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From Per Steffensen <st...@designware.dk>
Subject HBase/HDFS very high iowait
Date Wed, 22 Feb 2012 09:43:26 GMT
Hi

We have a system a.o. with a HBase cluster and a HDFS cluster (primarily 
for HBase persistence). Depending on the environment we have between 3 
and 8 machine running a HBase RegionServer and a HDFS DataNode. OS is 
Ubuntu 10.04. On those machine we see very high iowait and very little 
"real usage" of the CPU, and unexpected low throughput (HBase creates, 
updates, reads and short scans). We do not get more throughput by 
putting more parallel load from the HBase clients on the HBase servers, 
so it is a "real" iowait problem. Any idea what might be wrong, and what 
we can do to improve throughput and lower iowait.

Regards, Per Steffensen
A few dumps
--- jps ---
19498 DataNode
19690 HRegionServer
19327 SecondaryNameNode

---- typical top -------
top - 11:13:21 up 14 days, 18:20, 1 user, load average: 4.83, 4.50, 4.25
Tasks: 99 total, 1 running, 98 sleeping, 0 stopped, 0 zombie
Cpu(s): 14.1%us, 4.3%sy, 0.0%ni, 5.4%id, 74.8%wa, 0.0%hi, 1.3%si, 0.0%st
Mem: 7133800k total, 7099632k used, 34168k free, 55540k buffers
Swap: 487416k total, 248k used, 487168k free, 2076804k cached
PID USER PR NI VIRT RES SHR S %CPU %MEM TIME+
COMMAND
19690 hbase 20 0 4629m 4.2g 9244 S 51 61.7 194:08.84 java
19498 hdfs 20 0 1030m 116m 9076 S 16 1.7 75:29.26 java

---- iostat -kd 1 ----
root@edrxen1-2:~# iostat -kd 1
Linux 2.6.32-29-server (edrxen1-2) 02/22/2012 _x86_64_ (2 CPU)
Device: tps kB_read/s kB_wrtn/s kB_read kB_wrtn
xvda 3.53 3.36 15.66 4279502 19973226
dm-0 319.44 6959.14 422.37 8876213913 538720280
dm-1 0.00 0.00 0.00 912 624
xvdb 229.03 6955.81 406.71 8871957888 518747772
Device: tps kB_read/s kB_wrtn/s kB_read kB_wrtn
xvda 0.00 0.00 0.00 0 0
dm-0 122.00 3852.00 0.00 3852 0
dm-1 0.00 0.00 0.00 0 0
xvdb 105.00 3252.00 0.00 3252 0
Device: tps kB_read/s kB_wrtn/s kB_read kB_wrtn
xvda 0.00 0.00 0.00 0 0
dm-0 57.00 1712.00 0.00 1712 0
dm-1 0.00 0.00 0.00 0 0
xvdb 78.00 2428.00 0.00 2428 0

--- free -o ----
total used free shared buffers cached
Mem: 7133800 7099452 34348 0 55612 2082364
Swap: 487416 248 487168

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