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From "Wang Xu (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] Commented: (HDFS-1312) Re-balance disks within a Datanode
Date Wed, 02 Mar 2011 16:36:36 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HDFS-1312?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=13001477#comment-13001477

Wang Xu commented on HDFS-1312:

Hi folks,

Here is the basic design of the process. Is there any other consideration?

The basic flow is:
# Re-balance should be only process while it is not in heavy load (should this be guaranteed
by the administrator?)
# Calculate the total and average available & used space of dirs.
# Find the disks have most and least space, and decide move direction. We need define a unbalance
threshold here to decide whether it is worthy to re-balance.
# Lock origin disks: stop written to them and wait finalization on them.
# Find the deepest dirs in every selected disk and move blocks from those dirs. And if a dir
is empty, then the dir should also be removed.
# Check the balance status while the blocks are migrated, and break from the loop if it reaches
a threshold.
# Release the lock.

The case should be take into account:
* If a disk have much less space than other disks, it might have least available space, but
could not migrate blocks out.
* If two or more dirs are located in a same disk, they might confuse the space calculation.
And this is just the case in MiniDFSCluster deployment.

> Re-balance disks within a Datanode
> ----------------------------------
>                 Key: HDFS-1312
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HDFS-1312
>             Project: Hadoop HDFS
>          Issue Type: New Feature
>          Components: data-node
>            Reporter: Travis Crawford
> Filing this issue in response to ``full disk woes`` on hdfs-user.
> Datanodes fill their storage directories unevenly, leading to situations where certain
disks are full while others are significantly less used. Users at many different sites have
experienced this issue, and HDFS administrators are taking steps like:
> - Manually rebalancing blocks in storage directories
> - Decomissioning nodes & later readding them
> There's a tradeoff between making use of all available spindles, and filling disks at
the sameish rate. Possible solutions include:
> - Weighting less-used disks heavier when placing new blocks on the datanode. In write-heavy
environments this will still make use of all spindles, equalizing disk use over time.
> - Rebalancing blocks locally. This would help equalize disk use as disks are added/replaced
in older cluster nodes.
> Datanodes should actively manage their local disk so operator intervention is not needed.

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