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From "Andrew Ryan (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] Updated: (HADOOP-6308) make number of IPC accepts configurable
Date Tue, 05 Jan 2010 00:34:54 GMT

     [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HADOOP-6308?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:all-tabpanel

Andrew Ryan updated HADOOP-6308:

    Release Note: Increases the accept() rate on the IPC socket, to avoid TCP connection refused
errors on busy namenodes and jobtrackers that get a lot of connections.
          Status: Patch Available  (was: Open)

This is a hard area of code to test, there aren't any unit tests right now and the code is
not easily tested except by real load.

For the default out-of-the-box config (ipc.server.listen.queue.size == 128), this patch will
produce a value of "12" which is about the same as now.  But for sites which bump this up
to 10000 or higher, using 10 accept()'s per iteration is not fast enough to drain the socket

We're still experimenting with optimal values. With this patch and increasing ipc.server.listen.queue.size
to 240, our connection reset issues went away on our Jobtracker. But our namenode is still
getting connection resets, we suspect we will have to bump up ipc.server.listen.queue.size
(currently 10240) and net.core.somaxconn.

> make number of IPC accepts configurable
> ---------------------------------------
>                 Key: HADOOP-6308
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HADOOP-6308
>             Project: Hadoop Common
>          Issue Type: Improvement
>          Components: ipc
>    Affects Versions: 0.20.0
>         Environment: Linux, running Yahoo-based 0.20
>            Reporter: Andrew Ryan
>         Attachments: HADOOP-6308.patch
> We were recently seeing issues in our environments where HDFS clients would experience
RST's from the NN when trying to do RPC to get file info, which would cause the task to fatal
out. After some debugging we identified this to be that the IPC server listen queue -- ipc.server.listen.queue.size
-- was far too low, we had been using the default value of 128 and found we needed to bump
it up to 10240 before resets went away (although this value is a bit suspect, as I will explain
later in the issue).
> When a large map job starts, lots of clients very quickly start to issue RPC requests
to the namenode, which creates this listen queue filling up problem, because clients are opening
connections faster than Hadoop's RPC server can process them. We went back to our 0.17 cluster
and instrumented that with tcpdump and found that we had been sending RST's for a long time
there, but the retry handling was implemented differently back in 0.17 so a single TCP failure
wasn't task-fatal.
> In our environment we have our TCP stack set to explicitly send resets when the listen
queue gets overflowed (syctl net.ipv4.tcp_abort_on_overflow = 1), default linux behavior is
to start dropping SYN packets and let the client retransmit. Other people may be experiencing
this issue and not noticing it because they are using the default behavior, which is to let
the NN drop packets on the floor and let clients retransmit.
> So we've identified (at least) 3 improvements that can be made here:
> 1) In src/core/org/apache/hadoop/ipc/Server.java, Listener.doAccept() is currently hardcoded
to do 10 accept()'s at a time, then it will start to read. We feel that it would be better
to allow the server to be configured to support more than 10 accept's at one time using a
configurable parameter. We can still leave 10 as the default.
> 2) Increase the default value of ipc.server.listen.queue.size from 128, or at least document
that people with larger clusters starting thousands of mappers at once should increase this
value. I wonder if a lot of people running larger clusters are dropping packets and don't
realize it because TCP is covering them up. One one hand, yay TCP, on the other hand, those
are needless delays and retries because the server can handle more connections.
> 3) Document that ipc.server.listen.queue.size may be limited to the value of SOMAXCONN
(linux sysctl net.core.somaxconn ; default 4096 on our systems). The Java docs are not completely
clear about this, and it's difficult to test because you can't query the backlog of a listening
socket. We were under some time pressure in our case and tried 1024 which was not enough,
and 10240 which worked, so we stuck with that.

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