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From Vinayakumar B <vinayakum...@apache.org>
Subject Re: [DISCUSS] git rebase vs. git merge for branch development
Date Tue, 18 Aug 2015 08:39:02 GMT
+1, I agree with the support for git-merge based workflows for large branch
merge.

I have experienced the pain of re-basing the entire branch HDFS-7285, just
for verification though, and I found even a line change in trunk in core
files ( ex: FSNameSystem.java, BlockManager.java ) makes it hard to rebase
many commits in the branch.
  One main problem, as I have experienced, with git-rebase is,
  If we need to retain same commits, All conflicts should be resolved by
the same person who is doing the rebase, as 'git-rebase' should be executed
 in same machine and there is a fair chance of miss-handling conflicts and
causing problem. The person doing rebase may not be very familiar with the
conflicted code.
  In these kind of situations, I think its very hard to find out what was
the original code and what is conflicted code, once the rebase is done.

IMO, its fair to go with periodic merge from trunk->branch, even though
there are little conflicts, these may not be much problematic, compare to
rebase-conflicts.

   Regarding merging to branch-2, though it needs little more conflict
resolutions compare to trunk, but may not be too much, as trunk and
branch-2 are going parallel, at-least in terms of features and fixes ( ~ >
90% I would say).

Regards,
Vinay

On Tue, Aug 18, 2015 at 6:12 AM, Sangjin Lee <sjlee@apache.org> wrote:

> I also think allowing merges as a way to uprev with trunk would be a good
> idea. AFAIK, git rebase works well when your branch is short-lived and
> contains a fairly small number of commits, but doesn't work so well if your
> branch is large. Also, the cost of rebase will only go up as time goes. On
> the other hand, git merge has a pretty decent chance to succeed, especially
> more so if you merge the trunk often. My 2 cents.
>
> Sangjin
>
> On Mon, Aug 17, 2015 at 1:18 PM, Jing Zhao <jing.apache@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> > I think we should allow merge-based workflows. I worked and am working in
> > several big feature branches, including HDFS-2802 (>100 subtasks) and
> > HDFS-7285 (currently already > 200 subtasks), and tried both the
> > merge-based and rebase-based workflows. When the feature change becomes
> > big, the rebase will become a big pain, considering a small change in
> trunk
> > can cause conflicts for rebasing large number of commits in the feature
> > branch. Using "git merge" to merge trunk changes into the feature branch
> is
> > much easier in this case.
> >
> > Thanks,
> > -Jing
> >
> > On Mon, Aug 17, 2015 at 12:17 PM, Andrew Wang <andrew.wang@cloudera.com>
> > wrote:
> >
> > > Hi all,
> > >
> > > I've thought about this topic more over the last week, and felt I
> should
> > > play devil's advocate for a merge workflow. A few comments:
> > >
> > >    - The issue of merges "polluting history" is mainly an issue when
> > using
> > >    a github PR workflow, which results in one merge per PR. Clearly
> this
> > is
> > >    not okay, but a separate issue from feature branches. We only have a
> > >    handful of merge commits per feature branch.
> > >    - The issue of changes hiding in merge commits can happen when
> > resolving
> > >    rebase conflicts too, except it's harder to track. Right now neither
> > go
> > >    through code review, which is sketchy. We probably should review
> these
> > > too,
> > >    and it's easier to review a single merge commit vs. an entire
> rebased
> > >    branch. Merge is also a more natural way of integrating changes from
> > > trunk,
> > >    since you just resolve all conflicts at once at the end.
> > >    - Merge gives us a linear history on the branch but worse history on
> > >    trunk/branch-2. Rebase has worse history on the branch but a linear
> > > history
> > >    on trunk/branch-2. This means for quick/small feature branches that
> > > don't
> > >    have a lot of conflicts, rebase is preferred. For large features
> with
> > > lots
> > >    of conflicts, merge is preferred. This is basically what we're
> running
> > > into
> > >    on HDFS-7285.
> > >    - Rebase also comes with increased coordination costs, since public
> > >    history is being rewritten. This is again okay for smaller efforts
> > > (where
> > >    there are fewer contributors), but more painful with bigger ones.
> > There
> > >    have been a number of HDFS-7285 branches created basically as a
> result
> > > of
> > >    rebase, with corresponding JIRA discussions about where to commit
> > > things.
> > >    - The issue of a single squashed commit for the branch-2 backport is
> > >    arguably an issue with how we structure our branches. If release
> > > branches
> > >    forked off of trunk rather than branch-2, we wouldn't have this
> > > problem. We
> > >    could require branch-2 integration to also happen via git merge. Or
> we
> > > kick
> > >    trunk out to a feature branch based off of branch-2. Or we shrug and
> > > keep
> > >    the status quo.
> > >
> > > I'd definitely appreciate commentary from others who've worked on
> feature
> > > branches in git, even in communities outside of Hadoop.
> > >
> > > If there is support for allowing merge-based workflows in addition to
> > > rebase, we'd need to kick off a [VOTE] thread since the last [VOTE]
> only
> > > allows rebase.
> > >
> > > Best,
> > > Andrew
> > >
> > > On Mon, Aug 17, 2015 at 11:33 AM, Andrew Wang <
> andrew.wang@cloudera.com>
> > > wrote:
> > >
> > > > @Sangjin,
> > > >
> > > > I believe this is covered by the [VOTE] I linked to above, key
> excerpt
> > > > being:
> > > >
> > > >    3. Force-push on feature-branches is allowed. Before pulling in a
> > > >    feature, the feature-branch should be rebased on latest trunk and
> > the
> > > >    changes applied to trunk through "git rebase --onto" or "git
> > > cherry-pick
> > > >    <commit-range>".
> > > >
> > > > This specifies that the last uprev final integration of the branch
> into
> > > trunk happen with rebase. It doesn't say anything about the periodic
> > > uprev's, but it'd be very strange to merge periodically and then rebase
> > > once at the end. So I take it to mean doing periodic uprevs with rebase
> > too.
> > > >
> > > >
> > > > On Mon, Aug 17, 2015 at 11:23 AM, Sangjin Lee <sjlee@apache.org>
> > wrote:
> > > >
> > > >> Just to be clear, are we discussing the process of uprev'ing the
> > feature
> > > >> development branch with the latest from the trunk from time to time,
> > or
> > > >> making the final merge of the feature branch onto the trunk?
> > > >>
> > > >> On Mon, Aug 17, 2015 at 10:21 AM, Steve Loughran <
> > > stevel@hortonworks.com>
> > > >> wrote:
> > > >>
> > > >> > I haven't done a bit piece of work in the ASF code repo since
the
> > > >> > migration to git; though I have done it in the svn era.
> > > >> >
> > > >> >
> > > >> > Currently with private git repos
> > > >> > -anyone gets SCM control of their source
> > > >> > -you can commit for your own reasons (about to make a change,
> want a
> > > >> > private jenkins run, ...) and gain from having many small
> checkins.
> > > More
> > > >> > succinctly: if you aren't checking in your work 2+ times a day
> —why
> > > not?
> > > >> > -rebasing a painful necessity on personal, private branches to
> keep
> > > the
> > > >> > final patch to hadoop git a single diff
> > > >> >
> > > >> > With the private git process that's the defacto standard, we
lose
> > > >> history
> > > >> > anyway. I know what I've done and somewhere there's a tag in
my
> own
> > > >> github
> > > >> > repo of my work to create a JIRA. But we don't always need that
> > entire
> > > >> > history of "trying to debug kerberos", "typo in exception", and
> > other
> > > >> stuff
> > > >> > that accrues during the work.
> > > >> >
> > > >> > I think therefore that I'm in favour of big squash commits. What
> we
> > > >> could
> > > >> > do is extend that with a policy of
> > > >> >
> > > >> >
> > > >> >   1.  tag the final commit used to make the patch, something
like
> > > >> > tag_HADOOP-8192. The tag ensures that the history isn't gc'd
> > > >> >   2.  Delete the branch (keeps the #of branches down)
> > > >> >   3.  In the JIRA, include the name of the tag and the git commit
> > > number
> > > >> > in the comments. Someone curious can rebuild that history
> > > >> >
> > > >> >
> > > >>
> > > >
> > > >
> > >
> >
>

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