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From "Ivan Volosyuk" <ivan.volos...@gmail.com>
Subject Re: [VM]How to trigue GC while free native memory is low.
Date Sat, 03 Feb 2007 13:00:25 GMT
On 2/3/07, LvJimmy´╝îJing <firepure@gmail.com> wrote:
> 2007/2/2, Xiao-Feng Li <xiaofeng.li@gmail.com>:
> > Thank you, Jimmy and Leo, for the clear explanations.
> >
> > I think temporarily you can put the System.gc() there to workaround
> > this issue. Yes, this is only a workaround since we cannot rely on it
> > without explicit guarantee in its semantics.
> >
> > To really solve this problem, we might need a careful design. Your
> > proposed approach looks like a possible solution. Have you thought to
> > solve the problem by using GC to manage the raw memory blocks? Without
> > deep understanding of the problem, I have some wild idea below. Please
> > see if it is reasonable or stupid. I will read the spec of ByteBuffer
> > to get more understanding.
> >
> > Since what the ByeBuffer needs are starting address and capacity, it
> > doesn't really care if this piece of memory is in Java heap or in
> > native runtime memory ( I assume.) We probably can provide some
> > special kind of virtual Java object that serves as raw memory block to
> > nio. In this works, we need not monitor the native runtime memory
> > usage.
> >
>
> Ah, this solution sounds interesting to me, yes, if we malloc memory
> in heap then we no longer need to monitor the native memory. But we
> may need a kit of methods offer this heap-memory service:
> 1) a function of malloc_in_heap()
> 2) a function of free_heap_block()
> 3) heap monitor should record this malloc/free action
> 4) ...
> However I do think this may be a good solution, and it still depends
> on how easy can it be implemented. Note not only direct ByteBuffer
> require this native memory usage.

I like this idea. I think we can express it in more general way. We
need native memory which is somehow related to java heap objects. When
calling garbage collection there is high possibility that some of this
memory will be freed. So here is my variant of this proposal:
1. a function gc_native_malloc() which allocates native memory and
triggers GC on a certain threshold.
2. a fenction gc_native_free() which deallocates native memory and
updates counter for the used space.
This memory may be allocated in general native heap but it should be
accounted by GC. It is not even required that it should be the GC who
implements this functionality, just some code which will can call GC
and able to allocate native memory.

One drawback of this approach that we should know all the places where
we have a relation between java heap object and native memory. Some
custom native library may disobey this rule.

>
> > This approach need certain contract between Java classes and GC about
> > the special kind of Java object. Probably we can write a layer of Java
> > class wrapper for raw memory allocation, which hides the contract from
> > other common classes.
> >
>
> As we have a portlib, this can be implemented in such hymem_malloc or so.
>
> > At the same time, I am thinking of your proposed approach, and will
> > get back later.
> >
>
> Thanks, waiting for you the GC guru's appoach towards heap memory allocation :)
>
> > Thanks,
> > xiaofeng
> >
> > On 2/2/07, Leo Li <liyilei1979@gmail.com> wrote:
> > > Hi, Xiao-Feng:
> > >      Excuse me if I am confusing you.
> > >      The direct byte buffer holds a block of native memory space used in nio
> > > operation. The native byte buffer will be freed through the byte buffer is
> > > gc collected and added to ReferenceQueue monitored by MemorySpy series
> > > classes.
> > >      But the gc will not be triggered if the java heap is still empty. Here
> > > is an example: I allocate a large block of native memory for a byte buffer
> > > while the byte buffer itself is quite small. Thus quickly native heap is
> > > depleted while VM still does not think gc is needed since java heap has a
> > > lot of free memory.
> > >
> > >
> > > import java.nio.*;
> > > public class Test {
> > >     public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
> > >         for(int i = 0;i<1000;i++)
> > >         {
> > >             ByteBuffer byteBuffer = ByteBuffer.allocateDirect(10240000);
> > >             //System.gc();
> > >         }
> > >    }
> > > }
> > > RI runs well but Harmony will soon throw OutOfMemory exception.
> > > But if remove the comment before System.gc(), Harmony will become ok.
> > > So my point is that we need a mechanism to notify VM to start gc if we have
> > > no more native memory because sometimes problem will be solved if gc is
> > > fired. Of cause we cannot avoid a  user always malloc space but never free
> > > them.:)
> > >
> > > Good luck!
> > >
> > > On 2/2/07, Xiao-Feng Li <xiaofeng.li@gmail.com> wrote:
> > > >
> > > > Leo, I can't fully understand your problem and proposal. I am working
> > > > in DRLVM GC component, I want to understand how GC can tackle the
> > > > issue you meet.
> > > >
> > > > You said the native memory is allocated (probably with malloc) for
> > > > byte buffer. I wonder how the process goes. I assume it's in native
> > > > code. Then you use malloc to allocate a block of memory, and put some
> > > > Java object (byte buffer) into it? Is this what you do? I wonder how
> > > > do you manipulate Java object placement in native code; and if the
> > > > native memory block is out of Java heap, do you expect GC to manage
> > > > it?
> > > >
> > > > You said when GC reclaims those byte buffer object, the native memory
> > > > block can be freed in native code. How do you know if an object is
> > > > reclaimed by GC or not?
> > > >
> > > > Thanks,
> > > > xiaofeng
> > > >
> > > > On 2/2/07, Leo Li < liyilei1979@gmail.com> wrote:
> > > > > Hi, all:
> > > > >     After applying patch3073, I added the support for direct byte
buffer
> > > > in
> > > > > nio module as spec requires. But now here exists a problem: The native
> > > > > memory allocated to the byte buffer can be released when gc releases
the
> > > > > byte buffer object, however, if the native heap is full while java
heap
> > > > > still has space, gc will not be triggered.
> > > > >     It seems that RI will start gc before native memory heap is depleted
> > > > and
> > > > > thus prevents out-of-memory error.
> > > > >
> > > > >    Then our work focuses on:
> > > > >    1. When gc is required.
> > > > >    2. Trigger a gc.
> > > > >    The first one requires that we get support from operating system,
> > > > since
> > > > > the memory allocated in the native code, for example by malloc, is
out
> > > > of
> > > > > the control of java VM.( I have ever thought of counting the used
memory
> > > > in
> > > > > hymemory_allocate, but the plan fails since hymemory_free will not
> > > > report
> > > > > how much space is released.)
> > > > >    The second one needs the help from VM. System.gc() is not so reliable
> > > > as
> > > > > spec says, so it is necessary to have a internal channel to notify
VM to
> > > > > start gc.
> > > > >
> > > > >     One solution, I think, is to let a monitor thread in VM to check
> > > > whether
> > > > > OS physical memory is low. For example, the
> > > > QueryMemoryResourceNotification
> > > > > of win32 API is a candidate. Although the interrupt model is more
> > > > effective:
> > > > > win32 SDK provides a CreateMemoryResourceNotification to get a handler
> > > > on
> > > > > which the monitor thread can wait, maybe on other platforms, OS does
not
> > > > > supply such a convenience. So the monitor thread in the VM might
have to
> > > >
> > > > > check the OS resource once for a while and if necessary the monitor
> > > > thread
> > > > > will call a GC.
> > > > >
> > > > >    My suggestion is first to add some function to monitor memory
in
> > > > portlib,
> > > > > since it is highly related to platforms and in portlib there has
been
> > > > > some useful tools.(Thanks Mark to point out that.) On the other hand,
we
> > > > can
> > > > > negotiate a channel to trigger gc in VM. Actually I am not an expert
on
> > > > VM
> > > > > since I am not sure whether there has been some monitor thread and
the
> > > > load
> > > > > on performance if such a monitor thread is added to the VM...
> > > > >
> > > > >
> > > > > --
> > > > > Leo Li
> > > > > China Software Development Lab, IBM
> > > > >
> > > > >
> > > >
> > >
> > >
> > >
> > > --
> > > Leo Li
> > > China Software Development Lab, IBM
> > >
> > >
> >
>
>
> --
>
> Best Regards!
>
> Jimmy, Jing Lv
> China Software Development Lab, IBM
>


-- 
Ivan
Intel Enterprise Solutions Software Division

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