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From "Asokan, M" <maso...@syncsort.com>
Subject A pluggable external sort for Hadoop MR
Date Tue, 26 Apr 2011 15:34:09 GMT
Hi All,

I am submitting this notice of intent to contribute to the Hadoop community on behalf of Syncsort,
Inc. (www.syncsort.com<http://www.syncsort.com>) an interface for an external sorter.
 Although Hadoop MR (Map/Reduce) provides users with pluggable InputFormat, Mapper, Partitioner,
Combiner, Reducer, and OutputFormat it does not provide a plug-in for an external sorter.
There is limited support to plug in a sorter class in the Map phase.  The merge logic in the
Reduce phase cannot be changed.  Also, the sorting process is tightly coupled to the framework.

The goal of our project is to decouple the sorting process and contribute a defined clean
interface to allow developers to easily plug in external sorters through this interface. 

The following are some of the motivating factors for this project (not in any order of significance):
·         An external sort plug-in will promote innovative implementations by developers
who have expertise in sort algorithms.
·         Hadoop developers can experiment with different sort implementations (in both the
Map and Reduce phases) without modifying the framework code.
·         An external implementation of sort can be very well optimized to take advantage
of OS and hardware architecture compared to the pure Java implementation in Hadoop.
·         The Hadoop implementation of sort is not self tuning. Users may be overwhelmed
by so many parameters to be specified to tune the performance of sort.
·         One of the top memory consumers in the MR child JVMs is the sort.  Users are advised
to set a reasonably high value for -mx argument to JVM. Failure to do so will result in job
termination. If the external sorter is implemented as a subprocess, it can adjust its memory
usage automatically and make sure that it does not fail. Besides, the memory needed by the
MR child JVM can be reduced to a meager 128 MB.
·         The performance of Hadoop sort may be at the mercy of JVM. See LUCENE-2504 in Hadoop
Jira for a related performance regression issue. An external sorter implemented in C or C++
and run as a subprocess will not suffer from these types of problems.
·         ETL tool vendors can complement Hadoop's strengths namely HDFS, job scheduling,
restartability, etc. with their sort technologies. This will enable Hadoop to make inroads
into IT shops that use traditional ETL tools.
The goals of this project are:
·         The primary goal of this project is to allow users to seamlessly plug in the external
sorter to their existing MR applications. This is in contrast to the approach taken by HCE
(see MAPREDUCE-1270 in Hadoop Jira) which requires users to code their MR applications in
·         A secondary goal is to enable users of existing ETL tools to exploit Hadoop's distributed
processing framework.

We are confident there will be interest in this contribution to the code to the Hadoop community.
I intend to provide a reference implementation of the interfaces defined in the design. This
reference implementation uses GNU sort command to do the sorting of text data.

-- Asokan

M. Asokan
Technology Architect – Data Integration

Syncsort Incorporated
50 Tice Boulevard, Woodcliff Lake, NJ 07677
P: 201-930-8226 | F: 201-930-8281
E: masokan@syncsort.com<mailto:%20masokan@syncsort.com>

Rethink the economics of data



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