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From "Yuri Pradkin (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] Commented: (HADOOP-4012) Providing splitting support for bzip2 compressed files
Date Fri, 10 Jul 2009 20:57:14 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HADOOP-4012?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=12729814#action_12729814
] 

Yuri Pradkin commented on HADOOP-4012:
--------------------------------------

bq. -1 to changing LineRecordReader. In particular, you've undone changes that were made by
other jiras. This is very very touchy code that the current version of this patch breaks.

Can you please be more specific: what changes were undone?  Can you please elaborate on what
exactly this patch breaks (perhaps we need more tests?)?

The code indeed is very heavily used, but I think it's also very well beaten upon by various
tests.


bq. I really think that this is better done by using a separate BzipTextInputFormat and BzipLineRecordReader.

I think the point of having splitting built in - is that all readers/formats can avoid re-implementing
common things.  We are currently using a binary format reader that works just fine with this
patch with only minor changes.  Moreover, the idea is to work out  a common framework where
other block-compressed formats could be processed in a similar manner.  The alternative that
you're suggesting is to have BzipTextInputFormat, XXXBlockCompressInputFormat, YYYBlockCompressInputFormat,
and so on.



> Providing splitting support for bzip2 compressed files
> ------------------------------------------------------
>
>                 Key: HADOOP-4012
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HADOOP-4012
>             Project: Hadoop Common
>          Issue Type: New Feature
>          Components: io
>    Affects Versions: 0.21.0
>            Reporter: Abdul Qadeer
>            Assignee: Abdul Qadeer
>             Fix For: 0.21.0
>
>         Attachments: Hadoop-4012-version1.patch, Hadoop-4012-version2.patch, Hadoop-4012-version3.patch,
Hadoop-4012-version4.patch, Hadoop-4012-version5.patch, Hadoop-4012-version6.patch, Hadoop-4012-version7.patch,
Hadoop-4012-version8.patch, Hadoop-4012-version9.patch
>
>
> Hadoop assumes that if the input data is compressed, it can not be split (mainly due
to the limitation of many codecs that they need the whole input stream to decompress successfully).
 So in such a case, Hadoop prepares only one split per compressed file, where the lower split
limit is at 0 while the upper limit is the end of the file.  The consequence of this decision
is that, one compress file goes to a single mapper. Although it circumvents the limitation
of codecs (as mentioned above) but reduces the parallelism substantially, as it was possible
otherwise in case of splitting.
> BZip2 is a compression / De-Compression algorithm which does compression on blocks of
data and later these compressed blocks can be decompressed independent of each other.  This
is indeed an opportunity that instead of one BZip2 compressed file going to one mapper, we
can process chunks of file in parallel.  The correctness criteria of such a processing is
that for a bzip2 compressed file, each compressed block should be processed by only one mapper
and ultimately all the blocks of the file should be processed.  (By processing we mean the
actual utilization of that un-compressed data (coming out of the codecs) in a mapper).
> We are writing the code to implement this suggested functionality.  Although we have
used bzip2 as an example, but we have tried to extend Hadoop's compression interfaces so that
any other codecs with the same capability as that of bzip2, could easily use the splitting
support.  The details of these changes will be posted when we submit the code.

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