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From Todd Lipcon <t...@cloudera.com>
Subject Re: Why datanode does a flush to disk after receiving a packet
Date Thu, 11 Nov 2010 21:10:03 GMT
On Thu, Nov 11, 2010 at 12:43 PM, Thanh Do <thanhdo@cs.wisc.edu> wrote:

> Thank you all for clarification guys.
> I also looked at 0.20-append trunk and see that the order is totally
> different.
>
> One more thing, do you guys plan to implement hsync(), i.e API3
> in the near future. Are there any class of application that requires such
> strong guarantee?
>
>
I don't personally have any plans - everyone I've talked to who cares about
data durability is OK with potential file truncation if power is lost across
all DNs simultaneously.

I'm sure there are some applications where this isn't acceptable, but people
aren't using HBase for those applications yet :)

-Todd

>
> On Thu, Nov 11, 2010 at 2:27 PM, Todd Lipcon <todd@cloudera.com> wrote:
>
> > On Thu, Nov 11, 2010 at 11:55 AM, Hairong Kuang <kuang.hairong@gmail.com
> > >wrote:
> >
> > > A few clarification on API2 semantics.
> > >
> > > 1. Ack gets sent back to the client before a packet gets written to
> local
> > > files.
> > >
> >
> > Ah, I see in trunk this is the case. In 0.20-append, it's the other way
> > around - we only enqueue after flush.
> >
> >
> > > 2. Data become visible to new readers on the condition that at least
> one
> > > DataNode does not have an error.
> > > 3. The reason that flush is done after a write is more for the purpose
> of
> > > implementation simplification. Currently readers do not read from
> > DataNode
> > > buffer. They only read from system buffer. A flush makes the data
> visible
> > > to
> > > readers sooner.
> > >
> > > Hairong
> > >
> > > On 11/11/10 7:31 AM, "Thanh Do" <thanhdo@cs.wisc.edu> wrote:
> > >
> > > > Thanks Todd,
> > > >
> > > > In HDFS-6313, i see three API (sync, hflush, hsync),
> > > > And I assume hflush corresponds to :
> > > >
> > > > *"API2: flushes out to all replicas of the block.
> > > > The data is in the buffers of the DNs but not on the DN's OS buffers.
> > > > New readers will see the data after the call has returned.*"
> > > >
> > > > I am still confused that, once the client calls hflushes,
> > > > the client gonna wait for all outstanding packet to be acked,
> > > > before sending subsequent packet.
> > > > But at DataNode, it is possible that the ack to client is sent
> > > > before the write of data and checksum to replica. So if
> > > > the DataNode crashes just after sending the ack and before
> > > > writing to replica, will the semantics be violated here?
> > > >
> > > > Thanks
> > > > Thanh
> > > >
> > > > On Wed, Nov 10, 2010 at 11:11 PM, Todd Lipcon <todd@cloudera.com>
> > wrote:
> > > >
> > > >> Nope, flush just flushes the java side buffer to the Linux buffer
> > > >> cache -- not all the way to the media.
> > > >>
> > > >> Hsync is the API that will eventually go all the way to disk, but
it
> > > >> has not yet been implemented.
> > > >>
> > > >> -Todd
> > > >>
> > > >> On Wednesday, November 10, 2010, Thanh Do <thanhdo@cs.wisc.edu>
> > wrote:
> > > >>> Or another way to rephase my question:
> > > >>> does data.flush and checksumOut.flush guarantee
> > > >>> data be synchronized with underlying disk,
> > > >>> just like fsync().
> > > >>>
> > > >>> Thanks
> > > >>> Thanh
> > > >>>
> > > >>> On Wed, Nov 10, 2010 at 10:26 PM, Thanh Do <thanhdo@cs.wisc.edu>
> > > wrote:
> > > >>>
> > > >>>> Hi all,
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>> After reading the appenddesign3.pdf in HDFS-256,
> > > >>>> and looking at the BlockReceiver.java code in 0.21.0,
> > > >>>> I am confused by the following.
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>> The document says that:
> > > >>>> *For each packet, a DataNode in the pipeline has to do 3 things.
> > > >>>> 1. Stream data
> > > >>>>       a. Receive data from the upstream DataNode or the client
> > > >>>>       b. Push the data to the downstream DataNode if there
is any
> > > >>>> 2. Write the data/crc to its block file/meta file.
> > > >>>> 3. Stream ack
> > > >>>>       a. Receive an ack from the downstream DataNode if there
is
> any
> > > >>>>       b. Send an ack to the upstream DataNode or the client*
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>> And *"...there is no guarantee on the order of (2) and (3)"*
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>> In BlockReceiver.receivePacket(), after read the packet buffer,
> > > >>>> datanode does:
> > > >>>> 1) put the packet seqno in the ack queue
> > > >>>> 2) write data and checksum to disk
> > > >>>> 3) flush data and checksum (to disk)
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>> The thing that confusing me is that: the streaming of ack
does not
> > > >>>> necessary depends on whether data has been flush to disk or
not.
> > > >>>> Then, my question is:
> > > >>>> Why do DataNode need to flush data and checksum
> > > >>>> every time the DataNode receives a packet. This flush may
be
> costly.
> > > >>>> Why cant the DataNode just batch server write (after receiving
> > > >>>> server packet) and flush all at once?
> > > >>>> Is there any particular reason for doing so?
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>> Can somebody clarify this for me?
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>> Thanks so much.
> > > >>>> Thanh
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>
> > > >> --
> > > >> Todd Lipcon
> > > >> Software Engineer, Cloudera
> > > >>
> > >
> > >
> > >
> >
> >
> > --
> > Todd Lipcon
> > Software Engineer, Cloudera
> >
>



-- 
Todd Lipcon
Software Engineer, Cloudera

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