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From vino...@apache.org
Subject svn commit: r1591416 - in /hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-yarn-project: ./ hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/apt/ hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/resources/images/
Date Wed, 30 Apr 2014 18:00:33 GMT
Author: vinodkv
Date: Wed Apr 30 18:00:32 2014
New Revision: 1591416

URL: http://svn.apache.org/r1591416
Log:
YARN-1696. Added documentation for ResourceManager fail-over. Contributed by Karthik Kambatla,
Masatake Iwasaki, Tsuyoshi OZAWA.

Added:
    hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-yarn-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/apt/ResourceManagerHA.apt.vm
    hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-yarn-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/resources/images/
    hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-yarn-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/resources/images/rm-ha-overview.png
  (with props)
Modified:
    hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-yarn-project/CHANGES.txt

Modified: hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-yarn-project/CHANGES.txt
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-yarn-project/CHANGES.txt?rev=1591416&r1=1591415&r2=1591416&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-yarn-project/CHANGES.txt (original)
+++ hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-yarn-project/CHANGES.txt Wed Apr 30 18:00:32 2014
@@ -92,6 +92,9 @@ Release 2.4.1 - UNRELEASED
 
     YARN-1892. Improved some logs in the scheduler. (Jian He via zjshen)
 
+    YARN-1696. Added documentation for ResourceManager fail-over. (Karthik
+    Kambatla, Masatake Iwasaki, Tsuyoshi OZAWA via vinodkv)
+
   OPTIMIZATIONS
 
   BUG FIXES

Added: hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-yarn-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/apt/ResourceManagerHA.apt.vm
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-yarn-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/apt/ResourceManagerHA.apt.vm?rev=1591416&view=auto
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-yarn-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/apt/ResourceManagerHA.apt.vm
(added)
+++ hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-yarn-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/apt/ResourceManagerHA.apt.vm
Wed Apr 30 18:00:32 2014
@@ -0,0 +1,234 @@
+~~ Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
+~~ you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
+~~ You may obtain a copy of the License at
+~~
+~~   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+~~
+~~ Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+~~ distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+~~ WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+~~ See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+~~ limitations under the License. See accompanying LICENSE file.
+
+  ---
+  ResourceManager High Availability
+  ---
+  ---
+  ${maven.build.timestamp}
+
+ResourceManager High Availability
+
+  \[ {{{./index.html}Go Back}} \]
+
+%{toc|section=1|fromDepth=0}
+
+* Introduction
+
+  This guide provides an overview of High Availability of YARN's ResourceManager,
+  and details how to configure and use this feature. The ResourceManager (RM)
+  is responsible for tracking the resources in a cluster, and scheduling
+  applications (e.g., MapReduce jobs). Prior to Hadoop 2.4, the ResourceManager
+  is the single point of failure in a YARN cluster. The High Availability
+  feature adds redundancy in the form of an Active/Standby ResourceManager pair
+  to remove this otherwise single point of failure.
+
+* Architecture
+
+[images/rm-ha-overview.png] Overview of ResourceManager High Availability
+
+** RM Failover
+
+  ResourceManager HA is realized through an Active/Standby architecture - at
+  any point of time, one of the RMs is Active, and one or more RMs are in
+  Standby mode waiting to take over should anything happen to the Active.
+  The trigger to transition-to-active comes from either the admin (through CLI)
+  or through the integrated failover-controller when automatic-failover is
+  enabled.
+
+*** Manual transitions and failover
+
+    When automatic failover is not enabled, admins have to manually transition
+    one of the RMs to Active. To failover from one RM to the other, they are
+    expected to first transition the Active-RM to Standby and transition a
+    Standby-RM to Active. All this can be done using the "<<<yarn rmadmin>>>"
+    CLI.
+
+*** Automatic failover
+
+    The RMs have an option to embed the Zookeeper-based ActiveStandbyElector to
+    decide which RM should be the Active. When the Active goes down or becomes
+    unresponsive, another RM is automatically elected to be the Active which
+    then takes over. Note that, there is no need to run a separate ZKFC daemon
+    as is the case for HDFS because ActiveStandbyElector embedded in RMs acts
+    as a failure detector and a leader elector instead of a separate ZKFC
+    deamon.
+
+*** Client, ApplicationMaster and NodeManager on RM failover
+
+    When there are multiple RMs, the configuration (yarn-site.xml) used by
+    clients and nodes is expected to list all the RMs. Clients,
+    ApplicationMasters (AMs) and NodeManagers (NMs) try connecting to the RMs in
+    a round-robin fashion until they hit the Active RM. If the Active goes down,
+    they resume the round-robin polling until they hit the "new" Active.
+    This default retry logic is implemented as
+    <<<org.apache.hadoop.yarn.client.ConfiguredRMFailoverProxyProvider>>>.
+    You can override the logic by
+    implementing <<<org.apache.hadoop.yarn.client.RMFailoverProxyProvider>>>
and
+    setting the value of <<<yarn.client.failover-proxy-provider>>> to
+    the class name.
+
+** Recovering prevous active-RM's state
+
+   With the {{{./ResourceManagerRestart.html}ResourceManger Restart}} enabled,
+   the RM being promoted to an active state loads the RM internal state and
+   continues to operate from where the previous active left off as much as
+   possible depending on the RM restart feature. A new attempt is spawned for
+   each managed application previously submitted to the RM. Applications can
+   checkpoint periodically to avoid losing any work. The state-store must be
+   visible from the both of Active/Standby RMs. Currently, there are two
+   RMStateStore implementations for persistence - FileSystemRMStateStore
+   and ZKRMStateStore.  The <<<ZKRMStateStore>>> implicitly allows write
access
+   to a single RM at any point in time, and hence is the recommended store to
+   use in an HA cluster. When using the ZKRMStateStore, there is no need for a
+   separate fencing mechanism to address a potential split-brain situation
+   where multiple RMs can potentially assume the Active role.
+
+
+* Deployment
+
+** Configurations
+
+   Most of the failover functionality is tunable using various configuration
+   properties. Following is a list of required/important ones. yarn-default.xml
+   carries a full-list of knobs. See
+   {{{../hadoop-yarn-common/yarn-default.xml}yarn-default.xml}}
+   for more information including default values.
+   See {{{./ResourceManagerRestart.html}the document for ResourceManger
+   Restart}} also for instructions on setting up the state-store.
+
+*-------------------------+----------------------------------------------+
+|| Configuration Property || Description                                 |
+*-------------------------+----------------------------------------------+
+| yarn.resourcemanager.zk-address | |
+| | Address of the ZK-quorum.
+| | Used both for the state-store and embedded leader-election.
+*-------------------------+----------------------------------------------+
+| yarn.resourcemanager.ha.enabled | |
+| | Enable RM HA
+*-------------------------+----------------------------------------------+
+| yarn.resourcemanager.ha.rm-ids | |
+| | List of logical IDs for the RMs. |
+| | e.g., "rm1,rm2" |
+*-------------------------+----------------------------------------------+
+| yarn.resourcemanager.hostname.<rm-id> | |
+| | For each <rm-id>, specify the hostname the |
+| | RM corresponds to. Alternately, one could set each of the RM's service |
+| | addresses. |
+*-------------------------+----------------------------------------------+
+| yarn.resourcemanager.ha.id | |
+| | Identifies the RM in the ensemble. This is optional; |
+| | however, if set, admins have to ensure that all the RMs have their own |
+| | IDs in the config |
+*-------------------------+----------------------------------------------+
+| yarn.resourcemanager.ha.automatic-failover.enabled | |
+| | Enable automatic failover; |
+| | By default, it is enabled only when HA is enabled. |
+*-------------------------+----------------------------------------------+
+| yarn.resourcemanager.ha.automatic-failover.embedded | |
+| | Use embedded leader-elector |
+| | to pick the Active RM, when automatic failover is enabled. By default, |
+| | it is enabled only when HA is enabled. |
+*-------------------------+----------------------------------------------+
+| yarn.resourcemanager.cluster-id | |
+| | Identifies the cluster. Used by the elector to |
+| | ensure an RM doesn't take over as Active for another cluster. |
+*-------------------------+----------------------------------------------+
+| yarn.client.failover-proxy-provider | |
+| | The class to be used by Clients, AMs and NMs to failover to the Active RM. |
+*-------------------------+----------------------------------------------+
+| yarn.client.failover-max-attempts | |
+| | The max number of times FailoverProxyProvider should attempt failover. |
+*-------------------------+----------------------------------------------+
+| yarn.client.failover-sleep-base-ms | |
+| | The sleep base (in milliseconds) to be used for calculating |
+| | the exponential delay between failovers. |
+*-------------------------+----------------------------------------------+
+| yarn.client.failover-sleep-max-ms | |
+| | The maximum sleep time (in milliseconds) between failovers |
+*-------------------------+----------------------------------------------+
+| yarn.client.failover-retries | |
+| | The number of retries per attempt to connect to a ResourceManager. |
+*-------------------------+----------------------------------------------+
+| yarn.client.failover-retries-on-socket-timeouts | |
+| | The number of retries per attempt to connect to a ResourceManager on socket timeouts.
|
+*-------------------------+----------------------------------------------+
+
+*** Sample configurations
+
+  Here is the sample of minimal setup for RM failover.
+
++---+
+ <property>
+   <name>yarn.resourcemanager.ha.enabled</name>
+   <value>true</value>
+ </property>
+ <property>
+   <name>yarn.resourcemanager.cluster-id</name>
+   <value>cluster1</value>
+ </property>
+ <property>
+   <name>yarn.resourcemanager.ha.rm-ids</name>
+   <value>rm1,rm2</value>
+ </property>
+ <property>
+   <name>yarn.resourcemanager.hostname.rm1</name>
+   <value>master1</value>
+ </property>
+ <property>
+   <name>yarn.resourcemanager.hostname.rm2</name>
+   <value>master2</value>
+ </property>
+ <property>
+   <name>yarn.resourcemanager.zk-address</name>
+   <value>zk1:2181,zk2:2181,zk3:2181</value>
+ </property>
++---+
+
+** Admin commands
+
+   <<<yarn rmadmin>>> has a few HA-specific command options to check the
health/state of an
+   RM, and transition to Active/Standby.
+   Commands for HA take service id of RM set by <<<yarn.resourcemanager.ha.rm-ids>>>
+   as argument.
+
++---+
+ $ yarn rmadmin -getServiceState rm1
+ active
+ 
+ $ yarn rmadmin -getServiceState rm2
+ standby
++---+
+
+   If automatic failover is enabled, you can not use manual transition command.
+
++---+
+ $ yarn rmadmin -transitionToStandby rm1
+ Automatic failover is enabled for org.apache.hadoop.yarn.client.RMHAServiceTarget@1d8299fd
+ Refusing to manually manage HA state, since it may cause
+ a split-brain scenario or other incorrect state.
+ If you are very sure you know what you are doing, please
+ specify the forcemanual flag.
++---+
+
+   See {{{./YarnCommands.html}YarnCommands}} for more details.
+
+** ResourceManager Web UI services
+
+   Assuming a standby RM is up and running, the Standby automatically redirects
+   all web requests to the Active, except for the "About" page.
+
+** Web Services
+
+   Assuming a standby RM is up and running, RM web-services described at
+   {{{./ResourceManagerRest.html}ResourceManager REST APIs}} when invoked on
+   a standby RM are automatically redirected to the Active RM.

Added: hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-yarn-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/resources/images/rm-ha-overview.png
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-yarn-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/resources/images/rm-ha-overview.png?rev=1591416&view=auto
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