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From John Lilley <john.lil...@redpoint.net>
Subject Re: Binary Search in map reduce
Date Tue, 08 Jan 2013 04:05:15 GMT
Oh that is very clever, you just need to make pseudo keys so that the graph record orders before
the corresponding change records.

--John Lilley

Mahesh Balija <balijamahesh.mca@gmail.com> wrote:

Hi Jamal,

       Another simple approach if your data is too huge and cannot fit into memory would be
just to use the MultipleInputs mechanism.
       Where your MR job will have two mappers one emitting the records from "the graph" file
and other from changes file.

       Any how your reducer will aggregate the records based on the same key (the graph key
and changes key).
       In order you to know which record is been emitted from which file you can use key as
the graph key for both the mappers but MapWritable as your value in mapper where the key in
the mapwritable will be some constant say 1 -> the graph and 2 -> changes and value
will be the actual value.

       Now the only thing left for you is to append your changes to the actual key and emit
the final result.

Mahesh Balija,
Calsoft Labs.

On Tue, Jan 8, 2013 at 5:47 AM, jamal sasha <jamalshasha@gmail.com<mailto:jamalshasha@gmail.com>>

On Mon, Jan 7, 2013 at 4:11 PM, John Lilley <john.lilley@redpoint.net<mailto:john.lilley@redpoint.net>>
Let’s call these “the graph” and “the changes”.

Will both the graph and the changes fit into memory?
Yes -> You do not have a Hadoop-scale problem.  Just write some code using HashTable or

Will the graph fit into memory once it is partitioned amongst all of the nodes?
Yes -> You can get away without a join.  Partition the graph and the changes like below,
but instead of doing a join on each partition, stream the changes against the graph partition
in memory, using a HashTable for the graph partition.

Otherwise, you can do this in a few steps.  Realize that you are doing a parallel join.  A
parallel join can be done in hadoop by a simple modulo of the keys of the graph and the changes.
 So first, create a couple of MR jobs just to partition “the graph” and “the changes”
into N buckets using (key%N).  I *think* this is pretty straightforward because if your mapper
adds new_key=(key%N) to the tuple and you use N reducers you get this behavior automatically
(is it really that simple? someone with more MR expertise please correct me…).   Once the
graph and the changes are partitioned, run another MR job to (1) join each graph partition
file to the corresponding changes partition file (2) process the changes into the graph (3)
write out the resulting graph.  This part is not a parallel join; it is a bunch of independent
simple joins.  Finally, merge the resulting graphs together.

You may find that it isn’t even this easy.  If nothing fits into memory and you must perform
a non-trivial graph traversal for each change record, you have something must harder to do.

FYI top google results for joins in Hadoop here: https://www.google.com/search?q=joins+in+hadoop&aq=f&oq=joins+in+hadoop&aqs=chrome.0.57j60l2j0l2j62.670&sugexp=chrome,mod=14&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8


From: jamal sasha [mailto:jamalshasha@gmail.com<mailto:jamalshasha@gmail.com>]
Sent: Monday, January 07, 2013 4:43 PM
To: user@hadoop.apache.org<mailto:user@hadoop.apache.org>
Subject: Re: Binary Search in map reduce

 Thanks for the reply. So here is the intent.
I process some data and output of that processing is this set of json documents outputting
{key:[values]}  (This is essentially a form of graph where each entry is an edge)
Now.. I process a different set of data and the idea is to modify the existing document based
on this new data.
If the key is present then add/modify values.
Else... create new key:[values] json object and save.

So, the first step is checking whether the key is present or not..
So thats why I thought of doing the binary search.
Any suggestions?

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