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From "James Page (Commented) (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Commented] (HADOOP-7979) Native code: configure LDFLAGS and CXXFLAGS to fix the build on systems like Ubuntu 11.10
Date Wed, 29 Feb 2012 11:13:58 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HADOOP-7979?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=13219101#comment-13219101

James Page commented on HADOOP-7979:

I'm not sure that this is the right fix; the build failure is caused by the autoconf macro
that determines the name of the .so libraries failing due -W,--as-needed.

I think it would be better to fix the macro ONLY to use -W,--no-as-needed rather than using
this setting for the entire native build.

See https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HADOOP-7868 - although that does need to be adapted
to deal with platforms that don't understand this flag as well.
> Native code: configure LDFLAGS and CXXFLAGS to fix the build on systems like Ubuntu 11.10
> -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
>                 Key: HADOOP-7979
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HADOOP-7979
>             Project: Hadoop Common
>          Issue Type: Bug
>          Components: build
>    Affects Versions: 0.24.0
>         Environment: Ubuntu 11.10+
>            Reporter: Michael Noll
>            Assignee: Michael Noll
>             Fix For: 0.24.0
>         Attachments: HADOOP-7979.trunk.v1.txt
> I noticed that the build of Hadoop trunk (0.24) and the 1.0/0.20.20x branches fail on
Ubuntu 11.10 when trying to include the native code in the build. The reason is that the default
behavior of {{ld}} was changed in Ubuntu 11.10.
> *Background*
> From [Ubuntu 11.10 Release Notes|https://wiki.ubuntu.com/OneiricOcelot/ReleaseNotes#GCC_4.6_Toolchain]:
> {code}
>     The compiler passes by default two additional flags to the linker:
>     [...snipp...]
>     -Wl,--as-needed with this option the linker will only add a DT_NEEDED tag
>     for a dynamic library mentioned on the command line if if the library is
>     actually used.
> {code}
> This was apparently planned to be changed already back in 11.04 but was eventually reverted
in the final release. From [11.04 Toolchain Transition|https://wiki.ubuntu.com/NattyNarwhal/ToolchainTransition#Indirect_Linking_for_Shared_Libraries]:
> {quote}
> Also in Natty, ld runs with the {{\--as-needed}} option enabled by default.  This means
that, in the example above, if no symbols from {{libwheel}} were needed by racetrack, then
{{libwheel}} would not be linked even if it was explicitly included in the command-line compiler
flags. NOTE: The ld {{\--as-needed}} default was reverted for the final natty release, and
will be re-enabled in the o-series.
> {quote}
> I already run into the same issue with Hadoop-LZO (https://github.com/kevinweil/hadoop-lzo/issues/33).
 See the link and the patch for more details.  For Hadoop, the problematic configure script
is {{native/configure}}.
> *How to reproduce*
> There are two ways to reproduce, depending on the OS you have at hand.
> 1. Use a stock Ubuntu 11.10 box and run a build that also compiles the native libs:
> {code}
> # in the top level directory of the 'hadoop-common' repo,
> # i.e. where the BUILDING.txt file resides
> $ mvn -Pnative compile
> {code}
> 2. If you do not have Ubuntu 11.10 at hand, simply add {{-Wl,\--as-needed}} explicitly
to {{LDFLAGS}}.  This configures {{ld}} to work like Ubuntu 11.10's default behavior.
> *Error message (for trunk/0.24)*
> Running the above build command will produce the following output (I added {{-e -X}}
switches to mvn).
> {code}
> [DEBUG] Executing: /bin/sh -l -c cd /home/mnoll/programming/git/hadoop/hadoop-common/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/target/native
&& make DESTDIR=/home/mnoll/programming/git/hadoop/hadoop-common/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/target/native/target
> [INFO] /bin/bash ./libtool  --tag=CC   --mode=compile gcc -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -I.  -I/usr/lib/jvm/default-java/include
-I/usr/lib/jvm/default-java/include/linux -I/home/mnoll/programming/git/hadoop/hadoop-common/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/target/native/src
-I/usr/local/include -g -Wall -fPIC -O2 -m64 -g -O2 -MT ZlibCompressor.lo -MD -MP -MF .deps/ZlibCompressor.Tpo
-c -o ZlibCompressor.lo `test -f 'src/org/apache/hadoop/io/compress/zlib/ZlibCompressor.c'
|| echo './'`src/org/apache/hadoop/io/compress/zlib/ZlibCompressor.c
> [INFO] libtool: compile:  gcc -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -I. -I/usr/lib/jvm/default-java/include
-I/usr/lib/jvm/default-java/include/linux -I/home/mnoll/programming/git/hadoop/hadoop-common/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/target/native/src
-I/usr/local/include -g -Wall -fPIC -O2 -m64 -g -O2 -MT ZlibCompressor.lo -MD -MP -MF .deps/ZlibCompressor.Tpo
-c src/org/apache/hadoop/io/compress/zlib/ZlibCompressor.c  -fPIC -DPIC -o .libs/ZlibCompressor.o
> [INFO] src/org/apache/hadoop/io/compress/zlib/ZlibCompressor.c: In function 'Java_org_apache_hadoop_io_compress_zlib_ZlibCompressor_initIDs':
> [INFO] src/org/apache/hadoop/io/compress/zlib/ZlibCompressor.c:71:41: error: expected
expression before ',' token
> [INFO] make: *** [ZlibCompressor.lo] Error 1
> {code}
> *How to fix*
> The fix involves adding proper settings for {{LDFLAGS}} to the build config.  In trunk,
this is {{hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/pom.xml}}.  In branches 1.0 and 0.20.20x, this
is {{build.xml}}.
> Basically, the fix explicitly adds {{-Wl,\--no-as-needed}} to {{LDFLAGS}}.  Special care
must be taken not to add this option when running on Mac OS as its version of ld does not
support this option (and does not need it because by default it behaves as desired).

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