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From sur...@apache.org
Subject svn commit: r1439682 - in /hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs: ./ src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/ src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/snapshot/ src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/se...
Date Mon, 28 Jan 2013 22:48:58 GMT
Author: suresh
Date: Mon Jan 28 22:48:58 2013
New Revision: 1439682

URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc?rev=1439682&view=rev
Log:
HDFS-4432. Support INodeFileUnderConstructionWithSnapshot in FSImage saving/loading. Contributed
by Jing Zhao.

Modified:
    hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/CHANGES.HDFS-2802.txt
    hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSImageFormat.java
    hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSImageSerialization.java
    hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/INode.java
    hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/INodeFile.java
    hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/snapshot/INodeDirectoryWithSnapshot.java
    hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/snapshot/INodeFileUnderConstructionSnapshot.java
    hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/snapshot/SnapshotFSImageFormat.java
    hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/TestFSImageWithSnapshot.java
    hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/snapshot/SnapshotTestHelper.java
    hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/snapshot/TestSnapshot.java

Modified: hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/CHANGES.HDFS-2802.txt
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/CHANGES.HDFS-2802.txt?rev=1439682&r1=1439681&r2=1439682&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/CHANGES.HDFS-2802.txt
(original)
+++ hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/CHANGES.HDFS-2802.txt
Mon Jan 28 22:48:58 2013
@@ -127,3 +127,6 @@ Branch-2802 Snapshot (Unreleased)
 
   HDFS-4441. Move INodeDirectoryWithSnapshot.Diff and the related classes to a
   package.  (szetszwo)
+
+  HDFS-4432. Support INodeFileUnderConstructionWithSnapshot in FSImage
+  saving/loading. (Jing Zhao via suresh)

Modified: hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSImageFormat.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSImageFormat.java?rev=1439682&r1=1439681&r2=1439682&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSImageFormat.java
(original)
+++ hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSImageFormat.java
Mon Jan 28 22:48:58 2013
@@ -51,6 +51,7 @@ import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.blo
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.blockmanagement.BlockManager;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.common.InconsistentFSStateException;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.INodeDirectory.INodesInPath;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.snapshot.FileWithSnapshot;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.snapshot.INodeDirectorySnapshottable;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.snapshot.INodeDirectoryWithSnapshot;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.snapshot.Snapshot;
@@ -111,8 +112,12 @@ import org.apache.hadoop.io.Text;
  *     [list of BlockInfo] (when {@link Feature#SNAPSHOT} is not supported or 
  *     containsBlock is true),
  *     {
- *       snapshotFileSize: long,
- *       isINodeFileWithLink: byte (if ComputedFileSize is negative),
+ *       snapshotFileSize: long (negative is the file is not a snapshot copy),
+ *       isINodeFileUnderConstructionSnapshot: byte (if snapshotFileSize 
+ *       is positive), 
+ *       {clientName: short + byte[], clientMachine: short + byte[]} (when 
+ *       isINodeFileUnderConstructionSnapshot is true),
+ *       isINodeFileWithSnapshot: byte (if snapshotFileSize is negative),
  *     } (when {@link Feature#SNAPSHOT} is supported), 
  *     fsPermission: short, PermissionStatus
  *   } for INodeFile
@@ -236,6 +241,8 @@ public class FSImageFormat {
               "imgVersion " + imgVersion +
               " expected to be " + getLayoutVersion());
         }
+        boolean supportSnapshot = LayoutVersion.supports(Feature.SNAPSHOT,
+            imgVersion);
 
         // read namespaceID: first appeared in version -2
         in.readInt();
@@ -254,7 +261,7 @@ public class FSImageFormat {
           imgTxId = 0;
         }
         
-        if (LayoutVersion.supports(Feature.SNAPSHOT, imgVersion)) {
+        if (supportSnapshot) {
           namesystem.getSnapshotManager().read(in);
         }
 
@@ -274,7 +281,7 @@ public class FSImageFormat {
         LOG.info("Number of files = " + numFiles);
         if (LayoutVersion.supports(Feature.FSIMAGE_NAME_OPTIMIZATION,
             imgVersion)) {
-          if (LayoutVersion.supports(Feature.SNAPSHOT, imgVersion)) {
+          if (supportSnapshot) {
             loadLocalNameINodesWithSnapshot(in);
           } else {
             loadLocalNameINodes(numFiles, in);
@@ -283,7 +290,7 @@ public class FSImageFormat {
           loadFullNameINodes(numFiles, in);
         }
 
-        loadFilesUnderConstruction(in);
+        loadFilesUnderConstruction(in, supportSnapshot);
 
         loadSecretManagerState(in);
 
@@ -558,8 +565,11 @@ public class FSImageFormat {
     int numBlocks = in.readInt();
     BlockInfo blocks[] = null;
 
+    String clientName = "";
+    String clientMachine = "";
+    boolean underConstruction = false;
     if (numBlocks >= 0) {
-      // to indicate INodeFileWithLink, blocks may be set as null while
+      // to indicate INodeFileWithSnapshot, blocks may be set as null while
       // numBlocks is set to 0
       blocks = LayoutVersion.supports(Feature.SNAPSHOT, imgVersion) ? (in
             .readBoolean() ? new BlockInfo[numBlocks] : null)
@@ -573,6 +583,12 @@ public class FSImageFormat {
         computeFileSize = in.readLong();
         if (computeFileSize < 0) {
           withLink = in.readBoolean();
+        } else {
+          underConstruction = in.readBoolean();
+          if (underConstruction) {
+            clientName = FSImageSerialization.readString(in);
+            clientMachine = FSImageSerialization.readString(in);
+          }
         }
       }
     }
@@ -603,13 +619,14 @@ public class FSImageFormat {
     
     PermissionStatus permissions = PermissionStatus.read(in);
 
-    return INode.newINode(inodeId, permissions, blocks, symlink, replication,
-        modificationTime, atime, nsQuota, dsQuota, blockSize, numBlocks,
-        withLink, computeFileSize, snapshottable, withSnapshot);
+      return INode.newINode(inodeId, permissions, blocks, symlink, replication,
+          modificationTime, atime, nsQuota, dsQuota, blockSize, numBlocks,
+          withLink, computeFileSize, snapshottable, withSnapshot,
+          underConstruction, clientName, clientMachine);
   }
 
-    private void loadFilesUnderConstruction(DataInputStream in)
-    throws IOException {
+    private void loadFilesUnderConstruction(DataInputStream in,
+        boolean supportSnapshot) throws IOException {
       FSDirectory fsDir = namesystem.dir;
       int size = in.readInt();
 
@@ -617,12 +634,17 @@ public class FSImageFormat {
 
       for (int i = 0; i < size; i++) {
         INodeFileUnderConstruction cons =
-          FSImageSerialization.readINodeUnderConstruction(in);
+          FSImageSerialization.readINodeUnderConstruction(in, supportSnapshot);
 
         // verify that file exists in namespace
         String path = cons.getLocalName();
         final INodesInPath iip = fsDir.getINodesInPath(path);
         INodeFile oldnode = INodeFile.valueOf(iip.getINode(0), path);
+        cons.setLocalName(oldnode.getLocalNameBytes());
+        if (oldnode instanceof FileWithSnapshot
+            && cons instanceof FileWithSnapshot) {
+          ((FileWithSnapshot) oldnode).insertBefore((FileWithSnapshot) cons);
+        }
         fsDir.unprotectedReplaceINodeFile(path, oldnode, cons,
             iip.getLatestSnapshot());
         namesystem.leaseManager.addLease(cons.getClientName(), path); 

Modified: hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSImageSerialization.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSImageSerialization.java?rev=1439682&r1=1439681&r2=1439682&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSImageSerialization.java
(original)
+++ hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSImageSerialization.java
Mon Jan 28 22:48:58 2013
@@ -33,10 +33,12 @@ import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.protocol.B
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.blockmanagement.BlockInfo;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.blockmanagement.BlockInfoUnderConstruction;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.common.HdfsServerConstants.BlockUCState;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.snapshot.FileWithSnapshot;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.snapshot.INodeDirectorySnapshottable;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.snapshot.INodeDirectoryWithSnapshot;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.snapshot.INodeFileSnapshot;
-import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.snapshot.INodeFileWithSnapshot;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.snapshot.INodeFileUnderConstructionSnapshot;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.snapshot.INodeFileUnderConstructionWithSnapshot;
 import org.apache.hadoop.io.LongWritable;
 import org.apache.hadoop.io.ShortWritable;
 import org.apache.hadoop.io.Text;
@@ -84,7 +86,8 @@ public class FSImageSerialization {
   // from the input stream
   //
   static INodeFileUnderConstruction readINodeUnderConstruction(
-                            DataInputStream in) throws IOException {
+      DataInputStream in, boolean supportSnapshot) throws IOException {
+    boolean withSnapshot = false;
     byte[] name = readBytes(in);
     short blockReplication = in.readShort();
     long modificationTime = in.readLong();
@@ -103,6 +106,9 @@ public class FSImageSerialization {
       blocks[i] = new BlockInfoUnderConstruction(
         blk, blockReplication, BlockUCState.UNDER_CONSTRUCTION, null);
     }
+    if (supportSnapshot) {
+      withSnapshot = in.readBoolean();
+    }
     PermissionStatus perm = PermissionStatus.read(in);
     String clientName = readString(in);
     String clientMachine = readString(in);
@@ -113,16 +119,11 @@ public class FSImageSerialization {
     assert numLocs == 0 : "Unexpected block locations";
 
     //TODO: get inodeId from fsimage after inodeId is persisted
-    return new INodeFileUnderConstruction(INodeId.GRANDFATHER_INODE_ID,
-                                          name,
-                                          blockReplication, 
-                                          modificationTime,
-                                          preferredBlockSize,
-                                          blocks,
-                                          perm,
-                                          clientName,
-                                          clientMachine,
-                                          null);
+    INodeFileUnderConstruction node = new INodeFileUnderConstruction(
+        INodeId.GRANDFATHER_INODE_ID, name, blockReplication, modificationTime,
+        preferredBlockSize, blocks, perm, clientName, clientMachine, null);
+    return withSnapshot ? new INodeFileUnderConstructionWithSnapshot(node)
+        : node;
   }
 
   // Helper function that writes an INodeUnderConstruction
@@ -141,6 +142,7 @@ public class FSImageSerialization {
     for (int i = 0; i < nrBlocks; i++) {
       cons.getBlocks()[i].write(out);
     }
+    out.writeBoolean(cons instanceof INodeFileUnderConstructionWithSnapshot);
     cons.getPermissionStatus().write(out);
     writeString(cons.getClientName(), out);
     writeString(cons.getClientMachine(), out);
@@ -204,10 +206,10 @@ public class FSImageSerialization {
   /**
    * Serialize a {@link INodeFile} node
    * @param node The node to write
-   * @param out The {@link DataOutput} where the fields are written
+   * @param out The {@link DataOutputStream} where the fields are written
    * @param writeBlock Whether to write block information
    */
-  public static void writeINodeFile(INodeFile node, DataOutput out,
+  public static void writeINodeFile(INodeFile node, DataOutputStream out,
       boolean writeBlock) throws IOException {
     byte[] name = node.getLocalNameBytes();
     out.writeShort(name.length);
@@ -227,11 +229,19 @@ public class FSImageSerialization {
       out.writeInt(0); // # of blocks
       out.writeBoolean(false);
     }
-    if (node instanceof INodeFileSnapshot) {
-      out.writeLong(((INodeFileSnapshot) node).computeFileSize(true));
+    if (node instanceof INodeFileSnapshot
+        || node instanceof INodeFileUnderConstructionSnapshot) {
+      out.writeLong(node.computeFileSize(true));
+      if (node instanceof INodeFileUnderConstructionSnapshot) {
+        out.writeBoolean(true);
+        writeString(((INodeFileUnderConstruction) node).getClientName(), out);
+        writeString(((INodeFileUnderConstruction) node).getClientMachine(), out);
+      } else {
+        out.writeBoolean(false);
+      }
     } else {
       out.writeLong(-1);
-      out.writeBoolean(node instanceof INodeFileWithSnapshot);
+      out.writeBoolean(node instanceof FileWithSnapshot);
     }
     FsPermission filePerm = TL_DATA.get().FILE_PERM;
     filePerm.fromShort(fileINode.getFsPermissionShort());
@@ -243,7 +253,7 @@ public class FSImageSerialization {
   /**
    * Save one inode's attributes to the image.
    */
-  static void saveINode2Image(INode node, DataOutput out)
+  static void saveINode2Image(INode node, DataOutputStream out)
       throws IOException {
     if (node.isDirectory()) {
       writeINodeDirectory((INodeDirectory) node, out);

Modified: hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/INode.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/INode.java?rev=1439682&r1=1439681&r2=1439682&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/INode.java
(original)
+++ hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/INode.java
Mon Jan 28 22:48:58 2013
@@ -38,6 +38,7 @@ import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.blo
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.snapshot.INodeDirectorySnapshottable;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.snapshot.INodeDirectoryWithSnapshot;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.snapshot.INodeFileSnapshot;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.snapshot.INodeFileUnderConstructionSnapshot;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.snapshot.INodeFileWithSnapshot;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.snapshot.Snapshot;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.snapshot.diff.Diff;
@@ -623,14 +624,20 @@ public abstract class INode implements D
    * @param computeFileSize non-negative computeFileSize means the node is 
    *                        INodeFileSnapshot
    * @param snapshottable whether the node is {@link INodeDirectorySnapshottable}
-   * @param withSnapshot whether the node is {@link INodeDirectoryWithSnapshot}         
             
+   * @param withSnapshot whether the node is {@link INodeDirectoryWithSnapshot}
+   * @param underConstruction whether the node is 
+   *                          {@link INodeFileUnderConstructionSnapshot}
+   * @param clientName clientName of {@link INodeFileUnderConstructionSnapshot}
+   * @param clientMachine clientMachine of 
+   *                      {@link INodeFileUnderConstructionSnapshot}
    * @return an inode
    */
   static INode newINode(long id, PermissionStatus permissions,
       BlockInfo[] blocks, String symlink, short replication,
       long modificationTime, long atime, long nsQuota, long dsQuota,
       long preferredBlockSize, int numBlocks, boolean withLink,
-      long computeFileSize, boolean snapshottable, boolean withSnapshot) {
+      long computeFileSize, boolean snapshottable, boolean withSnapshot, 
+      boolean underConstruction, String clientName, String clientMachine) {
     if (symlink.length() != 0) { // check if symbolic link
       return new INodeSymlink(id, symlink, modificationTime, atime, permissions);
     }  else if (blocks == null && numBlocks < 0) { 
@@ -650,9 +657,13 @@ public abstract class INode implements D
     // file
     INodeFile fileNode = new INodeFile(id, permissions, blocks, replication,
         modificationTime, atime, preferredBlockSize);
-    return computeFileSize >= 0 ? new INodeFileSnapshot(fileNode,
-        computeFileSize) : (withLink ? new INodeFileWithSnapshot(fileNode)
-        : fileNode);
+    if (computeFileSize >= 0) {
+      return underConstruction ? new INodeFileUnderConstructionSnapshot(
+          fileNode, computeFileSize, clientName, clientMachine)
+          : new INodeFileSnapshot(fileNode, computeFileSize); 
+    } else {
+      return withLink ? new INodeFileWithSnapshot(fileNode) : fileNode;
+    }
   }
 
   /**

Modified: hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/INodeFile.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/INodeFile.java?rev=1439682&r1=1439681&r2=1439682&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/INodeFile.java
(original)
+++ hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/INodeFile.java
Mon Jan 28 22:48:58 2013
@@ -20,7 +20,6 @@ package org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.na
 import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
 import java.io.IOException;
 import java.io.PrintWriter;
-import java.util.Arrays;
 
 import org.apache.hadoop.classification.InterfaceAudience;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.permission.FsAction;
@@ -54,6 +53,14 @@ public class INodeFile extends INode imp
 
   static final FsPermission UMASK = FsPermission.createImmutable((short)0111);
 
+  /**
+   * Check the first block to see if two INodes are about the same file
+   */
+  public static boolean isOfSameFile(INodeFile file1, INodeFile file2) {
+    BlockInfo[] blk1 = file1.getBlocks();
+    BlockInfo[] blk2 = file2.getBlocks();
+    return blk1 != null && blk2 != null && blk1[0] == blk2[0];
+  }
 
   /** Format: [16 bits for replication][48 bits for PreferredBlockSize] */
   private static class HeaderFormat {
@@ -332,7 +339,8 @@ public class INodeFile extends INode imp
       final Snapshot snapshot) {
     super.dumpTreeRecursively(out, prefix, snapshot);
     out.print(", fileSize=" + computeFileSize(true));
-    out.print(", blocks=" + (blocks == null? null: Arrays.asList(blocks)));
+    // only compare the first block
+    out.print(", blocks=" + (blocks == null? null: blocks[0]));
     if (this instanceof FileWithSnapshot) {
       final FileWithSnapshot withSnapshot = (FileWithSnapshot) this;
       final FileWithSnapshot next = withSnapshot.getNext();

Modified: hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/snapshot/INodeDirectoryWithSnapshot.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/snapshot/INodeDirectoryWithSnapshot.java?rev=1439682&r1=1439681&r2=1439682&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/snapshot/INodeDirectoryWithSnapshot.java
(original)
+++ hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/snapshot/INodeDirectoryWithSnapshot.java
Mon Jan 28 22:48:58 2013
@@ -17,7 +17,7 @@
  */
 package org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.snapshot;
 
-import java.io.DataOutput;
+import java.io.DataOutputStream;
 import java.io.IOException;
 import java.util.ArrayList;
 import java.util.Collections;
@@ -57,7 +57,7 @@ public class INodeDirectoryWithSnapshot 
     }
 
     /** Serialize {@link #created} */
-    private void writeCreated(DataOutput out) throws IOException {
+    private void writeCreated(DataOutputStream out) throws IOException {
         final List<INode> created = getCreatedList();
         out.writeInt(created.size());
         for (INode node : created) {
@@ -69,7 +69,7 @@ public class INodeDirectoryWithSnapshot 
     }
     
     /** Serialize {@link #deleted} */
-    private void writeDeleted(DataOutput out) throws IOException {
+    private void writeDeleted(DataOutputStream out) throws IOException {
         final List<INode> deleted = getDeletedList();
         out.writeInt(deleted.size());
         for (INode node : deleted) {
@@ -90,7 +90,7 @@ public class INodeDirectoryWithSnapshot 
               // SnapshotDiff, we may put two inodes sharing the same name but
               // with totally different blocks in the created and deleted list of
               // the same SnapshotDiff.
-              if (cNode.getBlocks() == dNode.getBlocks()) {
+              if (INodeFile.isOfSameFile(cNode, dNode)) {
                 FSImageSerialization.writeINodeFile(dNode, out, false);
               } else {
                 FSImageSerialization.writeINodeFile(dNode, out, true);
@@ -101,7 +101,7 @@ public class INodeDirectoryWithSnapshot 
     }
     
     /** Serialize to out */
-    private void write(DataOutput out) throws IOException {
+    private void write(DataOutputStream out) throws IOException {
       writeCreated(out);
       writeDeleted(out);    
     }
@@ -283,7 +283,7 @@ public class INodeDirectoryWithSnapshot 
     }
     
     /** Serialize fields to out */
-    void write(DataOutput out) throws IOException {
+    void write(DataOutputStream out) throws IOException {
       out.writeInt(childrenSize);
       // No need to write all fields of Snapshot here, since the snapshot must
       // have been recorded before when writing the FSImage. We only need to

Modified: hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/snapshot/INodeFileUnderConstructionSnapshot.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/snapshot/INodeFileUnderConstructionSnapshot.java?rev=1439682&r1=1439681&r2=1439682&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/snapshot/INodeFileUnderConstructionSnapshot.java
(original)
+++ hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/snapshot/INodeFileUnderConstructionSnapshot.java
Mon Jan 28 22:48:58 2013
@@ -18,6 +18,8 @@
 package org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.snapshot;
 
 import org.apache.hadoop.classification.InterfaceAudience;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSImage;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.INodeFile;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.INodeFileUnderConstruction;
 
 /**
@@ -34,6 +36,17 @@ public class INodeFileUnderConstructionS
     this.size = f.computeFileSize(true);
     f.insertAfter(this);
   }
+  
+  /**
+   * A constructor generating an {@link INodeFileUnderConstructionSnapshot}
+   * based on an {@link INodeFile}, the file size at the snapshot time, client
+   * name, and client machine. Used while loading {@link FSImage}
+   */
+  public INodeFileUnderConstructionSnapshot(INodeFile f, long size,
+      String clientName, String clientMachine) {
+    super(f, clientName, clientMachine, null);
+    this.size = size;
+  }
 
   @Override
   public long computeFileSize(boolean includesBlockInfoUnderConstruction) {

Modified: hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/snapshot/SnapshotFSImageFormat.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/snapshot/SnapshotFSImageFormat.java?rev=1439682&r1=1439681&r2=1439682&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/snapshot/SnapshotFSImageFormat.java
(original)
+++ hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/snapshot/SnapshotFSImageFormat.java
Mon Jan 28 22:48:58 2013
@@ -133,8 +133,7 @@ public class SnapshotFSImageFormat {
       // 
       // For case 1), c and d should be both INodeFile and should share
       // the same blockInfo list.
-      if (c.isFile()
-          && ((INodeFile) c).getBlocks() == ((INodeFile) d).getBlocks()) {
+      if (c.isFile() && INodeFile.isOfSameFile((INodeFile) c, (INodeFile) d)) {
         return c;
       } else {
         return d;
@@ -200,11 +199,12 @@ public class SnapshotFSImageFormat {
                   + DFSUtil.bytes2String(deletedNodeName)
                   + " in deleted list while loading FSImage.");
         }
-        // deleted must be an INodeFileSnapshot
-        INodeFileSnapshot deletedWithLink = (INodeFileSnapshot) deleted;
+        // deleted must be an FileWithSnapshot (INodeFileSnapshot or 
+        // INodeFileUnderConstructionSnapshot)
+        FileWithSnapshot deletedWithLink = (FileWithSnapshot) deleted;
         INodeFile cNode = (INodeFile) createdList.get(c);
         INodeFileWithSnapshot cNodeWithLink = (INodeFileWithSnapshot) cNode;
-        deletedWithLink.setBlocks(cNode.getBlocks());
+        ((INodeFile) deleted).setBlocks(cNode.getBlocks());
         // insert deleted into the circular list
         cNodeWithLink.insertBefore(deletedWithLink);
       }

Modified: hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/TestFSImageWithSnapshot.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/TestFSImageWithSnapshot.java?rev=1439682&r1=1439681&r2=1439682&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/TestFSImageWithSnapshot.java
(original)
+++ hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/TestFSImageWithSnapshot.java
Mon Jan 28 22:48:58 2013
@@ -17,16 +17,22 @@
  */
 package org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode;
 
-import static org.junit.Assert.assertEquals;
-
 import java.io.File;
+import java.io.FileWriter;
+import java.io.IOException;
+import java.io.PrintWriter;
+import java.util.EnumSet;
+import java.util.Random;
 
 import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.Path;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.DFSTestUtil;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.DistributedFileSystem;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.MiniDFSCluster;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.client.HdfsDataOutputStream;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.client.HdfsDataOutputStream.SyncFlag;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.NNStorage.NameNodeFile;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.snapshot.SnapshotTestHelper;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.util.Canceler;
 import org.junit.After;
 import org.junit.Before;
@@ -38,9 +44,10 @@ import org.junit.Test;
 public class TestFSImageWithSnapshot {
   static final long seed = 0;
   static final short REPLICATION = 3;
-  static final long BLOCKSIZE = 1024;
+  static final int BLOCKSIZE = 1024;
   static final long txid = 1;
 
+  private final Path rootDir = new Path("/");
   private final Path dir = new Path("/TestSnapshot");
   private static String testDir =
       System.getProperty("test.build.data", "build/test/data");
@@ -68,6 +75,81 @@ public class TestFSImageWithSnapshot {
   }
   
   /**
+   * Create a temp fsimage file for testing.
+   * @param dir The directory where the fsimage file resides
+   * @param imageTxId The transaction id of the fsimage
+   * @return The file of the image file
+   */
+  private File getImageFile(String dir, long imageTxId) {
+    return new File(dir, String.format("%s_%019d", NameNodeFile.IMAGE,
+        imageTxId));
+  }
+  
+  /** 
+   * Create a temp file for dumping the fsdir
+   * @param dir directory for the temp file
+   * @param suffix suffix of of the temp file
+   * @return the temp file
+   */
+  private File getDumpTreeFile(String dir, String suffix) {
+    return new File(dir, String.format("dumpTree_%s", suffix));
+  }
+  
+  /** 
+   * Dump the fsdir tree to a temp file
+   * @param fileSuffix suffix of the temp file for dumping
+   * @return the temp file
+   */
+  private File dumpTree2File(String fileSuffix) throws IOException {
+    File file = getDumpTreeFile(testDir, fileSuffix);
+    PrintWriter out = new PrintWriter(new FileWriter(file, false), true);
+    fsn.getFSDirectory().getINode(rootDir.toString())
+        .dumpTreeRecursively(out, new StringBuilder(), null);
+    out.close();
+    return file;
+  }
+  
+  /** Append a file without closing the output stream */
+  private HdfsDataOutputStream appendFileWithoutClosing(Path file, int length)
+      throws IOException {
+    byte[] toAppend = new byte[length];
+    Random random = new Random();
+    random.nextBytes(toAppend);
+    HdfsDataOutputStream out = (HdfsDataOutputStream) hdfs.append(file);
+    out.write(toAppend);
+    return out;
+  }
+  
+  /** Save the fsimage to a temp file */
+  private File saveFSImageToTempFile() throws IOException {
+    SaveNamespaceContext context = new SaveNamespaceContext(fsn, txid,
+        new Canceler());
+    FSImageFormat.Saver saver = new FSImageFormat.Saver(context);
+    FSImageCompression compression = FSImageCompression.createCompression(conf);
+    File imageFile = getImageFile(testDir, txid);
+    fsn.readLock();
+    try {
+      saver.save(imageFile, compression);
+    } finally {
+      fsn.readUnlock();
+    }
+    return imageFile;
+  }
+  
+  /** Load the fsimage from a temp file */
+  private void loadFSImageFromTempFile(File imageFile) throws IOException {
+    FSImageFormat.Loader loader = new FSImageFormat.Loader(conf, fsn);
+    fsn.writeLock();
+    fsn.getFSDirectory().writeLock();
+    try {
+      loader.load(imageFile);
+    } finally {
+      fsn.getFSDirectory().writeUnlock();
+      fsn.writeUnlock();
+    }
+  }
+  
+  /**
    * Testing steps:
    * <pre>
    * 1. Creating/modifying directories/files while snapshots are being taken.
@@ -106,21 +188,10 @@ public class TestFSImageWithSnapshot {
     hdfs.delete(sub2file2, true);
     
     // dump the fsdir tree
-    StringBuffer fsnStrBefore = fsn.getFSDirectory().rootDir
-        .dumpTreeRecursively();
+    File fsnBefore = dumpTree2File("before");
     
     // save the namesystem to a temp file
-    SaveNamespaceContext context = new SaveNamespaceContext(fsn, txid,
-        new Canceler());
-    FSImageFormat.Saver saver = new FSImageFormat.Saver(context);
-    FSImageCompression compression = FSImageCompression.createCompression(conf);
-    File dstFile = getStorageFile(testDir, txid);
-    fsn.readLock();
-    try {
-      saver.save(dstFile, compression);
-    } finally {
-      fsn.readUnlock();
-    }
+    File imageFile = saveFSImageToTempFile();
 
     // restart the cluster, and format the cluster
     cluster.shutdown();
@@ -131,32 +202,68 @@ public class TestFSImageWithSnapshot {
     hdfs = cluster.getFileSystem();
     
     // load the namesystem from the temp file
-    FSImageFormat.Loader loader = new FSImageFormat.Loader(conf, fsn);
-    fsn.writeLock();
-    try {
-      loader.load(dstFile);
-    } finally {
-      fsn.writeUnlock();
-    }
+    loadFSImageFromTempFile(imageFile);
     
     // dump the fsdir tree again
-    StringBuffer fsnStrAfter = fsn.getFSDirectory().rootDir
-        .dumpTreeRecursively();
+    File fsnAfter = dumpTree2File("after");
     
     // compare two dumped tree
-    System.out.println(fsnStrBefore.toString());
-    System.out.println("\n" + fsnStrAfter.toString());
-    assertEquals(fsnStrBefore.toString(), fsnStrAfter.toString());
+    SnapshotTestHelper.compareDumpedTreeInFile(fsnBefore, fsnAfter);
   }
   
   /**
-   * Create a temp fsimage file for testing.
-   * @param dir The directory where the fsimage file resides
-   * @param imageTxId The transaction id of the fsimage
-   * @return The file of the image file
+   * Test the fsimage saving/loading while file appending.
    */
-  private File getStorageFile(String dir, long imageTxId) {
-    return new File(dir, String.format("%s_%019d", NameNodeFile.IMAGE,
-        imageTxId));
+  @Test
+  public void testSaveLoadImageWithAppending() throws Exception {
+    Path sub1 = new Path(dir, "sub1");
+    Path sub1file1 = new Path(sub1, "sub1file1");
+    Path sub1file2 = new Path(sub1, "sub1file2");
+    DFSTestUtil.createFile(hdfs, sub1file1, BLOCKSIZE, REPLICATION, seed);
+    DFSTestUtil.createFile(hdfs, sub1file2, BLOCKSIZE, REPLICATION, seed);
+    
+    // 1. create snapshot s0
+    hdfs.allowSnapshot(dir.toString());
+    hdfs.createSnapshot(dir, "s0");
+    
+    // 2. create snapshot s1 before appending sub1file1 finishes
+    HdfsDataOutputStream out = appendFileWithoutClosing(sub1file1, BLOCKSIZE);
+    out.hsync(EnumSet.of(SyncFlag.UPDATE_LENGTH));
+    // also append sub1file2
+    DFSTestUtil.appendFile(hdfs, sub1file2, BLOCKSIZE);
+    hdfs.createSnapshot(dir, "s1");
+    out.close();
+    
+    // 3. create snapshot s2 before appending finishes
+    out = appendFileWithoutClosing(sub1file1, BLOCKSIZE);
+    out.hsync(EnumSet.of(SyncFlag.UPDATE_LENGTH));
+    hdfs.createSnapshot(dir, "s2");
+    out.close();
+    
+    // 4. save fsimage before appending finishes
+    out = appendFileWithoutClosing(sub1file1, BLOCKSIZE);
+    out.hsync(EnumSet.of(SyncFlag.UPDATE_LENGTH));
+    // dump fsdir
+    File fsnBefore = dumpTree2File("before");
+    // save the namesystem to a temp file
+    File imageFile = saveFSImageToTempFile();
+    
+    // 5. load fsimage and compare
+    // first restart the cluster, and format the cluster
+    out.close();
+    cluster.shutdown();
+    cluster = new MiniDFSCluster.Builder(conf).format(true)
+        .numDataNodes(REPLICATION).build();
+    cluster.waitActive();
+    fsn = cluster.getNamesystem();
+    hdfs = cluster.getFileSystem();
+    // then load the fsimage
+    loadFSImageFromTempFile(imageFile);
+    
+    // dump the fsdir tree again
+    File fsnAfter = dumpTree2File("after");
+    
+    // compare two dumped tree
+    SnapshotTestHelper.compareDumpedTreeInFile(fsnBefore, fsnAfter);
   }
 }
\ No newline at end of file

Modified: hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/snapshot/SnapshotTestHelper.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/snapshot/SnapshotTestHelper.java?rev=1439682&r1=1439681&r2=1439682&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/snapshot/SnapshotTestHelper.java
(original)
+++ hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/snapshot/SnapshotTestHelper.java
Mon Jan 28 22:48:58 2013
@@ -20,6 +20,10 @@ package org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.na
 import static org.junit.Assert.assertEquals;
 import static org.junit.Assert.assertTrue;
 
+import java.io.BufferedReader;
+import java.io.File;
+import java.io.FileReader;
+import java.io.IOException;
 import java.io.PrintWriter;
 import java.util.ArrayList;
 import java.util.HashMap;
@@ -35,7 +39,12 @@ import org.apache.hadoop.fs.Path;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.DFSTestUtil;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.DistributedFileSystem;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.protocol.HdfsConstants;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.blockmanagement.BlockInfo;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.blockmanagement.BlockInfoUnderConstruction;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.INode;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.INodeDirectory;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.INodeFile;
+import org.junit.Assert;
 
 /**
  * Helper for writing snapshot related tests
@@ -90,6 +99,80 @@ public class SnapshotTestHelper {
     FileStatus[] snapshotFiles = hdfs.listStatus(snapshotRoot);
     assertEquals(currentFiles.length, snapshotFiles.length);
   }
+  
+  /**
+   * Compare two dumped trees that are stored in two files. The following is an
+   * example of the dumped tree:
+   * 
+   * <pre>
+   * information of root
+   * +- the first child of root (e.g., /foo)
+   *   +- the first child of /foo
+   *   ...
+   *   \- the last child of /foo (e.g., /foo/bar)
+   *     +- the first child of /foo/bar
+   *     ...
+   *   snapshots of /foo
+   *   +- snapshot s_1
+   *   ...
+   *   \- snapshot s_n
+   * +- second child of root
+   *   ...
+   * \- last child of root
+   * 
+   * The following information is dumped for each inode:
+   * localName (className@hashCode) parent permission group user
+   * 
+   * Specific information for different types of INode: 
+   * {@link INodeDirectory}:childrenSize 
+   * {@link INodeFile}: fileSize, block list. Check {@link BlockInfo#toString()} 
+   * and {@link BlockInfoUnderConstruction#toString()} for detailed information.
+   * {@link FileWithSnapshot}: next link
+   * </pre>
+   * @see INode#dumpTreeRecursively()
+   */
+  public static void compareDumpedTreeInFile(File file1, File file2)
+      throws IOException {
+    BufferedReader reader1 = new BufferedReader(new FileReader(file1));
+    BufferedReader reader2 = new BufferedReader(new FileReader(file2));
+    try {
+      String line1 = "";
+      String line2 = "";
+      while ((line1 = reader1.readLine()) != null
+          && (line2 = reader2.readLine()) != null) {
+        // skip the hashCode part of the object string during the comparison,
+        // also ignore the difference between INodeFile/INodeFileWithSnapshot
+        line1 = line1.replaceAll("INodeFileWithSnapshot", "INodeFile");
+        line2 = line2.replaceAll("INodeFileWithSnapshot", "INodeFile");
+        line1 = line1.replaceAll("@[\\dabcdef]+", "");
+        line2 = line2.replaceAll("@[\\dabcdef]+", "");
+        
+        // skip the replica field of the last block of an
+        // INodeFileUnderConstruction
+        line1 = line1.replaceAll("replicas=\\[.*\\]", "replicas=[]");
+        line2 = line2.replaceAll("replicas=\\[.*\\]", "replicas=[]");
+        
+        // skip the specific fields of BlockInfoUnderConstruction when the node
+        // is an INodeFileSnapshot or an INodeFileUnderConstructionSnapshot
+        if (line1.contains("(INodeFileSnapshot)")
+            || line1.contains("(INodeFileUnderConstructionSnapshot)")) {
+          line1 = line1.replaceAll(
+           "\\{blockUCState=\\w+, primaryNodeIndex=[-\\d]+, replicas=\\[\\]\\}",
+           "");
+          line2 = line2.replaceAll(
+           "\\{blockUCState=\\w+, primaryNodeIndex=[-\\d]+, replicas=\\[\\]\\}",
+           "");
+        }
+        
+        assertEquals(line1, line2);
+      }
+      Assert.assertNull(reader1.readLine());
+      Assert.assertNull(reader2.readLine());
+    } finally {
+      reader1.close();
+      reader2.close();
+    }
+  }
 
   /**
    * Generate the path for a snapshot file.

Modified: hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/snapshot/TestSnapshot.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/snapshot/TestSnapshot.java?rev=1439682&r1=1439681&r2=1439682&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/snapshot/TestSnapshot.java
(original)
+++ hadoop/common/branches/HDFS-2802/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/snapshot/TestSnapshot.java
Mon Jan 28 22:48:58 2013
@@ -20,11 +20,8 @@ package org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.na
 import static org.junit.Assert.assertEquals;
 import static org.junit.Assert.assertTrue;
 
-import java.io.BufferedReader;
 import java.io.File;
-import java.io.FileReader;
 import java.io.FileWriter;
-import java.io.IOException;
 import java.io.PrintWriter;
 import java.util.ArrayList;
 import java.util.Arrays;
@@ -33,12 +30,12 @@ import java.util.Random;
 
 import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FSDataInputStream;
-import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FSDataOutputStream;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FileStatus;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FileSystem;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.Path;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.permission.FsAction;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.permission.FsPermission;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.DFSConfigKeys;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.DFSTestUtil;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.DistributedFileSystem;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.MiniDFSCluster;
@@ -48,7 +45,6 @@ import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.nam
 import org.apache.hadoop.ipc.RemoteException;
 import org.apache.hadoop.util.Time;
 import org.junit.After;
-import org.junit.Assert;
 import org.junit.Before;
 import org.junit.Rule;
 import org.junit.Test;
@@ -94,6 +90,7 @@ public class TestSnapshot {
   @Before
   public void setUp() throws Exception {
     conf = new Configuration();
+    conf.setLong(DFSConfigKeys.DFS_BLOCK_SIZE_KEY, BLOCKSIZE);
     cluster = new MiniDFSCluster.Builder(conf).numDataNodes(REPLICATION)
         .build();
     cluster.waitActive();
@@ -201,33 +198,8 @@ public class TestSnapshot {
         .dumpTreeRecursively(out, new StringBuilder(), null);
     out.close();
     
-    compareFile(fsnBefore, fsnMiddle);
-    compareFile(fsnBefore, fsnAfter);
-  }
-  
-  /** compare two file's content */
-  private void compareFile(File file1, File file2) throws IOException {
-    BufferedReader reader1 = new BufferedReader(new FileReader(file1));
-    BufferedReader reader2 = new BufferedReader(new FileReader(file2));
-    try {
-      String line1 = "";
-      String line2 = "";
-      while ((line1 = reader1.readLine()) != null
-          && (line2 = reader2.readLine()) != null) {
-        // skip the hashCode part of the object string during the comparison,
-        // also ignore the difference between INodeFile/INodeFileWithSnapshot
-        line1 = line1.replaceAll("INodeFileWithSnapshot", "INodeFile");
-        line2 = line2.replaceAll("INodeFileWithSnapshot", "INodeFile");
-        line1 = line1.replaceAll("@[\\dabcdef]+", "");
-        line2 = line2.replaceAll("@[\\dabcdef]+", "");
-        assertEquals(line1, line2);
-      }
-      Assert.assertNull(reader1.readLine());
-      Assert.assertNull(reader2.readLine());
-    } finally {
-      reader1.close();
-      reader2.close();
-    }
+    SnapshotTestHelper.compareDumpedTreeInFile(fsnBefore, fsnMiddle);
+    SnapshotTestHelper.compareDumpedTreeInFile(fsnBefore, fsnAfter);
   }
   
   /**
@@ -334,7 +306,7 @@ public class TestSnapshot {
       // If the node does not have files in it, create files
       if (node.fileList == null) {
         node.initFileList(hdfs, node.nodePath.getName(), BLOCKSIZE,
-            REPLICATION, seed, 5);
+            REPLICATION, seed, 6);
       }
       
       //
@@ -361,20 +333,18 @@ public class TestSnapshot {
           node.fileList.get((node.nullFileIndex + 1) % node.fileList.size()),
           hdfs);
 
-      // TODO: temporarily disable file append testing before supporting
-      // INodeFileUnderConstructionWithSnapshot in FSImage saving/loading
-//      Modification append = new FileAppend(
-//          node.fileList.get((node.nullFileIndex + 2) % node.fileList.size()),
-//          hdfs, (int) BLOCKSIZE);
-      Modification chmod = new FileChangePermission(
+      Modification append = new FileAppend(
           node.fileList.get((node.nullFileIndex + 2) % node.fileList.size()),
+          hdfs, (int) BLOCKSIZE);
+      Modification chmod = new FileChangePermission(
+          node.fileList.get((node.nullFileIndex + 3) % node.fileList.size()),
           hdfs, genRandomPermission());
       String[] userGroup = genRandomOwner();
       Modification chown = new FileChown(
-          node.fileList.get((node.nullFileIndex + 3) % node.fileList.size()),
+          node.fileList.get((node.nullFileIndex + 4) % node.fileList.size()),
           hdfs, userGroup[0], userGroup[1]);
       Modification replication = new FileChangeReplication(
-          node.fileList.get((node.nullFileIndex + 4) % node.fileList.size()),
+          node.fileList.get((node.nullFileIndex + 5) % node.fileList.size()),
           hdfs, (short) (random.nextInt(REPLICATION) + 1));
       node.nullFileIndex = (node.nullFileIndex + 1) % node.fileList.size();
       Modification dirChange = new DirCreationOrDeletion(node.nodePath, hdfs,
@@ -382,8 +352,7 @@ public class TestSnapshot {
       
       mList.add(create);
       mList.add(delete);
-      //TODO
-      //mList.add(append);
+      mList.add(append);
       mList.add(chmod);
       mList.add(chown);
       mList.add(replication);
@@ -580,11 +549,7 @@ public class TestSnapshot {
     @Override
     void modify() throws Exception {
       assertTrue(fs.exists(file));
-      FSDataOutputStream out = fs.append(file);
-      byte[] buffer = new byte[appendLen];
-      random.nextBytes(buffer);
-      out.write(buffer);
-      out.close();
+      DFSTestUtil.appendFile(fs, file, appendLen);
     }
 
     @Override



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