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From sur...@apache.org
Subject svn commit: r1186579 - in /hadoop/common/branches/branch-0.23/hadoop-mapreduce-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site: apt/ resources/
Date Thu, 20 Oct 2011 00:29:13 GMT
Author: suresh
Date: Thu Oct 20 00:29:12 2011
New Revision: 1186579

URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc?rev=1186579&view=rev
Log:
HDFS-2471. Add documentation for HDFS federation feature. Contributed by Suresh Srinivas.

Added:
    hadoop/common/branches/branch-0.23/hadoop-mapreduce-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/apt/Federation.apt.vm
    hadoop/common/branches/branch-0.23/hadoop-mapreduce-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/resources/
    hadoop/common/branches/branch-0.23/hadoop-mapreduce-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/resources/federation-background.gif
  (with props)
    hadoop/common/branches/branch-0.23/hadoop-mapreduce-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/resources/federation.gif
  (with props)
Modified:
    hadoop/common/branches/branch-0.23/hadoop-mapreduce-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/apt/ClusterSetup.apt.vm
    hadoop/common/branches/branch-0.23/hadoop-mapreduce-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/apt/index.apt.vm

Modified: hadoop/common/branches/branch-0.23/hadoop-mapreduce-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/apt/ClusterSetup.apt.vm
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/common/branches/branch-0.23/hadoop-mapreduce-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/apt/ClusterSetup.apt.vm?rev=1186579&r1=1186578&r2=1186579&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/common/branches/branch-0.23/hadoop-mapreduce-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/apt/ClusterSetup.apt.vm
(original)
+++ hadoop/common/branches/branch-0.23/hadoop-mapreduce-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/apt/ClusterSetup.apt.vm
Thu Oct 20 00:29:12 2011
@@ -394,19 +394,19 @@ Hadoop MapReduce Next Generation - Clust
     Format a new distributed filesystem:
   
 ----
-  $ $HADOOP_HDFS_HOME/bin/hdfs namenode -format <cluster_name>
+  $ $HADOOP_PREFIX_HOME/bin/hdfs namenode -format <cluster_name>
 ----
 
     Start the HDFS with the following command, run on the designated NameNode:
   
 ----
-  $ $HADOOP_HDFS_HOME/bin/hdfs start namenode --config $HADOOP_CONF_DIR  
+  $ $HADOOP_PREFIX_HOME/bin/hdfs start namenode --config $HADOOP_CONF_DIR  
 ----    	  
 
     Run a script to start DataNodes on all slaves:
 
 ----
-  $ $HADOOP_HDFS_HOME/bin/hdfs start datanode --config $HADOOP_CONF_DIR  
+  $ $HADOOP_PREFIX_HOME/bin/hdfs start datanode --config $HADOOP_CONF_DIR  
 ----    	  
   
     Start the YARN with the following command, run on the designated 
@@ -435,13 +435,13 @@ Hadoop MapReduce Next Generation - Clust
     NameNode:
   
 ----
-  $ $HADOOP_HDFS_HOME/bin/hdfs stop namenode --config $HADOOP_CONF_DIR  
+  $ $HADOOP_PREFIX_HOME/bin/hdfs stop namenode --config $HADOOP_CONF_DIR  
 ----    	  
 
     Run a script to stop DataNodes on all slaves:
 
 ----
-  $ $HADOOP_HDFS_HOME/bin/hdfs stop datanode --config $HADOOP_CONF_DIR  
+  $ $HADOOP_PREFIX_HOME/bin/hdfs stop datanode --config $HADOOP_CONF_DIR  
 ----    	  
   
     Stop the ResourceManager with the following command, run on the designated 
@@ -910,21 +910,21 @@ KVNO Timestamp         Principal
     Format a new distributed filesystem as <hdfs>:
   
 ----
-[hdfs]$ $HADOOP_HDFS_HOME/bin/hdfs namenode -format <cluster_name>
+[hdfs]$ $HADOOP_PREFIX_HOME/bin/hdfs namenode -format <cluster_name>
 ----
 
     Start the HDFS with the following command, run on the designated NameNode
     as <hdfs>:
   
 ----
-[hdfs]$ $HADOOP_HDFS_HOME/bin/hdfs start namenode --config $HADOOP_CONF_DIR  
+[hdfs]$ $HADOOP_PREFIX_HOME/bin/hdfs start namenode --config $HADOOP_CONF_DIR  
 ----    	  
 
     Run a script to start DataNodes on all slaves as <root> with a special
     environment variable <<<HADOOP_SECURE_DN_USER>>> set to <hdfs>:
 
 ----
-[root]$ HADOOP_SECURE_DN_USER=hdfs $HADOOP_HDFS_HOME/bin/hdfs start datanode --config $HADOOP_CONF_DIR
 
+[root]$ HADOOP_SECURE_DN_USER=hdfs $HADOOP_PREFIX_HOME/bin/hdfs start datanode --config $HADOOP_CONF_DIR
 
 ----    	  
   
     Start the YARN with the following command, run on the designated 
@@ -953,13 +953,13 @@ KVNO Timestamp         Principal
     as <hdfs>:
   
 ----
-[hdfs]$ $HADOOP_HDFS_HOME/bin/hdfs stop namenode --config $HADOOP_CONF_DIR  
+[hdfs]$ $HADOOP_PREFIX_HOME/bin/hdfs stop namenode --config $HADOOP_CONF_DIR  
 ----    	  
 
     Run a script to stop DataNodes on all slaves as <root>:
 
 ----
-[root]$ $HADOOP_HDFS_HOME/bin/hdfs stop datanode --config $HADOOP_CONF_DIR  
+[root]$ $HADOOP_PREFIX_HOME/bin/hdfs stop datanode --config $HADOOP_CONF_DIR  
 ----    	  
   
     Stop the ResourceManager with the following command, run on the designated 
@@ -998,4 +998,4 @@ KVNO Timestamp         Principal
 | | | Default HTTP port is 19888. |
 *-------------------------+-------------------------+------------------------+
     
-    
\ No newline at end of file
+    

Added: hadoop/common/branches/branch-0.23/hadoop-mapreduce-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/apt/Federation.apt.vm
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/common/branches/branch-0.23/hadoop-mapreduce-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/apt/Federation.apt.vm?rev=1186579&view=auto
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/common/branches/branch-0.23/hadoop-mapreduce-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/apt/Federation.apt.vm
(added)
+++ hadoop/common/branches/branch-0.23/hadoop-mapreduce-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/apt/Federation.apt.vm
Thu Oct 20 00:29:12 2011
@@ -0,0 +1,343 @@
+
+~~ Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
+~~ you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
+~~ You may obtain a copy of the License at
+~~
+~~   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+~~
+~~ Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+~~ distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+~~ WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+~~ See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+~~ limitations under the License. See accompanying LICENSE file.
+
+  ---
+  Hadoop Map Reduce Next Generation-${project.version} - Cluster Setup
+  ---
+  ---
+  ${maven.build.timestamp}
+
+HDFS Federation
+
+  \[ {{{./index.html}Go Back}} \]
+
+%{toc|section=1|fromDepth=0}
+
+  This guide provides an overview of the HDFS Federation feature and
+  how to configure and manage the federated cluster.
+
+* {Background}
+
+[./federation-background.gif] HDFS Layers
+
+  HDFS has two main layers:
+
+  * <<Namespace>>
+
+    * Consists of directories, files and blocks
+
+    * It supports all the namespace related file system operations such as 
+      create, delete, modify and list files and directories.
+
+  * <<Block Storage Service>> has two parts
+
+    * Block Management (which is done in Namenode)
+
+      * Provides datanode cluster membership by handling registrations, and 
+        periodic heart beats.
+
+      * Processes block reports and maintains location of blocks.
+
+      * Supports block related operations such as create, delete, modify and 
+        get block location.
+
+      * Manages replica placement and replication of a block for under 
+        replicated blocks and deletes blocks that are over replicated.
+
+    * Storage - is provided by datanodes by storing blocks on the local file 
+      system and allows read/write access.
+
+  The current HDFS architecture allows only a single namespace for the 
+  entire cluster. A single Namenode manages this namespace. HDFS 
+  Federation addresses limitation of current architecture by adding 
+  support multiple Namenodes/namespaces to HDFS file system.
+    
+* {HDFS Federation}
+
+  In order to scale the name service horizontally, federation uses multiple 
+  independent Namenodes/namespaces. The Namenodes are federated, that is, the 
+  Namenodes are independent and don’t require coordination with each other. 
+  The datanodes are used as common storage for blocks by all the Namenodes. 
+  Each datanode registers with all the Namenodes in the cluster. Datanodes 
+  send periodic heartbeats and block reports and handles commands from the 
+  Namenodes.
+
+[./federation.gif] HDFS Federation Architecture
+
+
+  <<Block Pool>>
+
+  A Block Pool is a set of blocks that belong to a single namespace. 
+  Datanodes store blocks for all the block pools in the cluster.
+  It is managed independently of other block pools. This allows a namespace 
+  to generate Block IDs for new blocks without the need for coordination 
+  with the other namespaces. The failure of a Namenode does not prevent 
+  the datanode from serving other Namenodes in the cluster.
+
+  A Namespace and its block pool together are called Namespace Volume. 
+  It is a self-contained unit of management. When a Namenode/namespace 
+  is deleted, the corresponding block pool at the datanodes is deleted.
+  Each namespace volume is upgraded as a unit, during cluster upgrade.
+
+  <<ClusterID>>
+
+  A new identifier <<ClusterID>> is added to identify all the nodes in 
+  the cluster.  When a Namenode is formatted, this identifier is provided 
+  or auto generated. This ID should be used for formatting the other 
+  Namenodes into the cluster.
+
+** Key Benefits
+
+  * Namespace Scalability - HDFS cluster storage scales horizontally but 
+    the namespace does not. Large deployments or deployments using lot 
+    of small files benefit from scaling the namespace by adding more 
+    Namenodes to the cluster
+
+  * Performance - File system operation throughput is currently limited 
+    by a single Namenode. Adding more Namenodes to the cluster scales the 
+    file system read/write operations throughput.
+
+  * Isolation - A single Namenode offers no isolation in multi user 
+    environment. An experimental application can overload the Namenode 
+    and slow down production critical applications. With multiple Namenodes, 
+    different categories of applications and users can be isolated to 
+    different namespaces.
+
+* {Federation Configuration}
+
+  Federation configuration is <<backward compatible>> and allows existing 
+  single Namenode configuration to work without any change. The new 
+  configuration is designed such that all the nodes in the cluster have 
+  same configuration without the need for deploying different configuration 
+  based on the type of the node in the cluster.
+
+  A new abstraction called <<<NameServiceID>>> is added with
+  federation. The Namenode and its corresponding secondary/backup/checkpointer
+  nodes belong to this. To support single configuration file, the Namenode and
+  secondary/backup/checkpointer configuration parameters are suffixed with
+  <<<NameServiceID>>> and are added to the same configuration file.
+
+
+** Configuration:
+
+  <<Step 1>>: Add the following parameters to your configuration:
+  <<<dfs.federation.nameservices>>>: Configure with list of comma separated

+  NameServiceIDs. This will be used by Datanodes to determine all the 
+  Namenodes in the cluster.
+  
+  <<Step 2>>: For each Namenode and Secondary Namenode/BackupNode/Checkpointer

+  add the following configuration suffixed with the corresponding 
+  <<<NameServiceID>>> into the common configuration file.
+
+*---------------------+--------------------------------------------+
+|| Daemon             || Configuration Parameter                   |
+*---------------------+--------------------------------------------+
+| Namenode            | <<<dfs.namenode.rpc-address>>>             |
+|                     | <<<dfs.namenode.servicerpc-address>>>      |
+|                     | <<<dfs.namenode.http-address>>>            |
+|                     | <<<dfs.namenode.https-address>>>           |
+|                     | <<<dfs.namenode.keytab.file>>>             |
+|                     | <<<dfs.namenode.name.dir>>>                |
+|                     | <<<dfs.namenode.edits.dir>>>               |
+|                     | <<<dfs.namenode.checkpoint.dir>>>          |
+|                     | <<<dfs.namenode.checkpoint.edits.dir>>>    |
+*---------------------+--------------------------------------------+
+| Secondary Namenode  | <<<dfs.namenode.secondary.http-address>>>  |
+|                     | <<<dfs.secondary.namenode.keytab.file>>>   |
+*---------------------+--------------------------------------------+
+| BackupNode          | <<<dfs.namenode.backup.address>>>          |
+|                     | <<<dfs.secondary.namenode.keytab.file>>>   |
+*---------------------+--------------------------------------------+
+    
+  Here is an example configuration with two namenodes:
+
+----
+<configuration>
+  <property>
+    <name>dfs.federation.nameservices</name>
+    <value>ns1,ns2</value>
+  </property>
+  <property>
+    <name>dfs.namenode.rpc-address.ns1</name>
+    <value>hdfs://nn-host1:rpc-port</value>
+  </property>
+  <property>
+    <name>dfs.namenode.http-address.ns1</name>
+    <value>nn-host1:http-port</value>
+  </property>
+  <property>
+    <name>dfs.namenode.secondaryhttp-address.ns1</name>
+    <value>snn-host1:http-port</value>
+  </property>
+  <property>
+    <name>dfs.namenode.rpc-address.ns2</name>
+    <value>hdfs://nn-host2:rpc-port</value>
+  </property>
+  <property>
+    <name>dfs.namenode.http-address.ns2</name>
+    <value>nn-host2:http-port</value>
+  </property>
+  <property>
+    <name>dfs.namenode.secondaryhttp-address.ns2</name>
+    <value>snn-host2:http-port</value>
+  </property>
+
+  .... Other common configuration ...
+</configuration>
+----
+
+** Formatting Namenodes
+
+  <<Step 1>>: Format a namenode using the following command:
+  
+----
+> $HADOOP_PREFIX_HOME/bin/hdfs namenode -format [-clusterId <cluster_id>]
+----
+  Choose a unique cluster_id, which will not conflict other clusters in 
+  your environment. If it is not provided, then a unique ClusterID is 
+  auto generated.
+
+  <<Step 2>>: Format additional namenode using the following command:
+
+----
+> $HADOOP_PREFIX_HOME/bin/hdfs namenode -format -clusterId <cluster_id>
+----
+  Note that the cluster_id in step 2 must be same as that of the 
+  cluster_id in step 1. If they are different, the additional Namenodes 
+  will not be part of the federated cluster.
+
+** Upgrading from older release to 0.23 and configuring federation
+
+  Older releases supported a single Namenode. Here are the steps enable 
+  federation:
+
+  Step 1: Upgrade the cluster to newer release. During upgrade you can 
+  provide a ClusterID as follows:
+
+----
+> $HADOOP_PREFIX_HOME/bin/hdfs start namenode --config $HADOOP_CONF_DIR  -upgrade -clusterId
<cluster_ID>
+----
+  If ClusterID is not provided, it is auto generated.
+
+** Adding a new Namenode to an existing HDFS cluster
+
+  Follow the following steps:
+
+  * Add configuration parameter <<<dfs.federation.nameservices>>> to 
+    the configuration.
+
+  * Update the configuration with NameServiceID suffix. Configuration 
+    key names have changed post release 0.20. You must use new configuration 
+    parameter names, for federation.
+
+  * Add new Namenode related config to the configuration files.
+
+  * Propagate the configuration file to the all the nodes in the cluster.
+
+  * Start the new Namenode, Secondary/Backup.
+
+  * Refresh the datanodes to pickup the newly added Namenode by running 
+    the following command:
+
+----
+> $HADOOP_PREFIX_HOME/bin/hdfs dfadmin -refreshNameNode <datanode_host_name>:<datanode_rpc_port>
+----
+
+  * The above command must be run against all the datanodes in the cluster.
+
+* {Managing the cluster}
+
+**  Starting and stopping cluster
+
+  To start the cluster run the following command:
+
+----
+> $HADOOP_PREFIX_HOME/bin/start-dfs.sh
+----
+
+  To start the cluster run the following command:
+
+----
+> $HADOOP_PREFIX_HOME/bin/stop-dfs.sh
+----
+
+  These commands can be run from any node where the HDFS configuration is 
+  available.  The command uses configuration to determine the Namenodes 
+  in the cluster and starts the Namenode process on those nodes. The 
+  datanodes are started on nodes specified in the <<<slaves>>> file. The

+  script can be used as reference for building your own scripts for 
+  starting and stopping the cluster.
+
+**  Balancer
+
+  Balancer has been changed to work with multiple Namenodes in the cluster to 
+  balance the cluster. Balancer can be run using the command:
+
+----
+"$HADOOP_PREFIX"/bin/hadoop-daemon.sh --config $HADOOP_CONF_DIR --script "$bin"/hdfs start
balancer [-policy <policy>]
+----
+
+  Policy could be:
+
+  * <<<node>>> - this is the <default> policy. This balances the
storage at 
+    the datanode level. This is similar to balancing policy from prior releases.
+
+  * <<<blockpool>>> - this balances the storage at the block pool level.

+    Balancing at block pool level balances storage at the datanode level also.
+
+  Note that Balander only balances the data and does not balance the namespace.
+
+** Decommissioning
+
+  Decommissioning is similar to prior releases. The nodes that need to be 
+  decommissioning are added to the exclude file at all the Namenode. Each 
+  Namenode decommissions its Block Pool. When all the Namenodes finish 
+  decommissioning a datanode, the datanode is considered to be decommissioned.
+
+  <<Step 1>>: To distributed an exclude file to all the Namenodes, use the 
+  following command:
+
+----
+"$HADOOP_PREFIX"/bin/distributed-exclude.sh <exclude_file>
+----
+
+  <<Step 2>>: Refresh all the Namenodes to pick up the new exclude file.
+
+----
+"$HADOOP_PREFIX"/bin/refresh-namenodes.sh
+----
+ 
+  The above command uses HDFS configuration to determine the Namenodes 
+  configured in the cluster and refreshes all the Namenodes to pick up 
+  the new exclude file.
+
+** Cluster Web Console
+
+  Similar to Namenode status web page, a Cluster Web Console is added in 
+  federation to monitor the federated cluster at 
+  <<<http://<any_nn_host:port>/dfsclusterhealth.jsp>>>.
+  Any Namenode in the cluster can be used to access this web page.
+
+  The web page provides the following information:
+
+  * Cluster summary that shows number of files, number of blocks and 
+    total configured storage capacity, available and used storage information 
+    for the entire cluster.
+
+  * Provides list of Namenodes and summary that includes number of files,
+    blocks, missing blocks, number of live and dead data nodes for each 
+    Namenode. It also provides a link to conveniently access Namenode web UI.
+
+  * It also provides decommissioning status of datanodes.
+
+

Modified: hadoop/common/branches/branch-0.23/hadoop-mapreduce-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/apt/index.apt.vm
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/common/branches/branch-0.23/hadoop-mapreduce-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/apt/index.apt.vm?rev=1186579&r1=1186578&r2=1186579&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/common/branches/branch-0.23/hadoop-mapreduce-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/apt/index.apt.vm
(original)
+++ hadoop/common/branches/branch-0.23/hadoop-mapreduce-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/apt/index.apt.vm
Thu Oct 20 00:29:12 2011
@@ -49,3 +49,5 @@ Hadoop MapReduce Next Generation
 
   * {{{./CapacityScheduler.html}Capacity Scheduler}}
 
+  * {{{./Federation.html}HDFS Federation feature description, configuration and management}}
+

Added: hadoop/common/branches/branch-0.23/hadoop-mapreduce-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/resources/federation-background.gif
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/common/branches/branch-0.23/hadoop-mapreduce-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/resources/federation-background.gif?rev=1186579&view=auto
==============================================================================
Binary file - no diff available.

Propchange: hadoop/common/branches/branch-0.23/hadoop-mapreduce-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/resources/federation-background.gif
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    svn:mime-type = application/octet-stream

Added: hadoop/common/branches/branch-0.23/hadoop-mapreduce-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/resources/federation.gif
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/common/branches/branch-0.23/hadoop-mapreduce-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/resources/federation.gif?rev=1186579&view=auto
==============================================================================
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Propchange: hadoop/common/branches/branch-0.23/hadoop-mapreduce-project/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/src/site/resources/federation.gif
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    svn:mime-type = application/octet-stream



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