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From "Eugene Koontz (Commented) (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Commented] (HADOOP-7979) Native code: configure LDFLAGS and CXXFLAGS to fix the build on systems like Ubuntu 11.10
Date Thu, 22 Mar 2012 18:00:24 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HADOOP-7979?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=13235811#comment-13235811

Eugene Koontz commented on HADOOP-7979:

This patch works for me although I think James is right that more fine-grained configuration
would be nice. Perhaps {{hadoop-common/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/native/configure.ac}}
would be the place to look and set ld flags according to platform and ld version.
> Native code: configure LDFLAGS and CXXFLAGS to fix the build on systems like Ubuntu 11.10
> -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
>                 Key: HADOOP-7979
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HADOOP-7979
>             Project: Hadoop Common
>          Issue Type: Bug
>          Components: build
>    Affects Versions: 0.24.0
>         Environment: Ubuntu 11.10+
>            Reporter: Michael Noll
>            Assignee: Michael Noll
>             Fix For: 0.24.0
>         Attachments: HADOOP-7979.trunk.v1.txt
> I noticed that the build of Hadoop trunk (0.24) and the 1.0/0.20.20x branches fail on
Ubuntu 11.10 when trying to include the native code in the build. The reason is that the default
behavior of {{ld}} was changed in Ubuntu 11.10.
> *Background*
> From [Ubuntu 11.10 Release Notes|https://wiki.ubuntu.com/OneiricOcelot/ReleaseNotes#GCC_4.6_Toolchain]:
> {code}
>     The compiler passes by default two additional flags to the linker:
>     [...snipp...]
>     -Wl,--as-needed with this option the linker will only add a DT_NEEDED tag
>     for a dynamic library mentioned on the command line if if the library is
>     actually used.
> {code}
> This was apparently planned to be changed already back in 11.04 but was eventually reverted
in the final release. From [11.04 Toolchain Transition|https://wiki.ubuntu.com/NattyNarwhal/ToolchainTransition#Indirect_Linking_for_Shared_Libraries]:
> {quote}
> Also in Natty, ld runs with the {{\--as-needed}} option enabled by default.  This means
that, in the example above, if no symbols from {{libwheel}} were needed by racetrack, then
{{libwheel}} would not be linked even if it was explicitly included in the command-line compiler
flags. NOTE: The ld {{\--as-needed}} default was reverted for the final natty release, and
will be re-enabled in the o-series.
> {quote}
> I already run into the same issue with Hadoop-LZO (https://github.com/kevinweil/hadoop-lzo/issues/33).
 See the link and the patch for more details.  For Hadoop, the problematic configure script
is {{native/configure}}.
> *How to reproduce*
> There are two ways to reproduce, depending on the OS you have at hand.
> 1. Use a stock Ubuntu 11.10 box and run a build that also compiles the native libs:
> {code}
> # in the top level directory of the 'hadoop-common' repo,
> # i.e. where the BUILDING.txt file resides
> $ mvn -Pnative compile
> {code}
> 2. If you do not have Ubuntu 11.10 at hand, simply add {{-Wl,\--as-needed}} explicitly
to {{LDFLAGS}}.  This configures {{ld}} to work like Ubuntu 11.10's default behavior.
> *Error message (for trunk/0.24)*
> Running the above build command will produce the following output (I added {{-e -X}}
switches to mvn).
> {code}
> [DEBUG] Executing: /bin/sh -l -c cd /home/mnoll/programming/git/hadoop/hadoop-common/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/target/native
&& make DESTDIR=/home/mnoll/programming/git/hadoop/hadoop-common/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/target/native/target
> [INFO] /bin/bash ./libtool  --tag=CC   --mode=compile gcc -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -I.  -I/usr/lib/jvm/default-java/include
-I/usr/lib/jvm/default-java/include/linux -I/home/mnoll/programming/git/hadoop/hadoop-common/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/target/native/src
-I/usr/local/include -g -Wall -fPIC -O2 -m64 -g -O2 -MT ZlibCompressor.lo -MD -MP -MF .deps/ZlibCompressor.Tpo
-c -o ZlibCompressor.lo `test -f 'src/org/apache/hadoop/io/compress/zlib/ZlibCompressor.c'
|| echo './'`src/org/apache/hadoop/io/compress/zlib/ZlibCompressor.c
> [INFO] libtool: compile:  gcc -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -I. -I/usr/lib/jvm/default-java/include
-I/usr/lib/jvm/default-java/include/linux -I/home/mnoll/programming/git/hadoop/hadoop-common/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/target/native/src
-I/usr/local/include -g -Wall -fPIC -O2 -m64 -g -O2 -MT ZlibCompressor.lo -MD -MP -MF .deps/ZlibCompressor.Tpo
-c src/org/apache/hadoop/io/compress/zlib/ZlibCompressor.c  -fPIC -DPIC -o .libs/ZlibCompressor.o
> [INFO] src/org/apache/hadoop/io/compress/zlib/ZlibCompressor.c: In function 'Java_org_apache_hadoop_io_compress_zlib_ZlibCompressor_initIDs':
> [INFO] src/org/apache/hadoop/io/compress/zlib/ZlibCompressor.c:71:41: error: expected
expression before ',' token
> [INFO] make: *** [ZlibCompressor.lo] Error 1
> {code}
> *How to fix*
> The fix involves adding proper settings for {{LDFLAGS}} to the build config.  In trunk,
this is {{hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/pom.xml}}.  In branches 1.0 and 0.20.20x, this
is {{build.xml}}.
> Basically, the fix explicitly adds {{-Wl,\--no-as-needed}} to {{LDFLAGS}}.  Special care
must be taken not to add this option when running on Mac OS as its version of ld does not
support this option (and does not need it because by default it behaves as desired).

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