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From "Andrew Wang (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Resolved] (HDFS-11419) BlockPlacementPolicyDefault is choosing datanode in an inefficient way
Date Mon, 26 Jun 2017 20:33:00 GMT

     [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HDFS-11419?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:all-tabpanel

Andrew Wang resolved HDFS-11419.
       Resolution: Fixed
    Fix Version/s: 3.0.0-alpha4

Resolving as it looks like this was completed.

> BlockPlacementPolicyDefault is choosing datanode in an inefficient way
> ----------------------------------------------------------------------
>                 Key: HDFS-11419
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HDFS-11419
>             Project: Hadoop HDFS
>          Issue Type: Improvement
>          Components: namenode
>            Reporter: Chen Liang
>            Assignee: Chen Liang
>             Fix For: 3.0.0-alpha4
> Currently in {{BlockPlacementPolicyDefault}}, {{chooseTarget}} will end up calling into
{{chooseRandom}}, which will first find a random datanode by calling
> {code}DatanodeDescriptor chosenNode = chooseDataNode(scope, excludedNodes);{code}, then
it checks whether that returned datanode satisfies storage type requirement
> {code}storage = chooseStorage4Block(
>               chosenNode, blocksize, results, entry.getKey());{code}
> If yes, {{numOfReplicas--;}}, otherwise, the node is added to excluded nodes, and runs
the loop again until {{numOfReplicas}} is down to 0.
> A problem here is that, storage type is not being considered only until after a random
node is already returned.  We've seen a case where a cluster has a large number of datanodes,
while only a few satisfy the storage type condition. So, for the most part, this code blindly
picks random datanodes that do not satisfy the storage type requirement.
> To make matters worse, the way {{NetworkTopology#chooseRandom}} works is that, given
a set of excluded nodes, it first finds a random datanodes, then if it is in excluded nodes
set, try find another random nodes. So the more excluded nodes there are, the more likely
a random node will be in the excluded set, in which case we basically wasted one iteration.
> Therefore, this JIRA proposes to augment/modify the relevant classes in a way that datanodes
can be found more efficiently. There are currently two different high level solutions we are
> 1. add some field to Node base types to describe the storage type info, and when searching
for a node, we take into account such field(s), and do not return node that does not meet
the storage type requirement.
> 2. change {{NetworkTopology}} class to be aware of storage types, e.g. for one storage
type, there is one tree subset that connects all the nodes with that type. And one search
happens on only one such subset. So unexpected storage types are simply not in the search
> Thanks [~szetszwo] for the offline discussion, and thanks [~linyiqun] for pointing out
a wrong statement (corrected now) in the description. Any further comments are more than welcome.

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