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From a..@apache.org
Subject svn commit: r1459475 - in /hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs: ./ src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/ src/main/resources/ src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/
Date Thu, 21 Mar 2013 18:58:06 GMT
Author: atm
Date: Thu Mar 21 18:58:06 2013
New Revision: 1459475

URL: http://svn.apache.org/r1459475
Log:
HDFS-4246. The exclude node list should be more forgiving, for each output stream. Contributed
by Harsh J. Chouraria.

Modified:
    hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/CHANGES.txt
    hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/DFSClient.java
    hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/DFSConfigKeys.java
    hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/DFSOutputStream.java
    hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/resources/hdfs-default.xml
    hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/TestDFSClientExcludedNodes.java

Modified: hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/CHANGES.txt
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/CHANGES.txt?rev=1459475&r1=1459474&r2=1459475&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/CHANGES.txt (original)
+++ hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/CHANGES.txt Thu Mar 21 18:58:06 2013
@@ -366,6 +366,9 @@ Release 2.0.5-beta - UNRELEASED
     HDFS-4521. Invalid network toploogies should not be cached. (Colin Patrick
     McCabe via atm)
 
+    HDFS-4246. The exclude node list should be more forgiving, for each output
+    stream. (harsh via atm)
+
   OPTIMIZATIONS
 
   BUG FIXES

Modified: hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/DFSClient.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/DFSClient.java?rev=1459475&r1=1459474&r2=1459475&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/DFSClient.java
(original)
+++ hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/DFSClient.java
Thu Mar 21 18:58:06 2013
@@ -41,6 +41,8 @@ import static org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.DFS
 import static org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.DFSConfigKeys.DFS_CLIENT_SOCKET_CACHE_CAPACITY_KEY;
 import static org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.DFSConfigKeys.DFS_CLIENT_SOCKET_CACHE_EXPIRY_MSEC_DEFAULT;
 import static org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.DFSConfigKeys.DFS_CLIENT_SOCKET_CACHE_EXPIRY_MSEC_KEY;
+import static org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.DFSConfigKeys.DFS_CLIENT_WRITE_EXCLUDE_NODES_CACHE_EXPIRY_INTERVAL;
+import static org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.DFSConfigKeys.DFS_CLIENT_WRITE_EXCLUDE_NODES_CACHE_EXPIRY_INTERVAL_DEFAULT;
 import static org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.DFSConfigKeys.DFS_CLIENT_SOCKET_TIMEOUT_KEY;
 import static org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.DFSConfigKeys.DFS_CLIENT_USE_LEGACY_BLOCKREADER;
 import static org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.DFSConfigKeys.DFS_CLIENT_USE_LEGACY_BLOCKREADER_DEFAULT;
@@ -212,6 +214,7 @@ public class DFSClient implements java.i
     final int socketTimeout;
     final int socketCacheCapacity;
     final long socketCacheExpiry;
+    final long excludedNodesCacheExpiry;
     /** Wait time window (in msec) if BlockMissingException is caught */
     final int timeWindow;
     final int nCachedConnRetry;
@@ -262,6 +265,9 @@ public class DFSClient implements java.i
           DFS_CLIENT_SOCKET_CACHE_CAPACITY_DEFAULT);
       socketCacheExpiry = conf.getLong(DFS_CLIENT_SOCKET_CACHE_EXPIRY_MSEC_KEY,
           DFS_CLIENT_SOCKET_CACHE_EXPIRY_MSEC_DEFAULT);
+      excludedNodesCacheExpiry = conf.getLong(
+          DFS_CLIENT_WRITE_EXCLUDE_NODES_CACHE_EXPIRY_INTERVAL,
+          DFS_CLIENT_WRITE_EXCLUDE_NODES_CACHE_EXPIRY_INTERVAL_DEFAULT);
       prefetchSize = conf.getLong(DFS_CLIENT_READ_PREFETCH_SIZE_KEY,
           10 * defaultBlockSize);
       timeWindow = conf

Modified: hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/DFSConfigKeys.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/DFSConfigKeys.java?rev=1459475&r1=1459474&r2=1459475&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/DFSConfigKeys.java
(original)
+++ hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/DFSConfigKeys.java
Thu Mar 21 18:58:06 2013
@@ -76,6 +76,8 @@ public class DFSConfigKeys extends Commo
   
   public static final String  DFS_CLIENT_SOCKET_CACHE_EXPIRY_MSEC_KEY = "dfs.client.socketcache.expiryMsec";
   public static final long    DFS_CLIENT_SOCKET_CACHE_EXPIRY_MSEC_DEFAULT = 2 * 60 * 1000;
+  public static final String  DFS_CLIENT_WRITE_EXCLUDE_NODES_CACHE_EXPIRY_INTERVAL = "dfs.client.write.exclude.nodes.cache.expiry.interval.millis";
+  public static final long    DFS_CLIENT_WRITE_EXCLUDE_NODES_CACHE_EXPIRY_INTERVAL_DEFAULT
= 10 * 60 * 1000; // 10 minutes, in ms
   public static final String  DFS_NAMENODE_BACKUP_ADDRESS_KEY = "dfs.namenode.backup.address";
   public static final String  DFS_NAMENODE_BACKUP_ADDRESS_DEFAULT = "localhost:50100";
   public static final String  DFS_NAMENODE_BACKUP_HTTP_ADDRESS_KEY = "dfs.namenode.backup.http-address";

Modified: hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/DFSOutputStream.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/DFSOutputStream.java?rev=1459475&r1=1459474&r2=1459475&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/DFSOutputStream.java
(original)
+++ hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/DFSOutputStream.java
Thu Mar 21 18:58:06 2013
@@ -35,6 +35,7 @@ import java.util.Arrays;
 import java.util.EnumSet;
 import java.util.LinkedList;
 import java.util.List;
+import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
 import java.util.concurrent.atomic.AtomicBoolean;
 
 import org.apache.hadoop.classification.InterfaceAudience;
@@ -82,6 +83,11 @@ import org.apache.hadoop.util.Progressab
 import org.apache.hadoop.util.Time;
 
 import com.google.common.annotations.VisibleForTesting;
+import com.google.common.cache.CacheBuilder;
+import com.google.common.cache.CacheLoader;
+import com.google.common.cache.LoadingCache;
+import com.google.common.cache.RemovalListener;
+import com.google.common.cache.RemovalNotification;
 
 
 /****************************************************************
@@ -289,7 +295,25 @@ public class DFSOutputStream extends FSO
     private DataInputStream blockReplyStream;
     private ResponseProcessor response = null;
     private volatile DatanodeInfo[] nodes = null; // list of targets for current block
-    private ArrayList<DatanodeInfo> excludedNodes = new ArrayList<DatanodeInfo>();
+    private LoadingCache<DatanodeInfo, DatanodeInfo> excludedNodes =
+        CacheBuilder.newBuilder()
+        .expireAfterWrite(
+            dfsClient.getConf().excludedNodesCacheExpiry,
+            TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS)
+        .removalListener(new RemovalListener<DatanodeInfo, DatanodeInfo>() {
+          @Override
+          public void onRemoval(
+              RemovalNotification<DatanodeInfo, DatanodeInfo> notification) {
+            DFSClient.LOG.info("Removing node " +
+                notification.getKey() + " from the excluded nodes list");
+          }
+        })
+        .build(new CacheLoader<DatanodeInfo, DatanodeInfo>() {
+          @Override
+          public DatanodeInfo load(DatanodeInfo key) throws Exception {
+            return key;
+          }
+        });
     volatile boolean hasError = false;
     volatile int errorIndex = -1;
     private BlockConstructionStage stage;  // block construction stage
@@ -999,8 +1023,10 @@ public class DFSOutputStream extends FSO
         success = false;
 
         long startTime = Time.now();
-        DatanodeInfo[] excluded = excludedNodes.toArray(
-            new DatanodeInfo[excludedNodes.size()]);
+        DatanodeInfo[] excluded =
+            excludedNodes.getAllPresent(excludedNodes.asMap().keySet())
+            .keySet()
+            .toArray(new DatanodeInfo[0]);
         block = oldBlock;
         lb = locateFollowingBlock(startTime,
             excluded.length > 0 ? excluded : null);
@@ -1019,7 +1045,7 @@ public class DFSOutputStream extends FSO
           dfsClient.namenode.abandonBlock(block, src, dfsClient.clientName);
           block = null;
           DFSClient.LOG.info("Excluding datanode " + nodes[errorIndex]);
-          excludedNodes.add(nodes[errorIndex]);
+          excludedNodes.put(nodes[errorIndex], nodes[errorIndex]);
         }
       } while (!success && --count >= 0);
 

Modified: hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/resources/hdfs-default.xml
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/resources/hdfs-default.xml?rev=1459475&r1=1459474&r2=1459475&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/resources/hdfs-default.xml
(original)
+++ hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/resources/hdfs-default.xml
Thu Mar 21 18:58:06 2013
@@ -595,6 +595,17 @@
 </property>
 
 <property>
+  <name>dfs.client.write.exclude.nodes.cache.expiry.interval.millis</name>
+  <value>600000</value>
+  <description>The maximum period to keep a DN in the excluded nodes list
+  at a client. After this period, in milliseconds, the previously excluded node(s) will
+  be removed automatically from the cache and will be considered good for block allocations
+  again. Useful to lower or raise in situations where you keep a file open for very long
+  periods (such as a Write-Ahead-Log (WAL) file) to make the writer tolerant to cluster maintenance
+  restarts. Defaults to 10 minutes.</description>
+</property>
+
+<property>
   <name>dfs.namenode.checkpoint.dir</name>
   <value>file://${hadoop.tmp.dir}/dfs/namesecondary</value>
   <description>Determines where on the local filesystem the DFS secondary

Modified: hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/TestDFSClientExcludedNodes.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/TestDFSClientExcludedNodes.java?rev=1459475&r1=1459474&r2=1459475&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/TestDFSClientExcludedNodes.java
(original)
+++ hadoop/common/trunk/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/TestDFSClientExcludedNodes.java
Thu Mar 21 18:58:06 2013
@@ -21,20 +21,27 @@ import static org.junit.Assert.fail;
 
 import java.io.IOException;
 import java.io.OutputStream;
+import java.util.List;
+
+import junit.framework.Assert;
 
 import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;
+import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FSDataOutputStream;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FileSystem;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.Path;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.MiniDFSCluster.DataNodeProperties;
+import org.apache.hadoop.util.ThreadUtil;
+
 import org.junit.Test;
 
 
 /**
- * These tests make sure that DFSClient retries fetching data from DFS
- * properly in case of errors.
+ * These tests make sure that DFSClient excludes writing data to
+ * a DN properly in case of errors.
  */
 public class TestDFSClientExcludedNodes {
 
-  @Test
+  @Test(timeout=10000)
   public void testExcludedNodes() throws IOException {
     Configuration conf = new HdfsConfiguration();
     MiniDFSCluster cluster = new MiniDFSCluster.Builder(conf).numDataNodes(3).build();
@@ -43,14 +50,89 @@ public class TestDFSClientExcludedNodes 
 
     // kill a datanode
     cluster.stopDataNode(AppendTestUtil.nextInt(3));
-    OutputStream out = fs.create(filePath, true, 4096);
+    OutputStream out = fs.create(
+        filePath,
+        true,
+        4096,
+        (short) 3,
+        fs.getDefaultBlockSize(filePath)
+    );
     out.write(20);
 
     try {
       out.close();
     } catch (Exception e) {
-      fail("DataNode failure should not result in a block abort: \n" + e.getMessage());
+      fail("Single DN failure should not result in a block abort: \n" +
+          e.getMessage());
+    }
+  }
+
+  @Test(timeout=10000)
+  public void testExcludedNodesForgiveness() throws IOException {
+    Configuration conf = new HdfsConfiguration();
+    // Forgive nodes in under 1s for this test case.
+    conf.setLong(
+        DFSConfigKeys.DFS_CLIENT_WRITE_EXCLUDE_NODES_CACHE_EXPIRY_INTERVAL,
+        1000);
+    // We'll be using a 512 bytes block size just for tests
+    // so making sure the checksum bytes too match it.
+    conf.setInt("io.bytes.per.checksum", 512);
+    MiniDFSCluster cluster = new MiniDFSCluster.Builder(conf).numDataNodes(3).build();
+    List<DataNodeProperties> props = cluster.dataNodes;
+    FileSystem fs = cluster.getFileSystem();
+    Path filePath = new Path("/testForgivingExcludedNodes");
+
+    // 256 bytes data chunk for writes
+    byte[] bytes = new byte[256];
+    for (int index=0; index<bytes.length; index++) {
+      bytes[index] = '0';
+    }
+
+    // File with a 512 bytes block size
+    FSDataOutputStream out = fs.create(filePath, true, 4096, (short) 3, 512);
+
+    // Write a block to all 3 DNs (2x256bytes).
+    out.write(bytes);
+    out.write(bytes);
+    out.hflush();
+
+    // Remove two DNs, to put them into the exclude list.
+    DataNodeProperties two = cluster.stopDataNode(2);
+    DataNodeProperties one = cluster.stopDataNode(1);
+
+    // Write another block.
+    // At this point, we have two nodes already in excluded list.
+    out.write(bytes);
+    out.write(bytes);
+    out.hflush();
+
+    // Bring back the older DNs, since they are gonna be forgiven only
+    // afterwards of this previous block write.
+    Assert.assertEquals(true, cluster.restartDataNode(one, true));
+    Assert.assertEquals(true, cluster.restartDataNode(two, true));
+    cluster.waitActive();
+
+    // Sleep for 2s, to let the excluded nodes be expired
+    // from the excludes list (i.e. forgiven after the configured wait period).
+    // [Sleeping just in case the restart of the DNs completed < 2s cause
+    // otherwise, we'll end up quickly excluding those again.]
+    ThreadUtil.sleepAtLeastIgnoreInterrupts(2000);
+
+    // Terminate the last good DN, to assert that there's no
+    // single-DN-available scenario, caused by not forgiving the other
+    // two by now.
+    cluster.stopDataNode(0);
+
+    try {
+      // Attempt writing another block, which should still pass
+      // cause the previous two should have been forgiven by now,
+      // while the last good DN added to excludes this time.
+      out.write(bytes);
+      out.hflush();
+      out.close();
+    } catch (Exception e) {
+      fail("Excluded DataNodes should be forgiven after a while and " +
+           "not cause file writing exception of: '" + e.getMessage() + "'");
     }
   }
-  
 }



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