ASSERT_EQ() is a
+  // pointer, e.g. ASSERT_EQ(NULL, a_pointer).
+  template <typename T>
+  static AssertionResult Compare(
+      const char* expected_expression,
+      const char* actual_expression,
+      // We used to have a second template parameter instead of Secret*.  That
+      // template parameter would deduce to 'long', making this a better match
+      // than the first overload even without the first overload's EnableIf.
+      // Unfortunately, gcc with -Wconversion-null warns when "passing NULL to
+      // non-pointer argument" (even a deduced integral argument), so the old
+      // implementation caused warnings in user code.
+      Secret* /* expected (NULL) */,
+      T* actual) {
+    // We already know that 'expected' is a null pointer.
+    return CmpHelperEQ(expected_expression, actual_expression,
+                       static_cast<T*>(NULL), actual);
+  }
+};
+
+// A macro for implementing the helper functions needed to implement
+// ASSERT_?? and EXPECT_??.  It is here just to avoid copy-and-paste
+// of similar code.
+//
+// For each templatized helper function, we also define an overloaded
+// version for BiggestInt in order to reduce code bloat and allow
+// anonymous enums to be used with {ASSERT|EXPECT}_?? when compiled
+// with gcc 4.
+//
+// INTERNAL IMPLEMENTATION - DO NOT USE IN A USER PROGRAM.
+#define GTEST_IMPL_CMP_HELPER_(op_name, op)\
+template <typename T1, typename T2>\
+AssertionResult CmpHelper##op_name(const char* expr1, const char* expr2, \
+                                   const T1& val1, const T2& val2) {\
+  if (val1 op val2) {\
+    return AssertionSuccess();\
+  } else {\
+    return AssertionFailure() \
+        << "Expected: (" << expr1 << ") " #op " (" << expr2\
+        << "), actual: " << FormatForComparisonFailureMessage(val1, val2)\
+        << " vs " << FormatForComparisonFailureMessage(val2, val1);\
+  }\
+}\
+GTEST_API_ AssertionResult CmpHelper##op_name(\
+    const char* expr1, const char* expr2, BiggestInt val1, BiggestInt val2)
+
+// INTERNAL IMPLEMENTATION - DO NOT USE IN A USER PROGRAM.
+
+// Implements the helper function for {ASSERT|EXPECT}_NE
+GTEST_IMPL_CMP_HELPER_(NE, !=);
+// Implements the helper function for {ASSERT|EXPECT}_LE
+GTEST_IMPL_CMP_HELPER_(LE, <=);
+// Implements the helper function for {ASSERT|EXPECT}_LT
+GTEST_IMPL_CMP_HELPER_(LT, <);
+// Implements the helper function for {ASSERT|EXPECT}_GE
+GTEST_IMPL_CMP_HELPER_(GE, >=);
+// Implements the helper function for {ASSERT|EXPECT}_GT
+GTEST_IMPL_CMP_HELPER_(GT, >);
+
+#undef GTEST_IMPL_CMP_HELPER_
+
+// The helper function for {ASSERT|EXPECT}_STREQ.
+//
+// INTERNAL IMPLEMENTATION - DO NOT USE IN A USER PROGRAM.
+GTEST_API_ AssertionResult CmpHelperSTREQ(const char* expected_expression,
+                                          const char* actual_expression,
+                                          const char* expected,
+                                          const char* actual);
+
+// The helper function for {ASSERT|EXPECT}_STRCASEEQ.
+//
+// INTERNAL IMPLEMENTATION - DO NOT USE IN A USER PROGRAM.
+GTEST_API_ AssertionResult CmpHelperSTRCASEEQ(const char* expected_expression,
+                                              const char* actual_expression,
+                                              const char* expected,
+                                              const char* actual);
+
+// The helper function for {ASSERT|EXPECT}_STRNE.
+//
+// INTERNAL IMPLEMENTATION - DO NOT USE IN A USER PROGRAM.
+GTEST_API_ AssertionResult CmpHelperSTRNE(const char* s1_expression,
+                                          const char* s2_expression,
+                                          const char* s1,
+                                          const char* s2);
+
+// The helper function for {ASSERT|EXPECT}_STRCASENE.
+//
+// INTERNAL IMPLEMENTATION - DO NOT USE IN A USER PROGRAM.
+GTEST_API_ AssertionResult CmpHelperSTRCASENE(const char* s1_expression,
+                                              const char* s2_expression,
+                                              const char* s1,
+                                              const char* s2);
+
+
+// Helper function for *_STREQ on wide strings.
+//
+// INTERNAL IMPLEMENTATION - DO NOT USE IN A USER PROGRAM.
+GTEST_API_ AssertionResult CmpHelperSTREQ(const char* expected_expression,
+                                          const char* actual_expression,
+                                          const wchar_t* expected,
+                                          const wchar_t* actual);
+
+// Helper function for *_STRNE on wide strings.
+//
+// INTERNAL IMPLEMENTATION - DO NOT USE IN A USER PROGRAM.
+GTEST_API_ AssertionResult CmpHelperSTRNE(const char* s1_expression,
+                                          const char* s2_expression,
+                                          const wchar_t* s1,
+                                          const wchar_t* s2);
+
+}  // namespace internal
+
+// IsSubstring() and IsNotSubstring() are intended to be used as the
+// first argument to {EXPECT,ASSERT}_PRED_FORMAT2(), not by
+// themselves.  They check whether needle is a substring of haystack
+// (NULL is considered a substring of itself only), and return an
+// appropriate error message when they fail.
+//
+// The {needle,haystack}_expr arguments are the stringified
+// expressions that generated the two real arguments.
+GTEST_API_ AssertionResult IsSubstring(
+    const char* needle_expr, const char* haystack_expr,
+    const char* needle, const char* haystack);
+GTEST_API_ AssertionResult IsSubstring(
+    const char* needle_expr, const char* haystack_expr,
+    const wchar_t* needle, const wchar_t* haystack);
+GTEST_API_ AssertionResult IsNotSubstring(
+    const char* needle_expr, const char* haystack_expr,
+    const char* needle, const char* haystack);
+GTEST_API_ AssertionResult IsNotSubstring(
+    const char* needle_expr, const char* haystack_expr,
+    const wchar_t* needle, const wchar_t* haystack);
+GTEST_API_ AssertionResult IsSubstring(
+    const char* needle_expr, const char* haystack_expr,
+    const ::std::string& needle, const ::std::string& haystack);
+GTEST_API_ AssertionResult IsNotSubstring(
+    const char* needle_expr, const char* haystack_expr,
+    const ::std::string& needle, const ::std::string& haystack);
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_STD_WSTRING
+GTEST_API_ AssertionResult IsSubstring(
+    const char* needle_expr, const char* haystack_expr,
+    const ::std::wstring& needle, const ::std::wstring& haystack);
+GTEST_API_ AssertionResult IsNotSubstring(
+    const char* needle_expr, const char* haystack_expr,
+    const ::std::wstring& needle, const ::std::wstring& haystack);
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_STD_WSTRING
+
+namespace internal {
+
+// Helper template function for comparing floating-points.
+//
+// Template parameter:
+//
+//   RawType: the raw floating-point type (either float or double)
+//
+// INTERNAL IMPLEMENTATION - DO NOT USE IN A USER PROGRAM.
+template <typename RawType>
+AssertionResult CmpHelperFloatingPointEQ(const char* expected_expression,
+                                         const char* actual_expression,
+                                         RawType expected,
+                                         RawType actual) {
+  const FloatingPoint<RawType> lhs(expected), rhs(actual);
+
+  if (lhs.AlmostEquals(rhs)) {
+    return AssertionSuccess();
+  }
+
+  ::std::stringstream expected_ss;
+  expected_ss << std::setprecision(std::numeric_limits<RawType>::digits10 + 2)
+              << expected;
+
+  ::std::stringstream actual_ss;
+  actual_ss << std::setprecision(std::numeric_limits<RawType>::digits10 + 2)
+            << actual;
+
+  return EqFailure(expected_expression,
+                   actual_expression,
+                   StringStreamToString(&expected_ss),
+                   StringStreamToString(&actual_ss),
+                   false);
+}
+
+// Helper function for implementing ASSERT_NEAR.
+//
+// INTERNAL IMPLEMENTATION - DO NOT USE IN A USER PROGRAM.
+GTEST_API_ AssertionResult DoubleNearPredFormat(const char* expr1,
+                                                const char* expr2,
+                                                const char* abs_error_expr,
+                                                double val1,
+                                                double val2,
+                                                double abs_error);
+
+// INTERNAL IMPLEMENTATION - DO NOT USE IN USER CODE.
+// A class that enables one to stream messages to assertion macros
+class GTEST_API_ AssertHelper {
+ public:
+  // Constructor.
+  AssertHelper(TestPartResult::Type type,
+               const char* file,
+               int line,
+               const char* message);
+  ~AssertHelper();
+
+  // Message assignment is a semantic trick to enable assertion
+  // streaming; see the GTEST_MESSAGE_ macro below.
+  void operator=(const Message& message) const;
+
+ private:
+  // We put our data in a struct so that the size of the AssertHelper class can
+  // be as small as possible.  This is important because gcc is incapable of
+  // re-using stack space even for temporary variables, so every EXPECT_EQ
+  // reserves stack space for another AssertHelper.
+  struct AssertHelperData {
+    AssertHelperData(TestPartResult::Type t,
+                     const char* srcfile,
+                     int line_num,
+                     const char* msg)
+        : type(t), file(srcfile), line(line_num), message(msg) { }
+
+    TestPartResult::Type const type;
+    const char* const file;
+    int const line;
+    std::string const message;
+
+   private:
+    GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(AssertHelperData);
+  };
+
+  AssertHelperData* const data_;
+
+  GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(AssertHelper);
+};
+
+}  // namespace internal
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_PARAM_TEST
+// The pure interface class that all value-parameterized tests inherit from.
+// A value-parameterized class must inherit from both ::testing::Test and
+// ::testing::WithParamInterface. In most cases that just means inheriting
+// from ::testing::TestWithParam, but more complicated test hierarchies
+// may need to inherit from Test and WithParamInterface at different levels.
+//
+// This interface has support for accessing the test parameter value via
+// the GetParam() method.
+//
+// Use it with one of the parameter generator defining functions, like Range(),
+// Values(), ValuesIn(), Bool(), and Combine().
+//
+// class FooTest : public ::testing::TestWithParam<int> {
+//  protected:
+//   FooTest() {
+//     // Can use GetParam() here.
+//   }
+//   virtual ~FooTest() {
+//     // Can use GetParam() here.
+//   }
+//   virtual void SetUp() {
+//     // Can use GetParam() here.
+//   }
+//   virtual void TearDown {
+//     // Can use GetParam() here.
+//   }
+// };
+// TEST_P(FooTest, DoesBar) {
+//   // Can use GetParam() method here.
+//   Foo foo;
+//   ASSERT_TRUE(foo.DoesBar(GetParam()));
+// }
+// INSTANTIATE_TEST_CASE_P(OneToTenRange, FooTest, ::testing::Range(1, 10));
+
+template <typename T>
+class WithParamInterface {
+ public:
+  typedef T ParamType;
+  virtual ~WithParamInterface() {}
+
+  // The current parameter value. Is also available in the test fixture's
+  // constructor. This member function is non-static, even though it only
+  // references static data, to reduce the opportunity for incorrect uses
+  // like writing 'WithParamInterface<bool>::GetParam()' for a test that
+  // uses a fixture whose parameter type is int.
+  const ParamType& GetParam() const {
+    GTEST_CHECK_(parameter_ != NULL)
+        << "GetParam() can only be called inside a value-parameterized test "
+        << "-- did you intend to write TEST_P instead of TEST_F?";
+    return *parameter_;
+  }
+
+ private:
+  // Sets parameter value. The caller is responsible for making sure the value
+  // remains alive and unchanged throughout the current test.
+  static void SetParam(const ParamType* parameter) {
+    parameter_ = parameter;
+  }
+
+  // Static value used for accessing parameter during a test lifetime.
+  static const ParamType* parameter_;
+
+  // TestClass must be a subclass of WithParamInterface<T> and Test.
+  template <class TestClass> friend class internal::ParameterizedTestFactory;
+};
+
+template <typename T>
+const T* WithParamInterface<T>::parameter_ = NULL;
+
+// Most value-parameterized classes can ignore the existence of
+// WithParamInterface, and can just inherit from ::testing::TestWithParam.
+
+template <typename T>
+class TestWithParam : public Test, public WithParamInterface<T> {
+};
+
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_PARAM_TEST
+
+// Macros for indicating success/failure in test code.
+
+// ADD_FAILURE unconditionally adds a failure to the current test.
+// SUCCEED generates a success - it doesn't automatically make the
+// current test successful, as a test is only successful when it has
+// no failure.
+//
+// EXPECT_* verifies that a certain condition is satisfied.  If not,
+// it behaves like ADD_FAILURE.  In particular:
+//
+//   EXPECT_TRUE  verifies that a Boolean condition is true.
+//   EXPECT_FALSE verifies that a Boolean condition is false.
+//
+// FAIL and ASSERT_* are similar to ADD_FAILURE and EXPECT_*, except
+// that they will also abort the current function on failure.  People
+// usually want the fail-fast behavior of FAIL and ASSERT_*, but those
+// writing data-driven tests often find themselves using ADD_FAILURE
+// and EXPECT_* more.
+
+// Generates a nonfatal failure with a generic message.
+#define ADD_FAILURE() GTEST_NONFATAL_FAILURE_("Failed")
+
+// Generates a nonfatal failure at the given source file location with
+// a generic message.
+#define ADD_FAILURE_AT(file, line) \
+  GTEST_MESSAGE_AT_(file, line, "Failed", \
+                    ::testing::TestPartResult::kNonFatalFailure)
+
+// Generates a fatal failure with a generic message.
+#define GTEST_FAIL() GTEST_FATAL_FAILURE_("Failed")
+
+// Define this macro to 1 to omit the definition of FAIL(), which is a
+// generic name and clashes with some other libraries.
+#if !GTEST_DONT_DEFINE_FAIL
+# define FAIL() GTEST_FAIL()
+#endif
+
+// Generates a success with a generic message.
+#define GTEST_SUCCEED() GTEST_SUCCESS_("Succeeded")
+
+// Define this macro to 1 to omit the definition of SUCCEED(), which
+// is a generic name and clashes with some other libraries.
+#if !GTEST_DONT_DEFINE_SUCCEED
+# define SUCCEED() GTEST_SUCCEED()
+#endif
+
+// Macros for testing exceptions.
+//
+//    * {ASSERT|EXPECT}_THROW(statement, expected_exception):
+//         Tests that the statement throws the expected exception.
+//    * {ASSERT|EXPECT}_NO_THROW(statement):
+//         Tests that the statement doesn't throw any exception.
+//    * {ASSERT|EXPECT}_ANY_THROW(statement):
+//         Tests that the statement throws an exception.
+
+#define EXPECT_THROW(statement, expected_exception) \
+  GTEST_TEST_THROW_(statement, expected_exception, GTEST_NONFATAL_FAILURE_)
+#define EXPECT_NO_THROW(statement) \
+  GTEST_TEST_NO_THROW_(statement, GTEST_NONFATAL_FAILURE_)
+#define EXPECT_ANY_THROW(statement) \
+  GTEST_TEST_ANY_THROW_(statement, GTEST_NONFATAL_FAILURE_)
+#define ASSERT_THROW(statement, expected_exception) \
+  GTEST_TEST_THROW_(statement, expected_exception, GTEST_FATAL_FAILURE_)
+#define ASSERT_NO_THROW(statement) \
+  GTEST_TEST_NO_THROW_(statement, GTEST_FATAL_FAILURE_)
+#define ASSERT_ANY_THROW(statement) \
+  GTEST_TEST_ANY_THROW_(statement, GTEST_FATAL_FAILURE_)
+
+// Boolean assertions. Condition can be either a Boolean expression or an
+// AssertionResult. For more information on how to use AssertionResult with
+// these macros see comments on that class.
+#define EXPECT_TRUE(condition) \
+  GTEST_TEST_BOOLEAN_(condition, #condition, false, true, \
+                      GTEST_NONFATAL_FAILURE_)
+#define EXPECT_FALSE(condition) \
+  GTEST_TEST_BOOLEAN_(!(condition), #condition, true, false, \
+                      GTEST_NONFATAL_FAILURE_)
+#define ASSERT_TRUE(condition) \
+  GTEST_TEST_BOOLEAN_(condition, #condition, false, true, \
+                      GTEST_FATAL_FAILURE_)
+#define ASSERT_FALSE(condition) \
+  GTEST_TEST_BOOLEAN_(!(condition), #condition, true, false, \
+                      GTEST_FATAL_FAILURE_)
+
+// Includes the auto-generated header that implements a family of
+// generic predicate assertion macros.
+#include "gtest/gtest_pred_impl.h"
+
+// Macros for testing equalities and inequalities.
+//
+//    * {ASSERT|EXPECT}_EQ(expected, actual): Tests that expected == actual
+//    * {ASSERT|EXPECT}_NE(v1, v2):           Tests that v1 != v2
+//    * {ASSERT|EXPECT}_LT(v1, v2):           Tests that v1 < v2
+//    * {ASSERT|EXPECT}_LE(v1, v2):           Tests that v1 <= v2
+//    * {ASSERT|EXPECT}_GT(v1, v2):           Tests that v1 > v2
+//    * {ASSERT|EXPECT}_GE(v1, v2):           Tests that v1 >= v2
+//
+// When they are not, Google Test prints both the tested expressions and
+// their actual values.  The values must be compatible built-in types,
+// or you will get a compiler error.  By "compatible" we mean that the
+// values can be compared by the respective operator.
+//
+// Note:
+//
+//   1. It is possible to make a user-defined type work with
+//   {ASSERT|EXPECT}_??(), but that requires overloading the
+//   comparison operators and is thus discouraged by the Google C++
+//   Usage Guide.  Therefore, you are advised to use the
+//   {ASSERT|EXPECT}_TRUE() macro to assert that two objects are
+//   equal.
+//
+//   2. The {ASSERT|EXPECT}_??() macros do pointer comparisons on
+//   pointers (in particular, C strings).  Therefore, if you use it
+//   with two C strings, you are testing how their locations in memory
+//   are related, not how their content is related.  To compare two C
+//   strings by content, use {ASSERT|EXPECT}_STR*().
+//
+//   3. {ASSERT|EXPECT}_EQ(expected, actual) is preferred to
+//   {ASSERT|EXPECT}_TRUE(expected == actual), as the former tells you
+//   what the actual value is when it fails, and similarly for the
+//   other comparisons.
+//
+//   4. Do not depend on the order in which {ASSERT|EXPECT}_??()
+//   evaluate their arguments, which is undefined.
+//
+//   5. These macros evaluate their arguments exactly once.
+//
+// Examples:
+//
+//   EXPECT_NE(5, Foo());
+//   EXPECT_EQ(NULL, a_pointer);
+//   ASSERT_LT(i, array_size);
+//   ASSERT_GT(records.size(), 0) << "There is no record left.";
+
+#define EXPECT_EQ(expected, actual) \
+  EXPECT_PRED_FORMAT2(::testing::internal:: \
+                      EqHelper<GTEST_IS_NULL_LITERAL_(expected)>::Compare, \
+                      expected, actual)
+#define EXPECT_NE(expected, actual) \
+  EXPECT_PRED_FORMAT2(::testing::internal::CmpHelperNE, expected, actual)
+#define EXPECT_LE(val1, val2) \
+  EXPECT_PRED_FORMAT2(::testing::internal::CmpHelperLE, val1, val2)
+#define EXPECT_LT(val1, val2) \
+  EXPECT_PRED_FORMAT2(::testing::internal::CmpHelperLT, val1, val2)
+#define EXPECT_GE(val1, val2) \
+  EXPECT_PRED_FORMAT2(::testing::internal::CmpHelperGE, val1, val2)
+#define EXPECT_GT(val1, val2) \
+  EXPECT_PRED_FORMAT2(::testing::internal::CmpHelperGT, val1, val2)
+
+#define GTEST_ASSERT_EQ(expected, actual) \
+  ASSERT_PRED_FORMAT2(::testing::internal:: \
+                      EqHelper<GTEST_IS_NULL_LITERAL_(expected)>::Compare, \
+                      expected, actual)
+#define GTEST_ASSERT_NE(val1, val2) \
+  ASSERT_PRED_FORMAT2(::testing::internal::CmpHelperNE, val1, val2)
+#define GTEST_ASSERT_LE(val1, val2) \
+  ASSERT_PRED_FORMAT2(::testing::internal::CmpHelperLE, val1, val2)
+#define GTEST_ASSERT_LT(val1, val2) \
+  ASSERT_PRED_FORMAT2(::testing::internal::CmpHelperLT, val1, val2)
+#define GTEST_ASSERT_GE(val1, val2) \
+  ASSERT_PRED_FORMAT2(::testing::internal::CmpHelperGE, val1, val2)
+#define GTEST_ASSERT_GT(val1, val2) \
+  ASSERT_PRED_FORMAT2(::testing::internal::CmpHelperGT, val1, val2)
+
+// Define macro GTEST_DONT_DEFINE_ASSERT_XY to 1 to omit the definition of
+// ASSERT_XY(), which clashes with some users' own code.
+
+#if !GTEST_DONT_DEFINE_ASSERT_EQ
+# define ASSERT_EQ(val1, val2) GTEST_ASSERT_EQ(val1, val2)
+#endif
+
+#if !GTEST_DONT_DEFINE_ASSERT_NE
+# define ASSERT_NE(val1, val2) GTEST_ASSERT_NE(val1, val2)
+#endif
+
+#if !GTEST_DONT_DEFINE_ASSERT_LE
+# define ASSERT_LE(val1, val2) GTEST_ASSERT_LE(val1, val2)
+#endif
+
+#if !GTEST_DONT_DEFINE_ASSERT_LT
+# define ASSERT_LT(val1, val2) GTEST_ASSERT_LT(val1, val2)
+#endif
+
+#if !GTEST_DONT_DEFINE_ASSERT_GE
+# define ASSERT_GE(val1, val2) GTEST_ASSERT_GE(val1, val2)
+#endif
+
+#if !GTEST_DONT_DEFINE_ASSERT_GT
+# define ASSERT_GT(val1, val2) GTEST_ASSERT_GT(val1, val2)
+#endif
+
+// C-string Comparisons.  All tests treat NULL and any non-NULL string
+// as different.  Two NULLs are equal.
+//
+//    * {ASSERT|EXPECT}_STREQ(s1, s2):     Tests that s1 == s2
+//    * {ASSERT|EXPECT}_STRNE(s1, s2):     Tests that s1 != s2
+//    * {ASSERT|EXPECT}_STRCASEEQ(s1, s2): Tests that s1 == s2, ignoring case
+//    * {ASSERT|EXPECT}_STRCASENE(s1, s2): Tests that s1 != s2, ignoring case
+//
+// For wide or narrow string objects, you can use the
+// {ASSERT|EXPECT}_??() macros.
+//
+// Don't depend on the order in which the arguments are evaluated,
+// which is undefined.
+//
+// These macros evaluate their arguments exactly once.
+
+#define EXPECT_STREQ(expected, actual) \
+  EXPECT_PRED_FORMAT2(::testing::internal::CmpHelperSTREQ, expected, actual)
+#define EXPECT_STRNE(s1, s2) \
+  EXPECT_PRED_FORMAT2(::testing::internal::CmpHelperSTRNE, s1, s2)
+#define EXPECT_STRCASEEQ(expected, actual) \
+  EXPECT_PRED_FORMAT2(::testing::internal::CmpHelperSTRCASEEQ, expected, actual)
+#define EXPECT_STRCASENE(s1, s2)\
+  EXPECT_PRED_FORMAT2(::testing::internal::CmpHelperSTRCASENE, s1, s2)
+
+#define ASSERT_STREQ(expected, actual) \
+  ASSERT_PRED_FORMAT2(::testing::internal::CmpHelperSTREQ, expected, actual)
+#define ASSERT_STRNE(s1, s2) \
+  ASSERT_PRED_FORMAT2(::testing::internal::CmpHelperSTRNE, s1, s2)
+#define ASSERT_STRCASEEQ(expected, actual) \
+  ASSERT_PRED_FORMAT2(::testing::internal::CmpHelperSTRCASEEQ, expected, actual)
+#define ASSERT_STRCASENE(s1, s2)\
+  ASSERT_PRED_FORMAT2(::testing::internal::CmpHelperSTRCASENE, s1, s2)
+
+// Macros for comparing floating-point numbers.
+//
+//    * {ASSERT|EXPECT}_FLOAT_EQ(expected, actual):
+//         Tests that two float values are almost equal.
+//    * {ASSERT|EXPECT}_DOUBLE_EQ(expected, actual):
+//         Tests that two double values are almost equal.
+//    * {ASSERT|EXPECT}_NEAR(v1, v2, abs_error):
+//         Tests that v1 and v2 are within the given distance to each other.
+//
+// Google Test uses ULP-based comparison to automatically pick a default
+// error bound that is appropriate for the operands.  See the
+// FloatingPoint template class in gtest-internal.h if you are
+// interested in the implementation details.
+
+#define EXPECT_FLOAT_EQ(expected, actual)\
+  EXPECT_PRED_FORMAT2(::testing::internal::CmpHelperFloatingPointEQ<float>, \
+                      expected, actual)
+
+#define EXPECT_DOUBLE_EQ(expected, actual)\
+  EXPECT_PRED_FORMAT2(::testing::internal::CmpHelperFloatingPointEQ<double>, \
+                      expected, actual)
+
+#define ASSERT_FLOAT_EQ(expected, actual)\
+  ASSERT_PRED_FORMAT2(::testing::internal::CmpHelperFloatingPointEQ<float>, \
+                      expected, actual)
+
+#define ASSERT_DOUBLE_EQ(expected, actual)\
+  ASSERT_PRED_FORMAT2(::testing::internal::CmpHelperFloatingPointEQ<double>, \
+                      expected, actual)
+
+#define EXPECT_NEAR(val1, val2, abs_error)\
+  EXPECT_PRED_FORMAT3(::testing::internal::DoubleNearPredFormat, \
+                      val1, val2, abs_error)
+
+#define ASSERT_NEAR(val1, val2, abs_error)\
+  ASSERT_PRED_FORMAT3(::testing::internal::DoubleNearPredFormat, \
+                      val1, val2, abs_error)
+
+// These predicate format functions work on floating-point values, and
+// can be used in {ASSERT|EXPECT}_PRED_FORMAT2*(), e.g.
+//
+//   EXPECT_PRED_FORMAT2(testing::DoubleLE, Foo(), 5.0);
+
+// Asserts that val1 is less than, or almost equal to, val2.  Fails
+// otherwise.  In particular, it fails if either val1 or val2 is NaN.
+GTEST_API_ AssertionResult FloatLE(const char* expr1, const char* expr2,
+                                   float val1, float val2);
+GTEST_API_ AssertionResult DoubleLE(const char* expr1, const char* expr2,
+                                    double val1, double val2);
+
+
+#if GTEST_OS_WINDOWS
+
+// Macros that test for HRESULT failure and success, these are only useful
+// on Windows, and rely on Windows SDK macros and APIs to compile.
+//
+//    * {ASSERT|EXPECT}_HRESULT_{SUCCEEDED|FAILED}(expr)
+//
+// When expr unexpectedly fails or succeeds, Google Test prints the
+// expected result and the actual result with both a human-readable
+// string representation of the error, if available, as well as the
+// hex result code.
+# define EXPECT_HRESULT_SUCCEEDED(expr) \
+    EXPECT_PRED_FORMAT1(::testing::internal::IsHRESULTSuccess, (expr))
+
+# define ASSERT_HRESULT_SUCCEEDED(expr) \
+    ASSERT_PRED_FORMAT1(::testing::internal::IsHRESULTSuccess, (expr))
+
+# define EXPECT_HRESULT_FAILED(expr) \
+    EXPECT_PRED_FORMAT1(::testing::internal::IsHRESULTFailure, (expr))
+
+# define ASSERT_HRESULT_FAILED(expr) \
+    ASSERT_PRED_FORMAT1(::testing::internal::IsHRESULTFailure, (expr))
+
+#endif  // GTEST_OS_WINDOWS
+
+// Macros that execute statement and check that it doesn't generate new fatal
+// failures in the current thread.
+//
+//   * {ASSERT|EXPECT}_NO_FATAL_FAILURE(statement);
+//
+// Examples:
+//
+//   EXPECT_NO_FATAL_FAILURE(Process());
+//   ASSERT_NO_FATAL_FAILURE(Process()) << "Process() failed";
+//
+#define ASSERT_NO_FATAL_FAILURE(statement) \
+    GTEST_TEST_NO_FATAL_FAILURE_(statement, GTEST_FATAL_FAILURE_)
+#define EXPECT_NO_FATAL_FAILURE(statement) \
+    GTEST_TEST_NO_FATAL_FAILURE_(statement, GTEST_NONFATAL_FAILURE_)
+
+// Causes a trace (including the source file path, the current line
+// number, and the given message) to be included in every test failure
+// message generated by code in the current scope.  The effect is
+// undone when the control leaves the current scope.
+//
+// The message argument can be anything streamable to std::ostream.
+//
+// In the implementation, we include the current line number as part
+// of the dummy variable name, thus allowing multiple SCOPED_TRACE()s
+// to appear in the same block - as long as they are on different
+// lines.
+#define SCOPED_TRACE(message) \
+  ::testing::internal::ScopedTrace GTEST_CONCAT_TOKEN_(gtest_trace_, __LINE__)(\
+    __FILE__, __LINE__, ::testing::Message() << (message))
+
+// Compile-time assertion for type equality.
+// StaticAssertTypeEq<type1, type2>() compiles iff type1 and type2 are
+// the same type.  The value it returns is not interesting.
+//
+// Instead of making StaticAssertTypeEq a class template, we make it a
+// function template that invokes a helper class template.  This
+// prevents a user from misusing StaticAssertTypeEq<T1, T2> by
+// defining objects of that type.
+//
+// CAVEAT:
+//
+// When used inside a method of a class template,
+// StaticAssertTypeEq<T1, T2>() is effective ONLY IF the method is
+// instantiated.  For example, given:
+//
+//   template <typename T> class Foo {
+//    public:
+//     void Bar() { testing::StaticAssertTypeEq<int, T>(); }
+//   };
+//
+// the code:
+//
+//   void Test1() { Foo<bool> foo; }
+//
+// will NOT generate a compiler error, as Foo<bool>::Bar() is never
+// actually instantiated.  Instead, you need:
+//
+//   void Test2() { Foo<bool> foo; foo.Bar(); }
+//
+// to cause a compiler error.
+template <typename T1, typename T2>
+bool StaticAssertTypeEq() {
+  (void)internal::StaticAssertTypeEqHelper<T1, T2>();
+  return true;
+}
+
+// Defines a test.
+//
+// The first parameter is the name of the test case, and the second
+// parameter is the name of the test within the test case.
+//
+// The convention is to end the test case name with "Test".  For
+// example, a test case for the Foo class can be named FooTest.
+//
+// The user should put his test code between braces after using this
+// macro.  Example:
+//
+//   TEST(FooTest, InitializesCorrectly) {
+//     Foo foo;
+//     EXPECT_TRUE(foo.StatusIsOK());
+//   }
+
+// Note that we call GetTestTypeId() instead of GetTypeId<
+// ::testing::Test>() here to get the type ID of testing::Test.  This
+// is to work around a suspected linker bug when using Google Test as
+// a framework on Mac OS X.  The bug causes GetTypeId<
+// ::testing::Test>() to return different values depending on whether
+// the call is from the Google Test framework itself or from user test
+// code.  GetTestTypeId() is guaranteed to always return the same
+// value, as it always calls GetTypeId<>() from the Google Test
+// framework.
+#define GTEST_TEST(test_case_name, test_name)\
+  GTEST_TEST_(test_case_name, test_name, \
+              ::testing::Test, ::testing::internal::GetTestTypeId())
+
+// Define this macro to 1 to omit the definition of T

<TRUNCATED>


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