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From "Colin Patrick McCabe (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Updated] (HDFS-347) DFS read performance suboptimal when client co-located on nodes with data
Date Mon, 01 Oct 2012 21:01:08 GMT

     [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HDFS-347?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:all-tabpanel

Colin Patrick McCabe updated HDFS-347:

    Attachment: HDFS-347-016_cleaned.patch

This patch only includes HDFS-347.

* DataChecksum#newDataChecksum: correctly handle offset values other than 0.

* BlockReader / BlockReaderUtil: add skipFully and available methods.  Add JavaDoc for skip
method. The available method returns a rough approximation of how much data might be available
without doing any more network I/O.  This helps us optimize in the case where we are reading
from a local file descriptor, since we never do network I/O in that case.

* BlockReaderLocal: simpler implementation that uses raw FileChannel objects.  We don't need
to cache anything, or make RPCs to the DataNode.

* DFSClient / DFSInputStream: update getLocalBlockReader to work with fd passing.  Rather
than overloading AccessControlException to mean "local reads were not enabled," create a new
exception called LocalReadsDisabledException and throw it when that is the case.  This will
prevent confusion in the future.  Use skipFully instead of skip, since the latter may give
us short skips.

* DFSConfigKeys: don't need dfs.block.local-path-access.user any more.  Local reads are now
on by default rather than disabled by default.

* RPC stuff: add BlockLocalFdInfo.  Deprecate BlockLocalPathInfo.  Implement the DataNode,
FsDatasetIMpl, etc. methods.  Add GetBlockLocalFdInfoResponseProto.  The old RPC is now deprecated
and will always throw an AccessControlException, so that older clients will fall back to remote

* MiniDFSCluster: add getBlockMetadataFile which is like getBlockFile except that it returns
.meta files.  

* Tests: TestBlockReaderLocal now includes more tests of BlockReaderLocal in isolation.  TestParallelRead
now explictly disables local reads (that case is testsed by TestParalellLocalRead).  TestShortCircuitLocalRead:
add testDeprecatedGetBlockLocalPathInfoRpc to test the deprecated RPC.
> DFS read performance suboptimal when client co-located on nodes with data
> -------------------------------------------------------------------------
>                 Key: HDFS-347
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HDFS-347
>             Project: Hadoop HDFS
>          Issue Type: Improvement
>          Components: data-node, hdfs client, performance
>            Reporter: George Porter
>            Assignee: Todd Lipcon
>         Attachments: all.tsv, BlockReaderLocal1.txt, HADOOP-4801.1.patch, HADOOP-4801.2.patch,
HADOOP-4801.3.patch, HDFS-347-016_cleaned.patch, HDFS-347.016.patch, HDFS-347-branch-20-append.txt,
hdfs-347.png, hdfs-347.txt, local-reads-doc
> One of the major strategies Hadoop uses to get scalable data processing is to move the
code to the data.  However, putting the DFS client on the same physical node as the data blocks
it acts on doesn't improve read performance as much as expected.
> After looking at Hadoop and O/S traces (via HADOOP-4049), I think the problem is due
to the HDFS streaming protocol causing many more read I/O operations (iops) than necessary.
 Consider the case of a DFSClient fetching a 64 MB disk block from the DataNode process (running
in a separate JVM) running on the same machine.  The DataNode will satisfy the single disk
block request by sending data back to the HDFS client in 64-KB chunks.  In BlockSender.java,
this is done in the sendChunk() method, relying on Java's transferTo() method.  Depending
on the host O/S and JVM implementation, transferTo() is implemented as either a sendfilev()
syscall or a pair of mmap() and write().  In either case, each chunk is read from the disk
by issuing a separate I/O operation for each chunk.  The result is that the single request
for a 64-MB block ends up hitting the disk as over a thousand smaller requests for 64-KB each.
> Since the DFSClient runs in a different JVM and process than the DataNode, shuttling
data from the disk to the DFSClient also results in context switches each time network packets
get sent (in this case, the 64-kb chunk turns into a large number of 1500 byte packet send
operations).  Thus we see a large number of context switches for each block send operation.
> I'd like to get some feedback on the best way to address this, but I think providing
a mechanism for a DFSClient to directly open data blocks that happen to be on the same machine.
 It could do this by examining the set of LocatedBlocks returned by the NameNode, marking
those that should be resident on the local host.  Since the DataNode and DFSClient (probably)
share the same hadoop configuration, the DFSClient should be able to find the files holding
the block data, and it could directly open them and send data back to the client.  This would
avoid the context switches imposed by the network layer, and would allow for much larger read
buffers than 64KB, which should reduce the number of iops imposed by each read block operation.

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